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« a thing incredible with you, that God should raise the dead? Acts xxvi. 8.

Secpidly, God will do it. He not only can do it; but he certainly will do it, because he has laid it. Our text is very full to this pure pore, · All that are in their graves shall hear his voice: and thall “c me forth; they that have done good, unto the resurrection of " life, and they that have done evil, unto the 'resurrection of " damnation." These words relate to, and are an explanation of that part of Daniel's prophecy, Dan.xii. 2. "And many of them that fleep in the dust of the earth shall awake, fome to everlasting life, and love to tha:ne and everlasting contempi." The which appears to have been calculare to confront the doctrine of the Sadducees; which the Holy Ghoft knew was to be at a great height, in the Jewish church, under the persecution of Antiochus. There are many other texts in the Od and New Teliaments that might here be adduced ; luch as Acts xxiv. 15. “ And have hope towards God, (i which they themelves also allow, that there shall be a refurrec. $6 tion of the dead, of the just and urjust.” And Job x x. 26, 27. " And though afier my skin wornis ucftroy this body, yet in my 65 fieth (hall I fee God: whom I Mall see for myself, aod ming eyes 66 shall behold, and not another; though my reins be corfuined < within me.” But I need not multiply testimonies, in a matter so clearly and frequently taught in facred scripture. Ohr Lord and Saviour himself proves ir, against the Sadducces, in thai re, markable text, Luke XX. 37, 38. “Now that the dead are raised, "even Moses thewed at the bush, when he callecl the Lord, the * the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of “ Jac b; For he is not a God of the dead, but of the living: for hail live unto him.” These holy patriarchs were now dead: ne. verthelefs, the Lord JEAUVAN is called their God, namely, in virtue of the covenant of grace, and in the sense thereot; in which fense, the phrase comprehends all bl fjedness, as chat, which by the cove. nant, is secured to them who are in it, Heb. xi. 16. r God is not

alhamed to be called their God: for he hath prepared for them

a city." He is not cailed the God of their souls only; but their God, the God of their persons, fouls and bodies; the which, by virtue of his truth and faithtulness, must have its full effect; now it can. vio: have its full effect on the dead, who, in as far as they are dead, are far from all bli fjedness; but on the living, who alone are capable of it; therefore, fince God is still called their God, they are living in respect of God, although their bodies are yer in the grave; lor in relpect of him, who by his power can restore them to life, and in his covenant has declared his will and purpose lo to do, and whose promise cagnot fail, they all are to be reckoned to live : and, con. listent with the covenant, their death is but a jeep, out of which, in virtue of the same covenant, securing all bl jedness to their perfans, che'r whole man, they must and fhail certainly be awakened.

The

The Apostle Paul proves, the refurrection at large, 1 Cor. xv. and News it to be a fundamental article, the denial whereof is subvera sive of Christianity, ver. 13, 14. “ If there be no resurrection of

the dead, then is Christ not sisen. And it Christ be not rileting $ then is our preaching vain, and your faith also in vain.

Toftin us in conceiving of is, the fcripture give us types of rie resurrection of the dead; as the dry bones living, Ezek. xxxvị. Jonah's coming out of the whale's belly. Mat. xii. 40. Aid nature as fords us emblems and resemblances of it, as the sun's setting and rising again; night and day, winter and summer, fleping and awak ing; swallows in winter lying void of all appe.rance of lute, in ruinous buildings, and subterraneous caverns, and reviving agai in the spring season ; the seeds dying under the clod, and thereafter Springing up again : all which, and the like, may justly be adinitied as deligned by the G d of nature, though not for proofs, yet for memorials, of the resurrection; whereof we have affurance from the scripture, Cor xv. 36. “Thou fool, that which thou sowel “ is not quickord, except it die "

III mall ecquire into the nature of the resurrection, shewing Ift, Who shall be raised. 2dly, What shall be railid. 3dly, How the dead shall be raised.

First, Who shall be raised. Our text tells us who they are; namely All that are in the graves, i.e. all mankind, who are dead As foi those persons who lhall be found alive at the second cuming of Christ; shey fhail no die, and soon thereafter ber iled again: but such a change fhall suddenly pass upon them as fhall be to them in stead of dying and rising again; so that their bodies shall become like to those bodies which are raised out of the graves, 1 Cor. xv: 51, 52. “We shall not all feep, but we shall all be changed; in

a moment, in the cwinkling of an eye." Hince chele who are to be judged at the great day, are distinguished into quick and dead, Ads x 42. All the dead mall arise, whether godly or wicked, just or unjust, (Acts xxiv. 15.) old or young: the whole race of man. kind, even there who never saw the sun, but died in their mother's belly, Rev. xx 12. 6. And I saw the dead small and great stand before God." The sea and carth shall give up their dead, without reserve none thall be kept back.

Secondly, What shall be raised? The bodies of mankind. A man is said to die when the soul is separated from the body, and returns unto God who gave it, Eccles. xii 7. But it is the body only which is laid in the grave, and can be properly faid to be raised: where. fore the refurrection is, ftri&tly speaking, competent to the body only. Moreover, it is the same body that dies, which full rise again. At the resurrection, men fall not appear with other bodies for substance, than these which they now have, and which are laid down in the grave: but with the self-fame bodies endowed with other qualities. The verg notion of a refurrection implies this;

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since nothing can be said to rise again, but that which falls. But to illustrate it a litile, First, it is plain from scripture.teft oony. The A oftle tells, it is this mortal which must put on immortality, I Cor. xv. 5 and that Chrilt Joull change our vile body tbut it may befashioned like unto his glorious body, Philip.ii, 21 Death u lorip. tire language, is an epand the relurrection an awaking out of tlat Ne p, Job xiv. 12 which shews the bidy riling up, to be the fdf fame that died. Secondly, The equity of the divine procedure, buth wirn respect to the godly and the wicked, evinices this. It is rot reckoned equal among men, that one do the work, and another get the reward. Though the glorifying of the body of faints, is sor, properly speakiig, and in a Itrict ense, the reward of their frvices or suffering on earth: yer this is evident, that it is not at al agreeable to the manner of the divine dispensation, thal one lody serve him, and another be glorified: chat one fight, and anaher receive r he crown. How can it be imagined that the temples f the Holy Ghost (as these bodies of believers are term d, C.r. vi. 9.) should always lv in rubbish ; and others be reared up in their tead; Tha these members of Christ (ver. 15.) Mall per th utterlv, ind other bodies come in their room? Nay, surely, a: thefe bodies of the saints now bear a part in glorifyng (juo, and some of them juffer in his cause; so they shall partake of the glory that is to be jevealed, And these bodies of the ivicked, which are laid in the duit, snall be raised again; that the lame body, which sinned, may juffer. Shall one body fin bere, and another suffer in hell for that In? Shall that body, which was the foul's companion in fi, ly for ever hid in the dust; and another body, which did not act a: y part in inning, be its companion in torment? No, no; it is that body, which now takes up all their thoughts to provide for its bick and heily, that hall be raised up, to suffer in hell. It is that tongue that is now the swearing, lying tongue, which will need water to cool is, in eternal flames. These fame feet, that now stand in the vay of sinners, and carry me! in their ungod!y courses, thall it nd is the burning lake. And these now cove tous and lascivious eyes, fall e ke part in the fire and linoak of the pit.

Thirdly How the dead shall be raised The same Jesus, who was. crucified without the gare of Jerusalim, shall, at the last day, 'to the conviction of all, be declared bith Lord and Christ : appear ng as Judge of the world, attended with his mighty angels

. 2 Thell.i.7. he shall descend from heaven with a fhout, with the voice of the archa angel, and with the trump of God. 1 Theff. iv. 16. The trumpet fall found, and the dead shall be raised, and there who are alive, changed; 1 Cor.

52

Whether this shout, voice and trumpet do denote fome audible voice, or only the workings of divine power, for the raising of the dead, and other awful purposes of that day, (tho' the former feems probable) I will not positively determine. There is no question but this coming of the Judge of the world will be in

great.

XV.

greater majesty and terror, than we can conceive : yet that awful grandeur, majefly and state, which was displayed at the giving of the law, viz. thunders heard, lightnings and a thick cloud upon the mount seed, the Lord descending in fire, the whole mount quakinggreatly, and the voice of the trumpet waxing louder, and louder, (Exod. xix. 16, 18, 19.) may help forward a becoming thought of it. However, the found of this trumpet shall be heard all the world over; it shall reach to the depths of the sea, and into the bowels of the earth. At this loud alarm, bones shall come together, bone to his bone : the scattered dust of all the dead shall be gathered together, dust to his duft, neither Mall one thrust another, they snall walk every one in his path: and meeting together again, thall make up that very lame bodoy, which crumbled into dust in the grave. And at the same alarming voice, shall every soul come again into its own body, never more to be separated. The dead can say no longer in their graves, but must bid an eternal farewel to their long-homes. They hear his voice, and must come forth, and receive their final sentence.

Now, as there is a great difference betwixt the godly and the wicked in their life, and in their death; so will there be also in their resurrection,

The godly, frall be raised up out of their graves, by virtue of the Spirit of Christ, the blessed bond of their union with him, Rom. viij. II. “He that raised up Christ from the dead, shall also quic"ken your niortal bodies, by his Spirit that dwelleth in you." Jesus Christ arose from the dead, as the first-fruits of them that Nept, i Cor. XV.:20. So they that are Christ's thall follow at his coming, ver: 23. The myftical Head having got above the waters of death, he cannot but bring forth the members after hiin in due time.

They Mall come forth with unexpreffible joy; for then fhall that passage of fcripture, which, in its iminediate fcope, respected the Babylonish captivity, be fully accomplished in its exiensive fpiritual view, Ila. xxvi. 19. Awake and fing, ye that dwell in the dust. As a bride, adorned for her husband, goes forth of her bed-chamber unto the marriage; fo fhall the saints go forth of their graves, unto the marriage of the Lamb. Jofeph had a joyful out-going from the prison, Daniel from the lion's den, and Jonah from the whale's belley ; yet those are but faint representations of the saints out-going from the grave at the resurrection. Then shall they fing The song of Moses and of the Lamb, in highest strains; death being quite swallowed up in victory. They had, while in life, sometimes surg, by faith, the triumphant fong over death and the grave, o death, wbere is thy fting? O grave, where is thy victory? (1 Cor. xv.55.) But when they sing the lame, from fight and fenfe; the black band of doubts and fears, which frequenily disturbed them, and dilquicted their minds, is for ever cashiered.

May we not suppole the foul and body of every faint, as in mutual embraces, to rejoice in each other, and triumph in their happy

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meeting again. And may not one imagine the body to address the foul thuis?“ O, my fou!, have we got together again, after so long “ a separation! art thou come back into thise old habitation, neet ver more to remove! O joyful meeting! how unlike is, our pre“ fent state to what our cafe was, when a separation was made " berwixt us at death! now is our mourning turned into joy; the “ light and gladness sometimes sown, are now sprung up; and there " is perpetual spring in Immanuel's land. Blessed be the day, in 66. which I was united to thee; whole chief care was to get Chrift 66 in us the hope of glary, and to make me a temple for bis Holy " Spirit. O blessed Soul, which, in the time of our pilgrimage, “ kept thine eye on the land then afar off, but now.near at hand! 56 thou tookest me up into fecret places, and there mad'It me bow 66. thefe knecs before she Lord, that I might bear à part in our 6 humiliations before him: and now is the due time, and I am lift“ red up. Thou dist employ this tongue, in confeflions, petitions " and chanhfgivings; which henceforth thall be employed in praising “ for evermore. Thou mad'it these (sometimes) weeping eyes low 46 that feed of tears, which is now sprung up in joy that thall never < end. I was happily beat down by thee, and kept in subjection; 66 while others pampered their flith, and made their bellies their “ gods, to their own destruction: and, now I gloriously arise, to si iake my place in the manfions of glory; whilst they are dragged * out of their graves, to be cast into fiery flames. Now, my Soul, “ thou shale complıin no more of a sick and pained body; thou “ fhalt be' no more clogged with weak and weary fles: I thalt now

hold pace with thee in the praises of our God for evermore.” And may not the Soulsay? “O happy day in which I return to dwell " in that blefled Body, which was, and is, and will be for ever, a " member of Chiift, a temple of the Holy Spirit! now shall I be 6!

eternally knit to thee: the silver cord Mall never be loored more: " death fhall verer make another feparation betwixt us. Arise “ (hen, my Body, and come away: and let these eyes, which fersi ved to weep over my fins, behold now, with juy, the face of our

glorious Redeemer; lo! this is our God, and we have waired for

him. Let these ears, which served to hear the word of life, in ( the temple below, come now and hear the hallelujahs in the *"temple above. Let chele feet, that carried me to the congrega« tion of saints on earth, take their place now among thefe who - stand by. And let that tongue, which confeffed Christ before men, and used to be fill dropping something to his commenda.

cion, join the choir of the upper-houle in his prailes for ever“ more. Thou' male falt no more, but keep an everlasting feaft: 6 thou Thale weep no more, neither shall thy countenance be over“ clouded; but thou shalt shine for ever, as a star in the firmament. 6. We took part together in the fight, come now, let us go toge. 6. ther to receive and wear the crown."

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