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2. The torments in hell are manifold. Put the case, tbat a man were, at one and the same time, under che violence of the gout, gravel, and whatsoever diseales and pains have ever met together in one body; the torment of suce, a one would be bue light in comparison with the torinents of the damned. For as in hell there is an absence of all that is good and defirable, fo there is the confluence of all evils chere; since all the effects of fin and of the curfe take their place in it, after the latt judgment, Rev. xx. 14. "And death and hell were cast into the lake of fire.” There they

will find a prison they can never escape out of ; a lake of fire, 1. wherein they will be ever swimming and bureing; a pit, where

they will never find a bottom. The worm chat dieth not, hall feed on them, as on bodies which are interred: the fire that is not quenched, shall devour them, as dead bodies which are burned. Their eyes shall be kept in blackness of darkness, without the least com fortable gleam of light: cheir ear's filled with the frighiful yellings of the infernal crew. They fhall taste nothing bug the vinegar of God's wrath, the dregs of the cup of bis fury. The steach of the burning lake of brim'tone will be the {mell there; and they shall feel extreme pains for evermore.

3. They wili be most exquisite and vehement torments, causing weeping, wailing, and gnafning of teeth, Matin. xiii. 42. and xxii. 13. They are reprelented to us under the notion of pangs in travail, which are very sharp and exquisite. So says the rich man in hell, Luke xvi. 24. I am tormented, (to wit, as one in the pangs of child bearing) in this flame. Ah! dre:diul pangs; horrible travail, in which both foul and body are in pangs together; helpless travail, hopeless and endles? the word ued for hell, Match. v. 22. and in divers other places of the New Testament, properly denot s the vallay of Hinnym; the name being taken from the valley of the children of Hinnom, in which was Tophet, (2 Kings xxiii. 10.). where idolaters offered their children to Molech. This is faid to have been a great brafen ido), with arms like a man's: the which being heated by fire within it, the child was set in the burning arms of the idul; and, that the parents might not hear the thrieks of the child burning to death, they beat drums in the time of the horrible facri, fice; whence the place had the name of Tophet. Thus the exquisite. nefs of the torments in hell are pointed out to us. Some have endured grievous tortures on earth, with a surprising obstimacy and urdluntad courage: but mens courage will fail them there, when they fi.d themselves fallen into the hands of the living God; and no oui-gate to be expected for ever. It is true, chere will be degree: of torment in hell: It shall be more tolerable, for Tyre and Sidor, than for Charazin and Bethfaida, Mvzth. xi. 21, 22 But the lealt load of wrath there, will be unsupportable; for how can the heart of the creature endure, or his hands be strong, when God: himself is a confuming fire to him. When the tares are bound in bundles


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for the firė, there will be bundles of covetous persons, of drunkards, profane i wearers, unclean perlons, formal hypocrites, unbelievers, and despisers of the golpel, and the like: the several hundles being cast intö heilfire, fome will butu more keenly than others, according as their sins have been more heinous than these of others: a fiercer flame will seize the bundles of the profane, than the bundle of unfančtified moralists; the furnace will be hotrer to those who finned against light, than to these who lived in darkness, Luke xii. 37, 38. * Thac tervant whichi knew his Lord's will, and prepared

noe himself, neither did according to his will, shall be beaten “ with many Gripes. But be that knew not, and did commit things

worthy of stripes, Mall be beaten with few stripes." But the fentence common to thenrall, (Matth. xiii. 30.) Bind them in bundles to burn them, speaks the grea elt vehemency and exquisiteness of the loweit degree of torment in hell.

4. They will be uninterrupted,' there is no intermission there ; no ease, no not for a moment. They mall be tormented day ant night for ever and ever, Rev. xx. 10. Few are fo tofled in this world, but fonetimes thcy get reft; but the danined Thall get none: they touk their rest in the time appointed of God for labour. No ftorms are readily seen, but there is some fpace between huwers: but no interinillion in the storm that falls on the wicked in hell. There deep will be calling unto deep, and the waves of wrath continually rolling over them. There the heavens will be always black to them, and they hall have a perpetual night, but no rest, Rev. xiv. 10. They have no rest day nor night

5. They will be unpitied. The punishments inflicted on the greateft malefactors on earth, do draw forth some compassion from them who behold them in their toinents : but the damned shall have pone to pity them. God will not pity them, but laugh at their calary, Prov. i. 26. The blessed company in heaver shall rejoice in the execution of God's righteous judgment, and sing while the smoak riseth up for ever, Rev. xix. 3. And again they said Allelujah: and her smoke rose up for ever and ver. No compaflion can be expected from the devil and his angels, wlto delight in the ruin of the children of men, and are, and will be for ever void of pity. Neither will one pity another there, where every one is weeping and gnashing his teeth, under his own infopportable anguish and pain. There natural affections will be extinguithed : the parents will not love their children, nor children their parenrs: the mother will not pity the daughter in these flames, nor will the daughter pity the mother: the son will fhew no regard to his father there, nor the servant to his master, where every one will be roaring under his own torment,

Loftly, To complete their misery, their torments Mall be eternal, Rev. xiv. 11. And th" /incke of their torment ascended up for ever and ever. Ah! wliat a frightful care is this, to be tormented in the whole body and soul, and that not with one kind of torment, but many;

all of

of these most exquisite, and all this without any intermission, and without pity from any! what heart can conceive those things without horror? Nevertheless, if this most miserable case were at length to have an end, that would afford fome comfort: but the torments of the damned will have no end; of the which more afterwards.

Use. Learn from this, (1.) The evil of fin. It is a fiream that will carry down the sinner, till he be swallowed up in an occean of wrath. The pleasures of (in are bought too dear, at the rate of everlasting burnings. What availed the rich man's purple clothing and sumptuous fare, when, in hell, he was wrapt up in purple flames, and could not have a drop of water to cool his tongue? Alas! that men fhould indulge ahemselves in sin, which will be such bitt, rness in the end; that they fhould drink so greedily of the poisonous cup, and hug that serpent in their bosom, that will sting them to the heart, and gnaw out their bowels at length! 2. What a God he is, with whom we have to do; what a hatred he bears to fin, and how severely he punisheth it. Know the Lord to be most juft, as well as most merciful; and think not that he is such an one as you are : away with that fatal mistake ere it be too late, Pfal. 1. 21, 22. “ Thou thoughtest that I was altogether

such an one as thyself; but I will reprove thee, and set them in " order before thine eyes. Now consider this, ye that forget God, “ left I tear you in pieces, and there be none to deliver.” The fire prepared for the devil and his angels, as dark as it is, will serve to discover God to be a severe Revenger of sin. Lastly, The absolute neceffity of fleeing to the Lord Jesus Christ by faith; the same necessity of repentance, and holiness of heart and life. The avenger of blood is pursuing thee, O sinner! haste and escape to the city of refuge. Wash now in the fountain of the Mediator's blood, that you may not perish in the lake of fire. Open thy heart to him, lest the pit close its mouth on thee. Leave thy sins, else they will ruin thee: kill them, else they will be thy death for ever.

Let not the terror of hell-fire put thee upon hardening thy heart more, as it may do, if thou entertain that wicked thought, viz. There is no hope, Jer. ïi. 25. which, perhaps, is more rife among the hearers of the gospel, than many are aware of. But there is hope for the worlt of sinners, who will come unto Jesus Christ. If there are no good qualifications in thee (as, certainly, there can be none in a natural, man, none in any man, but what are received from Christ in him) know, that he has not suspended thy welcome on any good qualifications: do thou take himself and his falvation, freely offered unto all, to whom the gospel coines. Whofoever will, let him take of the water of life freely, Rev. xxii. 17. Him that cometh to me, I will in no ways cast out, John vi.

37. It is true, thou art a sinful creature, and canst not repent; thou art unholy, and caní not make thyself holy: nay, thou haft essayed to repent, to førlake fin, and to be holy, but still missed of repentance, reformation, and holiness; and therefore, Thou Saidft, there is no hope. No, for I have loved strangers, and after them will I go. Truly, no marvel, that the fuccess has not answered thy expectation, since thou hast always begun thy work amiss. But do thou, first of all, honour God, by believing the testimony he has given of his Son, namely, that eternal life is in him: and honour the Son of God by believing on him, that is, embracing and falling in with the free offer of Christ, and of his falvation from lin and from wrath, made to thee in the gospel, trusting in him confidently for righteousness to thy juftification, and also for fanctification ; seeing of God he is made unto us both righteoufness and fanctification, 1 Cor. i. 30. Then, if chon hadit as much credit to give to the word of God, as thou woulde allow to the word of an honest man offering thee a gift, and saying, take it, and it is thine; thou mayest believe that God is thy God, Christ is thine, his falvation is thrine, thy fins are pardoned, thou had Itrength in him for repentance and for holiness: for all these are made over to thee in the free offer of the gospel. Believing on the Son of God, thou art ju:tified, the curse is removed. And while it lies upon thee, how is it possible, thou shouldft bring forth the fruits of holiness? But, the curse is removed, that death, which seized on thiee with the first Adam, (according to the threatning, Gen. ii. 17.) is taken away. In consequence of which, thou shalt find the bands of wickedness (now holding thee fast in impenitency) broken afunder, as the bands of that death : so as thou wilt be able to repent indeed from the heart: thou fhalt find the spirit of life, on whose departure that death ensued, returned to thy fonl; lo as thenceforth thou shalt be enabled to live unto righteousness. No man's cafe is so bad, but it may be mended this way, in time, to be perfectly right in eternity : and no man's cale is so good, but another way being taken, it will be marred før time and eternity too.

III. The damned shall have the fociety of devils in their miferable State in hell: for they must depart into fire prepared for the devil and bis angels. O horrible company ! O frightful association! who would chuse to dwell in a palace haunted by devils? To be confined to the most pleasant spot of earth, with the devil and his infernal furies, would be a moft, terrible confinement. How would mens hearts fail them, and their hair stand up, finding themselves environed with the hellish crew, in that case! but ah! how much more terrible mult it be, to be cast with the devils into one fire, locked up with them in one dungeon, shut up with them in one pit! to be closed up in a den of Toaring lions, girded about with ferpents, surrounded with venomous asps, and to have the bowels eaten out by vipers, all together, and at once, is a comparison too low, to thew the misery of the damned, shut up in hell with the devil and bis angels. They go about now as roaring lions, seeking whom they may devour: but then shall they be confined in their deirs with their prey, they shall be filled ro the brim with the wrath of God, and receive the full torment, (Mat. viii. 29.) which they tremble in expectation of, (James ii. 19.) being cast into the fire prepared for them. How will these lions roar and tear! hoy vill these ferpents hiss! these dragons vomit out fire ! what horrible anguilh will seize the damned, finding themselves in the lake of fire, with the devil who deceived them; drawn hither with the silken cords of temptation, by these wicked spirits; and bound with them in everlasting chains under darkness! Rev. xx, 10. "And the devil that de. “ceived them, was cast into the lake of fire and brimstone, where " the beast, and the false prophet are, and shall be tormented day " and night for ever.”

O'! that men would consider this in time, renounce the devil and his lusts, and join themselves to the Lord in faith and holiness. Why should inen chuse that company in this world, and delight in that society, they would not defire to associate with in the other world! Those who like not the company of the saints on earth, will get none of it in, eternity: but as godless company is their delight now, they will after. wards get enough of it; when they have an eternis to pass in the roaring and blafpheming society of devils and reprobates in hell. Let those who ufę to invocate the devil to take them, soberly consider, that the company so often invited will be terrible at last, when come.

IV. And lafly, Let us consider the eternity of the whole, the ever.. lasting continuance of the miserable state of the damned in hell.

First, If I could, I should thew what eternity is, I mean, the creature's eternity. But who can measure the waters of the occean, or who can tell you the days, years, and ages of eternity, which are infinitely more than the drops of the occean? None can comprehend eternity, but the eternal God. Eternity is an occean, whereof we will never see the shore; it is a deep, where we can find no bottom; a labyrinth, from whence we cannot extricate ourselves, and where we shall ever lose the door. There are two things one may say of it, (1.) It has a beginning. God's eternity has no beginning, but the creature's eternity has, Sometime there was no lake of fire; and those who have been there, for some thousand of years, were once, in time, as, we now are. But (2.) It shall never have an end. The first who entered into the eternity of woe, is as far from the end of it, as the lalt, who shall go thither, will be at his entry. They who have launched out furthest into that occean, are as far from land, as they were the first moment they went into it: and thousands of ages after this, they will be as far from it as ever. Wherefore, eternity, which is be'fore us, is a duration that hath a beginning, but no end. It is a begin. ning without a middle, a beginning without an end. After inillions of years past in it, still it is a beginning. God's wrath in hell, will ever be the wrath to come. But there is no middle in eternity. When millions of ages are paft in eternity, what is past bears no proporcion of what is to come; no not so much as one drop of water, falling from the tip of one's finger, bears to all the waters of the occoun. There is no end of it: while God is, it shall be. It is an entry without an out.gate, 2 continual succession of ages, a glass always running, which fhall never run out,



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