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original thought. Thus the drama. commend the entire set to those tic airs of the Royal Harmonic Insti- players whose powers are not equal tution are met by the Operatic airs to the performance of difficult comof the music shops; and Mr. Moore's positions, and who yet demand brilnational airs from the Strand are liancy combined with easy

and opposed by melodies of various na

ful melody: tions, the words by Thomas Bayley, We're a' noddin at our House at Esq. from the great manufactory of Hame, a Scotch ballad, arranged Soho-square. Mr. Bishop is the with variations, by Mr. Rees. There harmonical and symphonical ac

and symphonical ac- is little attraction in this air: the coucheur (by the way he has left variations are quaint, and not defiCovent Garden). The work con- cient in originality and contrivance; sists of Twelve Airs, Portuguese, but from whatever cause it proceeds, French, Tyrolese, Italian, Spanish, they are not agreeable. We attribute Bohemian, German, Swiss, Sicilian, this very much to the subject. and unknown, four of which are also Kiallmark's Divertimento, la Reveset in parts. The first (here said to nue, arranged as a duet for the piabe Portuguese) is to be found in Sola's noforte, is pretty, but common-place. Spanish Melodies, recently published, A Polonoise Brillante, and a Sobut Mr. Planché's words are far nata, by Mr. Moschelles. The first more appropriate, far more poetical of these pieces is excessively diffithan Mr. Bayley's. Mr. Planché cult, and full of the passion and has hit the true sentiment, Mr. Bay- energy which are the peculiar chaley has gone off directly at oppo- racteristics of Mr. Moschelles' style sites. Mr. Bayley pictures a bride of performance. There is hardly a miserable at the anticipation of the bar which does not contain some inconstancy of her husband at the mark of expression, and this, togevery foot of the altar : this tran- ther with its extreme rapidity, descends even Sheridan's famous por- mands the comprehension and exetrait of a too sensitive temperament cution of the composer himself to in his Falkland, which has been taken render it full justice. The sonata is for the representation of his own feel- less difficult, but equally characterings as a lover. The poet himself istic; we need only refer to the coninclines to doubt, for he thus admo- stant and rapid repetition of one note nishes the bridegroom

which clearly points out its author,

together with the powerful use of Never let her sigh for those

the left hand. It is better adapted From whose arms you take her.

to general performance than the PoThus he glances at dire conse- lonoise. Both must be intensely stuquences indeed, but such, we imagine, died. as scarcely enter into the calculations Fantasia and Solo, and Mary's of either party at the moment of so- Dream, as a Divertimento for the lemnizing the sacred contract. harp, by Mr. Meyer, are extremely

Some of the melodies are agree- brilliant compositions. The introable, but the selector has not shown duction to the Fantasia is a beautiful any thing like the discrimination and Adagio. The air of Mary's Dream judgment requisite to such a work, is so loaded with cadenzas that it is particularly after the exquisite speci- almost impossible for the ear to folmens and the enchanting poetry of low it; we realiy should hardly have Moore.

known it again but for the title. The Birthday, by Rawlings, is an Mr. Sor has published Three Itaelegant little piece, full of melodylian Ariettes, which are scarcely and variety. It is easy ; yet very equal to his former very elegant commuch above the level of pianoforte positions of the same kind. The first lessons so simply constructed.

Guarda che bianca luna has been No. 12, the last Quadrille Rondo is much better set by M. Begrez as a by Mr. Burrowes. The introduction guitar song, though there is much is particularly chantant; and the beauty and originality in Mr. Sor's. cadenza very appropriate to the sub- The second, written in the manner of ject-the Blackbird Quadrille, which the Spanish Canciones, which the auis elegantly treated. This number is thor considers to be the true Cavåone of the best. Indeed we may re- tinas, is very singular for its accent, and purely national. The third, a of ornament and execution, horrowed Polacca, has also more merit and va- very much from Signor Rossini himriety than the general uniformity im- self, and to be found in his Tancred, posed by the time commonly allows. and La Gazza Ladra, yet the melody

Mr. Latour has an elegant, light, is pleasing, and the whole brilliant and playful ballad, The Knight and and effective. But it is by no means the Lady. The melody is sweet and within the reach of common powers; graceful, and we should imagine it indeed, to be sung at all, it demands would be very effective if well and extraordinary capacity from nature, archly sung.

and extraordinary acquirement in art. A duet of Rossini's, from L'Aure. There is also a pretty Cavatina biano in Palmyra,

« Se tu M'ami o Tabbraccio ti Stringa, mio Teneru mia Regina,is quite in the manner Figlio, from his Il Circo. This preof that composer. It is extremely sents no such embarrassments as the wide in compass, for both the tenor duet, but is cantabile and sweet. and soprano. It abounds in passages

LITERARY AND SCIENTIFIC INTELLIGENCE, &c. Classical Literature.-M. Maio, the in- any object may be distinctly viewed, aldefatigable philologist, whose labours and though immersed in a liquid half an inclı researches after the lost writings of the beneath the surface; a circumstance which ancients we have occasionally noticed, has has hitherto been impracticable. A scale made some farther discoveries. Among has also been contrived by which the ob. these are several of the mutilated and lost jects are accurately measured. books of Polybius, Diodorus, Dion Cas- Picture-cleaning.-The French che sius some fragments of Aristotle, Ephorus mist, Thenard, has rendered an important the historian, Timæus, Hyperides, Deme service to the art of painting, having emtrius Phalereus, &c. Besides these, he ployed his oxygenated water, with great has also rescued some parts of the un. success, in cleaning old pictures, where the known writings of Eunapius, Menander of white prepared from lead had become spotByzantium, Priscus, and Peter the Protected with brown. It is not, perhaps, too

Of these valuable literary acquisi much to expect, that the advancement of tions, the most copious and important are chemical knowledge will ultimately contrithe fragments of Diodorus Siculus, and bute much to this beautiful art, by far. Dion, which contain a succinct recital of nishing it with more durable materials. many of the wars of Rome, and a narra- Improved Barometer.-M. Barthe, of tive of the Punic, Social, and Macedonian Strasburg, has constructed an instrument wars; likewise of those of Epirus, Syria, of this description, which announces every Gaul, Spain, Portugal, and Persia. He change of weather thirty hours previously has also discovered several writings of the to its taking place; and what renders it Greek and Latin fathers, prior to St. Je still more valuable, it even prognosticates rome, and other interesting fragments, all the approach of thunder storms twelve which it is his intention to publish.


hours before they occur. Such an instruNew Optical Machine.--Signor Amici, ment will doubtless tend greatly to mature professor of Mathematics at the University the science of meteorology, which, in its of Modena, has invented an instrument present state, is vague and imperfect ; and which he calls a catadioptrical microscope. there is little doubt but that this important It is contrived for the purpose of viewing study may be reduced to such certain prin: objects of every description, diaphanous orciples as will enable us to calculate with onake, solid or fluid, without the necessity precision the various changes in the atmoof dividing them into parts; and consists sphere, long before they actually take place. of a tube placed horizontally, as a tele. But in meteorology, and even in medicine, scope, and not vertically as the common mi. we are still but empirics. croscope. At one extremity of this tube Sculpture. The Immhoffs (father and are several metallic mirrors, which reflect son) of Cologne, have recently finished a the object through a small hole beneath, piece of sculpture of extraordinary magnicorresponding perpendicularly to the glass tude; it is a colossal figure, representing the which carries the object. The laiter is Angel of Death, and is intended to decomoved up and down by a screw, under rate the burial vault of a family of diswhich a mirror is placed as in other mi. tinction in that city. The same artists exccroscopes ; and it is casily and instantly cuted the well-known bust of M. Stein, magnified or diminished by changing the the minister, and are now employed upon a eye-glasses only. One great advantage at- bas-relief, intended as a monument to his tending this ia prored instrument is that lady.


The most important foreign news have been expected; and from the since our last, and very important following expressions contained in indeed it may turn out, has been a his reply to the deputation, his sentitotal change of the French Ministry. ments may be ascertained ; indeed This has been effected, strange to he seems to have considered the adsay, by a temporary junction of those dress as little less than a personal two opposite bodies, the Ultras and insult. “ In exile and in persecuthe Liberaux. The King; much a- tion,” he says, “I have supported gainst his will, has been obliged to my rights, the honour of my race, yield to the Ultras the exclusive and that of the French name. On possession of his Cabinet. This is the throne, surrounded by my peothe first time since the restoration ple, I feel indignant at the base supthat this party has really possessed position that I can ever sacrifice the. power. They are, as perhaps our honour of the nation and the dignity readers are already aware, a body of of my crown. It is pleasing to me men, not very numerous, but power- to believe that the majority of those ful from their talents and respectable who voted this address have not from their birth, the remnant of the duly considered the import of all its old noblesse. They are, of course, expressions." Notwithstanding this opposed to every popular sentiment clear indication on the part of the of liberty, and alive to the import- Chambers, the Ministers continued to ance, both foreign and domestic, retain their places, and actually in which should attach itself to the a few days after proposed, in utter ancient throne of the descendants of defiance of the previous vote, two. St. Louis. Upon this principle they new projets imposing additional rehave mounted into power, imputing strictions on the press. The majorito the late ministry a culpable and ty proved clearly by their conduct on anti-national carelessness as to the this occasion, that his Majesty was consequence which France ought to wrong when he supposed they had uphold in the diplomatic world. The not duly considered the import of Liberaux supported them in this their expressions. They literally view, and not unnaturally, because laughed and coughed M. de Serrè, they knew that to support an inter- the keeper of the seals, out of the ference with the present system of tribune; and very soon after, his reEuropean policy with any effect signation, and that of his colleagues, an army must be raised ; and upon was tendered and received. There this standing force, in other countries was no use in temporising—the King the bulwark of despotism, the French must by this time know the French popular party relies for its ultimate character—the revolution must have emancipation. The first public noti- taught him that very sudden with fication which the King had of this them is the transition from ridicule change of sentiment in the Chambers to ferocity. We confess we sympaappears to have been from the an- thise but little with the late French swer voted to his speech,--an answer ministry on their fall. They had framed by the Ultras with the pre- long adopted the paltry system of vious concurrence of the Liberaux, playing off one party against the In this document the infringement other, and that for no other purpose of the charter with respect to the than the possession of place and their established censorship on the press, own personal aggrandizement. The and the inconsiderable part which first step of the Ultra administration France bears in foreign affairs, were has been the withdrawing of the new particularly and adroitly alluded to. projets against the press, which will, The ministry made an ineffectual it is supposed, terminate in the total opposition, and Louis was compelled abolition of the Censorship; “a conto hear unpalatable truths in place summation devoutly to be wished.” of the flattering echo to which The Liberaux and Ultras are said to monarchs in such situations are ge- agree in the approval of the Greek nerally accustomed. His conduct cause, and to this, it is supposed, the on the occasion was such as might paragraph in the address which

offended the King was pointed. This don, for the purpose of aiding which principle, if acted on, must produce a general meeting is to be held ima French army, in which it is very mediately. We should not be at all clear that the “preux chevaliers ” of surprised to find that these events the Ultras can be but thinly sprinkled had also compelled the pacific and amongst the revolutionary marshals unambitious Alexander reluctantly to of Napoleon. Of such a measure join in the crusade, which those who who can see the results! The old do not put implicit faith in legitimate tree, it is true, lies where it has professions have long suspected him fallen, upon the rock of St. Helena, of meditating. The Persian diverbut there is a scion silently gathering sion, is laid at his door by many, and strength in Austria by which it is his great ascendancy at the Court of possible the throne of the Bourbons the Schah has been long notorious. may one day be overshadowed. Of Spain it is not easy to form any When Napoleon was dying it is said very accurate idea. That she is agithat Madame Bertrand asked him tated by very considerable internal under whose protection he wished commotion is quite certain, and this to leave his son ? “Under the pro- appears, indeed, from the acknowtection of the French army was the ledged fact of the prompt and public reply.

resistance of the people of Corunna The struggle which the Greeks to the attempt to remove Mina from have made against the tyranny of the the Captain-Generalship of Gallicia. Porte will end, it is not unlikely, as No country can be in a tranquil or every lover of literature and freedom constitutional state, when the inhabimust wish,- in their glorious emanci- tants of a principal town, in a prinpation. A new and formidable enemy cipal province, dispute the King's has arisen against the Turks. Persia order to remove his own governor, has declared war against the Sultan, and successfully oppose the entrance of and followed up the declaration vi- his successor! The charge made by gorously by an invasion of his Asiatic the court against Mina was that of dominions with an army of 110,000 republicanism,-a charge which he in men, headed by the hereditary a spirited proclamation indignantly Prince. The Turkish empire, upon repels. The French papers, if we this side, is left almost defenceless, are to believe them, give a frightsul in consequence of the recent drafting picture of the state of the Peninsula, of troops to Constantinople. The and represent many of its provinces Persian troops are said to have con- to be in actual rebellion ; they talk of quered a considerable portion of the meditated siege of Madrid by Armenia, and two Beys in Albania Mina and Riego at the head of an have revolted against the Porte. In imposing military force, and go so the mean time the Greeks are not in- far as even to publish an address active, but we are sorry to find that from the beloved Ferdinand to his their warfare is still characterised by Ministers, in which he declares his cruelties, which, however justifiable fixed determination to die fighting at in the way of reprisal, are not the the head of his guards, and avoid, at less revolting to humanity. It is all events, the passive martyrdom of said that on the capture of Tripo- Louis the 16th. This is not very lizza, the victors finding that seven likely language from such a character of their bishops who had been de- as Ferdinand ; but if events should tained as hostages were murdered, arise, and he should verify the imhad recourse to the horrible revenge puted declaration, posterity may truof putting to death 8,000 Turks, to- Îy say of him, that "

nothing in his gether with 13,000 others of all ages life became him like the leaving it.” and both sexes! The Greeks justify Madrid papers of the 6th, however, this on the plea of retaliation, and it notice his return to his capital, and is a melancholy truth, that neither say that he and the Royal Family belligerent can accuse the other of made their entrée amid the acclamacomparative inhumanity. In the tions of the populace. From the acmean time the cause of Greece begins counts on all sides, it appears quite to excite considerable interest. In clear that the country is in a state in France the feeling in its favour is which she cannot long continue. said to be universal; and a subscrip- During these domestic commotions tion has been already opened in Lon- her South American empire may be


now considered as irrecoverably lost. Talbot and Mr. Grant, and the subEvery arrival brings some fresh ac- stitution of Lord Wellesley and Mr. count of a new triumph gained by Goulburn;-a change of names, we the liberators, and a proclamation fear, but not of measures : indeed from Don Augustin de Iturbide, at what possible good can be expected the head of the liberating army of from the junction of two such men, the three Guarantees, has just issued, in the government of such a country, dated from the city of the Yucas. in such a crisis ? oil and vinegarIn this city the death of Don Juan fire and water-Lord Wellesly, a O'Donoju, the celebrated political friend of the Catholics, and a lover chief who took such a distinguished of conciliation-Mr. Goulburn, part in the settlement of the affairs staunch stickler for ascendancy, and of Spain, has just been announced. a chip of the old vigour block ! But His death has been attributed to of one thing we may be certain, that various causes, by some to poison, temporary expedients can only proand by some to indisposition pro- duce a temporary cure; and that it is duced by chagrin.

not the hanging up of a few famishing A list has just been published of wretches at Limerick, or the exhibithe American navy, by which it ap- tion of a gaudy military pageant at pears that America possesses 51 Dublin, which can remedy the wrongs vessels of war, besides 28 gun-boats of six centuries' accumulation. and galleys. Of these, two carry

The union, to which we alluded in 106 guns each ; there are 7 of 74, 4 our last as probable, of the Grenof 44, 2 of 64, and 4 of 36, besides a ville party with the present adminisnumber of others from 30 guns down- tration may be now looked upon as wards ! This is an astonishing in- certain. The following appointments crease when we consider that the have been announced by the minisfirst provision for a naval establish- terial journals as determined on, to ment for the United States is contain- be officially proclaimed before the ed in an act of Congress, dated 1794, meeting of parliament. Mr. Charles authorising the purchasing or build- Wynne to succeed Mr. Sturges Bourne ing of four ships of 44 guns, and two in the Board of Controul; Dr. Phil. of 36. The Americans are very se- limore to succeed Sir George Warlect in the baptism of their vessels render as one of the lay Lords of the of war; they decide their names by Admiralty ; Mr. Saurin, the present Jot, and they consist of three classes; Irish Attorney General, to be prothe first class are named from the moted to a seat on the Bench, and to States, the second from the rivers be succeeded in his office by Mr. of the Union, and the third from the Plunket. This last appointment is cities and towns.

likely in its effects to prove the most The accounts from Ireland, we important of all, because it is said to are sorry to say, are not much less have in view the ultimate transfer of revolting than those which were Mr. Plunket to the English Woolsack published in our last. The same upon the resignation of Lord Eldon. horrid system of, we may say, whole- It is not at all unlikely. Mr. Plunket sitle assussination still continues. A is too proud a man, and most justly whole popuiation of regiments of the so, to accept office after or under line, infantry and cavalry, has been such a person as Mr. Saurin, without poured into that devoted country, and some ultimate high reversion. His a special commission has been ap- talents are at once solid and splendid, pointed to try some of the unfortu- and they are fully equalled by his nate wretches in the county of Lime- acquirements and his virtues. When rick.

In the meantime, a meeting such a man is placed in an exalted of persons, styling themselves Irish station, it is not so much the person landholders, has taken place in Lon- as the appointment which becomes don. Several foolish speeches were distinguished. Mr. Plunket has been made, and the spouters separated to the architect of his own fortune, and condole, over English roast beef, upon even envy has not been able to cast a the misfortunes of a country whose stain upon his character. chief misery has been occasioned by Parliament has been further protheir absenteeship. À change has rogued till the 3d of February, when taken place in the government of it meets for the dispatch of business. that country, by the recall of Lord Dec. 25, 1821.

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