Using Evidence: How Research Can Inform Public Services
Policy Press, Mar 14, 2007 - Political Science - 363 pages
This book provides a timely and novel contribution to understanding and enhancing evidence use. It builds on and complements the popular and best-selling What Works?: Evidence-based policy and practice in public services (Davies, Nutley and Smith, Policy Press, 2000), by drawing together current knowledge about how research gets used and how this can be encouraged and improved. In particular, the authors explore various multidiscipliary frameworks for understanding the research use agenda; consider how research use and the impact of research can be assessed; summarise the empirical evidence from the education, health care, social care and criminal justice fields about how research is used and how this can be improved and draw out practical issues that need to be addressed if research is to have greater impact on public services. Using evidence is important reading for university and government researchers, research funding bodies, public service managers and professionals, and students of public policy and management. It will also prove an invaluable guide for anyone involved in the implementation of evidence-based policy and practice.
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two What does it mean to use research evidence?
three What shapes the use of research?
four Descriptive models of the research impact process
whats been tried
six What can we learn from the literature on learning
seven Improving research use in practice contexts
eight Improving research use in policy contexts
nine How can we assess research use and wider
ten Drawing some conclusions on Using evidence
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activities Adapted agenda aimed approaches challenges Chapter Four Cochrane Collaboration collaborative communities communities of practice complex conceptual culture decision diffusion diffusion of innovations dissemination effective embedded research model emphasise encourage enhance epistemic communities evaluation evidence-based medicine evidence-based policy example explicit knowledge factors focus focused framework healthcare highlight identify impact assessment implementation important improving research individual influence initiatives innovation instrumental interactive interventions involved issues knowledge management literature makers and practitioners models of research Nutley organisational excellence model organisational learning policy and practice policy makers policy process political postmodern practice settings problem-oriented policing problems professional programmes promoting research relevant research and policy research evidence research findings research impact research use process research use strategies research-based practitioner model Scottish Executive service delivery shape social research Source stakeholders studies suggest systematic reviews tacit knowledge think tanks underpinned Weiss wider Wingens