Shock Cities: The Environmental Transformation and Reform of Manchester and Chicago
Shock Cities is environmental history of the highest order. This searching work is the first trans-Atlantic study to examine the industrial city in holistic terms, looking at the transformation of its land, water, and air. Harold L. Platt demonstrates how the creation of industrial ecologies spurred the reorganization of urban areas into separate spheres, unhealthy slums in the center and garden estates in the suburbs. By comparing Chicago and Manchester, Platt also shows how the ruling classes managed the political creation of urban space to ensure financial gain—often to the environmental detriment of both regions.
Shock Cities also recasts the age of industry within a larger frame of nature. Frightening epidemics and unnatural "natural disasters" forced the city dwellers onto the path of environmental reform. Crusaders for social justice such as Chicago's Jane Addams and Manchester's Charles Rowley led class-bridging campaigns to clean up the slums. Women activists and other "municipal housekeepers" promoted regulations to reduce air pollution. Public health experts directed efforts to improve sanitation.
Out of these reform movements, the Progressives formulated new concepts of environmental conservation and regional planning. Comparing the two cities, Platt highlights the ways in which political culture and institutions act to turn social geography into physical shapes on the ground. This focus on the political formation of urban space helps illuminate questions of social and environmental justice. Shock Cities will be of enormous value to students of ecology, technology, urban planning, and public health in the Western world.
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9 The Environmental Justice Movement in Manchester
10 The Environmental Justice Movement in Chicago
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Sanitation Science in Manchester and Chicago
Pollution and Class Politics in Manchester
Pollution and Gender Politics in Chicago
Machine Age Cites
Addams American Ancoats Annual Report Bateman became beer brewery Brewing Industry building Cambridge central business district century Chicago River Chicago Tribune cholera City of Chicago city’s coal committee conﬂict Cook County cost cotton disease district drainage elite energy engineers environment environmental justice epidemic experts factory ﬁg ﬁgures ﬁnal ﬁnally ﬁre ﬁrst ﬁve ﬂood ﬂow fuel germ theories History of Chicago housing Illinois industrial city industrial ecology inﬂuence Irwell John lake Lake Michigan land London machines Manchester Guardian Manchester’s MSSA municipal neighborhoods ofﬁce ofﬁcer ofﬁcials Pasteur political culture proﬁts progress Progressive Era public health pumps quotation railroad reﬂected reform river Salford Sanitary sanitation scientiﬁc sewage sewer ship canal signiﬁcant slum Smoke Abatement social Society spatial statistics streets Thirlmere tion town typhoid typhoid fever University Press urban Victorian ward wastes water management water supply waterworks working-class York