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river, and stopped at the very spot where St. Paul's, whereof one Thomas Sharpit is supposed its master had disappear- leys, a taylor, of London, had the chief ed. The body was taken out of the water, prize, which was four thousand crowns, and in his purse was found the money in fair plate. In the reign of Queen he had received.
Anne it was thought necessary to suppress lotteries as nuisances to the
public. AN ACCOUNT OF EARLY LOT. TERIES IN ENGLAND.
ORIGINAL USE OF FORKS. The minister having at length "num
FROM CORYATE'S CRUDITIES, Edit. 1611. bered the days" of those pernicious and I observed a custom in all these Italian fraudulent items" of Ways and Means;" cities and towns through the which I had
- lotteries; an account of them may not passed, that is not used in any other be deemed uninteresting.
country that I saw in my travels; neiThe first lottery of which we have an ther do I think that any other nation of account 'was drawn in 1569. It con- Christendom doth use it, but only Italy. sisted of 400,000 lots, at 10s. each lot: The Italian, and also most strangers, the prizes were plate, and the profits that are commorant in Italy, do always were to go towards repairing the havens at their meals ase a little fork, when of this kingdom. It was at the West they eat their meat. For while, with their door of St. Paul's Cathedral. The draw- knife, which they hold in one hand, ing began on the 11th of January 1569, they cut the meat out of the dish, they and continued incessantly, day and fasten their fork, which they hold in night, till the 6th of May following, as the other hand, upon the same dish ; so Maitland, from Stowe, informs us in his that whatsoever be be that sitting in the history, vol. i. page 257. There were then company of any others at meal, should only three lottery offices in London. The unadvisedly touch the dish of meat with proposals for this lottery were published his fingers, from which all at the table in the years 1567 and 1568. It was at do cut, he will give occasion of offence first intended to have been drawn at the unto the company, as having transhouse of Mr. Dericke, her Majesty's gressed the laws of good manners, in so servant, (i. e. her jeweller,) but was much, that for his error, he shall be at afterwards drawn as above mentioned. least brow-beaten, if not reprehended in Doctor Rawlinson shewed the Anti- words. This form of feeding, I underquary Society, 1748, “ A proposal for a stand, is generally used in all places of very rich lottery, general without any Italy, their forks being for the most part blankes, contayning a great No. of good made of iron or steel, and some of silver, prizes, as well of redy money as of plate but those are ased only by gentlemen. and certain sorts of merchandizes, hay. The reason of this their curiosity is, being been valued and prised by the com- cause the Italian cannot by any means mandmentof the Queene's most excellent endure to have his dish touched with majesties order, to the entent, that such fingers, seeing that all men's fingers are commodities as may chance to arise not alike clean. Hereapon I myself thereof, after the charges borne, may be thought good to imitate Italian fashion converted towards the reparation of the by this forked cutting of meat, not only havens and strength of the realme, and while I was in Italy, but also in Gertowards such other public good workes. many, and oftentimes in England since The No. of lotts shall be foure hundred I came home. Being once quipped for thousand, and no more'; and every lott that frequent using of my fork by a cershall be the summe of tenne shillings tain learned gentleman, Master Lawsterling only, and no more. To be filled rence Whitaker, who, in his merry huby the feast of St. Bartholomew; the mour, doubted not to call me at table shew of prizes are to be seen in Cheap- furcifer, only for using a fork at feeding, side, at the sign of the Queene's Arms, but for no other cause. at the house of Mr. Dericke, goldsmith, From the same work we extract the servant to the queen. Some other orders following anecdote. Our traveller is about it in 1567-8. Printed by Henry talking of Venice. Bynneman."
« There is a fair gate at one end of In the year 1612, King James, in this street, even as you enter into St. special favour for the present plantation Mark’s-place, when you come from the of English colonies in Virginia,
granted Rialto-bridge, which is decked with a a lottery, to be held at the West end of great deal of fair marble ; in which gate
are two pretty conceits to be observed, I saw some men also in the play house, the one at the very top, which is a clock disguised in the same manner with with the images of two wild men by it, double vizards; these were said to be made in brass, a witty device, and very the favourites of the same courtozans. exactly done. At which clock there fell They sit not here in galleries as we do out a very tragical and rueful accident, in London: for there is but one or two on the 25th day of July, being Monday, little galleries in the house, wherein the about nine of the clock in the morning, courtezans only sit. But all the men sit which was this.A certain fellow that beneath in the yard or court, every man had the charge to look to the clock, was upon his several stool, for which he payvery busy about the bell, according to
eth a gazet. his usual custom every day, to the end to amend something in it that was amiss. But, in the meantime, one of those wild men, that at the quarters of the hours do
TO A BEAUTIFUL QUAKER. use to strike the bell, struck the man in
BY LORD BYRON, the head with his brazen hammer, giving him such a violent blow, that there. Sweet girl! though only once we met, with he fell down presently in the place, That meeting I shall ne'er forget: and never spoke more."
And though we ne'er may meet again, The following is the account of the Remembrance will thy form retain. Venetian theatres, given by the same I would not say “I love," but still traveller.
My senses struggle with my will, “ I was at one of their playhouses, In vain, to drive thee from my breast, where I saw a comedy acted. The house My thoughts are more and more represt. is very beggarly and base, in comparison In vain I check the rising sighs ; with our stately playhouses in England; Another to the last replies : neither can their actors compare with us Perhaps this is not love, but yet for apparel, shows, and music. Here I Our meeting I can ne'er forget. observed certain things that I never saw before ; for I saw women act, a thing I What though we never silence broke, never saw before, though I have heard Our eyes a sweeter language spoke. that it hath been sometimes used in The tongue in flattering falsehood deals,
And tells a tale it never feels. London; and they performed it with as good a grace, action, and gesture, and Deceit the guilty lips impart, whatsoever convenient for a player, as
And hush the mandates of the heart; ever I saw any masculine actor. Also But souls' interpreters, the eyes, their noble and famous courtezans came Spurn such restraint, and scorn disguise. to this comedy, but so disguised, that a
As thus our glances oft convers'd, man cannot perceive them. For they wore
And all our bosoms felt rehears'd; double masks upon their faces, to the No spirit, from within, reprov'd us, end they might not be seen; one reach. Say rather “'twas the spirit mov'd us.” ing to the top of their forehead, to their Though what they utter'd I repress, chin and under their necks, and ano
Yet, I conceive, thou'lt partly guess; ther with twists of downy or woolly Perchance to me thine also wanders.
For as on thee my memory ponders, stuff, covering their noses; and as for their necks round about, they were This, for myself, at least I'll say, sq covered and wrapped with cobweb Thy form appears through night, through lawn, and other things, that no part Awake, with it my fancy teems ;
day: of their skin could be discerned : upon in sleep, it smiles in fleeting dreams. their heads they wore blackfel caps, very The vision charms the hours away, like to those of the Clarissimoes, that I And bids me curse Aurora's ray, will hereafter speak of. Also they wore For breaking slumbers of delight, a black short taffata cloak. They were so graced, that they sat on high, alone which makes me wish for endless night. by themselves, in the best room of all the Since, oh! whate'er my future fate, playhouse. If any man should be so reso- Shall joy or woe my steps await; lute as to unmask one of them, but in Tempted by love, by storms beset, merriment only, to see their faces, it is Thine image I can ne'er forget. said, that were he never so noble or Alas! again, no more we meet, worthy a personage, he should be cut to No more our former looks repeat; pieces before he should come forth of the Then let me breathe this parting prayer, room, especially if he were a stranger. The dictate of my bosom's care :
« May Heaven so guard my lovely of a miscarriage at Lyons, the 10th of Quaker,
June, 1604, in the forty-second year of That anguish never can o'ertake her; her age. Her husband, Francis An* That peace and virtue ne'er forsake dreini, had her interred in the same her,
city, and honoured her with the follow“ But bliss be aye her heart's partaker. ing epitaph :“ Oh! may the happy mortal, fated « Isabella Andreini Patavina, mulier “ To be, by dearest ties, related; magna virtute predita, honestatis orna“ For her, each hour, new joy discover, mentum, maritalisque pudicitiæ decus, “ And lose the husband in the lover. ore facunda, mente fæcunda, religiosa, “ May that fair bosom never know pia, muus amica, et artis scenicæ caput, “ What 'tis to feel the restless woe hic resurrectionem expectat. “ Which stings the soul, with vain re- “ Obabortum obiit 4 Id. Junii, MDCIV. gret,
annum agens 42. “ of him who never can forget.”
“ Franciscus Andreinus mæstissimus posuit.”
“ Isabella Andreini, of Padua, a woSKETCHES OF FEMALE
man of great virtue and honour, the BIOGRAPHY.
ornament of conjugal chastity, of an
eloquent tongue, and an elegant mind, No. I.
religious, pious, beloved by the muses,
and the glory of the stage, here lies in ISABELLA ANDREINI, expectation of the resurrection, She A native of Padua, was a very cele- died of a miscarriage, the 11th of June, brated actress, towards the beginning 1604, in the forty-second year of her of the seventeenth century. But her age. Francis Andreini, her sorrowful excellence was not confined to the husband, erected this monument to her stage: she was also an admirable poet. memory." ess. Many learned and ingenious men The death of this actress being mathave bestowed eulogiums upon her, and ter of general concern and lamentation, her own works sufficiently justify their there were many Latin and Italian elepanegyrics. The intenti of Pavia (80 gies printed to her memory. Several the academicians of this city style theme of these pieces were printed before her selves) were of opinion that they did poems, in the edition of Milan, in 1609. their society an honour by the admis- Besides her sonnets, madrigals, songs, sion of Isabella as a member of it. In and eclogues, there is a pastoral of acknowledgment of this honorary dis- hers entitled "Mirtilla, printed at Vetinction, she never forgot amongst her nice in 1610. She sung with great titles that of Academica Infanta.—Her taste, and played on several instruments titles were these: “ Isabella Andreini, in a masterly manner. She was also comica getosa, academica infanta detta acquainted with philosophy, and unl'eccessa. She had a singular advantage derstood the French and Spanish lan. which is not frequent among the most guages. excellent actresses : she was very handsome. Her beauty and her fine voice united, enabled her to charm both the eyes and the ears of all who saw and
LADY CHUDLEIGH, heard her. Under her picture the fol- A very philosophical and poetic lowing inscription is written :-" Hoc lady, was born in the year 1656. She histricæ eloquentiæ caput lector admi- was the daughter of Richard Lee, of raris, quod si auditor scies?"-" If you Winsloder, in the county of Devon, admire, reader, this glory of the the. Esq.; and married to Sir George Chudatre, when you only see her, what leigh, Bart, by whom she had several would you do if you heard her?” children: among the rest, Eliza Maria,
Cardinal Cinthio Aldobrandini, ne- who dying in the bloom of life, caused phew to Clement VIII. had a great her mother to pour out her grief in a esteem for her, as appears by several of poem, entitled, “ A Dialogue between her poems. When she went to France, Lucinda and Marissa.' She wrote she was kindly received by their majes- another poem, called “ The Ladies' ties, and by all the highest quality at Defence," occasioned by an angry sercourt. She wrote several sonnets in mon preached against the fair sex. their praise, which are to be seen in the These, with many others, were collected second part of her poems. She died into
a volume, and printed a third time
« To serve you,
in the year 1722. She published also ANECDOTE OF PETER THE a volume of essays upon various sub
GREAT. jects, in verse and prose, in 1710, which have been much admired for a delicacy to the Empress Catharine, had an
Miss Hambleton, a maid of honour of style. These were dedicated to her amour, which, at different times, proRoyal Highness the Princess Sophia, duced three children. She had alElectress and Duchess Dowager of ways pleaded sickness; but Peter Brunswick, On this occasion, that ordered his physician to attend her, who princess, then in her eighteenth year, soon made the discovery. It also appear. honoured her with a very polite epistle ed that a sense of shame had triumphed in French, of which the following is a
over her humanity, and that the children translation:
had been put to death as soon as born. “ Hanover, June 25, 1710.
Peter inquired if the father were
privy to the murder: the lady said she “ LADY CHUDLEIGH,
had always deceived him, by pretend“ You have done me a very great ing they were sent to nurse. pleasure in letting me know, by your
Justice now called upon the emperor agreeable book, that there is such a one to punish the offence. The lady was as you in England, who has so improved much beloved by the empress, who herself, that she can communicate her pleaded for her. The amour was parsentiments in a fine manner to the world. donable, but not the murder. Peter As for me, I do not pretend to deserve sent her to the castle, and went himself the commendations you give me, but by to visit her; he pronounced her sentence the esteem which I have of your merit with tears: telling her, that his duty and good sense, which will always in- as prince, and God's vicegerent, called duce me perfectly to regard you, and to on him for that justice which her crime be, upon all occasions,
had rendered indispensably necessary,
and that she must, therefore, prepare “ Your affectionate friend,
for death. He attended her also on
the scaffold, where he embraced her “ SOPHIA, ELECTRESS,
with the utmost tenderness, mixed with
sorrow : and some say when the head “ To Lady Chudleigh,
was struck off, he took it up by the “ in London."
ear, whilst the lips were still trembling, This lady, it is said, wrote several and kissed them: a circumstance of an other things, as tragedies, operas, extraordinary nature, and yet not inmasques, &c. which, though not print- credible, considering the peculiarities ed, are preserved in her family. She of his character. died in 1710, in the 55th year of her age. She was a lady of great virtue, as well as understanding, and made the
LONDON. latter subservient to the former. She
· Purposing, so soon as our materials had an education in which literature shall be completed, to contrast “ Lon. seemed but little regarded, being taught don as it was" with “ London as it is," no other than her native language; we beg, as a kind of beginning, to introbut her fondness for books, her great duce our readers to the following old application, and her uncommon abili- friends with new faces. ties, enabled her to make a considerable
Finsbury Square-instead of being the figure among the literati of her time. residence of hundreds of liberal, opulent, However, though she was perfectly in and enlightened individuals, was a field love with the charms of poetry, she of fruits and flowers, and as such, was devoted some part of her time to the granted by Richard the Second to Robert severer studies of philosophy. This de Willingham, then prebendary of the appears from her excellent essays upon parish of St. Giles, Cripplegate, under knowledge, pride, humility, and many the title of the Garden of Vinesbury, and other subjects, in which she discovers from that circumstance has been called an uncommon degree of piety and know- Vinesbury, or Finsbury Square. ledge, with a noble contempt for those
Houndsditch-where the tribes of Isvanities which the generality of her rael, and sects of Christ, swarm in such sex so much regard, and so ardently countless variety, was once a dirty dyke, pursue.
piled with filth and dead dogs, and from (To be continued occasionally.] the unfortunate fate of the latter, and
particularly their anhallowed burtal, from a dog having fallen into the well, derived its name
(which is still to be seen in the cellar of Fleet Market-one of the most popu- the upper house in the court,) and belons, and one of the principal marts of ing thereby cured of a most inveterate the metropolis, was once a little navi- mange. From this accident the well gable river, where the small craft of grew into very great repate, insomach certain petty inland traders proceeded that in monkish times it was prodito Holbora-bridge; and
giously resorted to by persons afflicted Holborn-itself was a little village, with cutaneous disorders; but, alas! then called Old Born, or Hill-born, from since the unholy dissolution of the moa stream which broke out there and ran Dasteries, and the banishment of those to the aforesaid river of Fleet.
pious men and wonderful physicians, Smithfield-DOencircled by lofty the monks, it has lost all its virtues, houses, and encircling innumerable and is now only noted because it once cattle, that recline on its stony carpet, had them, or, what is the same thing, and wooden pens, was once a fine mea. was said to have them. dow, whose velvet-like softness pro- That celebrated building (now palled cured for it the name of Smith or down,) called Bedlem or Bethlem, which Smoothfield, but whose tenants were has held so many of the most illustrious of similar to those that now occupy it, save our brethren, whose sublime aspirations that the former went of their own con
into the heaven of heavens were missent, whereas the latter are driven taken, by dull mortals, for flights of an those had the grass, these have only insané imagination, derived its name stones to eat.
from a priory of enthusiasts which once Covent Garden where the high priest- existed
in the same place, calling themesses of Flora and Pomona are ever seen, Belves Bethlemites, and who wore red with their variegated flowers and exhi- stars on their breasts, in commemoration larating fruits, and in whose precincts of the star that directed the magi to the that arch-rogue Liston bas so often with stable in Bethlehem. wicked waggery burlesqued our erudi- Blossom's Inn,-in Laurence-lane, tion, and our forgetfulness in the person Cheapside, was so named from the rich of Dominie Sampson, gloomy friars and border of flowers that formerly decoghostly monks once walked in medita- rated its original sign, being that of tive thought and moody abstraction- St. Lawrence frying on a gridiron. and the Convent Garden once had Trees, These flowers were illustrative of the from whence issued delightful harmony, fact recorded in the holy legend, that but not like the Tree that flourishes there they immediately sprung up after his yet-Knights of the holy temple, greatly cruel martyrdom, (a secret by the way inferior to Knight of the profane play- well worth knowing to all florists,) and house Abbotts of lordly paunch and the gridiron we suppose being meant to Bevere learning, whose love of good indicate mine host, (wicked dog,) that things is the only feeling they inherited something better than pious St. Lawin common with their present namesake, rence's flesh might be had there, preand whose worship of St. Stephen, in pared in the same manner. Oh, how the gallaxy of beatified spirits, reminds our mouth waters and stomach titillates us of our adoration of the charming Miss at the savoury recollection of rumpStephens in the gallery of Covent Gar. steaks and mutton-chops, “ when shall den Theatre.
we three meet again ?” Sadler's Wells the waters here for. The Minories-had its origin in certain merly were famous for the cure of all Minoresses, or poor ladies of St. Clare, sorts of diseases, mental or bodily, acci- who were invited into England, and dental or hereditary, and from thence who had a convent built for them in derived the name of The Wells, which this place, by Blanch, Queen of Nawhen Mr. Sadler, a music master, built varre, and wife to Edmond Earl of a house there, became Sadler's Wells; Lancaster, in 1293. now their efficacy is confined to mental Bermondsey Street-also took its name disorders, and they are absolute spe- from a priory, or abbey, of St. Saviour, cifics for all attacks of the spleen, ennui, called Bermond's-eye, founded in 1081, blue devils, bad weather, and low and suppressed in 1539. spirits.
The Charter House was so called It is an easy transition from Sadler's from Chartreux, a monastery which Wells, and its hero Bruin, to Dogwell stood there, and which was destroyed Court, Whitefriars, which took its name by Henry VIII.