European Art of the Sixteenth Century
In the sixteenth century the humanist values and admiration for classical antiquity that marked the early Renaissance spread from Italy throughout the rest of the continent, resulting in the development of a number of local artistic styles in other countries. Artists were highly valued and richly compensated during this period, with many receiving lucrative commissions from papal, royal, and private patrons. Among the sixty artists whose works are presented in this volume are towering figures of Western art such as Michelangelo, Raphael, El Greco, and Titian.
Venetian painters led the way, as oil on canvas supplanted fresco as the most popular medium. Italian Mannerists, such as Pontormo, deviated from classical forms, creating figures with elongated proportions and exaggerated poses. In countries that experienced the Protestant Reformation, such as England, many artists turned to portraiture and other secular subjects.
This second volume in the Art through the Centuries series is divided into three sections that discuss the important people, concepts, and artistic centers of this innovative period. Important facts are summarized in the margins of each entry, and key facets of the illustrations are identified and discussed.
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16th century Albrecht altarpiece Altdorfer Andrea Annibale Carracci Antwerp architecture Arcimboldi artists Augsburg Baldung Grien bronze Bronzino Carracci cathedral Cellini Chapel Charles Christ church classical Clouet color composition Correggio Cosimo court Cranach cultural death decoration depicted Diirer early 16th emperor engraving Europe Ferrara figures Flemish Florence Florentine Fontainebleau France Francesco frescoes Gallery Gaudenzio Giambologna Giorgione Giovanni Giulio Romano Gothic Griinewald Habsburg Henry Holbein Italian Italy Jacopo king Kunsthistorisches Museum landscape Leonardo Links Lotto Louvre Lucas Lucas van Leyden magnificent Mannerist Mantua Mary masters Maximilian Medici Metsys Michelangelo Milan models monumental Munich northern nude Nuremberg painter painting Palazzo Palazzo Te Paris Parmigianino Pinacoteca place of residence Pontormo pope Portrait pose Prague Primaticcio Principal place Raphael Related entries Renaissance Rome Rosso Fiorentino Rudolf Rudolf II Saint scene school of Fontainebleau sculpture Sebastiano style symbolic Tintoretto Titian tradition Travels trip Uffizi Urbino Vatican Venetian Venice Veronese Vienna Villa Virgin