The Greek and Persian Wars, 499-386 BC
This book covers one of the defining periods of European history. The series of wars between the Classical Greeks and the Persian Empire produced the famous battles of Marathon, Thermopylae and Salamis, as well as an ill-fated attempt to overthrow the Persian king in 400 BC, which helped to inspire the conquests of Alexander the Great.To tell the story of these momentous events, of the lives of great men and women, of the societies and cultures that produced them, and to explain how and why they came into conflict was the aim of Herodotus, 'the Father of History', whose account of the wars is our principal source and the first book to be called a 'history'.
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According to Herodotus Aegean Aigina allies Ancient Art Aphetai Aristagoras Aristeides aristocrats Aristodemos Art and Architecture Artaphernes Artemision Asia Minor assembled Athenians Athens Atossa attack Attika battle of Marathon Boiotians camp campaign captured cavalry contingents Datis defeat Delian League Delphi Demaratos Demokedes Egypt Egyptian enemy ephors Eretria Euboia Eurybiades Eventually exile expedition fifth century fighting force Greece Greek cities Greek fleet Greek hoplites Greeks Hellenic League Hellespont helmet helot Herodotus Herodotus says Hippias hoplites Hydarnes infantry Ionian Greeks island Isthmus Kambyses killed King Dareios king's Kleomenes Kyros land Leonidas Leotychides Lydia mainland Mardonios Medes Median Miletos naval Naxos numbers oracle Pausanias Peloponnese Peloponnesian Persian army Persian Empire Persian fleet Persian king Persian rule Persian Wars Phokians position retreat revolt route royal ruler sailed Salamis Samos Sardis satrap sent shield ships soldiers Spartan citizens Spartan king spear territory Themistokles Thermopylai Thessaly triremes tyrant Tyrtaios victory warships Xerxes