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EDITORIAL.

It is usual, we believe, on occasions like the us in jealousy and hate, and that tens of thoupresent, for the Editor to come forward after the sands who have arrived at legal citizenship, infashion of the prologue-speaker of a play, take | capable of appreciating the great privilege which off his hat, approach the foot-lights, and having they possess, grasp eagerly at political power, executed an obsequious bow, proceed to give, and stand ready to cast their suffrages for the either in prose or verse, or prose-verse, or worse demagogut who yields most to their designs or prose, an inkling of the forth-coming scene. their cupidity. Growing out of these things are Imagine us before you-paint the character grave matters that require the serious consideraAmerican in all its preferences, but without tion of every friend of our Institutions, whether prejudice, and you see us hat in hand.

he be a native or adopted citizen. To these, and The REPUBLIC shall be like ourself, American, all other influences calculated to endanger our not only by origin and name, but in principle, existence or prosperity as a nation, or our rights and those who shrink from the touch and conta and happiness as a people, the efforts of the gion of everything and anything homespun, or REPUBLIC will be faithfully directed. to the manor born,"

The interests of our mechanics and working

men and women, who have been sorely pressed of this “ Nation,” would do well not to touch

by the unfair competition and combinations of either of us, for with us there will be a flavor

pauper Europeans, will receive attention at our not to their liking. The glory of being a Ro

hands, and while we aim to supply them with a man was once a great glory; the stigma of being

large share of good and wholesome reading, in an American has been as great as was the glory

the Literary department of the Magazine, we of the Roman Citizen. But that stain is passing shall strive ever to keep alive the glowing, and away-the day shall yet come, nay it is come al

warm into full life the latent fires of patriotism ready, when the descendants of those who pledged

that dwell in their hearts, and to inspire them, their lives, fortunes and honor on the altar of

and all, with a true sense of their dignity as free civil and Religious Freedom, may claim, possess

men, free women-virtuous and patriotic AMERand enjoy the high prerogative of American

ICANS. birth-the heritage of Freemon, nor fear the sneers and taunts of either the partizan dem | Our TITLE Page.--We call attention, with agogue, or the despotic minion.

a fair share of self-satisfaction, to the beautiful But while we claim for the American Birth composition which forms the title page of our right a proud position in the scale of social ex- | Magazine. The allegory exhibits the “Contiistence, we must not be misconstrued. Our nental Soldier," pointing with honest exultapride is for our country, our aspirations for its tion to the progress of civilization and science Free Institutions, our sympathies with all the under the American flag, while the Manhattan world. We have not forgotten either a Moul- aboriginal gazes with astonishment and awe, trie, a Montgomery, or a Wilson. The last upon the altered place of his nativity. The signed the Declaration of our Independence; / massive pillars beneath, are typical of the firm the two former fought to secure it. We know foundation of our Republic, surrounded, guardthat thousands of liberty-loving foreigners are ed, and ornamented, with the venerated memoamongst us; men who hate tyranny with an ries of the heroes and sages of the Revolution, honest hate, and who love the country of their and the motto, “ Our Country and Liberty," adoption with an honest love. We know and ac- which occupies the upper tablet, indicates the knowledge that much in the advancement of sci character and purpose of the Magazine. The ence and the Arts, is due to the learning and drawing for this spirited and beautiful specimen industry of those who have come amongst us of art, was made by Mr. S. Wallin, from a from abroad, and to these and all of these the design by the Editor. The engraving was warmest grasp of friendship is extended. But executed by Mr. William Holland, a lineal deWe also know, and so do they, that the nations scendant of one of the Pilgrims of Plymouth of the Old World have made, and do now make Rock, and we challenge all magazine-dom to our fair country the lazar house of their moral exhibit a title, engraven on wood, that will sur.. corruption—that their eyes and hands are upon pass it as a work of artistic taste and finish.

commerce

Foreign INFLUENCE.—Since it has been pro- derstood by the regal representatives of a byven by the test of two well tried pitched battles gone theory, and their efforts naturally turn to with old England, that cold lead and saltpetre the means of extinguishing the beacon itselfwill not suffice to break down the indomitable of destroying the great moral engine that is sispirit of American Freemen, and since our phy- | lently working their destruction. To this end sical powers, as tested in these two contests, the society known as the Leopold Foundation, have fairly and fully maintained our nationality was established, with the Emperor of Austria and independence for the time, our people have at its head. It meets and arranges its plans at quietly settled themselves down into a self-satis. Vienna, but the field of its operations is the fied notion of security, and gone to work making United States, and thousands of men, and hunmoney, enlarging commerce, building rail-roads, dreds of thousands of dollars (said to be not less annexing new territory and electing Presidents, than a million) have already been sent here to under the honest and gratifying conviction, that carry out those plans. The facilities to the in the event of another assault, we are ready, right of suffrage, and the eagerness of native willing, and able, to whip all creation, and send demagogues to invest them with that right, for any foolhardy invader that may dare to set his special objects, have aided materially in the hostile foot upon our soil, limping home again, work. Apart from political interests, England, as we have done before, and that there the mat. whom we have called mother, entertains towards ter will end. Suppose we grant, for argument us other causes of jealousy. As the greatsake, this physical puissance in which we con est maratime and manufacturing power in the fide. Suppose it to be true that the United world, she looks upon our growing greatness States of North America are able to defend their with distrust and apprehension ; she sees our position as a nation, and their free Institutions,

spreading – our fleets whitening against the physical power of England, Russia, every sea-our flag respected, and our young Austria, Rome, Spain, and all other monarchi- marine bearing the stripes and stars to every cal and despotic governments combined, what is cranny of the oceans ; she sees our manufac. the result? Are our Institutions and our Na- turing genius, that giant ally of an Emtionality then secure? Is there no other influ- pire's wealth, daily expanding in its growth, ence to be guarded against? Are there no other contesting with Mercurial rapidity, the powers gates open, no avenues through which the enemy of her own, and already competing with her in may enter ? In a word, have we nothing to fear some of its branches, in the best markets of the but batteries and bayonets? If this were all, world. In brief, she sees in us a rival, that in the che sword would indeed be mightier than the pen, uninterrupted progress of another quarter of a the elements of Nature would be changed, and century, will become her superior in all that matter would hold a mastery over mind—but it pertains to civilization and national power ; is not all the battles that the freemen of our like fer more despotic neighbors, she too, sends country are to fight against despotism, must her emissaries among us, to effect by serpenthenceforth be the battles of mind against mind, like stratagem, that which she has never been theory against theory, light against darkness, able to do by force--the destruction of our Union intelligence against artifice. These are the op- and the downfall of our Institutions. posing elements, and the battalions of the enemy The influence of these various emissaries is are already in the field.

seen in shapes as various as their plans. We There is scarcely a crowned head in all Europe, behold it in the agitation of the question of from the lofty mitre of Rome, down to the most slavery ; in attempts to destroy our system of insignificant German principality, that has not popular education, and the crection of institutrembled under the moral influence of our insti. tions of learning, whose tenets are at war with tutions. There is scarcely a people not utterly freedom; in the numerous new-fangled ideas of chained down in beastly ignorance, that has not social reform--the giving away of the public exhibited symptoms of a yearning for freedom, lands—the agitation on subjects of labor-reand in many instances of recent date, we have sistance to the laws where they conflict witn witnessed the sublime spectacle of the masses peculiar notions of right and wrong--seizing arrayed in arms against their tyrants. They upon the public press--the amendment of old have been mostly over-borne, it is true, by the state constitutions, and the construction of those combined despotic powers, who stand ever ready of the new states, in accordance with their views to aid each other in emergencies like these; and desires; and in their eager grasp upon the but, although the flame of growing liberty has political rights of citizenship. been smothered, it has not been, nor can it be These influences we shall discuss at length in extinguished so long as the glorious beacon of future numbers, and endeavor to show the exAmerica sheds its warming and invigorating tent and importance of each, in its place, with lustre upon their hearts. This fact is well un such proofs as shall carry conviction to the

and

minds of all who will read, and if possible, furlough of six months might be granted to him, awaken them to a sense of watchful and active prior to the expiration of his term, to be devoted duty.

to breaking up and seeding his land. If this

plan should appear repulsive to the dignity of A ROAD TO CALIFORNIA. –The recent de- the soldier, who by ancient usage is not expectvelopments of our new empire, on the bor ed to work, and if the inducements here offered ders of the Pacific ocean, and the influence to him are not sufficient to remove his scruples which those developments have had in draw on that head, we would further recommend that ing westward, across the vast intervening de-a corps of pioneers, sappers and miners be organserts, so many thousands of our people to | ized by enlistment, expressly for this object, and suffer and to die on their perilous journey, to- | that they be subject to the same duties, and engether with the vast and newly unfolded chan titled to the same privileges, as have been pronels of trade that it has presented, demand that posed in this article. Such a corps could be the attention of Congress should be speedily raised rapidly, from the bone and sinew of the directed to the adoption of some means by which land, and in five or six ycars we might have a a safe and easy transit may be made across the populous and safe post route through our own continent through our own territory. The plan of territory, from the Atlantic to the Pacific. a railroad suggested by Mr. Whitney, and which the subject is well worthy the attention of has received much favorable attention, both in Congress, and the plau is practicable. Let us seo and out of Congress, will doubtless ultimately who will give it a thorough digest and place it be carried into effect; but this plan, after all, in a tangible shape before the councils of the does not comprehend all that is required. The nation. 'ost of transit by railroad, even if it were built, would doubtless exceed the means of thousands THOMPSON, the Agitator', from the Parliament who would desire to cross, to say nothing of the of England, having been driven from Boston chances of keeping a railroad in repair during without a hearing, was permitted to speak to a the present wild state of the vast region through Mosaic crowd, at Worcester, Mass., two or threo which it must pass, occupied, as the whole dis- days after. In the course of his address

this tance is, by tribes hostile to the progress of minion of British jealousy made the following civilization, and ever ready to throw obstacles expressions : in the way of such a structure by destroying the “ Talk of this country being free--it was not rails, and otherwise harrassing the operations free. No honest Englishman, expressing his of the road. This road, if completed, must

honest feelings, could even travel through it.

He himself might wish to visit the mammoth necessarily occupy a great length of time in

cave in Kentucky-but he could not do it, at building, and after all, it will not answer all

least with any assurance of returning alive. Ile the ends of a public road. Such a road must be could not see the 'father of waters' at the South, built sooner or later by the Government, upon - he could not cross the Potomac-he could not which caravans of wagons, cattle, &c., may be

travel any where in the South with one-halt

the liberty that would be accorded him within enabled to pass in safety.

the most despotic territories of Europe. It has occurred to us that such a road may be built, and not only built, but peopled, and the

Mr. Thompson seems to measure liberty by route placed under cultivation, without any

the same standard as the Irishman who robbed commensurate cost to the Government. A large

the hen-roost.--On being arrested and brought portion of our small army must now be reclin

before a justice for the crime, he expressed his ing in idleness, and as it is but fair that the

astonishment, and exclaimed : “ Taith, I thought zuen composing it should make to the people

this was a free country!" some return for the money they draw, we would suggest a plan that would result in a mutual be-PHOTOGRAPHIC ART-JOURNAL-We have seen nefit. It is to this effect. That the unemployed the prospectus of a new Monthly Journal, about portion of the army should be detailed to open to be issued under the editorial management of the great Continental Road, say from Weston, H. II. Snelling, Esq. As its title imports, the or Independence, Missouri, by way of either Journal will be devoted to the subject of the Santa Fe or Utah to San Francisco; that in con Daguerreotype, and is intended as a vehicle of nexion with this, buildings should be erected in information in every department of that art, inamall villages on the route, at proper distances, cluding the various methods of operating, and farnus of a quarter section laid out, and each man, all new discoveries and improvements that may at the expiration of his term of enlistment, be from time to time be made. Mr. Snelling is entitled to a deed of one of these farms, with a abundantly qualified, by experienca and talent, hone, and a small allowance of stock and uten 'to conduct such a journal. W. B. Smith, No. ils To further his means of subsistence. 61 Ann street, is to be the Publisher.

THE PRESS.-Among the influences affecting editors, assistants, or reporters. This current the political spirituel of the American peopley runs deeper than is generally supposed, and we prejudicial to our interests as a nation, that of intend that the subject shall meet with a fair the public press in the hands of foreigners is share of attention. doubtless by far the greatest. This is a subject

A WORD TO THE FRIENDS OF LIBERTY.of vast importance, and it is our intention to digest it thoroughly in future numbers, with

Bishop Hughes, in his recent lecture on the such facts as will probably astonish many a

“ Decline of Protestantism," boldly avows that reader, and at the same time account for the

| it is the intention of the Papal power, to “ conanti-American sentiments that they have some

vert,” that is, obtain control of “ the inhabittimes seen uttered by what is called an Ameri

ants of the United States, the people of the cities can'newspaper. A shrewd author and pbilosopher

and the people of the country, the officers of the once said : “ Let me write the ballads of a nation,

Navy and the Marines, Commanders of the Army, and I will form the character of its people ;” or

the Legislatures, the Senate, the Cabinet, the something to that effect. The same theory ap

President, and all !” and modestly adds, "even plies to the public press of the present day, es

England with her proud Parliament, and impepecially in this press-deluged country, where

rial Sovereign.” And he presents strong grounds every American can read, and where there are

to prove that it is making fair progress in the papers for every body who desires to read.

accomplishment of its object, provided all he We might with great propriety echo the expres

says is true. We have not space, nor is it necession of the philosopher, and say, “Let me con

sary at present, to comment on the above. It is trol the press of America, and I will direct its

sufficient for the friends of civil and religious destiny as a nation.”

liberty to know that this is now the avowed ob

ject of Romanism. Let the project be carried That the press in this country is the great

out, and the Republic of the United States may lever of public opinion, nobody pretends to deny.

shake hands with miserable Mexico and VeneIt sways the minds of the masses as the tempest

zuela. sways the trees of the forest, and upon every topic of the least public interest, from a re CONGRESS is again in sesssion. Let us entreat volutionary movement down to the advent of a each individual member of both the Senate and new player, the press is the monitor of public | the House, whether he comes from the east, the thought and feeling. However base in charac- west, the north or the south, to bear in mind ter, devoid of principle, or gross in sentiment, that he is there as the law-giver of a Nation and an editor may be, he is sure to have an influence not of a section. He should know that his dig. upon the public mind ; and if he possess but nity and position occupy a sphere high above the shrewdness enough to gloss over his grossness, impotent howlings of fanaticism, or the puerile and exhibit a pretence of propriety, that influ- / threats of passion, and that when he listens to ence strikes often deeper, and at graver results them he must by some inadvertence have dethan the reader himself would at all times be scended from his high estate. We regard the willing to confess. Such being the deference Congress of the United States as the loftiest paid to the public press by the people of this legislative body in the world, composed as it is, Jountry, how important is it that that great of freemen, chosen by the voices of freemen; and moral and political engine should be in the nothing is more painful to the people of the pahands of those who will govern its tone to a just tion, than to see its halls converted into theatres and appropriate harmony. How important that of sectional discord. We trust that these things its ends and sentiment should accord with the have had their day, and that all future treasonspirit of republicanism-American republican. able and incendiary attempts to disturb the har. ism -and that nothing calculated to weaken the mony of the country through its Congress, will ties of home attachment, or to lessen the respect be treated by both Houses, with the laconic con. due to tbe laws, the councils, and the States. I tempt which they deserve. men of our country, should be admitted to its columns

Our First NUMBER.-The preliminary mat. But it is not alone in a political view that this ter essential to the first number of a Magainfluence is felt, detrimental to our interests as zinc, like the Republic, necessarily imparts to it a people. It encourages foreign productions in in a great degree, the character of a preface, or art, literature, manufactures ; everything--and Introduction, to those that are to follow In it recognizes no geni's of American origin. When we can do little more than define our position the latter appears, it is met either with sneers and exhibit the chart that is to guide us; and and ridicule, or strangled with equivocal and to those who approve of these, we must look for faint praise, by the minions of prejudice who that support that is to bear us safely through swarm about the press (f the land, either as in our good intentions.

THE DAGUERREOTYPE.-We frequently, dur- afford to pay for it. The world will soon know ing our strolls about town, drop into the various no other than a Steam Marine, whether mercanDaguerrean establishments for which our city tile or naval, and if our machinists do their is somewhat celebrated, for the purpose of duty, the Vaited States must and will be the noting the successive steps of improvement that greatest maritime power. The following con. are made in the art, and of feasting our eyes cessions are made to us in the London Daily upon the several gems that are from day to day News : produced. There are as many different styles “Cunard's Company commenced with vessels of . of picture produced by the Daguerreotype, as 1,100 tons and engines of 350 horse power. They there are by the pencil, and the several operat

have, step by step, reached 2,300 tons and 900 horse

power. But the size and power are the only things ors become as distinctly celebrated or otherwise, changed; the model has remained the same. The by the style and tone of their pictures as ever

Asia of 2,300 tons is an enlarged edition of the Britadid they who devoted their genius to the pencil

nia of 1,100 tons, and goes bowling down the Mersey,

carrying a sea before her enough to swamp a reveand pigments. Having devoted some three nue cruiser. years of our life to the practice of the Daguerrean

The American steamers are of larger tonage and

less power than the Asia and Africa, but of exquisite process, in the early period of its history, and

model. They are “ten years ahead" of the Asia and having taken with our own hand some thousands Africa, as far as the hulls are concerned, and as far of pictures, we claim the right of knowing

behind in the engines. They slip down the Mersey

with scarce a ripple at the bow, dividing the water something about it, and intend from time to like a Gravesend steamer. In accommodation, ventime to note such improvements and beauties as

tilation and general arrangement, the American vesoccur in the various galleries.

eels are far superior to anything that has been before

seen in this country.” The first that we shall notice is that of Mr. Gurney, No. 189 Broadway.--Mr. Gurney has

POPULAR EDUCATION.—The State of Newlong taken rank among the best Daguerreans in

York, at its recent election, sustained the law the country, and yet his style of pictures is en

establishing Free Schools throughout the State, tirely peculiar to his own process. Nobody produces pictures of the same tone and charac

by a majority of over thirty thousand votes.

This majority, under the circumstances, is a ter, yet others may produce pictures quite as

proud one, and doubtless settles the question good as his-the style is a mere matter of taste,

for all time to come. The enemies of education and what some would prefer, others would ob

had left no stone unturned in their endeavors to ject to. In fidelity of line however, and conse

choke down the system. Every inaccuracy in quent resemblance, Mr. Gurney is unsurpassed,

the framework of the new law; every imperfecThe peculiar effect produced by his process,

tion in its fiscal features, and the mode of supand in which he prides himself, is the fullness of light obtained without solarization—a full

porting it, were placarded forth,—and every indevelopment of all the natural lights as they

genuity that could be brought to bear upon fall upon the object, without regard to color

the tax-payer, was employed, until thousands,

who otherwise favored popular education, were or material of dress, and a consequent softness

made the enemies of the law, and induced to of tone which pervades the whole picture. Thus, although the lights are all full, and even bril

cast their votes against it. But the intelligence liant, there is no harshness of shadow. This

and patriotism of the State were too great for

these efforts to overcome. The great principle style has many admirers, and Mr. Gurney's

has sustained the law, and we hope the Legislacameras are consequently always employed with

ture will, at its next session, wipe away the sitters. His gallery occupies two rooms besides the principal operating room, and the

obnoxious features, and especially so alter the whole are fitted up with taste and even ele

plan of assessment, as to equalize as near as gance.

possible the small amount of individual taxation

that must be contributed to its support. This OCEAN STEAM NAVIGATION.-Brother Jona has been the most formidable objection urged than is now fairly in the field of Ocean Steam against the law as it now stands, and without Navigation, against all the world in general, doubt was the cause of at least one hundred and the “ Mistress of the Seas" in particular. I thousand votes against it, that would otherwise A fair race is going on in the contest for supe- have been in its favor. As the law is for a poriority, and Jonathan has already got a leetle | pular good, it should be made, as soon as possiahead. His advantage, at present however, | ble, a popular law. lies in the model, and he must now pull up in the machinery department. The time is close THE PRESIDENT'S MESSAGE.-Mr. Fillmore's at hand when our ocean steamers will take the first Annual Message reached us too late for lead of everything on the waters. The cost of comment. We may say, however, that it is a good machinery in this country is not greater document of extraordinary vigor, dignified and than in England, and even if it were we can | patriotic.

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