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(With a Portrait.) It is not alone in commerce, in arts, in in- | galaxy of goodness stands GEORGE WASHdustry, in territory or in power, that a nation INGTON, the warrior, the sage, THE FATHER finds its holiest treasures, these are things OF HIS COUNTRY! Truly may it be said that evanescent, which may pass away, and be lost to his virtue, his patriotism, his judgment, and in the crash of revolutions, or the whirl of his long-suffering, do we owe all that we posempire. A more glorious and enduring wealth sess as Americans, all that we hold dear as is found in the memories of the great spirits freemen! When the clouds of oppression who gave her existence-framed her laws-- gathered thick and black around, when the sustained her honor-increased her knowledge | storm swept on in its fury; when hope withered, -gave tone to her morals, and developed her and stout hearts quailed, or shrunk back in resources, these are treasures which are cher | despair-his form stood erect-his voice was ished by her children forever--they glow in firm-his heart was true; and by his example their hearts, stimulate their pride, and cheer and wisdom the disjointed fragments were again their sinking souls for ages after the empire and again gathered to the rescue. Can we too which they gave, has been cast a wreck in the often speak of him? Will mankind ever bevast maelstrom of absorbing Time. Greece, en-come weary with gazing upon the lineaments slaved Greece! forgot not her sages in the hour of his countenance ? Can Americans point of humility. Rome yet remembers her heroes their ehildren to a purer or more soul-stirring of old, and Jerusalem, the outcast, still cher- examplu, either as a man or a patriot, than to isheth the memories of her patriarchs with a GEORGE WASHINGTON? Surely, no! Let us green and growing affection.

remember him, then, with reverence, speak of Then what a treasure hath America! What him with pride, engrave his features upon our an unfading halo of delight encompasseth the hearts, observe his precepts, and, if possible, hearts of her generations, in the memories and follow his example. fame of that long catalogue of men who gave The Portrait which accompanies this, the ber a name, and a place upon the scroll of na- February, number of "THE REPUBLIC," is one tions, more proud-more glorious--more fruit- engraved by Adams, after the celebrated paintful of good, than all that man, in his most ing by Stuart, of which it is a faithful copy, earnest yearnings for Freedom, had hitherto and, as we believe, one of the best likenesses, thought or conceived ! Foremost amid this if not the very best, ever engraved on wood.


0. TBACI me not the barren creed,

That angels never haunt the soul;
That 'tis a dream, 0, never plead-

I would not lose their sweet control :
Low-whispering spirits, still they come,

And bid the dear emotions start
With visions of our childhood's home,

That Mecca of the human heart,
Their feet are on the viewless wind,

Their lips among the odorous flowers;
They fill the waste of years behind,

And sweetly charm the passing hours:
The smile that mantles friendship's cheek,

The tear that gleams in pity's eye,
The thrill that words may never speak,

And hopes that brightly hover nigh;
0, rob them not of angel guise

The only founts to rapture given;
These young Immortals from the skies,

That bid us fondly hope for Heaven!
Still floating on their golden wings,

They bear the light of other years,
And each a sweet consoling brings,

To sprinkle o'er the tide of tears.

Break not the spell my heart has wove,

Bind not those fairy-footed gleams,
Those messengers of joy and love,

That people all my dearest dreams;
Still let me feel my mother near,

When summer winds are on my cheek,
And let me, though in fancy, hear

Her lips in music's echo speak
Chide not these tears, that, while I sing,

Like waters from a fountain start;
The memories of a childhood bring

Their wild contagion to the heart.
Above the desert I have passed,

The flowers of life again I meet,
And youth its myrtle leaves has cast

Their shadows resting at my feet.
0, chide me not! nor break the spell-

All I have loved, or love, is here
The kind, the good, the true-they dwe

In friendship's smile and pity's tear;
A little faith may rend the guise,

And what our yearning hearts adoro
Will change to Seraphs from the skies,

Who, lingering, watch till life is o'er

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Boen at Bridge's Creek, Westmoreland County, Virginia, on the 22d of February, 1732.
DIED at Mount Vernon, December 14th, 1799.

" Against the insidious wiles of Foreign Influence, I conjure you to believe me, fellow-citizens, the jealousies of a free people ought to be constantly awake, since history and experience prove that Foreign Influence is one of the most baneful foes of a Republican Government."- Washington's Farewell Address.

Page 82.


NOTICE.-A few of our sloscribers have beer and the last has been permitted to survive, bereturned by the carriers as “not found." All cause it was too insignificant to excite either who did not receive the first number of the jealousy or fear in surrounding powers. “Republic,” are therefore requested to leave The history of Republics, however, does not word at the office, with their address.

exhibit an application of this principle to their per Chapters that have received the amount

existences, and in fact there has been none to of subscription from any of their members, are

which the finger of the historian can point as an requested to send the same forthwith to Chan

instance of national longevity. The peculiar cellor J. J. Dickinson, at the office of the Astor

character of Republican institutions, heretofore, Mutual Insurance Company, corner of William

has been such as to harbor in its own vitals the and Exchange streets, (in the Exchange )

seeds of early dissolution,-a sort of hereditary

consumptive affection, which has generally cone Twelve active men may find good em- ) signed them to early and dishonorable graves ployment as canvassers, in and out of the Order

The Republic of the United States claims to be at a liberal compensation. Apply at the office,

a model in this system of government, and so it with references...

is, so far as the privileges conferred on its peoCLUBS.

ple are concerned; but the searching eye of the Our friends out of the city are requested to

philosopher can easily detect, in its physical finish their club lists as soon as possible, and

organization, the pulmonic symptoms of decay, send them in. Those having additions to make

the seeds of a fatal disease--seeds that are even to the lists already in, will please forward them

now germinating, and threatening a speedy and at once, that subscribers may be served promptly.

poisonous bloom. POSTMASTERS

Some clear-sighted mathematician has recentacting as agents, in making up clubs, will be | ly published, in the New-York Tribune, a wellentitled to six per cent., to be deducted from the digested article, in which he shows, that in Club rates.

eighty years from the present time, that is to NEWSPAPERS.

say, within the life-time of the child now born, We send a copy of this number to some of the the population of the present territory of the most respectable and influential papers of the United States will be 400,000,000, (four hundred country. Those who will copy our PROSPECTUS millions,) or equal to the population of China at (with or without the Table of Contents) three

the present time. This estimate is based upon times, and send a marked paper, shall receive indisputable statistics of the past; viz., that by the Republic for one year. They are requested | immigration, and the increase of the native born, to call attention to its peculiar (American) | the population of the States has, heretofore, character.

doubled every twenty years, or thereabout. The

present population is about 25,000,000, and by INCREASE OF POPULATION, AND THE Right the same ratio it will reach the estimate, 400,OF SUFFRAGE.-The longevity of nations has 000,000, in eighty years. not yet, we believe, been reduced to a practical Taken in connection with the fact that our science, and thus far no theory has been adopted territory, if we except the recent acquisitions. by which to determine either the natural limit, is about the same as that of China, this estimate or the means of prolonging the vital principle presents a new and interesting field for specula. of any form of government. Hitherto, the dife tion to the politician and philosopher of the lease of a nation, under the monarchical systems present day, and especially to those who claim of the old world, has depended more on its max- that we have room enough for all mankind, and imum or minimum physical strength, than upon who are so lavish of our soil as to tender it any moral or social qualities that it might pog gratuitously to those who will come from abroad sess: thus, a nation, powerful in arms, has ex- and accept it. It is true, that we have millions isted almost from the dawn of civilization to the of unploughed acres-sufficient to make our present time; and another, weak in physical country the garden and granary of the world ; power, has stood the shocks and changes of ages, but if those acres are made to teem with human and still survives. The first lived from an in beings, most of whom must, of necessity, become Date ability to sustain itself against all opposers; I consumers instead of producers, (because the 1844,

ratio of productive land necessarily lessens with lanche of ignorance and superstition, upon our the increase of population,) it follows that, in social and political existence, are already seriousstead of feeding the world, we shall ourselves | ly felt. As immigration increases, the ratio of be dependent for sustenance on other nations. intelligence and virtue, in the masses, is lessened And to this condition it is possible to arrive in —the first is self-evident, and the latter is proven eighty years, unless, like the Chinese, we con | by our statistics of crimes, (about seven-tenths sent to feed on rats and offal.

of which are committed by foreigners,) by pau. To baffle this prospect, and put off the evil perism, and mendicity. These effects are also day for a few generations more, it would appear seriously felt by our working classes, who, reto be the part of wisdom to lessen, instead of in- duced to the standard of what in Europe is called creasing, the incentives to immigration, which pauper labor, by the competition of that portion at present exist. But this is only the physical of immigrants who do work, are, in many inview of the subject-let us look at its

stances, deprited of the means of comfort, menSOCIAL AND POLITICAL PHASES.

tal improvement, and almost of respectability. Our population, as it appears, is doubled every

Thus, and in divers other ways, does society twenty years, whereas immigration has, for

suffer and retrograde, through the influence of

| a too rapid immigration. several years past, more than doubled every five

But it is our political system that is most years,-taking the port of New York as the

abused by this influence. The system of suffrage criterion, and the year 1841 as a basis. The number of immigrants arriving at the port of

created by the founders of this Republic, was

based upon Intelligence, and it is only through New-York was in

intelligence that it can be exercised legitimately, 1841, .


It is presumed, by the very nature of the system, 1842,

73,050 that he who expresses a voice through the medi1843, . . .

42,989 um of the ballot, knows what that voice means ;

59,838 otherwise it is as complete a nullity as the voice 1845,

78,789 of an idiot. In law, the idiot is regarded as non 1846, - -


compos mentis, and is not allowed to make con1847, . . .


tracts, to sue or defend in courts of justice, to 1848,


perform offices and duties, or to make devises or 1849,


bequests. Why? Because his intelligence, or 1850, .


knowledge, is not sufficient to enable him to The number that arrived in 1841 we find near- | perform these duties understandingly. Now, if ly doubled in 1846, and that again more than the law protects private interests from the dandoubled in the next three years, viz., in 1849. gers resulting from ignorance and incapacity, The port of New York, it is believed, receives how much more important is it that the public less than half the immigration that pours upon | interests should be guarded by law against the our country from the Old World. The ports same dangers, arising from the same causes. East and South, and especially of New-Orleans As it is, we give to ignorance a supervision over and Texas, receive vast and constant acquisi our public affairs which we do not allow it to tions of this class of population ; so that we may exercise over its own affairs; a stretch of gensafely set down the amount of immigration, for erosity upon which any intelligent “ commission the year 1850, at half a million, without enume of lunacy” would consign us to keepers. Here rating those that are smuggled in through the

| lie the seeds of fatality in our political conformaCanadas.

tion. By our liberal system of suffrage, we not We shall not pretend to assume that the ratio only place a grave and solemn power in the of increased immigration, as shown above, is to hands of ignorance, but we open the door for continue for the next eighty years, but that the combinations and factions abroad, to enter our influx will be immense is plain. When we take ballot-box and quietly vote away our liberties, into consideration the fact that the human race as they did with the Republic of Switzerland. is rapidly increasing in every civilized portion

Great evils require strong remedies, and it is of the globe ; that the serfs of Northern Europe now time for the lovers of civil and religious are just beginning to feel the weight of their liberty to give attention to this subject, and take chains, as contrasted with civil freedom; and energetic measures to stay the growing danger that China herself must, ere long, fling open her! We are much of opinion that the difficulty will gates to emigration, and pour forth her teeming not be removed until our present naturalization millions; it is difficult to estimate the flood that laws are abolished, and the power to grant cerwill be poured upon us, if we continue to hold | tificates of naturalization is vested solely in out the same inducements as at present.

Congress, to be exercised by that body only in The deleterious effects of this ceaseless ava- I consideration of valuable public services per

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