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two months in the guard-house, with a ball favored it to gain partisan aid from the natn. and chain fastened to their legs, for refusing ralized and foreigner, that through such help to kneel to the Roman Catholic Host, and he may reach his own aggrandizement; and his laudation of Irish deserters, have given even thus, through ignorance or design, is he serious offense to his countrymen, that will fast accomplishing the destruction of our prove fatalwe say fatal to his success in the country. We would say, also, that there is a two largest States of the Union; and we can remedy for this evil, to be had through the freely assert, merely as “a looker-on in enactment of a uniform naturalization law, Vienna," that if the Whig party places his to the effect, that no foreigner hereafter arrivname in nomination, the Democratic candi ing in this country, being over twenty-one date will be elected. Of course, the Demo years of age, shall, upon any consideration crats, knowing this, will help his friends in whatever, become a naturalized citizen of packing the Whig Conventions.

these United States; but that he shall, however, as a resident, be subject to, and receive

the protection of our laws, and enjoy all the WIAT WE WOULD SAY to the naturalized

rights of a citizen, excepting that of the electcitizen is, that the greater portion of those ive franchise, or the holding of office of high coming from abroad have, together with our trust. Through the protection of such a law, political demagogues, striven for partisan im the American vote would cease to be overportance, and to such end have, through their powered through the casting balance of forexertions and ballots, apparently fixed upon eign influence, and then the policy of the naour country measures, ruinous not only to tion would become settled and fixed. Then individual prosperity, but ruinous to us as a protection to the industry of Americans, and people.

protection also to the labor of the foreigner And we would say to the American, that welcomed to these shores, would naturally partisan foolishness has been enacted long follow. enough, yes, too long, for the good of the country; that, as a mass, the naturalized and JAPAN.—The recent movements for sending the foreigner have become emboldened in a

a fleet to this outlandish empire, with sealed partisan course, and would now claim and orders, has raised quite a din among the poliexercise not only equal rights with us, but ticians; and, in the apparent hope of embarsuperior ones, as being theirs under priestly rassing Mr. Fillmore and his administration, advisement, through the possession of greater an exposé of the objects of the expedition has intelligence, earlier invention, and the physi- been requested by Congress. The Presidentcal ability" to do"-Heaven spare their blind making mania of the times has, doubtless, had ness !-all of which is presented in a manner

much to do with this request; but, after all, that, if not amusing, is at least so decidedly

the wiseacres who turned over the stone, excool as to prove quite refreshing. Yet, to pecting to find a rattlesnake thereunder, have the honest, well-meaning foreigner, desiring only brought forth, much to their chagrin, a a home in the land of liberty, we would still very harmless animal. The mischief they say, Come! our country is large, and there is have done, however, in disturbing its quiet room in it for both you and your labor. Yet rest may not be easily rectified; and the you must not seek to defeat us in the endea political capital which they expected to make vor to protect both your and our labor from against the Administration, must recoil upon the hindrances which a too great inroad of their own heads. The letter of President the labor of those remaining abroad, if un Fillmore to the Emperor of Japan, thus prechecked, would create against our mutual maturely brought forth, is in the highest deinterests; and we would say to Americans, gree creditable to him as a man, a statesman, that to receive into our country the foreigner and a diplomatist; and while its exposure, and the product of foreign labor, both at the thus forcibly obtained, fails to accomplish the same time, freely and free, is at once a foolish object of the croakers, it may have a tendency policy, and one which must eventually bring to defeat the patriotic and humane objects of upon us not only penury, but place the for our government. eigner as a ruler over us. Such a course has Regarding this letter as the first step tobeen too long pursued; the demagogue has wards a new field for American commerce,

and an advance towards universal civilization, country, was transmitted by us, with several we take pleasure in placing it on record in thousand signatures attached, to the Hon. the Republic, for the especial reference of James Brooks, one of our city representatives, those who were pleased to recognize in the and by him presented to the House, who reAmerican greeting to Japan, a second edition ferred it to the Committee on Commerce. We of the English invasion of China. Here it is. now call upon that committee to give the subPresident Fillmore says to the Emperor of ject their earliest possible attention. The inteJapan :

rests of the working-men of our country, who “I send you by this letter an envoy of my own are driven to the wall by the competition of imappointment, an officer of bigh rank in bis country, ported felons and paupers, demand protection who is no missionary of religion. He goes by my of the government; and we hope the memocommand to bear to you my greeting and good rial will not be lost sight of in the multiplicity wishes, and to promote friendship and commerce between the two countries.

of business which devolves on Congress in the “ You know that the United States of America matter of President-making. One thing is now extend from sea to sea; that the great couns certain : the people will not lose sight of it, if tries of Oregon and California are parts of the United States; and that from these countries, which their representatives do. are rich in gold and silver and precious stones, our steamers can reach the shores of your happy land in less than twenty days.

ROMANISM INCOMPATIBLE WITH REPUBLIC"Many of our ships will now pass in every year, ANISM.—On Monday evening, April 5th, acand some perhaps in every week, between California and China; these ships must pass along the cording to previous announcement, the Rev. coast of your empire; storms and winds may cause

W. S. Balch delivered a lecture at the Broadthem to be wrecked on your shores, and we ask way Tabernacle on this subject. Although and expect from your friendship and greatness, the night was most inclement, the vast buildkindness for our men and protection for our property. We wish that our people may be per: ing was thronged at an early hour. In this mitted to trade with your people, but we shall not lecture the speaker not only exhibited clearly authorize them to break any law of your empire. and unequivocally the utter incompatibility

“Our object is friendly commercial intercourse, of the elements of Republicanism and Romanand nothing more. You may bave productions which we should be glad to buy, and we have pro- ism, but tore into shreds and patches the ductions which might suit your people.

impudent, though much-vaunted, “Catholic “Your empire contains a great abundance of Chapter” of John Hughes. At the close of the coal; this is an article which our steamers, in going lecture the audience rose en masse and greeted from California to China, must use. They would be glad that a harbor in your empire should be the Rev. orator with nine hearty cheers. appointed to which coal might be brought, and There has been much inquiry for published where they might always be able to purchase it.

“In many other respecte, commerce between copies of this powerful discourse. your empire and our country would be useful to both. Let us consider well what new interest may arise from these recent events which have brought Civil LIBERTY, as according to the Rev. Edour two countries so near together; and what pur ward McGowan, is a mere thing. The idea poses of friendly amity and intercourse this ought is so perfectly politico-papal

, that we cannot to inspire in the hearts of those who govern both countries."

help giving it as we find it in his lecture de

livered before young Catholics in Boston: The fog of bombs, bayonets, and boardingpikes of the popularity-seeking and sensitively hilation of a thing, the mere contingent of circum

“The destruction of civil liberty is but the annisympathetic and philanthropic opponents of stances; but the destruction of religious liberty is a the reělection of President Fillmore, is com- usurpation condemned by Heaven, a tyranny bepletely blown away by the publication of this gotten in hell; and yet Lord John Russell passes an frank, manly, dignified, and patriotic epistle, this religious freedom, the eternal right of man, the

act (Anti-ecclesiastical Titles Bill) which destroys and we suppose the expedition to Japan will slave as well as the freeman. In this he and Eng. now be permitted to go on its way re

land stand alone amongst civilized nations, a disjoicing.

grace to civilization itself."

That is, they stand alone in suppressing Taat Memorial to Congress, asking for a papal ecclesiastical titles, not in destroying law to prevent the introduction into the ports either civil or religious liberty, because the of the United States of any foreign criminals Pope of Rome does not tolerate either. It is or paupers, recognized as such in their own amusing to hear a papal prelate denouncing

religious intolerance. There is next presented furor in his behalf, in connection with the a practical use of a good suggestion, thus: triangular race now being run for the great

sweepstakes next fall, but few were present, "He [Lord John Russell] had failed to re-split the

and it was difficult to determine who were Catholic body. Without a murmur that body had braved the fanatical storm; but when an act was

more numerous, the Webster or the Fillmore passed which aimed at the destruction of their adherents. One thing was very evident, faith in ecclesiastical titles) and morality, then however, they were all good Clay men, as they saw it was time to adopt the suggestion of Burke, “When bad men combine, the good must

their vociferous cheers announced whenever associate.""

the name of that patriot and statesman was

mentioned. From what we can see, we think We regret to learn that civil liberty is a

the primary chances in this city on the Whig mere "thing," and that its destruction would

side are decidedly Fillmoreish. The Demobe “the mere contingent of circumstances;"

crats are, as usual, mum as mice, but on the but one thing pleases us much, that is, to find

lookout. Roman Catholics upholding the suggestion of Burke. It is an evidence that they approve

THE AMERICAN RIFLES. — This spirited the organization of United Americans, the

young corps is about to be erected into a good men of the soil.

regiment, eight companies having been organ

ized, and the necessary application forwarded The CHARGE at Rome. Among the many

to the Commander-in-Chief. This will form small tricks of the enemies of the Administra

one of the finest regiments in the State, and tion, a rumor was circulated a few days ago,

we are proud to say that it is composed ento the effect that Mr. Fillmore had determined

tirely of the “sons of the soil,” native-born to recall Mr. Cass, our present Chargé at

Americans, a large proportion of whom are Rome, and send in his stead a Roman Catho

members of the 0. U. A. We hope the organlic. In the present bigoted condition of af

ization of this regiment will prove a harbinger fairs in the “Holy City,” (Heaven save the

of better times for the militia organization of mark!) where Protestant worship is absolutely

the Empire State, which, in point of material, prohibited, exceptin the house of the American

has been sadly on the decline for a number of Chargé, it is well known that the substitution

years past, and almost entirely anti-American of a Catholic instead of a Protestant represen

in its character, at least so far as this city is tative would suppress it entirely; and hence, a

concerned. We learn that a corps of Amerireport that the President was about to make

can cavalry is in contemplation. such a change, would be calculated seriously to injure his popularity. The trick, however, NationAL ACADEMY OF DESIGN.—The lovers had but a transient effect, because it was im of art are ever glad to learn of the annual mediately discovered that the President had opening of the galleries of this institution, no such intention. It is also pretty well un- and we have the pleasure to announce that derstood that, as Mr. Cass has performed all the exhibition of its paintings for the present his official duties with fidelity and dignity, it year has just commenced.

We have not yet is not and has not been the intention of the had an opportunity to avail ourselves of the Administration to make any change whatever polite invitation to visit the gallery, but intend in that direction.

to do so before another issue of the Republic,

and shall report something of what we see. WEBSTER DEMONSTRATION.--A meeting of the most zealous friends of our great states

Louis NAPOLEON, in his speech to the Depuman,

Daniel Webster, or, more properly speak- ties, says it is not his intention to make himing, those who desire his nomination to the

self Emperor, but, if the people do not behave Presidency, was held at National Hall on

themselves, he will do terrible things. TremMonday evening, April 19th. Probably at no

ble and obey! Vive Napoleon! other time, and under no other circumstances, would the name of Daniel Webster have failed to bring together a host of enthusiastic Whigs; THANKS.—The Ilon. James Brooks will but, as the call was ostensibly to create a please accept our thanks for valuable public

documents received. The same are also due cessories. We trust the American people to the Hon. John Briggs for like favors, among may speedily cast from their eyes the veil so which is included the reports on “Commerce artfully placed there, and religious intolerance and Navigation.” D. K. Seaman, Esq., will be for ever silenced. The Infallible Church also consider us his debtor in courtesy, for

appears to us, at this present writing-if we valuable documents received at his hands from

can rely alike on Bishop Hughes in his Albany.

“ Catholic Chapter," and Bancroft and other

historians in their records of past times, CORRESPONDENCE.

to be

"A creature of amphibious nature,
On land a beast, a fish in water;

That always preys on grace or sin,
PHILADELPHIA, April, 1852.

A sheep withoui, a wolf within."
DEAR BROTHER:-Your correspondent again

The United Sons of America are still pushresumes his pen to greet you with fraternal | ing the column. On the evening of the 8th sympathy, and a word of encouragement instant, Pennsylvania Camp No. 22 was instiThe dissection of Bishop Hughes's “Catholic

tuted by Erastus Poulson, Esq., Commissioner Chapter,"contained in the last number of your Plenipotentiary, under very favorable ausRepublic, or, more correctly, my number of

pices. the Republic, has been read and re-read, bor

Anthony R. Gemeny, Esq., the Treasurer rowed and re-borrowed, and has received

of the General Camp of the State, died on the universal commendation; and to those who

29th ult. He was an estimable citizen, whose have availed themselves of my copy we can

private virtues had endeared him to a large only repeat, “Subscribe for this magazine, and

circle of friends, and whose patriotism you will regularly receive a bountiful supply prompted him to join the U. S. A. in its inof Americanism, and of the kind calculated to fancy, where, in the various capacities in keep the patriotic blood coursing through which he has acted, he merited and received your veins, should it be inclined to grow slug- the unqualified approbation of the brother

hood, by whom his memory will be sacredly The only very interesting item of political cherished. “Peace to his ashes !" news at present engrossing attention, (aside

Having already, I fear, intruded on your from Presidential manæuvres,) is the organi- forbearance, believe me yours, in the cause of zation of the American Democracy. Numer

* God and our native land," ous primary meetings have been held, and

THIRTEEN. already ward organizations are commencing. The published resolutions openly acknowledge

NEW-YORK, April 15th, 1852. the foreign element to be inimical to the inte

To the Editor of the Republic: rests of the country, and one which has been

SIR :- Please inform me whether, in your opin.

ion, a man can have civil and religious liberty too frequently productive of fraud at the re

without possessing the right of suffrage !--Yours, publican's only safeguard, an untrammelled

INQUIRER. ballot-box. We trust that the movers in this

REPLY. matter will work with earnestness in so righte We might answer Inquirer Yankee fashion, ous a canse; it needs but a conviction that a that is, by asking another question, viz., Can proper platforin is placed before the people a man have a good dinner without possessing for their support, to secure in the "Old Key- | the cook who prepared it? But, to be more stone State" for American Democracy such explicit, and to the point, we answer, accordan overwhelming majority as will make the to our opinion, in the affirmative. A man panderers for the politico-religious "Mother can have and enjoy civil and religious liberty Church," and "all Rome, howl.” Day by day without possessing the right of suffrage; we gather encouragement from the tone of a nation cannot. But, per contra, a man or a public feeling as we hear it expressed on all nation may possess the right of suffrage withsides. The American people, we trust, are out having civil liberty, as witness France at gradually waking up, and there may yet be the present moment. It is not the individual hope of a sufficient timely interference to pre- possession of the suffrage right that confers on · vent the designs of his Holiness, Pius IX., his him civil liberty, (we omit the word "relieminence, John, and minor emissaries, as ac gious," because in this sense the suffrage has

gish."

nothing to do with it. A man may possess Blanchard, with his histrionic can'nes, are again religious liberty without possessing political engaged." The Blacksmith of Antwerp," a new or civil liberty, or even the right of suffrage, drama of great interest, has just been produced and vice versa ;) but it is the character of pub- with entire new scenery and appurtenances, and lic institutions emanating from the people, the enterprising manager is reaping the just reward through the suffrage, whether that suffrage

of his industry. be universal, as in France, where civil liberty BARNUM'S MUSEUM.—The grand scenic entertainis unknown, or limited, as in the United ment of Cherry and Fair Star is still attracting States.

afternoon audiences at Barnum's beautiful amphi. Civil liberty, therefore, is not the suffrage theatre and the evenings are occupied with steritself, or the right to it, but the fruit of it; ling comedy. That excellent play, the “ Honey and Inquirer has but to look around him to

Moon," is now enjoying a run, while the audience discover millions of persons now in the United

are enjoying the piece, and the management enStates who are enjoying the one without pos- joys the profit of a large patronage.

Among the curiosities of the Museum proper, sessing the other. It matters not who makes the institutions of civil liberty; all who live Page, a little fellow fifteen years of age, and seven

not the least, at the present time, is Master Harry under them have it and enjoy it, whether they feet high in his stockings. have a hand in creating it or not. In France,

THE LYCEUM.—We perceive that Brougham's we have at the present day a living witness of the fact that the right of suffrage may be con- Lyceum has passed into the hands of Messrs. Corverted into an instrument of despotism for byn and Buckland, as lessees, and we have reason

to believe that in their hands a new season of prosthe enslavement of its possessor; and it be- perity awaits that beautiful house. Miss Julia comes us, as a people, so to guard that right Bennett, one of the most accomplished actresses of in this land as to keep it always on the side of the day in her line, is now playing an engagement both civil and religious liberty.

at the Lyceum.

BUSINESS NOTICES.

A MUSEMENTS.

PARLOR AND CHAMBER FURNITURE.—Mr. GardBROADWAY THEATRE.—Neither the public por

ner, at No. 69 Gold street, near Beekman, bas the management of the Broadway Theatre seem disposed to afford an opportunity for the nervous prepared himself for the Spring Campaign, and critic, who feeds only on novelty; and a surfeit of lent assortment of Choice Furniture for the Par

our housekeepers will find at his store an excelgood things is as irksome to him as to the epicure. lor and Chamber, including that adjunct of sumMore than sixty consecutive nights has that eminent American tragedian, Mr. Edwin Forrest, ap

mer luxury, the Hair Mattress. peared before the audiences of the Broadway

READY-MADE CLOTHING. — The old-fashioned, Theatre, and on each night has the house been slow-coach system of getting up a suit of clothes filled to repletion by the numerous admirers of having been virtually abolished by the go-ahead, that gentleman. No actor, since the celebrated time-saving spirit of the age, many of our best Garrick, either on the English or American stages,

artists in Costume have turned their attention to has possessed the magic qualities to sustain so the establishment of magazines for Ready-made complete a triumph as our countryman, Mr. For Clothing. Among these we would now call attenrest, can now boast of having achieved; and as the tion to that of Mr. J. Souder, No. 76 Fulton, cortreasurer's box is very naturally regarded as the ner of Gold street, where every article in his line test of managerial tact, it is not surprising that may be found at a moment's notice, Mr. Marshall and his efficient and gentlemanly

A Good TONIC.—“Take a little wine for thy financier, Mr. Warren, should aim to keep the great

stomach's sake,” is a scriptural maxim that may actor before the people. The termination of Mr.

have led many a good fellow to take a little Forrest's engagement is not yet announced.

more than was good for the stomach. With due National THEATRE.—This temple of Momus bas deference to the old maxim, however, Dr. Thomas just undergone a process of paint, gold, and embel Blake recommends for the same purpose a little lishment, and is now reöpened with all the in of his “Aromatic Bitters," of which there is no creased attractions of a clean face and a talented fear of taking too much. We are but one of company. Mr. W. G. Jones is again starring it at many thousands who can testify to its excellent this house in the melo-dramatic line; and Mr. E. tonic qualities.

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