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BRIDGE, by Kent, which brings us to the TEMPLE OF
ALEXANDER Pope, who uniting the Correctness of
SIR THOMAS GRESHAM, who, by the honourable Profession of a Merchant having enriched himfelf and his Country, for carrying on the Commerce of the World, built the Royal Exchange.
IGNATIUS JONES, who, to adorn his Country, intro. duced and rivalled the Greek and Roman Architecture.
John Milton, whose fublime and unbounded Ge. nius equalled a Subject that carried him beyond the Limits of the World.
WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE, whose excellent Genius opened to him the whole Heart of Man, all the Mines of Fancy, all the Stores of Nature ; and gave him Power, beyond all other Writers, to move, aftonish, and delight Mankind.
JOHN LOCKE, who best of all Philosophers underfood the Powers of the Human Mind, the Nature, End, and Bounds of Civil Government;, and with equal Sagacity refuted the slavish System of usurped Authority over the Rights, the Consciences, or the Reason of Mankind.
SIR ISAAC NEWTON, whom the God of Nature made to comprehend his Works; and from simple Principles to discover the Laws never known before, and to explain the Appearances never understood, of this ftupendous Universe.
Sir Francis Bacon, Lord VERULAM, who, by the Strength and Light of fuperior Genius, rejecting vain Speculation and fallacious Theory, taught to pursue Truth, and improve Philosophy by the certain Method of Experiment,
In the Niche of a Pyramid is placed a MERCURY, with these Words subscribed :
Campos ducit ad Elyfios.
Leads to the Elysian Fields.' KING ALFRED, the mildest, justest, most beneficent of king, wdrove out the anes,secured the ea, protected Learning, established Juries, crushed Corruption, guarded Liberty, and was the Founder of the English Constitution.
EDWARD, PRINCE OF WALES, the Terror of Europe, the Delight of England, who preserved unaltered, in the Height of Glory and Fortune, his natural Gentleness and Modesty.
Queen ELIZABETH, who confounded the Projects, and destroyed Power that threatened toppreth Liberties of Europe ; fhook off the Yoke of Ecclefiaftical Tyranny ; restored Religion from the Corruptions of Popery: and by a wife, a moderate and a popular Government, gave Wealth, Security, and Respect to Engad
KING WILLIAM III. who, by his Virtue and Con. ftancy, having saved his Country from a foreign Maf. ter, by a bold and generous Enterprize, preserved the Liberty and Religion of Great Britain.
SIR WALTER RALEIGH, a valiant Soldier, and an able Statesman; who endeavouring to rouse the Spirit of his Master, for the Honour of his Country, against the, Ambition of Spain, fell a Sacrifice to the Influence of that Court, whose Arms he had vanquished, and whose designs he opposed.
SIR FRANCIS DRAKE, who, through many Perils, wastherBrhaventured to run the Globe; •and carried into unknown Seas and Nations the Knowledge and Glory of the English Name.
John HAMPDEN, who, with great. Spirit and consummate Abilities, began a noble Opposition to an arbitrary Court, in' Defence of the Liberties of his Country ; supported them in Parliament, and died for them in the Fields
Sir John BARNARD, who many years distinguished himself as an active Member of Parliament.
The Cold Bath. "The GROTTO stands at the Head of the Serpentine River, and on each side a Pavilion, the one ornamented with Shells, the other with Pebbles and Flints broke to pieces. The Grotto is furnished with a great number of Looking-glasses both on the Walls and Ceiling, all in Frames ot Plaifter-work, set with Shells and Flints.
A marble Statue of Venus on a Pedestal stuck with the same.
The Temple of CONCORD AND VICTORY, is a large beautiful Building in the antique tafte, decorated with 28 Auted Columns of the Ionic order, and one of the principal Ornaments in the Garden. It has fix Statues on the top, as large as Life, and the front Pediment is adorned with a Piece of Alt-relief, by Mr. Scheemaker, representing the Four Quarters of the World bringing their various Products to Britannia. -In the Frize of the Portico is this Inscription :
Corcordiæ et Victoriæ. To Concord and Victory. In the Ante-Temple there are two Medallions describing
Concordia Fæderatorum: Concordia Civium :
Concord of the Allies : National Concord. From this Portico is seen, in a diagonal line,
AN OBELISK in the Park, above an hundred feet high, infcribed to Major General Wolfe.
Oftendunt Terris hunc tantum Fata
1759. This Obelisk stands upon a Hill in the approach from Northamptonshire, which is very magnificent: At the Entrance from the Duke of Grafton's Forest, there are two Lodges, from whence a very broad line, of three miles in length, conducting us through Woods, is ter. minated by the Temple of Concord and Victory. In the other diagonal Line from the Temple, ftands a lofty Auted Column, erected to the Memory of the late Lord Viscount Cobham.
A Gravel Path leads by the Statue of Hercules and
* And every Shepherd tells his Tale,
The Fane and Statue of PASTORAL POETRY, holding in her Hand a Scroll, with these Words,
Pastorum Carmina canto.
I tune the Shepherd's Lay. The fane is adorned with Therms, &c. Here à moft pleafing Forest-Scene presents itself, formed by exten live Lawns of the Park, bounded with old Oaks : next wę cross over the Valley, and soon come to
LORD COBHAM'S PILLAR, one hundred and fifteen feet high. Round the Base of the Column is written,
L. Luculli summi Viri Virtutem quis ? At quam multi Villarum Magnificentiam imitati funt?
On one side.
ANNA, Viscounteis COBHAM,
In the Year 1747.
On the opposite Side.
quo nos vixiffe teftemur. ** Inasmuch as the Portion of Life allotted to us is short, let us leave something behind us, to thew that we have lived.” A circular Suair-case leads to the top, which com.
mands a View over great part of the Counties of Buck. ingham, Oxford, and Northampton,
The Ladies Temple, is built upon Groin Arches, with Venetian Windows, and two Niches in each Front, decorated with Vases ; a great fight of Steps leads up to a Corinthian Portico, and from thence to a Room, fupported by Scaiola Columns, the Walls of which are adorned with the following Paintings, by Mr. Sclater. i On one
ide are Ladies employing themselves in Needle and Shell-work-On the opposite side are Ladies diverting themselves with Painting and Music, The Soffite, or Ceiling, from the Temple of the Sun and Moon at Rome.
The Gothic TEMPLE, is a large Building of yellow Stone, 70 feet high, upon a rising ground, adorned in the Gothic way, with carved work and painted glass. The disposition within is very beautiful: we enter a circular Room, the Dome of which is ornamented with the Descents of the Temple Family. On the second story is a Gallery: The Tower affords a very extensive View round the Country.
In a Recess, near this Temple, are placed some very good Statues, by Rysbrack, of the seven Saxon Deities, who gave. Names to the Days of the Week.The House and the Portico of the Temple of Concord and Victory have a beautiful effect from the Temple.
THE PALLADIAN BRIDGE; the Roof of which is fupported by Ionic Pillars.
From hence we pass into the great Terrace-Walk, which is 3000 feet long.
THE TEMPLE OF FRIENDSHIP, is a large Structure of the Tuscan order : on the Outfide is this Motto: Amicitiæ S. Sacred to Friendship,
MDCCXXXIX. The Infide is furnished with Bufts of the late Vila count Cobham and his Friends, viz. Frederick Prince of Wales; the Earls of Chesterfield, Westmorland, and Marchmont; the Lords Cobham, Gower, and Bathurst;