Page images
PDF
EPUB

Spirits ; curious and numerous Specimens of Metals and Minerals; Dr. Lister's Collection of Sheils, Ores, Fossils, &c. moft of which are published in his Synopsis Conchyliorum, and in the Philosophical Transactions.

Its two first Keepers were Dr. Robert Plott and Mr. Edward Lhwyd, the former of whoin depofited here all his Natural Bodies mentioned in his Histories of Staffordshire and Oxfordshire; and the latter the Collections he had made in his Travels through England, Wales, and Ireland. Mr. Borlace, Author of the Natural History of Cornwall, presented also to this Museuin the Specimens of Crystals, Mundicks, Coppers, Tins, &c. described in that Work.

The large Magnet, given by the Countess of Westmorland, is of an oval Shape, 18 inches long, 12 wide, and supports a weight of 145 Pounds.

Three cạrious Pięces of Art deserve particular Notice, viz, a Model of a Ship; a Pieture of our Şaviour going to his Crucifixion, composed of the most beautiful lively Feathers; and an ancient Piece of St. Cuthbert, made by order of King Alfred.

The last and very entertaining Present to this Cola lection, was given by Mr. Reinhold Forster, who went the first voyage round the World with Captain Cook, consisting of a great Variety of the Manu. factures, Habits, Warlike Instruments, and an Idol, which he brought from the Ifland of Otaheite and New Zealand. Among the Paintings are a few very

good ones : * Dead Christ, by Annibal Carracci. Thomas Eag of Arundel, and the Duke of Norfolk, his Son, by Vandyke. Chrift's Descent into Hell, by Brugell.

In this Building are three small Libraries, the first called Alamgle's Study contains his printed Books

and

[graphic]

,

and Manuscripts relating to Heraldry and Antiquity, and the Manuscripts of Sir William Dugdale, Author of the Monafticon Anglicanum. The second contains Dr. Lifter's Library. The third that of Mr. Anthony à Wood, with his laborious and learned Collections, relating chiefly to this University and City.

On the first Floor is the Apparatus for the Lectures in Experimental Philosophy, where the Profef for reads his Courses of Lectures ; underneath is the grand Apparatus for the present extensive Lectures in Chemistry now established in the Univerfity.

CLARENDON PRINTING-HOUSE. On the other Side of the Theatre, and North-of the Schools, stands the Clarendon Printing-House, built in the Year 1711, with the Profits arising from the Sale of Lord Clarendon's History: the Copy of which was given to the University by the Lords Cla.

. is a noble Edifice, 1 15 Feet in length, and confifts of two lofty Stories. Towards the Street is a măgnificent Portico of the Doric Order; the Height of the Columns being equal to the two Stories. This is answered on the oppofite Side, next the Schools, by à Frontispiece supported by Three-Quarter Columns of the fame Dimensions; and the Doric Entablature encompases the whole Building. On the Top, are Statues of the Nine Muses; and over the Entrance on the South Side a Statue of the Earl of Clarendon, As we enter on this Side, on the Right-hand; áre thie Apartments where Bibles and Common Prayer Books are printed, under the Privilege and Appointment of the Univerfity. On the Left is the Univerfity Press; and a well-finished Apartment, where the

Heads

1

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][merged small]
[ocr errors]

John

Heads of Houses and Delegates meet on the Business of the University

RADCLIFFE'S' NEW LIBRARY. Southward of the Schools, in the Centre of a beautiful Area, stands the new or Radclivian Library,;. for the building whereof, that celebrated Physician Dr. Radcliffe bequeathed the Sum of 40,000l. He fixed the Salary of the Librarian at i sol. per Annụm;, appropriated 1001, per Annum to buy Books, and 100l. per Annum to keep the Library in Repair.

The Rustic Basement, which is 100 Feet in Diaméter from Outside to Outside, is a Double O&tagon or 16 Square ; all of which Squares are distinguished by their projection, and by a. Pediment or Frontispiece which forms each into a Gateway.

The Superstructure, raised upon this Basement, is perfectly Cylindrical, and adorned with Three-Quarter Columns of the Corinthian Order; which are ranged, not at equal Distances, but in Couplets. Between these there is an Alternacy of Windows and Niches all round: over the latter, next to the Archi; trave, are beautiful Festoons of Fruits and Flowers." The Entablature is much enriched with Carving; and over it is a Balustrade surrounding the whole, finished with Vafes on the Piers perpendicular to the Columns ; above which is a Cupola 60 Feet high. Seven of the Gateways abovementioned are' Entrances into the Portico or Arcade; in the Centre of which within the Piers is a wide spreading Dome; and without them a Cloyster almost encircling it. Over each of the Entrances is a Dome of smaller Dimensions, curiously wrought with variety of Mosaic. The Eighth Gateway is appropriated to the Stair-Case, the well of which is oval; and the

Steps,

« PreviousContinue »