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the fides seem to be of the fame workmanship: but the greatest curiosity in this chapel is the Painted Cloth, if it may be so called, at the lower part of the altar. It is the only work of its kind at present in Oxford. The cloth, which is of an ash colour, is the medium ; the lines and shades are done with a brown crayon, and the lights with a white one ; which being afterwards presled with hot irons, causing the damp of the cloth to incorporate with the colours, has so fixed them; as to be rendered proof against a brush when used to cleanse it from duít: It was performed by Isaac Fuller, who painted, the Altar-piece at Magdalen College, and it is generally allowed to be a masterly drawing. The east represents the Lord's Supper; the north Abraham and Melchisedeck; and the fouth the Children of Israel gathering Manna.
This college was designed by Nicholas Wadham, Efq. and built in pursuance of his will, by Dorothy his widow, anno 1613, who appointed a Warden, fifteen Fellows, fifteen Scholars, two Chaplains, and two Clerks; the Warden to be a native of Great Britain. The Fellows, after having completed eighteen years from their regency, to resign their fellowships. The Scholars, out of whom the Fellows are to be chosen, to be taken three out of Somersetshire, and three out of Effex; the rest out of any county in Great Britain.
The most considerable Benefactor fince the Founder, was John Goodridge. M. A. fonetime Fellow of this college, who gave all his estate at Walthamftaw in Eflex to this Society. Dr. Hoddy added ten Exhibitions, four for Students in Hebrew, and fix for Greek, Tol, a year to each. Lord Wyndham 20001. of which 15col. to increase the Warden's salary, and 500l. to beautify and repair the college. Bishop Lifle, the late Warden, gave two Exhibitions of 101. per ann. each.
The present members of this Society are, the Warden, fifteen Fellows, two Chaplains, fifteen Scholars, two Clerks, and fixteen Exhibitioners ; the whole number of Students being usually about 100.
Visitor. The Bishop of Bath and Wells.
HE avenue to Trinity College, which has been
lately widened so as to exhibit the whole front of the Chapel towards the street, and ornarnented with a clock, is fenced by an iron palisade, with folding gates. The front of the college confifts of the Chapel and Gateway, with its beautiful Tower.
In the first court are the Chapel, Hall, President's Lodgings, and Library.
The great elegance of the Chapel refults from an assemblage of high finished ornaments. The carvings of the screen and altar-piece, which are of cedar, are finifhed with exquisite taste by the masterly hand of that eminent artist Mr. Guibbons. In the midst of the ceiling, which is covered with a beautiful ftucco, is an Afcenfion, which is executed in a good ftyle by Peter Berchett, an eminent French Painter. On the north side of the Altar, under an alcove, is a tomb, on which are the figures of the Founder and his Lady.
The Hall is spacious and well-proportioned, and adorned with a portrait of the Founder. Over the chimney-piece are the Arms of Queen Mary and King Philip.
In the Library windows are several compartments of fine old painted glass, much injured in former times.
The second court, planned by Sir Christopher Wren, was one of the first pieces of modern archia
texture which appeared in the University. It consists of three sides, the north and west of which are intended to be raised and finished in the manner with that on the south. The opening to the gardens, on the east, has an agreeable effect.
The Gardens are extensive, and laid out in two divisions. The first, or larger division, is thrown into open grass-plots. The north wall is covered with a yew-hedge. The centre walk is terminated by a well-wrought iron gate, with the Founder's Arms at the top, supported by two piers. The southern divifion is a pleasing fólitude, confisting of shady walks, with a wilderness of flowering thrubs, and disposed into serpentine paths.
This college was founded March 8, 1594, by Sir Thomas Pope, Knight, of Tittenhanger, in Hertfordshire, Privy-Counsellor to Queen Mary, and a fingular friend to Sir Thomas More, for the maintenance and education of a President, twelve Fellows, and twelve Scholars. The Founder directs, that the Scholars, who succeed to the Fellowships, shall be chosen from his Manors: but if no candidates appear under such qualifications on the day of election, that they shall be supplied from any county in England. He also appoints that no more than two natives of the same county shall be Fellows of his college at the same time, Oxfordshire excepted, from which county five are perinitted.
The principal, and almost only Benefactor, was Dr. Ralph Bathurst, formerly President, who ex. pended 1900l. in rebuilding the chapel.
This college consists of a President, twelve Fellows, and twelve Scholars. These, with the other members, Gentlemen Commoners, Commoners, &c. amount
to about 90.
Visitor. The Bishop of Winchester.
BALLIOL COLLEGE. ALLIOL College is situated to the west of Tri
nity, and consists chiefly of one court, which we enter by a Gothic gate. The buildings about this court are ancient, except the east end, which is finished in the manner in which the rest of that quadrangle may be built.
The Chapel stands at the north-east angle of the great court. The great east window, which is well executed, represents the Passion, Resurrection, and Ascension of Christ. The Hall is at the west end of the same court. In the Master's Lodgings are some good rooms, particularly a spacious Hall, having a well-preserved ancient window to the east. Their Library is well furnished with a very large collection of useful books, and many ancient manuscripts.
Over the gate of the College are the Arms of the Balliol Family
And on the outside, over against the Master's Lodgings, was a stone placed in memory of those learned and pious Prelates, Archbishop Cranmers Bishop Ridley, and Bishop Latimer, who were burnt at that place for their adherence to the Reformation ; which has not been visible since the City has been paved in its present form.
Besides this court, there is an area to the northwest, consisting of several detached lodgings for the Students ; and an elegant new building, rather resembling a inodern dwelling-house, with a beautiful front to the street, erected at the expense of Mr. Fisher, late Fellow of this Society, in which are several handsome apartments. This Inscription is on the north side, by desire of the Founder: VERBUM NON AMPLIUS FISHER.
Sir John Balliol, of Bernard Castle, in Yorkshire, father of John Balliol, King of Scopand, first defigned the foundation of this College for the education of Scholars, to whom he gave yearly Exhibitions ; but dying before he purchased land, he recommended the design to his widow Devorguilla, daughter of Alexander III. King of Scotland, who first fettled these Exhibitions; and in 1284 purchased a tenement for her Scholars of Balliol, and conveyed it to the Masters and Scholars of this House for ever for their habitation, having obtained a royal charter for that purpose. She afterwards added several new buildings to it, and settled lands for the maintenance of the Scholars, dedicating her Foundation to the honour of the Holy Trinity, the Blessed Virgin, and St. Katherine the Martyr ; which Benefactions were after wards ratified by her son John Balliol, King of Scots land, and Oliver Bishop of Lincoln, in whose diocese Oxford then was. The value of the lands and revenues, belonging to this college, did not exceed 271. 95. 4d. per ann. at that time; but their estates were foon after greatly enlarged by the , benefactions, of others, particularly Sir Philip Somerville. Dr. John Warner, Bishop of Rochester, founded four Scottish Exhibitions, endowing them with a revenue, which bas since been augmented by John Snell, Efq. The members of this Society are at present a Maiter, twelve Fellows, fourteen Scholars, and eighteen Exhibitioners; the whole number of Students amounting to about 90.
The Masters and Fellows elect their Visitor, who at present is the Archbishop of York.