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ST. JOHN'S COLLEGE
$ situated north of Balliol and Trinity Colleges,
The buildings of this College chiefly consist of
large quadrangles. We enter the first by a handsome old gateway with a tower over it. It is formed by the Hall and Chapel on the north, the President's Lodgings on the east, and the Chambers of the Fellows, Scholars, and other Students, on the fouth and west fides. The Hall is clegant, being wellproportioned, and handsomely wainscotted, with a beautiful arched roof, a screen of Portland Stone, and a grand variegated marble chimney-piece, containing the picture of St. John the Baptist, by Titian. It is
likewise adorned with many other pictures ; viz. at the upper end, by a whole-length portrait of the Founder; on his right-hand Archbishop Laud, and on his left Archbishop Juxon. On the north and south sides of the room are those of Bishop Mew, Bishop Buckridge, Sir William Paddy, and other eminent men, who have been members of, and benefactors to, this Society
The Chapel, which is adjoining to the Hall, is in all respects neat and commodious. It is divided from the Ante-chapel by a new and elegant Screen, over which has been erected a very complete new Organ, It has now an elegance which results from several high-finished, yet simple ornaments. In particular the Stand on which the Bible is placed is adorned with masterly carving. The Altar is of the Corinthian order, and very properly adapted. Over the Communion-Table is a fine piece of tapestry repre. senting our Saviour with the two Disciples at Emmaus, copied from a painting of Titian. The Dog
snarling at the Cat under the table, cannot be overlooked. Nor will the curious obferver be ať much loss, by the striking likenesses in the four figures, in discovering they are the then Pope, Kings of France
and Spain, and Titian, in the characters of our SaĮ viour, his Disciples, and Servant. On the north
fide of the Choir, in a marble urn, inclosed in a silver vessel, is the Heart of Dr. Richard Rawlinson. In this Chapel cathedral service is performed twice a day, at eleven and five.
Through a passage on the east side of the first quadrangle we enter the second; on the east and west fides whereof are handsome piazzas in the Grecian taste, each column consisting of one single bluish stone, dug from a part of the college estate near Fifield in Berkshire. "In the centre of each piazza is a magnificent gateway, consisting principally of two orders. 1. The Doric, which forms the gateway itself, agreeable to that of the piazzas. 2. The Ionic, which supports a semicircular pediment. Between four of these columns, viz. two on each side, in a niche, is a brass statue ; that on the east of King Charles I. and that on the west of his Queen, caft by Fanelli of Florence. That neither of the Greek orders might be wanting, the 3d, viz. the Corinthian, is very artfully introduced in the construction of the niche. The whole is richly embellished, and is the design of that celebrated Architect Inigo Jones.
The Library includes the upper story of the south and east sides. The south side is well itored with printed books in all Faculties, regularly difpofed : the east with a most valuable collection of manuscripts; in which the book-cases adhering to the sides form a spacious gallery. Here are fome valuable curiofities, viz. the picture of King Charles I. which has the whole Book of Psalms written in the lines of the face and on the hair of the head; a very beautiful and
fingular pi&ture of St. John, stained in a composition, which has the appearance of polished marble; fome curious Miffals; a Chinese Dictionary; and on the east window, in elegant painted glass, are the Arms of the Founder, the Company of Merchant-Taylors, and several other Benefactors to the College.
The Gardens are very extensive, and laid out with all those graces which arise from a succession of beauties fo disposed 'as to strike us gradually and unexpectedly. The celebrated Mr. Browne, by removing a few embarrassing overgrown chesnut trees, has so changed the aspect of this garden, that few can at present vie with it.
This College was founded by Sir Thomas White, Alderman and Merchant-Taylor of London ; who afterwards, anno 1557, endowed it with several considerable manors, and at his death bequeathed the sum of 3000l. to purchase lands to increase the revenues of it. He originally designed Merchant-Taylors School in London as the only Seminary for this College ; but being of a more public fpirit than to confine himself to any one place, he allowed two Fellowíhips to the city of Coventry, two to Bristol, two also to the town of Reading, and one to Tunbridge.
The most considerable Benefactors since have been Sir William Paddy, who founded and endowed the Choir, and built that side of the New Quadrangle, of which the Library is a part; Archbishop Laud, who at the expense of above 5oool. (exclusive of 400l. for the statues of the King and Queen) added the other three sides; Archbishop Juxon, who gave 7000l. to this College; Dr. Gibbons, who bequeathed the perpetual advowson of the living of Baynton in Yerkihire, and roocl. to buy books; Dr. Holmes, the late worthy President, with his Lady, who gave
15000l. to augment the salaries of the Officers, and other uses; and Dr, Rawlinfon, who bequeathed the reverfion of an eftate in fee-farm rents.
The present members are, a President, fifty. Fellows, two Chaplains, an Organist, five Singing-men, fix Choristers, and two Sextons: the number of Students of all sorts being ufually about 80.
Visitor. the Bishop of Winchester.
WORCESTER COLLEGE, WORD
ORCESTER College is pleasantly fituated
on an eminence, just above the River Isis. and the Meadows, at the extremity of the western suburbi. At entering the College, we have the Chapel and Hall on each fide, both of which are 29 feet in breadth, and go in length. The Library, which is a magnificent Ionic edifice, on the west of the Chapel and Hall, is 105 feet in length, fupported by a spacious Cloyster. It is furnithed with a valuable collection of books, chiefly the Library of Dr. Clarke, late Fellow of All-Souls College; in which is Inigo Jones's Palladio, with his own manuscript notes. Acecrding to the plan proposed, this College is to consist of the Chambers of the Fellows and Scholars on the north and south, and the Gardens, which are to lie on a descent to the River, on the west. The Apartment of the Provost is at the north-west angle; from whence this College will enjoy not only the pleafantest fituation, but be one of the most elegant ftructures in the University, especially if the Society carry their design into execution, of opening an avenue from the College to Magdalen Parish Church.
The College was founded anno 1714, by Sir: Thomas Cookes, for a Provost, fix Fellows, and fix Scholars.
Dr. Finney farther endowed it with two Fellowships and two Scholarships for Students from Staffordfhire. Dr. Clarke founded fix Fellowships and three Scholarships, with a preference to Clergymen's fons. And Mrs. Eaton, daughter to. Dr. Eaton, Principal of Glocester Hall, founded fix Fellowships. Lady Holford gave two Exhibitions of pol. a year each, for Charter-house Scholars, to be enjoyed eight years.
This House was formerly called Glocester College, being a Seminary for educating the Novices of Glocester Monastery. It was founded A. D. 1283, by John Giffard, Baron of Brimsfield. When supprefied at the Reformation, it was converted into a Palace for the Bilhop of Oxford; but was soon afterwards erected into an Academical Hall, by Sir Thomas White, the Founder of St John's College ; in which state it continued till it received a Charter of Incorporation, and an Endowment from Sir Thomas Cookes.
Here are a Provost, twenty Fellows, feventeen Scholars, &c. The wliole number about 70:
Vifitor. The Chancellor of the University,
, centre of which is a magnificent Gate, and Tower. The composition of each front (viz. that towards the street and that towards the quadrangle) is: a rustic basement which forms the gateway; a plinth, whereupon are placed four pilasters of the Ionic order, fupporting a semicircular: pediment, in the area of which are the Founder's Arms, on a Thield adorned with feftoons, finishing with a balustrade, above all.