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This, with the beautiful arched roof of the gateway, is justly esteemed an elegant piece of workmanship. The building within chiefly consists of a large quadrangle, formed by the Hall, the Chapel, the Rector's Lodgings, and the Chambers of the Fellows and Scholars, and is regular and uniform.
The Gardens are neatly disposed, and, though within the Town, have an airy and pleasant opening to the east, and a terrace, from whence we have a view of some of the finest buildings in the Univerfity.
The Library is well furnished with books in the several arts and sciences; and a very valuable collection of Classics, given by Edward Richards, Esq.
Walter Stapledon, Bishop of Exeter, Lord Treasurer of England, and Secretary of State to King Edward II. 1316, obtained a charter for founding a College where Hertford College now ftands; but wanting room for the buildings he designed, he removed his Scholars to the present House, and gave it the name of Stapledon-Hall, after his own name. He founded a Society consisting of thirteen, i. e. a Rector and twelve Fellows; one of whom, the Chaplain, to be appointed by the Dean and Chapter of Exeter; eight to be elected out of the Archdeaconries of Exeter, Totnes, and Barnstaple; in Des vonshire, and four from the Archdeaconry of Cornwall.
Among the subsequent Benefactors was Edmond Stafford, Bishop of Exeter, who obtained leave to alter the name of this House, and settled two Fellowships for the diocese of Sarum. Sir William Petre in Queen Elizabeth's time obtained a new Charter and Statutes, founded eight Fellowships for such counties wherever he then had, or his heirs at any time after should have estates; which by this time
-comprehends most of the counties in England. King Charles I. added one Fellowship for the Islands of Jersey and Guernsey. And by Mrs. Shiers's Benefaction, as completed and settled by Dr. Hugh Shortrige, two other Fellowships were added, confined to the counties of Hertford and Surrey; besides considerable augmentations to the revenues of the Society. The last Benefactor was the learned Mr. Joseph Sanford, of Balliol College, who gave this Society his very valuable Library; for the Reception of which they in the year 1781 erected a neat modern edifice in a part of their Garden near their former Library.
The present members are a Rector, twenty-five Fellows, one Scholar, whois Bible-Clerk, and two Exhibitioners. The whole number of members about 79.
Visitor. The Bishop of Exeter.
HE front of this College is beautified and im
proved by a very handsome rustic gateway, and other additions
In the first court the Chapel on the north fide, and Hall on the west, are neat well-proportioned rooms, the latter having within these few years been much improved by the addition of a ceiling and other ornaments, by Mr. Roberts.
The inner court has three sides uniformly and neatly built (the Hall before mentioned making the fourth side of this quadrangle), and on the west side of it over the Common Room, &c. is a spacious well-furnithed Library.
In the Principal's Lodgings is a fine pi&ture of King Charles I, at full length, by Vandyke ; and in
the Library a half-length of King Charles II. and fome original pieces of Dr. Hugh Price, by Holben, Dr. Mansell, Sir Leoline Jenkins, &c. Benefactors to this College,
Other curiofities in this College are, 1. A most magnificent piece of plate, the gift of the late Sir Watkin Williams Wynn, Bart, for the use of the Fellows Common Room. And, 2. The Statutes of the College, beautifully written upon vellum, by the late Mr. Parry of Shipston upon Stour, formerly * Fellow of this College.
This College was founded by Queen Elizabeth, by charter bearing date the 27th of June, 1571, for a Principal, eight Fellows, and eight Scholars. The Queen, at the request of Hugh I'rice, LL. D. a native of Brecknock, and Treasurer of the Church of St. David's, granted her royal charter of foundation, and a certain religious House or Cell, called Whitehall (which before the diffolution of Monafteries belonged to the Priory of St. Frideswide), for the scite of the College, together with such timber and other materials as Thould be wanting for the building of it, out of her Majesty's forests of Shotover and Stowe.
The first endowment of this College was by Dr. Hugh Price, above mentioned, who, by deed bearing date the last day of the said month of June, 1571, conveyed to the College by the style and title of The Principal
, Fellows and Scholars of Jesus Col·lege, within the City and University of Oxford, of
Queen Elizabeth's Foundation, certain lands, melfuages, and tenements in the county of Brecknock, of the value of about 160l. per annum, for the maintenance and support of a Principal, eight Fellows, and eight Scholars, being the number limited in the original charter of foundation, though by charters
fince granted at different times, and the munificence of subsequent Benefactors, the number of Fellows and Scholars is now more than doubled.
The principal Benefactors after Dr. Hugh Price, who may
in some measure be called the Founder of this originally little Society, were, Sir Eubule Thelwal, Kt. Principal of the College, who, besides his contributions towards the buildings, carried on under his direction, increased the number of Fellows froin eight to fixteen; Dr. Francis Mansell, who was thrice Principal; Sir Leoline Jenkins; King Charles I. Dr. Griffith Lloyd, and many others.
The Society now consists of a Principal, nineteen Fellows, and eighteen Scholars, besides a considerable number of Exhibitioners ; in all 80 or go.
Visitor. The Earl of Pembroke.
S situated between All-Saints Church and Exeter
which we enter under a tower, is formed by the Rector's Lodgings on the south-east angle, the Library and Common-Room on the north, and Refectory on the east, the fides of which are 80 feet each.' The inner or south court has also a gate into the street; and is a square likewise, but less than the other, being 70 feet each way.
The Hall is a handsome edifice, about 40 feet long, 25 broad, and of a proportionable height. It was new wainscotted in 1701, chiefly by the benefaction of the late Lord Crewe, Bishop of Durham, whose Arms are placed over the iniddle of the screen, as are those of the rest of the Contributors over other parts of the wainscot.
The Library is a very neat room in the north side of the outer court, over the Common Room. It has been new fitted up, falbed and wainscotted, at the expense of Sir Nathaniel Lloyd, Knt. sometime Commoner of this college, and afterwards Fellow of All-Souls. It is well furnished with books, and there are in it some ancient and valuable manuscripts.
There is a good half-length picture of Bishop Crewe at the west end of it, and another of Sir Nathaniel Lloyd.
But what is most taken notice of in this college, is their Chapel, which is situated on the south side of the inner court. The screen of it is of cedar, finely. carved, and is mentioned by Dr. Plott as a great curiosity. The windows are entirely of painted-glass, of which there is a large one over the Altar, and four lefser on each side. In those of the south side are the figures of the Twelve Apostles, three in each window, as large as life. In the first window which is next the Altar, are Peter, Andrew, and James the Greater : In the 2d, John, Philip, and Bartholomew : In the 3d, Matthew, Thomas, and James the Lefs: In the 4th, Jude, Simon, and Matthias.
On the other side over against these, are the figures of twelve of the Prophets. In the first window, or next to the Altar, are David, Daniel, and Elijah: In the 2d, Isaiah, Jeremiah, and Ezekiel : In the 3d, Amos, Zechariah, and Malachi : In the 4th, Elisha, Jonah, and Obadiah.
The east window, which is over the Altar, contains the Types and Anti-types of our Saviour. It is divided into fix partitions : In the first, reckoning from the north, is the Creation of Man in Paradise ; and over it the Nativity of our Saviour. ' In the 2d, the Paffing of the Israelites through the Red Sea ; and over it, our Saviour's