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BLENHEIM CAStle, the Seat of His Grace
the Duke of MARLBOROUGH,
Ditchley, that of the late Earl of LITCH
HEYTHROP, of the Earl of SHREWSBURY,
NUNEHAM, of Earl HARCOURT.
Stow, that of the Marquis of BUCKINGHAM
THE SEAT. OF HIS GRACE
THE DUKE OF MARLBOROUGH.
WITH A CATALOGUE OF
THE PRINCIPAL PORTRAITS AND STATUES,
A DESCRIPTION OF THE
TAPESTRY, PAINTINGS, GARDENS,
HE Caftle of BLENHEIM, the feat of His
ftuated west of Woodstock, a market and borough town, about seven miles and a half from Oxford.
From the town. we enter the Park through a spacious portal of the Corinthian order ; from whence a noble prospect is opened to the Castle, the Bridge, the Lake with its Valley, and other beautiful scenes of the Park. The House in particular, which we survey from this point obliquely, is probably no where viewed to greater advantage.
The front is 348 feet from wing to wing, and con. fifts of a variety of architecture, designed by Sir John Vanbragh. On the pediment of the south front towards the garden is a noble Busto, larger than the life, of Louis XIV. taken from the gates of Tournay.
We enter the House on the east, through a portal built in the style of martial architecture, on the top of which is a reservoir, which supplies the house with water from the river. This leads us into a quadrangle.
chiefly consisting of arcades and offices. From hence we pals into the grand area.
Through the superb portico elevated on maffy columns we enier
THE H A L L.
Over the door going into the Saloon.
Two Statues in Bronze, viz. The Venus of Medicis, and the Faun, both from the originals in marble in the Duke of Tuscany's collection at Florence, and executed by Max. Soldani Benzi, at Florence, 1711.
Above, upon the right and left, are several marble Termini, with two excellent Statues of a Nymph and a Bacchanal,
The ceiling, painted by Sir James Thornhill, alle. gorically represents Victory crowning John Duke of Marlborough, and pointing to a Plan of the Battle of Blenheim.
The Bow-Window Room. Over the chimney is a capital original Picture of the Virgin and Child; St. John and St. Nicholas, by Raphael, formerly belonging to the Capella degli Anfidei at Perugia.
Over the firit door is St. Jerome, by Giorgioni. On a pannel to the right, a fine Head, afteş An. Caracci, by Sir J. Reynolds; a Head of Lady Anné Churchill, by Sir G. Kneller; a small Picture of the Affumption, by Tintoret; a female Head, by Rubens; tio Monkie's in the habit of Monks, by Teniers; a Madona and Child, by Leonardo da Vinci. Over the second docr are two Nymphs, by an unknown Master.
In the Duke's Dreling-Room
certain Artist; a Magdalen, by young Palma; our Saviour in the Virgin's lap, by Titian ; St. Mark, writing his Gospel, by old Palma; Infide View of a Church, by Steenwyck; a Spanish Sca-Port, by Weenix; De. struction of Pharaoh and his Hoft, by old Frank ; two Beggar Boys, by Murillio; Esther and Ahasuerus, by Paul Veronese; three Beggar Boys, by Murillio; a Holy Family, by Rubens ; Charles Earl of Sunderland, by Kneller; George I. by an unknown Artist; Sleeping Venus and Satyr, from the School of Rubens; a View of Althorpe, the seat of Earl Spencer, by Tilleman.
The East Drawing Room, Over the door going in from the Dresling Room is a Holy Family. The Marchioness de Havre, and Mary of Medicis, by Vandyck. The Duchess of Buckingham and her Children, by Vandyck. An oval Portrait of King William III. by Sir G. Kneller ; a Man's Head, by Titian; another Head, by Holbein ; an Annunciation, by Corregio ; an oval Portrait of Lady Chesterfield, by Vandyck; a Whole-length of Philip II. of Spain, by Titian; a most capital Bacchanalian Piece, by Rubens ; Andromeda chained to the Rock, by the fame; the Offering of the Magi, by Rubens; a French Camp, by Watteau ; a small Cabinet with Miniatures of the present Family; two small Landscapes, by a French Artist; Cattle, by Rofa di Tivoli; a Landscape, by Paul Brylle ; Lord Henry and Lady Charlotte Spencer, by Sir J. Reynolds; Rubens, Wife and Child, by Rubens, presented to the first Duke by the city of Brussels ; Charles I. by Vandyck; a Holy Family, fupposed by Raphael, a present from the town of Ghent; Henrietta Maria, Queen of Charles I. by Vandyck; an Angel, by Corregio; Cattle and Figures, by Wovermans ; a Landscape, small, by Claude Lorrain ; a broad Day-break; by Vandermeer. This Drawing-Room is furnished with crimson damak.
The Grand Cabinet: In this room, which is also furnished with crimson