Torch: North Africa and the Allied Path to Victory
"World War II had many superlatives, but none like Operation Torch—a series of simultaneous amphibious landings, audacious commando and paratroop assaults, and the Atlantic’s biggest naval battle, fought across a two thousand mile span of coastline in French North Africa. The risk was enormous, the scale breathtaking, the preparations rushed, the training inadequate, and the ramifications profound.
Torch was the first combined Allied offensive and key to how the Second World War unfolded politically and militarily. Nonetheless, historians have treated the subject lightly, perhaps because of its many ambiguities. As a surprise invasion of a neutral nation, it recalled German attacks against countries like Belgium, Norway, and Yugoslavia. The operation’s rationale was to aid Russia but did not do this. It was supposed to get Americans troops into the fight against Germany but did so only because it failed to achieve its short-term military goals. There is still debate whether Torch advanced the fight against the Axis, or was a wasteful dispersion of Allied strength and actually prolonged the war.
Torch: North Africa and the Allied Path to Victory is a fresh look at this complex and controversial operation. The book covers the fierce Anglo-American dispute about the operation and charts how it fits into the evolution of amphibious warfare. It recounts the story of the fighting, focusing on the five landings—Port Lyautey, Fédala, and Safi in Morocco, and Oran and Algiers in Algeria—and includes air and ground actions from the initial assault to the repulse of Allied forces on the outskirts of Tunis. Torch also considers the operation’s context within the larger war and it incorporates the French perspective better than any English-language work on the subject. It shows how Torch brought France, as a power, back into the Allied camp; how it forced the English and the Americans to work together as true coalitions partners and forge a coherent amphibious doctrine. These skills were then applied to subsequent operations in the Mediterranean, in the English Channel, and in the Pacific. The story of how this was accomplished is the story of how the Allies brought their power to bear on the enemy’s continental base and won the Second World War."
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LibraryThing ReviewUser Review - Shrike58 - LibraryThing
As is the case of most of O'Hara's studies the particular attraction is the detailed examination of the operational matters at hand that he provides. This is certainly the most careful accounting I ... Read full review
The Allies Move East
French Order of Battle North Africa 8 November 1942
Allied Order of Battle as of 0100 8 November 1942
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2xLCM 3rd Battalion aircraft airfield Algiers Allied American amphibious Armored arrived assault attack Auphan Axis Batterie battle battleship Beach Bizerte boats bombardment bombs Bône Bougie British Brooklyn Capt captain Caroff carrier Casablanca Churchill commander Company ComTG convoy Dakar damaged Darlan débarquements destroyer Diary Division east Eisenhower enemy escort Fédala fight fighters fire fleet forces four France French German Gibraltar Giraud Group guns harbor Hewitt Infantry Italian Jean Bart Juin La Sénia landing craft Laval light cruiser Marshall Massachusetts miles military Moreau Morocco Murphy National Archives naval Noguès North Africa November Operation Torch Oran ordered patrol Pétain Port Lyautey Primauguet Quotes Rear Admiral Regiment Report Roosevelt rounds Safi salvos shells ship shore Squadron starboard submarine tanks target tons torpedo Tran transports troops Truscott Tunisia Tuscaloosa U.S. Army U.S. Navy United unloading vessels Vice Admiral Vichy warships waves Wichita yards