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tive condition of man, nnd the advantages of sci- | i in-,-. Not li.-". in:.' space enough to review Mr. Lubbock's book we must content ourselves with a few extracts from those portions of the text which strike us as most interesting. Im/mmig, we must state that the author's classification of pre-historic ages is somewhat different from that usually adopted. He divides pre-liistoric archseology into four great epochs:
'' t'intty, that of the Drift; when man shared the possession of Europe with the mammoth, the cave-bear, the woolly-haired rhinoceros, and other' extinct animals; this we may call the 'paleolithic' period. Secondly, the later or Polished Stone age; a period characterized by beautiful weapons and instruments made of flint and other kinds of stone, in which, however, we find no trace of any metal excepting gold, which seems to have been sometimes used for ornaments. This we may call the 'Neolithic' period. Thirdly, the Bronze age, in which bronze was used for arms and cutting instruments of all kinds. Fourthly, the Iron age, in which that metal had superseded bronze for arms, axes, knives, &c.; bronze, however, being still in common use for ornaments, and frequently also for the handles of swords and other arms, but never for the blades." j
Mr. Lubbock does not appear to agree with those who think that stone, bronze, and iron weapons were in all periods of man's history used contemporaneously, and he brings forward powerful arguments in opposition to this creed. '' Conversely," says he, "as bronze weapons are eniirely absent from the great 'finds' of the iron ngc, so iron weapons are equally wanting in those instances where large quantities of bronze tools nnd weapons have been found together." That the art of working in bronze had reached a very high degree prior to the introduction of iron is evident from the numerous sketches of beautifully designed swords and daggers which adorn the pages of Mr. Lnbbock's book. It is strange too to find what a similarity there is between the weapons of different nations which could have had at the period no connection with each other. This is especially striking in the case of the Danish and Irish 'Celts,' which seem as though they hod been cast in the same mould. In touching upon the gravel deposits of the valley of the Sommc, our author concludes that they afford proof of ihe existence of the human race :it the time of their formation; and although he questions the authenticity of the Moulin Quignon jawbone, he considers that the reason why human bones are absent from these deposits is not because man did not tli,"i exist.
"No bones of men have up to the present time been found in the strata containing the flint implements. This, though it has appeared to some to inexplicable as to throw a doubt on the whole question, is on consideration less extraordinary than it might at firstsight appear to be. If, for instance, we turn to other remains of human settlements, we shall find a repetition of the same phenomenon. Thu«, in the Danish refuse heaps, where worked flints are a thousand times more plentiful than in the St. Acheul gravel, human bones arc of the greatest rarity. At this period, as in the Drift age, mankind lived by hunting and fishing, and conld not, therefore, be very numer- i cms. . . . So far as the drift of St. Achuel is con
cerned, the difficulty will altogether disappear if we remember that no trace has ever yet been found of any txmina.1 as small as man. . . . When we find the remains of the wolf, boar, roc-deer, badger, and other animals which existed during the drift period, then, and not till then, we may perhaps begin to wonder at the entire absence of human skeletons."
Mr. Lnbbock is a firm believer in Darwinism, and consequently he believes that early mankind must hare been animals whose habits approsched very closely those of the monkeys. The simpler arts and implements have, according to him, been invented independently by each race, and are but slight indications of advance upon the intelligence possessed by the Quadrumana.
"Even at the present day we may, I think, obtain glimpses of the manner in which they were or may have been invented. Some monkeys are said to use clubs, and to throw sticks nnd t>toneg at those who intrude upon them. We know that they use round stones for cracking nuts, and surely a very small step would lead from that to the application of a sharp stone for cutting. When the edge became blunt it would be thrown away and another chosen; but after a while accident, if not reflection, wonld show that a round stone would crack other stones as well as nuts, and thus the savage would learn to make sharp-edged stones for himself. At first, as we see in the drift specimens, these would be coarse and rough, but gradually the pieces chipped off would become smaller, the blows would be more cautiously and thoughtfully given, and at length it would be found that better work could be done by pressure than by blows. From pressure to polishing would again be but a small step. In making flint instruments sparks would be produced; in polishing them it would not fail to be observed that they became hot, and in this way it is easy to s?e how the two methods of obtaining fire may have originated."
Short as is the foregoing paragraph, it contains a vividly colored picture of the possible habits of primitive man, and it is not too much to say of it that it is as plausible us it is clearly the rcsnlt of matured thought and philosophic induction. It gives, too, better than any other quotation we conld have selected, an idea of Mr. Lnbbock's pleasing style of diction, and of the interesting character of his book. The volume is well and profusely illustrated, and will amply repay those who ]>eru8e it.—Popular Science Review.
Spectra of Nebvl>l<e.—Professor Secchi, during the past winter, has examined the spectrum of the nebula or Orion, which he finds to agree with that found by Mr. Hugginsin regard to the planetary nebulas. He found that, in the whole spectrum only three lines were seen, one coincided with the line F of Fraunhofer, nnd the strongest was situated between b and f. The group lies between the Sodium ray D and the Strontian blue line. The nebula is green, and the blue ray which coincides with F lies between the green and the blue. In reference to the absence of the dark line fin the star Alpha Orionis, Professor Kecchi imagines that this mav be a body intermediate between the perfectly formed stars and the nebula}, ns this circumstance agrees with the presence of the bright ray in the nebula. Mr. Huggins, however, is not of the same opinion, as the spectrum shows that its light comes from incandescent solid or liquid matter, mid that it is the presence cf bodies in its atmosphere which produces the dark Hues. The abscuce of one of the lines only shows that a particular gas does not enter into the composition of its atmosphere, while the great number of lines proves that there exist as many elements as in the sun and brighter stars, and he therefore thinks that the absence of the lines of hydrogen docs not place this star in a lower cosmiual rank. In regard to the spectrum of the nebula of Orion, Mr. Huggins finds that, like the annular nebula of Lyra, and that called the Dumb Bell, it only gives three bright lines, showing that their light emanates from glowing gas. He thinks that the small intensity of their light is due to this, and probably also their strange appearance as "on account of the absorption by the portions of gas nearest to us of the light from the gas behind them, there would be presented to us little more than a luminous surface." No indication of a continuous spectrum could be perceived in' any portion of the nebula; but the four bright j stars of the trapezium gave one, showing that they were composed of incandescent solid or liquid matter. If, according to Lord Kossc and Professor Bond, the bright parts near the trapezium are composed of star-dust, Mr. Huggins thinks that this may be due to separate, and perhaps denser portions of the gas, and that the nebula docs not consist of an unbroken vaporous mass. The vast distances of the nebula) can no longer be consid- | ered as tenable in respect of those nebula: which give a gaseous spectrum, and Mr. Huggins thinks that proper motion might be successfully sought for among them. If the nebulous theory of Sir W. Hcrsehel be true, we should expect as many bright lines in the nebulae as there are dark lines in the stars into which they have been elaborated. Those nebula; with nuclei may, however, be purtly composed of solid or liquid matter; but Mr. Huggins thinks that the uebuhe which are not resolvable, and yet give a continuous spectrum, as the Great Nebula in Andromeda, are gaseous, which "by the gradual loss of heat or the influences of other forces have become crowded with more condensed and opaque portions." But in so far as his observations extend, he thinks that the nebula; are altogether distinct from thecosmical bodies to which the sun and fixed stars belong.—Papular Science Review,
The question of diminishing rainfall is again revived, as it appears, from further discussion of meteorological observations, that less rain falls now than formerly. In some couuties, chiefly in the eastern half of the island, the diminution is greater than in others, and in some places small streams that used to be perennial, have ceased to flow. Certain considerations are hereby suggested. Does it indicate that we have entered on a cycle of dry years, or that a permanent change of climate is taking place? If the latter, to what is the change to be attributed? Does it depend on improved drainage and the grubbing up of hedgerows which have been carried on of late years? .So far as the evidence goes, it shows that diminution of the leafage in any district is followed by
diminution in the rainfall. The question is an important one, and the sooner it is tested by further evidence the better. It would he interesting to compare English results with those obtained in other countries; and this will not be difficult, for in most parts of the continent a complete system of meteorological observations is now carried out. In France, a system of daily communications is kept up between the departments and the Imperial Observatory at Paris, and among these communications, charts of the weather occupy a principal place. Mr. Lc Venier has just issued an instruction that these charts should be all drawn on the scale of the great hydrographic chart published by the French government; that towns, villages, hamlets, and communes be indicated by appropriate signs, so that the exact route of a storm, or the locality of any meteorological phenomenon, may be readily indicated. The signs will show whether the rain has been beneficial or hurtful, whether the hail has been destructive or harmless; whether lightning has ocecurred, and with what consequences. The steady recording of these and other essential phenomena during a number of years will furnish a mass of facts from which some of the laws of the climate in France may be deduced.—Chambers'* Journal.
Art-Union of London.—The twenty-ninth nnnual meeting of the subscribers to this institution was held on the 25th of April, at the Adelphi Theatre, for the purpose of receiving the report of the council, for the distribution of prizes, and for presenting to the honorary secretaries, Mr. George Godwin, F.R.S., and Mr. Lewis Poeock, F.S.A., the testimonials which have for some time past been preparing for them by public subscription. Mr. Charles Hill occupied the chair at the meeting, in the absence, through illness, of the president of the society, Lord Monteagle.
Some idea of the effects which the Art-Union of London has had upon Art and artists is obtained from the facts recorded in the last report of the council. Since the foundation of the Society, it has expended £324,000 in the purchase of pictures and the productions of works of Art; these latter including 35 large engravings, 15 volumes of illustrative outlines, etchings, and wood-engravings, 1G bronzes, 12 statues and statuettes, besides figures and vases in metal, and medals. No insignificant number of all these various works have been circulated in America and other colonies, and sometimes in European continental states, thus circulating British Art over the civilized world.
The subscriptions for the year 1864-5 amounted to £1 1,743, a smaller sum than they have reached in the last few years: such fluctuations must necessarily occur in spite of every exertion and every attraction. The amount set apart for the purchase of pictures which the prizeholders may select from the public galleries open at the present time, included 1 work of the value of .£200, 2 of £150, 3 of £100, 5 of £75, 5 of £00, 50 of £50, 10 of £40, 8 of £30, 18 of £25, 1C of £20, 20 of £15, and 20 of £10 each. To these were added 100 "Psyche" vases, 100 porcelain busts of the Prince of Wales, from the original by Morton
Edwards; 75 statuettes, in porcelain, from J. Dai-hum's group "Go to Sleep," engraved in the Art-Journal for December, 186i; 200 chromolithographs of "Young England;" 200 chromolithographs of "Wild Hoses, "and 150 volumes etchings by H. Brandard.
The chairman, in moving the adoption of the report, adverted to the thousands of good works of Ait distributed through the agency of this society in the homes of the people of England; and argued fiom this that it was almost impossible to over-estimate the benefits that resulted flora this fact in improving the taste of the public. Mr. 8. C. Hall seconded the motion, and in his remarks contrasted the present love of Art and the larger amount of sale for British pictures now existing in comparison with what was expended thirty years ago.
Professor Bell prefaced the presentation of the testimonials to the honorary secretaries with a few complimentary observations on the services these gentlemen had rendered the society, which unquestionably owes its long-continued success to the zeal and ability they have always shown in advancing its interest. Without such efficient aid as they have given it is very questionable whether the Art-Union of London would not long since have become a thing of the past, instead of being, what it is, a well-rooted and flourishing institution sending forth its branches far and wide. When it is remembered that the first annual subscription list was below the sum of £500, and, when this is contrasted with the large aggregate of funds received and disbursed since, it must lie quite evident how much time and energy must have been devoted to the working of the society in order to produce such results. The testimonials consisted of a group in silver, executed by Messrs. Elkington, from a design by W. 1". Woodington, representing '' Wisdom Encouraging Genius, "with four appropriate tazzas—Art Journal.
Mad'lle Rosa Bonheurs Oreai Picture.—'• A Family of Deer crossing the Long Kocks in the Foreat of Fontainnbleau," now exhibiting at the French Gallery, will bear favorable comparison with anything she has before done. "The Horse-fair" is a marvelous display of prosaic difficulties overcome, and the descriptions in the "Breton Oxsn" extend into lengthened argument; but in the picture now before the public there is a sentiment which, in tenderness, is far beyond the feeling Mad'lle Bonheur has hitherto shown. Five hinds and a fawn are being led by au old and wary stag across the wellkriown plateau that rises atFontaineblcau some three hundred feet above the level of the Seine. The leader has suddenly stopped, with his head erect, his ears thrown forward, expanded nostrils, and an expression of alarm in his eye. The atiitudc of the animal is most expressive, and readily intelligible. The fear of the stag is shared by only one ot the hinds—an old one, who knows perfectly the habits of the stag, from having been for years accustomed to follow him —her head is raised, as trying to ascertain the cause of danger. Another of the hinds has her fawn by her side, and all her care is shown for her offspring, which she is caressing, heedless of the apprehensions of the two seniors of the family. The youngest hind, unconscious of
danger, has stopped to drink at a pool left by the rain. Nothing can exceed the simplicity of the composition, which may be said to consist of only three well-united parts—the group, the ground, and the sky—yet the working out of this arrangement, simple as it is, has cost the artist perhaps, relatively, more labor than any other of her works.—Art Journal.
National Gallery.—Velasquez's picture, "The Dead Warrior," recently purchased in Paris at the sale of the Ponrrales collection at the price of £1,480. is a valuable acquisition to the National Gallery, where it is now placed. The figure, bare-headed, and wearing a breastplate, is " laid out'1 on its back, like some monumental efflgy. only at an angle with the plane of the picture, Bo as to afford the painter an opportunity of exhibiting some admirable foreshortening. It lies under the shadow of a great rock by the seaside, from which protrudes the decayed branch of a tree, and on this hangs a lighted lamp, to keep off evil spirits. White and cold as marble is the dead man's upturned face, yet the flesh looks as if it would yield to the touch, and the expression of the countenance is supremely placid. The color of the picture is low in tone, but the figure comes out with telling effect against the background.—Art Journal
An Astronomer's Prayer.—These are the last words in Kepler's •' Harmony of the World :"— "Thou whs, uy the light of nature, hast kindled in us a longing after the light of Thy grace, in order to raise us to the light of Thy glory, thanks to Thee, Creator and Lord, that thou lettest me rejoice in thy works. Lo, I have_ done the work of my life with that power of intellect which Thou hast given. I have recorded to men the glory of thy works, as far as my mind could comprehend their infinite majesty. My senses were awake to search, as far as I could, with purity and faithfulness. If I, a worm before thine eyes, and born in the bonds of sin, have brought forth anything that is unworthy of Thy counsels, inspire me with Thy spirit that I may correct it. If, by the wonderful beauty of Thy works, I have been led into boldness; if I have sought my own honor among men as I advanced in the work which was destined to Thine honor, pardon me in kindness and charity, and by Thy grace grant that my teaching may be to Thy glory and the welfare of all men. Praise ye the Lord, ye heavenly harmonies ; and ye that understand the new harmonies, praise the Lord. Praise God, O my soul, as long as I live. From I! Hi. through Him, and in Him is all, the material as well as the spiritual—all that we know and all that we know not yet—for there is much to do that is undone."
Foreigners in England.—According to the last Census there were 80.090 foreigners in England and Wales, being at the rate of 0-041 to every 100 natives. That, however, was considerably less than the number of foreigners in France or the United States. In France, in 1861, there were 506.381 foreigners in a population of 37,386,313. and in the United States, in I860, there were 4,136,175 foreigners out of * population of 27,489,461. Of the 81,090 foreigners In England and Wales 73,500 were Europeans, 9.300 Armenians. f>00 Africans, and 500 between Asiatics and natives cf other countries. Of the 73,.r>0ll Europeans, 30,000 were Germans, 13,000 were French, SoOO were from Holland, 4.~>00 from Italy. 5000 from Norway and Sweden, 6000 from Russia and Poland. 2000 from Spain and Portugal, 2000 from LJelgimn, and 2500 from Denmark, and about 1000 from Greece and Turkey. Fully one-half of the foreigners in England and Wales are located in London. Of the total number of foreigners in this country, 57.'00 arc male and 27,000 females; and of the 73.500 Europeans, 13,000 were under twenty years of age.—Leisure Hour.
Discovery of a Temple of Juno at Pompeii —Mention was lately made of the discovery at Pompeii of a temple of Juno, with more than three hundred skeletons. Those remains, which crumbled to dust by degrees as they were brought to light, were those of women and children who had been buried beneath the burning ashes thrown out by the volcano at the moment in which a sacrifice was l>eing offered up in the temple to the Queen of the Gods, no doubt to implore her to avert the terrible calamity which menaced the city. To the arm of one of those skeletons, which, from the rich jewels with which it was covered, is supposed to have been that of the high priestess, was still attached, by a gold ring, a censer of the same metal filled with calcined perfumes. This vessel is of the form of those now used in the ceremonies of Catholic churches, and is of excellent workmanship and inl:-;.' with precious stones. The statue of the goddess is one of the most magnificent relics yet found in that city; its eyes are of enamel, and on the neck and arm?, as well ns at the ankles are jewels and bracelets of precious stones of the most exquisite finish and elegance of form. The peacock placed at her side is almost entirely composed of precious stones. The tripod before the altar, is like the censer held by the high priestess magnificently worked gold. The temple also contained lamps, artistically chased, ot bronze, iron, silver and gold; branches of foliage, vine stems, interspersed with flowers und fruit of the most beautiful form. The space around the altar is paved with splendid mosaics in excellent preservation, and the rest of the temple is inlaid with small triangular blocks of white and purple agate. The spot on which the sacrifices were made is alone paved with marble. All the instruments used on the occasion were still lying on a bronze table, and the sacred vases were filled with a reddish matter, which is supposed to have been blood.
The Paaks and Valleys of the Alps.—There is to be seen at the German Galleiy a series of drawings, by Elijah Walton, made with a view of describing certain of the most rugged features of the Alps, with the effect,* under which they occasionally present themselves. The subjects are not brought forward as landscape studies, but we are led up to the time-worn granite of the mountain side; told to look up, und challenged to deny that the colors we see are those of the morning and evening phenomena of the Alps. In "Mont Blanc, as seen above Col d'Anterne," the mist and color are so remarkable as to look exaggerated; but in
all mountainous countries such appearances present themselves, though different in degree according to the height and character of tho ni.umi .in- To persons who have not seen Ihe hues of an Alpine sunset, the brilliant and tender pink color here assumed by the annwy peaks may seem fanciful, but it is perfectly true. Among these views are—"The Mer do Glace," "Near Courmayeur," "The Dent du Midi." "The Dent du Midi, Valley of the Rhone," •• Tho Viso from the South and East," <fcc. Many of the same views have been given by photography, whereby the textures may have been more faithfully rendered, but color and certain effects can not be described by such moans.—Art Journal.
Number of Words in Use.— We arc told, on good authority, by a country clergyman, that some of the laborers in his parish had not 300 words in their vocabulary. The vocabulary of the ancient sages •>;' Egypt, at least as far as is known to us from the hieroglyphic inscriptions, amounts to about 68.3 words. The libretto of an Italian opera seldom displays a greater variety of words. A well-aducated person in England, who has been at a public school, and at the university, who reads his Bible,his Shakespeare, the " Times," and all the books of Mutlie's library, seldom uses more than about 3000 or 40JO words in actual conversation. Accurate thinkers and close reasoneis, who avoid vajrue and general expre-sions, and wait till they find the word that exactly fits their meaning, employ a larger stock; and eloquent speakers may rise to a command of 10,IKiO. Shakespeare, who displayed a greater variety of expressions than probably any writer in any language, produced all his plays with about 15,01)) words. Milton's works are built up with 8000 ; and the Old Testament says all that it has to say with JU42 words.—Prof. Muz Mif,ler.
Knglixh and French Orators.—"The illustrious orator, M. Berryer, is obliged to sell his property of Augerville, where he has spent so many years of his private life. Lord Brougham, it is said, contemplates purchasing that property, not however, with the intention of dispossessing its former owner, who would continue to live as hitherto on his little domain. An act of this kind would be as honorable to the former Lord High Chancellor of England as to the great French orator."
Two Kings.—The two kings of Siam have been "decorated" by the Emperor Napoleon. The French Consul at Bangkok, M. Auharet, by command of the Emperor, Conferred the ribbon of the Legion of Honor upon the kings, and the diplomas being considered as the Emperor's autographs were saluted by twenty-one guns. A procession of boats, laden with soldiers in every variety of costume, and having royal war elcphanU on board, was striking and picturesque. The kings wore crowns of diamonds and the insignia of the order. At the foot of the throne the princes of the royal family and high dignitaries of the crown remained during the ceremony prostrated on magnificent carpets. After a state dinner the kings requested M. Aubaret to transmit their letters of thanks to his Majesty, accompanied by the insignia of the order of the White Elephant, a royal ring and scarf, also three diamond and ruby bracelets to the Empress.
Irish fsimestonf. Caverns.—At n late meeting of the Cork Cnvierian &odaty Piofesser H:irkness, so well known for his investigations of Scottish rocks, nnnouiii.'ed the discovery of the Ixinrs of mnniniiils in a limestone quarry at Middlcton, Co. Cork. The rock consists of the ordinary limestone of tlie district, in one part much fissured, and under this fissured portion there is a mass of brown clay, the thickness of which can not be determined, as its base is not seen. This reddish brown clay under the limestone is the deposit which furnishes tlie fossil bones, and which, doubtless, fills the space that was once a natural grotto. Besides the bones which are in a fragmentary condition, there are also present teeth and antlers. The laiter are much broken, and do not afford sufficient character to enable the species to be accurately determined. They seem, however, to belong to two forms, one of which had the beam and branches smooth and sub-compressed, features which indicate the antlers of the rein-deer; and the other with the horns rounded and rough, a form of surface which marks the antlers of the common stag. Of these antlers two portions which appear to belong to the rein-deer have been cut while in the fresh state; and the faces of the cuts being almost smooth, this cutting appears to have been effected by a fine regular-edged instrument rather than by a serrated tool. The leg bones which appear in this clay have all been broken, for the most part longitudinally, except the carpal and tarsal, and other small bones of the extremities. This longitudinal fracturing of the long bones of the leg is not known to occur in any mammalian remains which belong to a period previous to that where we have evidence of the existence of the human rare; and these broken bones alford evidence of the occurrence of man, who, for tlie purpose of obtaining the marrow, divided them in the direction most available for this object. Besides the evidence afforded by the cut antlers and longitudinally divided bones, there arc other circumstances indicating the occurrence of niau in connection with these remains; one of these is the presence of charred wood, which u equally disseminated through the clay with the bones and teeth. This charred wood is the remains of the ancient fires by means of which former human beings cooked their food.—Popular Science,
The AniKne Process.—This is a new process of printing, of a truly novel description, introduced by Mr. Willis. Kor rapidity and simplicity of working, and Ibr cheapness of production, it is uncqiialcd; hot its applications are limited at present to the fac-simile reproductions of artists' drawings of every description, being very useful for reproducing large drawings such as engineers and arcliitects produce, or the transferring of prints, photographs, old MS. music, maps, or artists' designs to the block, for wood-engravers. It will also be useful for decorators and photographic colons!*. The sensitizing solution is as follows:
Bichromate of ammonia 30 grains.
Phosphoric acid solution 1 fluid drachm.
Water 1 " ounce.
The phosphoric acid meant is that sold in commerce uudu the uauiu of dilute, and it- strength
should be such as will produce not a red or green, but a purplish black print. Plain Saxc paper is used, and the above solution is brushed evenly over its unrfarc with a clean tuft of cotton wool. After it has been dried in the dark, it is exposed to light under a positive photograph or drawing, with which it is in close and even contact. When the image thus printed is distinctly visible, it is subjected to the action of the aniline vapor, cither by placing the proof fastened by wafers upon a plate of glass over a flut-hotiomc i porcelain dish, containing a sheet of bibulous paper, and about a drachm of the aniline, such as is commonly sold in shops, or by so placing the paji-.r in the Imttom of a box that the aniline vapor descends instead of ascending. If the completion of the development leaves the picture of a dingy buff or orangecolor, it may now be whitened by simple washing in plain water. The fixing is accomplished by placing it for a few minutes in water to which a few drops of sulphuric acid have been addad, after which it is washed and dried. — Popular Sdenot.
Cattle Shows, Day Shows, and Poultry Show* are uow recognized institutions. Hut we notice that an Insect show is to be held in Paris, under tlie patronage of the Minister of Agriculture. It is to comprise two classes — the useful and the noxious. lu the former will appear bees, cochineal and gall insects, silk-worms, and so forth, with their products, and the apparatus and instruments employed in the preparation of those products. Among the noxious insects will be wasps, certain kinds of moths and flics, nn.t others, with specimens of the mischief they occasion and accomplish. As usual, prizes are to ba given to successful exhibitors, so we may expect to hear something further of this novel insect show. t Journal.
Music. — Horace Waters, the veteran publisher of music, at 481 Broadway, has sent us a variety of popular pieces, sacred and patriotic, suited to the stirring times in which we live. (Uory to God in the Highest ; a national anthom, music by Mrs. Parkhurst Mourn not! Oh y<( People ; a tribute to the memory of Abraham Lincoln. A Home on the Mountain; Oh send me one Flower ; The 1'eace Jubilee!! The Nation in Tears ; The Soldier's Dying Farewell, and other pieces of music, to suit a variety of tastes and occasions. His ample Catalogue can be had on application.
Croton Point Vineyard*. Dr. R. T. Underbill, the proprietor of iflfse celebrated ivineyarda, has had long experience in the growth of grapes, and the preparation of the choicest native wines, pure, unadulterated, and of good age suited tor medicinal purposes, and communion occasions ; which on these accounts commend themselves to the confidence and patronage of the public. The Catawha. Isabella, and the dry port wines expressed from the choicest fruit, mellowed by an age of several years, are particularly valna'ble for medicinal purposes, in the face of so many vile admixtures of wine by manufacturers from material which should subject their makers to an indictment for manslaughter. Dr. Underbill's wine store is in Astor Place, New York, where orders can b« sent