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Edinburgh Review.

THE CHURCH AND MOSQUE OF
ST. SOPHIA.*

There is not one among the evidences of Moslem conquest more galling to Christian associations than the occupation of Justinian's ancient basilica for the

purposes of Mahometan worship. The most commonplace sight-seer from the West feels a thrill when his eye falls for the first time, upon the flaring crescent which surmounts " Sophia's cupola with golden gleam;" and this emotion deepens into a feeling of awe at the mysterious dispensations of Providence, when he has stood beneath the unaltered and still stately dome, and

"Surveyed The sanctuary, the while the usurping Moslem prayed."

For Oriental Christians, this sense of bitterness is hardly second to that with which they regard the Turkish occupation of Jerusalem itself. In the latter, however, they may writhe under the political supremacy of their unbelieving

* 1. Byzantine Architecture; illustrated by Examples oj Edifices erected in the East during the earliest ages of Christianity. With Historical and Archaeological Descriptions. By C. Texier and E. P. Pcllan. Folio. London: 18G4.

2. Epiyraphik von Byzantium und ConstantinopoHs,vondena'ltestenZeitenbiszumJ. 1453. Von Dr. S. A. Dethier und Dr. A. D. Mordtmann. 4to. Wien: 18S4.

3. Acta Patriarchates Constantinopolitani, 13051402, e CodiceMS. Bibliothecte. I'alat. Vindobonensis; edentibus D. D. MiKLovisoH et Mui.ler. 8vo. 2. vols. Vienna;: 1860 2.

4. Die all christtiche Baudenkmale Konstantinopets von V. bis XII. Jahrhundert. Auf Befehl seiner Majestiil des Kbniys aujycnommen und historisch erlautert von W. Salzenberg. Im Anhanye des Silenliarius Paulus Beschreibuny der IleiHyen Sophia und der Ambon, metrisch ubersetzt

New Series—Vol. II., No. 4.

und mit Anmerkuvgen versehen, von Dr. C. W. Kortum. Fol. Berlin: 1854.

5. Aya Sq/ia, Constantinople, as recently re~ storedby Order of II. M. the Sultan Abdul Medjid. From the original Drawings of Chevalier GasPard Fossati. Lithographed by Louis Haghk, Esq. Imperial Folio. London: 1854. 25

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