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that have served, in many instances, to vent its adoption as a text-book, especially in female ser inaries.

Hence some retrenchment becomes necessary to the highest usefulness of the work: and it will not be doubted that it may receive great improvement, by additions which may be made from the works of distinguished authors, who have written with great power and exquisite taste upon many of the topics treated by our author nearly a hundred years ago.

These views, upon inquiry, having been found to agree with those of not a few enlightened and experienced teachers, the Editor has been prompted to expend a large amount of labor, for the improvement of the work of Lord Kames, that its usefulness may be increased and perpetuated in colleges and other seminaries of learning, as well as in public and private libraries.

The chief points of superiority claimed for the present edition, are the following:

1. The matter heretofore contained in an Appendix has been brought forward; and constitutes, as it should, the first part of the Introduction, being needed as a preparation for an easy study of the volume, and likely to be overlooked as an appendix.

2. Frequent omissions have been made in the text and notes, where the matter was found to be either obsolete, of no utility, or objectionable on account of its indelicacy.

3. Many of the poetical quotations (particularly some of those in foreign languages), that seemed to be an incumbrance rather than an advantage to the work for purposes of education, have been abbreviated or omitted.

4. Space has thus been gained for a large amount of valuable matter, which has been carefully selected from modern authors who have treated certain topics more philosophically and accurately than Lord Kames, whose work was written nearly a century ago. These additions,

both in the text and notes, that they may readily be distinguished from the original matter, have been inclosed in brackets. The most important of these are derived from Cousin on the Beautiful; from Lectures of Barron, Hazlitt, and President Hopkins; from Lord Jeffrey's celebrated dissertation on Beauty (in his Review of Alison on Taste); and from an elaborate essay on the Philosophy of Style, contained in a somewhat recent number of the Westminster Review. By these, and numerous other additions, where they seemed to be most needed, great value has been added to the original work; and in scarcely a less degree, by striking from it a large amount of matter that greatly impairs its excellence and usefulness.

5. It may also be stated, as a part of the Editor's labor, that he has prepared a new Analysis of the work, which, for the convenience both of teacher and student, has been distributed at the bottom of each page, with references to the paragraphs in which the topics are discussed.

It will be seen, therefore, that the present volume is not an abridgment of Kames, but it embraces the entire work, with the exception only of those portions which every instructor and intelligent reader must regard as blemishes, or consider useless, while large additions have been made, from recent and valuable sources, to render more complete and satisfactory the incomparable treatise (as here presented) of this highly talented, and justly distinguished and popular author.

J. R. B. GENEVA, N. Y., Feb. 2, 1855.

CONTENTS.

INTRODUCTION

Terms defined or explained.....

9

The Nature, Design, and Utility of the present work

22

CHAP. I. Perceptions and Ideas in a train...

29

" II. Emotions and Passions

37

PART I. Causes unfolded of the Emotions and Passions :

Sect. 1. Difference between Emotion and Passion.-Causes

that are the most common and the most general.-

Passion considered as productive of Action...... 38

2. Power of Sounds to raise Emotions and Passions.... 45

3. Causes of the Emotions of Joy and Sorrow..... 47

4. Sympathetic Emotion of Virtue, and its cause ....... 49

5. In many instances one Emotion is productive of an-

other. The same of Passions ....

52

6. Causes of the Passions of Fear and Anger.

59

4 7. Emotions caused by Fiction .....

62

PART II. Emotions and Passions as pleasant and painful, agree-

able and disagreeable.--Modification of these quali-

ties ....

71

4 III. Interrupted Existence of Emotions and Passions.-

Their Growth and Decay

76

6 IV. Coexistent Emotions and Passions

81

V. Influence of Passion with respect to our Perceptions,

Opinions, and Belief

90

Appendix. Methods that Nature hath afforded for computing

Time.....

96

PART VI. Resemblance of Emotions to their Causes

100

VII. Final Causes of the more frequent Emotions and

Passions..

102

CHAP. III. Beauty.

108

PART II. Theory of the Beautiful

118

IV. Grandeur and Sublimity.

129

V. Motion and Force...

148

VI. Novelty, and the unexpected appearance of Objects.

152

VII. Risible Objects

158

16 VIII. Resemblance and Dissimilitude

160

IX. Uniformity and Variety ..

171

Appendix. Concerning the works of Nature, chiefly with re-

spect to Uniformity and Variety

180

X. Congruity and Propriety..

184

XI. Dignity and Grace

192

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