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magnificent temple in America ? It is easy for us to maintain her doctrines, at this late day, when there is but one party on the subject, an immense people. But what tribute Thall we bestow, what facred pæan fhall we raise over the tombs of those who dared, in the face of unrivalled power, and within the reach of majesty, to blow the blatt of freedom throughout a subject continent ?

6. Nor did those brave countrymen of ours only express the emotions of glory; the nature of their principles inspired them with the power of practice; and they offered their bosoms to the shafts of battle. Bunker's awful mount is the capacious urn of their afhes; but the flaming bounds of the universe could not limit the flight of their minds.

7. They fled to the union of kindred souls; and those who fell at the streights of Thermopylæ, and those who bled on the heights of Charlestown, now reap congenial joys in the fields of the blessed.



HE great events on which my resignation depended having at length taken place, I have now the hon. or of offering my fincere congratulations to Congress, and of presenting myself before them to surrender into their hands the trust committed to me, and to claim the indul. gence of retiring from the service of my country.

2. Happy in the confumation of our independence and sovereignty, and pleased with the opportunity afforded the United States of becoming a respectable nation, I resign, with satisfactiori, the appointment i accepted with diffidence ; a diffidence in my abilities to accomplish so ardaous a talk, which, however, was supeifeded by a confidence in the rectitude of our cause, the support of the supreme power of the Union, and the patronage of Heaven.

3. The successful termination of the war has verified the most fanguine expectations ; and my gratitude for the interposition of Providence, and the alliance I have re


ecived from my countrymen, increases with every review of the momentous contest.

4. While I repeat my obligations to the army in general, I should do injustice to my own feelings not to acknowledge, in this place, the peculiar services and distinguished merits of the gentlemen who have been attached to my person during the war.

5. It was impollible the choice of confidential officers to compose my family should have been more fortunate. Permit me, Sir, to recommend in partitalar those who have continued in the service to the present moment, as worthy of the favorable notice and patronage of Congress.

6. I consider it as an indensable duty to close this last solemn act of my official life, by commending the interests of our dearest country to the protection of Almighty God, and those who have the fuperintendence of them, to his holy keeping

7. Having now finished the work assigned me, I retire from the great theatre of action ; and, bidding an affectionate farewel to this august body, under whose orders I have so long acted, I here offer my commillion, and take my leave of all the employments of public life.

G. WASHINGTON. Dec. 23, 1783





WHEN the Scythian ambassadors waited on Alexander the Great, they gazed on him a long time without speaking a word, being very probably surprised, as they formed a judgment of men from their air and stature, to find that his did not answer the high idea they entertain. ed of him from his fame.

At last the oldelt of the ambassadors addreffed him thus. “ Had the gods given thee a body proportionable to thy ambition, the whole universe would have been too little for thee. With one hand thou wouldft touch the East, and with the other the Welt; and, not satisfied with this,


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thou wouldst follow the sun, and know where he hides himself.

3. But what have we to do with thee? We never set foot in thy country. May not those who inhabit woods be allowed to live, without knowing who thou art, and whence thou comelt? We will neither command over, nor submit to any


4. And that thou mayelt be sensible what kind of people the Scythians are, know, that we received from Heaven, as a rich present, a yake of oxen, a ploughshare, a dart, a javelin, and a cup. These we make use of, both with our friends and against our enemies.

5. To our friends we give corn, which we procure by the labor of our oxen ; with them we offer wine to the gods in our cup; and with regard to our enemies, we combat them at a distance with our arrows, and near at hand with our javelins.

6. But thou, who boastest thy coming to extirpate robbers, art thyself the greatest robber upon earth. Thou haft phundered all nations thou overcamelt; thou hast possessed thyself of Lybia, invaded Syria, Persia, and Ba&triana ; thou art forming a design to march as far as India, and now thou comelt hither to seize upon our herds of cattle, 7.

The great possessions thou hast, only make thee covet the more eagerly what thou hast not.

If thou art a god, thou oughtelt to do good to mortals, and not deprive them of their poffeflions.

8. If thou art a mere man, reflect always on what thou art. They whom thou shalt not molest will be thy true friends ; the strongest friendships being contracted between equals ; and they are esteemed equals who have not tried teir strength against each other. But do not suppose that those whom thou conquerest can love thee.”


DEMETRIUS Poliorcetes, who had done singular services for the people of the city of Athens, on ging out for a war in which he was engaged, left his wife



and children to their protection. He lost the battle, and was obliged to seek fécurity for his person in flight.

He doubted not, at first, but that he should find a safe afylum among kis good friends the Athenians ; but those ungrateful people refused to receive him, and even fent back to him his wife and children, under pretence, that they probably might not be fafe in Athens, where the ene. my might come and take them.

3. This conduct pierced the heart of Demetrius ; for nothing is so affecting to an honest mind, as the ingratitude of those we love, and to whom we have done singular fervices. Some time afterwards, this prince recovered his Taffairs, and came with a large army to lay fiege to Athens.

4. The Athenians, perfuaded that they had no pardon to expect from Demetrius, determined to die sword in hand, and passed a decree, which condemned to death those who should first propose to surrender to that prince ; but they did not recollect, that there was but little corn in the city, and that they would in a short time be in want of bread. 5.

Want foon made them sensible of their error; and, after having suffered hunger for a long time, the most reasonable among them said, “ It would be better that Demetrius should kill us at once, than for us to die by the lingering death of famine. Perhaps he will have pity on our wives and children.” They then opened to him the gates of the city:

6. Demetrius, having taken poffeffion of the city, ordered, that all the married men should assemble in a spacious place appointed for the purpose, and that the soldiery, sword in hand, should surround them. Cries and lamentations were then heard from every quarter of the city ; women embracing their husbands, children their parents, and all taking an eternal farewel of each other.

7. When the married men were all thus collected, Demetrius, for whom an elevated situation was provided, reproached them for their ingratitude in the most feeling manner, insomuch that he himself could not belp shedding tcars. Demetrius for some time remained silent, while the Athenians expected, that the next words he uttered would be to order his foldiers to massacre them all,

8. . It is harvily possible to say what must have been their birprise when they heard that good prince say, “ I wish to Oprince


how ungenerously you have treated me; for ?" Tas not to an enemy you have refused alhistance, but to a prince who loved you, ivho still loves you, and who wishes o revenge himself only by granting your pardon, and by being still your friend. Return to your own homes : while you have been here, my fuldiers have been filling out houses with provisions."


A NEW.ENGLAND floop trading on the coast of Guinea, in 1752, left a second mate, William Murray, lick on shore, and failed without him.

Murray was at the house of a black man named Cudjoe, with whom he had contracted an acquaintance during their trade.

2. He recovered ; and the noop being gone, he continued with his black friend till some other opportunity thould offer of his getting honre. In the mean time a Dutch ship came into the road, and some of the blacks coming on board her, were treacherousy seized and carried off as their slaves.

3. The relations and friends, tranfported with fudden rage, l'an to the house of Cudjoe, to take revenge by killing Murray. Cudjoe stopped them at the door, and demanded what they wanted. The white men, said they, have car. ried away our brothers and sons, and we will kill all white



4. Give us the white man you have in your house, for we will kill him. Nay, { uid Cudjoe, the white men who carried away your

relations bad men ; kill them when you can take them ; but this white man is a good man, and you must not kill him. But he is a white man, they cried : and the white men are all bad men ; we must kill them all.. Nay, says he, you must not kill a man who has done no. harm, only for being white.

5. This man is my friend, my house is his post, I am his foldier, and must fight for him ; you must kill me be


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