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Tom. I am no enemy to dancing, I assure you, friend Harry. It is an accomplishment suitable enough for those to learn who expect to have but little else to do. But for and

me, who are destined to get our living by some mechanical profession, there are doubtless many pursuits more advantageous. I think we ought to employ but a very small part of our time, in learning to dance. We will suppose, for instance, that you learn the trade of a carpenter, I would ask you, if it would not be necessary to understand figures ; so that you might be able to keep your own accounts; and so much geometry as to be able to measure heights and diftances, superfices and solids ? Would it not be

very conve. nient to know a little of history, in order to acquaint your. self with the various orders of architecture, and where they had their origin? If you were shown a picture of St. Peter's Church, or a plan of Grand Cairo, would you not like to know enough of geography to tell in what part of the world they are situated ?

Har. These are fubjects which cousin Tini says never are agitated in the fashionable circle which he visits. And so I bid you good bye.

EXTRACT FROM MR. JOHN Q. ADAMS'S

ORATION, DELIVERED AT Boston, Ju.
LY 4, 1793

AMERICANS! Ici us pause for a moment to consider the situation of our country, at that eventful day when our national existence commenced. In the full poifeffion and enjoyment of all those prerogatives for which you then dared to adventure upon “all the varieties of untried being," the calm and settled moderation of the mind is scarcely competent to conceive the tone of heroism, to which the souls of freemen were exalted in that hour of perilous magnanimity.

2. Seventeen times has the sun, in the progress of his annual revolutions, diffused his prolific radiance over the plains of Independent America. Millions of hearts, which thea palpitated with the rapturous glow of patrictiím, have

already

already been translated to brighter worlds; to the abodes of more than mortal freedom. Other millions have arisen te receive from their parents and benefactors, the inestimable recompense of their achievements.

A large proportion of the audience, whose benevoJence is at this moment listening to the speaker of the day, like him were at that period too little advanced beyond the threshold of life to partake of the divine enthusiasm which inspired the American bofom ; which prompted her voice to proclaim defiance to the thunders.of Britain ; which consecrated the banners of her armies ; and finally erected the holy temple of American Liberty, over the tomb of de parted tyranny.

4. It is from those who have already passed the meridian of life ; it is from you, ye venerable affertors of the rights of mankind, that we are to be informed, what were the feel. ings which fwayed within your breasts, and impelled you to action; when, like the stripling of Israel, with scarcely a weapon to attack, and without a fhield for

your

defencer you met, and, undismayed, engaged with the gigantic greatness of the British

power. 5. Untutored in the.disgraceful science of human butchery ;

destitute of the fatal materials which the ingenuity of man has combined, to fharpen the scythe of death ; unsup, ported by the arm of any friendly alliance, and unfortified against the powerful affaults of an unrelenting enemy, you did not hesitate at that moment, when your coasts were in. fested by a formidable feet, when your territories were invaded by a numerous and veteran army, to pronounce the sentence of eternal separation from Britain, and to throw the gauntlet at a power, the terror of whose recent triumphs was almost co-extensive with the earth.

6. The interested and selfisk propenfities, which, in times of prosperous tranquillity have luch powerful dominion over the heart, were all expelled ; and in their stead, the public virtues, the spirit of personal devotion to the com. mon cause, a contempt of every danger in comparison with the subserviency of the country, had assumed an unlimited control.

7: The passion for the public had absorbed all the rest ; as the glorious luminary of heaven extinguishes in a flood

of

et.

of refulgence the twinkling splendor of every inferior plan

Those of you, my countrymen, who were actors in those interesting scenes, will best know, how feeble and impotent is the language of this description to express the impassioned emotions of the foul, with which you were then agitated.

8. Yet it were injustice to conclude from thence, or from the greater prevalence of private and personal motives in these days of calm serenity, that your fons have degenerated from the virtues of their fathers. Let it rather be a subject of pleasing reflection to you, that the generous and disinterested energies, which you were fummoned to display, are permitted by the bountiful indulgence of Heaven, to remain latent in the bofoms of

your

children. 9. From the present prosperous appearance of our public affairs, we may admit à rational hope that our country will have no occasion to require of us those extraordinary and heroic exertions which it was your

fortune to exhibit. But from the common versatility of all human destiny, should the prospect hereafter darken, and the clouds of public misfortune thicken to a tempeft; fhould the voice of our country's calamity ever call us to her relief, we swear by the precious niemory of the fages who toiled, and of the heroes who bled in her defence, that we will prove ourselves not unworthy of the prize which they so dearly purchased ; that we will aê as the faithful disciples of those who fo magnanimously taught us the instructive lesson of republican virtue.

10.

ON KNOWING THE WORLD AT AN EARLY

AGE.

THE knowledge of the world, in its comprehensive sense, is a knowledge greatly to be desired. To understand the human heart, to know human manners, laws, languages, and institutions of every kind, and in various nations, and to be able to reflect on all these with moral and political improvement, is an attainment worthy of the greatest statesman and the wisest philofopher.

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But there is a knowledge of the world of a very inferior kind, but which many parents value at a high price. . Greek and Latin are always mentioned with contempt, on a comparison with this. In compliance with custom, indeed, and to get him out of the way, the boy is placed at school ; but the knowledge to be gained there is little esteemed by the empty votaries of fashion.

3. Men and things, not words, are magisterially pointed out as the proper objects of study, by those who know little of men, things, or words. It is not the knowledge of books, (say they) which he is to pursue, but the knowledge of the world ; ignorant that the knowledge of books is necessary to gain a valuable knowledge of the world.

The

parents, who give such directions to their chil. dren, are themselves merely people of the world, as it is called ; persons for the most part of very moderate underftandings, who have never made any folid improvements in learning, and, confequently, never felt its pleasures, or its advantages.

5: They have perhaps raised themselves by dint of worldly policy, by the little arts of fimulation and diffimulation ; and having seen the effects of dress, address, and an attention to exterior accomplishments ; but at the same time being totally unacquainted with real and solid attainients, they are naturally led to wish to give their children the most usefui education, which, according to their ideas, is a knowledge of the world.

6. But what is this knowledge of the world? A knowl. edge of its follies and vices; a knowledge of them at a time of life, when they will not appear in their true light, con. temptible in themselves, and the sources of misery ; but Nattering and pleasurable. To fee these at a boyish age, before the mind is properly prepared, will not cause an abhorrence, but an imitation of them.

1. To introduce boys to scenes of immoral and indecent behavior, is to educate them in vice, and to give the young mind a foul ftain, which it. will never lose. And yet I have known parents in the metropolis fuifer boys of fourteen or fifteen to roam wherefoever they pleased ; to frequent theatres, and other places of public diversions, by themselves; to return home late at night; and all this with

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plenty of money, and without giving any account of the manner of consuming that or their time.

8. The parents were pleased with their son's proficiency in the knowledge of the world; the fon was pleased with liberty: All for a short time went on to their mutual fute is action. But after a few years, a sad reverse usually appeared. The boy became a spendthrift'and a debauchee ; alienated his father's affections by incurring debt, and ruined his constitution by every species of excess.

9. What remained after his money and his health were dissipated ? No learning, no relish for the works of literary taste. The spring of life, when the feeds of these should have been fown, was employed in another manner. Nothing remained but a wretched and a painful old age,

devoted to cards, dice, and illiberal conviviality.

He, who is attending to his books, and collecting ideas which will one day render him a blessing and an honor to all with whom he is connected, will appear dull, awkward, and unengaging to many, in comparison with the pert Atripling, who has been plur:ged into vice and dilipation before he knows the meaning of the words.

is. The reception which the latter meets with in com. - pany gives him additional spirits ; and the poor parents ufu.

ally triumph a while in the conscious fuperiority of their judgnrent. In four or five years, they connonly fee and feel the effects of their folly.

12. Their conduct, as it often undoubtedly proceeds from ignorance, is to be compasionated; but if ever it arise from affectation of fingularity, pride, vicious principles, or carelessness concerning their offspring, it deserves the feïerelt reprehenfiun.

13. It is obvious to observe in the world multitudes of beardless boys affuming airs of manhood, and practising manly vices, to obtain a title to the appellation of men. The present age abounds with such examples.

14. A moit fatal mistake is made by parents of all clailes in the present age. Many of them seem to think vice and irregularity the marks of fenfe and spirit, in a boy ; and that innocence, modesty, submission to superiors, application to ftudy, and to every thing landable, are the figas of

stupidity,

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