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ADVENTURES OF FOUR SAILORS, WHO WERE CAST

THE DESERT ISLAND OF SPITSBERGEN,

AWAY ON

2.

THESE northern feas, owing to the excef .: five cold of the climate, are frequently so full of ice as to ‘render it exceedi:ngly hazardous to ships, which are thereby exposed to the danger of being crushed between two bodies of immense ice, or of being so completely surrounded, as to deprive them of every power of noving from the spot.

In this latter alarming situation were the crew of a Russian fhip. A council was immediately held, when the mate mentioned what he recollected to have heard, that a ship's crew from Mesen, some time before, had formed a resolution of palling the winter upon this island, and for that purpose had carried timber proper for building a hut at a little distance from the shore..

z.. This information led the whole company to form the resolution of wintering there, flould the hut be fortunately remaining. They were induced to adopt this meafure from the certainty of perishing should they remain in the ship. Tkey therefore deputized four of their crew to go in search of the hut, and make what further discoveries they could.:,

4. As no human creature inhabited the shore on which'; they were to land, it was absolutely necessary for them to carry some provisions with them for their support. They had to make their way, for nearly two miles, over loose heaps of ice, which the water had raised, and the wind had driven against each other; and this made it equally difficult i and dangerous.

5... From this consideration, they avoided loading themfelves too much with provisions, Icft their weight might : Link them between the pieces of ice, where they must inevitably perifho.

6. Having previously confidered all these matters, they provided themselves only with a mulket and powder-horn, containing twelve charges of powder and ball, an axe, a {mall kéttle, a bag with about twenty pounds of four, a

knife,

knife, a ender box and tinder, a bladder filled with tobacco, and every man his wooden pipe.

7. Thus poorly equipped, these four failors reached the island, little thinking wkat they were to endure while they remained on it. After-exploring some finall part of the country, they discovered the hut they were in pursuit of, at the distance of about an English-mile and a half from the Thore.

8. Its length was thirty-six feet, and its height and breadth eighteen. It consisted of a small antichamber about twelve feet broad, having two doors, the one to exclude the outer air, and the other to form à communication with the inner room. This contributed not a little to keep theo larger roon warm, when it was once heated.

9. They found in the lårger room an earthen stove; constructed in tlie Russian manner. They rejoiced exceedingly at this discovery, though they found the hut had suffered very much from the severity of the weather, it having been built a considerable time. However, they contrived: to make it supportable for that night.

The next morning early they repaired to the shore, in order to acquaint their comrades with their success, and also to get from the vessel such provisions, ammunition, and other necessaries, 25 might in some measure enable them to'y itruggle with the approaching winter

But what pen can properly describe the terrible fic: uation of their minds, when, coming to the place at which they landed, they discovered nothing but an open sea, clear of all ice, though, but a day before, it had covered the ocean ! During the night, a violent storm had arisén, which had been the cause of this change of appearance in the ocean.

12. Whether the ice, which had before surrounded the vessel, being put in motion by the violence of the winds and waves, had crushed the ship to pieces, or whether she had been carried by the current into the main ocean, it was impossible for them to determine.

13. However, they saw the ship no more; and as thewas never afterwards heard of, it is most likely that the went to the bottom with every soul og board. This dreads.

fat

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ful event deprived the poor'unhappy wretches of all hopes of ever again seeing their native country.

14. They returned to their hut, and there bewailed their deplorable lot, more perlaps to be pitied than those who were buried in the bofom of the deep. Their thoughts were, in courfe, first directed to procure fubfiftence, and to Tepair their hut.

15. Their twelve charges of powder and shot foon produced thein as many rein deer, of which there fortunately happened to be many on the iDand. They then for about repairing their hut, and filled up all the crevices, through which the air found its way, with the moss that grew

there in plenty

16. As it was imposible to live in that climate without fire, and as no wood grew upon the island, they were much alarmed on that account. However, in their wan. derings over the beach, they met with plenty of wood, which had been driven on shore by the waves.

17. This principally coatised of the wrecks of ships ; but sometimes whole trees with their roots came on fhore, the undoubted produce of some more hospitable clime, which were walked from their native foil by the overfiowings of rivers, or some other accident.

18. As soon as their powder and shot were exhausted, they began to be in dread of perishing with hunger ; but good fortune, and their owar ingenuity, to which necesity always gives a spur, removed the e dreadful apprehenfions. In the course of their traversing the beach, they one day discovered some boards, in which were large hooks and Dails in abundance..

19. By the aflistance of these, they made fpears and arrows; and, from a yew tree, which had been thrown on More by the waves, they formed plenty of bows. With these weapons, during the time of their continuance on the iland, they killed upwards of two hundred and fifty rein deer, beside a great number of blue and white foxes.

The Hell of these animals served them for food, and their skins were equally useful in supplying them with warm cloathing. The number of white bears they killed were only ten; for these animals being very strong, defended themselves with great vigor and fury, and even venture!

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to make their appearance frequently at the door of their hut, from whence they were driven with some difficulty and danger.

21. Thus these three different forts of animals were the only food of these miserable mariners, daring their long. and dreary abode on this inlandi.

22. The intenseriess of the cold, and thie want of prop er conveniencies; rendered it impollible for them to cook their victuals properly, fo that they were obliged to eat their provifions almost raw, and withcat bread' or falt.

23. There was but one stove in the fut, and that being in the Ruflian manner; was not proper for boiling.. How ever, to remedy this inconvenience as mach as possible, they dried fome of their provisions, during the faminer, in the open air, and then hang them up in the upper part of the hut, which being continually filled with smoke, they: thus became thoroughly dried:

This they used? instead of bread, which made them relin their half boiled meat the better. They procured their water in fummer: from the rivulets that fell from the rocks"; and in the winter, from snow and lice: thawed. This was their only drink; and their small ket: tle was the only, convenience they had to make use of for this and many other purpofess.

25. As it was neceffary to keep up a continual fire; they were particularly cautious not to let the light be ex: tinguished; for though they had both steel and fintas yet they had no çinder ; and it would have been a terrible thing to be without light in a climate where darkness reigasfo many mouths during the winter:

26. They therefore fashioned'a kind of lamp, which they filled with rein deer fit, and stuck into it some twisted : linen, shaped in the form of a wick. After many trials, they at laft bronight their lamp to complete perfection, and kept it burning, without intermission, from the day they firit made it, till they embarked for their native country.

27. They also found themselves in want of thoes, boots, and other necessary articles of dress, for all which they found wonderful resources in that genius to which Decemcy gives birth

28. Having

28. Having lived more than six years upon this dreary and inhospitable island, a ship happened to arrive there, which took three of them on board, and carried them back to their native country. The fourth man was seized with the scurvy, and being naturally indolent, and not using proper exercise," he died, after lingering for some time, when his companions buried him in the snow.

SPEECH OF CANULEIUS, A ROMAN Tri

BUNE, TO THE CONSULS, IN BEHALF OF THE
PLEBEIANS.

2.

WHAT an infult upon us is this ! If we are not so rich as the patricians, are we not citizens of Rome as well as they ? inhabitants of the fame country? members of the fame community? The nations bordering upon Rome, and even strangers more remote, are admitted not only to marriages with us, but to what is of much greater importance, the freedom of the city.

Are we, because we are commoners, to be worse treated than ftrangers? And, when we demand that the people may be free to bestow their offices and dignities on svhóm they please, do we ask any thing unreasonable or Dew?

Do we claim more than their original inherent right 1 What occasion, then, for all this uproar, as if the universe were falling to ruin? They were just going to lay violent hands upon me in the senate house.

3. What ! must this empire, then, be unavoidably overturned ? Must Rome of necessity sink at once, if a plebeian, worthy of the office, should be raised to the confulfhip? The patricians, I am perfuaded, if they could, would deprive you of the common light. It certainly offends them that you breathe, that you speak, that you have the shapes of men.

4. Nay, but to make a commoner a consul, would be, say they, a moft enormous thing. Numa Pompilius, however, without being so much as a Roman citizen, was made king of Rome. The elder Tarquin, by birth not even Ital. san, was deverthelefs placed upon the thronę. Servius Tul

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