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lius, the son of a captive woman, (nobody knows who his father was) obtained the kingdon) as the reward of his wisdom and virtue.

5. "In those days, no man in whom virtue shone con{picuous was rejected or despised on account of his face and descent. And did the state profper the less for that ? were not these strangers the very best of all our kings? And fupposing now, that a plebeian hould have their talents and merit, must not he be suffered to govern us?

6. But, we find that, upon the abolition of the regal power, no commoner was chosen to the consulate. And what of that? Before Numa's time, there were no pontiffs in Rome. Before Servius Tullius' days, there was no cenfus; no division of the people into claffes and centuries. Who ever heard of consuls before the expulsion of Tarquin the proud ? Dictators, we all know, are of modern inven. tion; and so are the offices of tribunes, ædilles, quæstors.

Within these ten years we have made decemvirs, and we have unmade them. Is nothing to be done but what has been done before? That very law forbidding marriage's of patricians with plebeians, is not that a new thing? Was there

any such law before the decemvirs enacted its! and a most shameful one it is in a free state. Such marriages, it feems, would taint the pure blood of the nobility.

8. They talk to us of the confusion there will be in families, if this statute 'Should be repealed. I wonder they do not make a law against a commoner's living near a nobleman, or going the same road that he is going, or being present at the fame feast, or appearing in the fame marketplace. They might as well pretend that these things make confusion in families, as that intermarriages will do it.

9. Does not every one know, that the children will be ranked according to the quality of their father, let him be a patrician or a plebeian? In short, it is manifest enough that. we have nothing in view but to be treated as men and citi. zens; nor can they who oppose our demand have any mo. tive to do it but the love of domineering.

Hear me, consuls. Whether the news of the war you talk of be true, or wbether it be only a falfe rumor Spread abroad for nothing but a color to send the people out of the city. I declare, as tribune, that this people, who

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have already so often spilt their blood in our country's cause, are again ready to arm for its defence and its glory, if they may be restored to their natural rights, and you will no longer treat us like strangers in our own country. 11. But, if you account us unworthy of your

alliance ibyintermarriages, if you will not suffer the entrance to the chief offices in the state to be open to all persons of merit indifferently, but will confine your choice of magistrates to the fenate alone; talk of wars as much as you please paint, in your ordinary discourses, the league and power of our enemies, ten times more dreadful than you do now; I declare, that this people whom you so much despife, and to whom you are nevertheless indebted for all your victories, Thall never more enlist themselves; not a man of them shall take arms ; not a man of them shall expose his life for inperious lords, wiih whom he can neither share the dignicies of the State, nor in private life have any alliance by marriage.

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DESCRIPTION OF THE FALLS OF NIAGARA.

The AHONG the many natural curiofities which this country affords, the cataract of Niagara is infinitely the greatest. . In order to have a tolerable idea of this stupendous fall of water, it will be necessary to conceive that

country in which Lake Erie is situated, to be elevated above that which contains Lake Ontario, about three hundred feet.

2.. The Rope which feparates the upper and lower country is generally very feep, and in many places almott perpendicular. It is formed by horizontal strata of stone, great part of which is what we commonly call lime-stone. The slope may be traced from the north side of Lake Ontario, near the bay of Taronto, round the west end of the lake ; thence its direction is generally cast, between Lake Ontario and Lake Erie ; it crosses the strait of Niagara, and the Chenefeco river ; after which it becomes lost in the country towards the Seneca Lake.

3. It is to this slope that our country is indebted, both for the cataract of Niagara, and the great falls of the Chenvícco. The catarali of Niagara was formerly down at the northern side of the Nope, near to that place which is now known by the name of the Landing ; but from the great length of time, added to the great quantity of water, and diltance which it falls, the folid stone is worn away, for about seven miles, up towards Lake Erie, an a chasm is formed which no per lon can approach without horrc:.

4. Down this chasm the water rushes with a most astonthing velocity, after it makes the great pitch. Io going up the road near this charm, the fancy is constantly engaged in the contemplation of the most romantic and awful prof. pects imaginable, until, at length, the eye catches the falls; che imagination is inttantly arrested, and you admire in fifence ! the river is about one hundred and thirty-five poles wide, at the falls, and the perpendicular pitch one hundred and fifty feet.

5. The fall of this vast body of water produces a sound, which is frequently heard at the distance of twenty miles, and a sensible tremulous motion in the earth for some poles round. A heavy fog, or cloud, is constantly afcending from the falls, in which rainbuws may always be seen, when the fun shines.

6. This fog, or spray, in the inter season, falls upon the neighboring trees, where it congeals, and produces a most beautiful crystalline appearance.

This remark is equally applicable to the falls of the Chenefeco.

7. The difficulty which would attend levelling the rapids in the chalın, prevented my attempting it ; but I coajectuie the water muit descend at least fixiy-bve feet. The perpendicular pitch at the cataract is one hundred and fifty feet ; to these add fifty-eight feet, woich the water falls in the last half mile, immediately above the falls, and we have two hundred and seventy-three fet, which the water falls in a distance of about seven miles and a halt.

8. If either ducks, or gecíz, inacivertentiy alebt in the rapids, above the great cataract, they are incapable of getting on the wing again, and are instantiy hurriei on to de. Struction. There is one appearance at this cataract, wor. thy of some attention, and which I do not remember to

se feen noted by any writer.

9. Just below the grcat pitch, the water and foamı may be seen puffed up in spherical figures, nearly as large as common cocks of hay ; they burst at the top, and project a column of spray to a prodigious height ; they then subfide and are succeeded by others, which burst in like manner.

This appearance is most confpicuous about half way between the island that divides the fulls, and the west side of the strait, where the largest column of water descends.

BENEVOLENT AFFECTIONS.

2.

BENEVOLENCE, from its nature, composes the mind, warms the heart, enlivens the whole frame, and brightens every feature of the countenance.

It may justly be faid to be medicinal both to foul and body. We are bound to it by duty; we are invited to it by interest ; and because both thefe cords are often feeble, we have natural kind affections to aid them in their operations, and supply their defects ; and these affections are joined with a rianly pleafure in their exertion.

They are amiable even in brute animals. We love the meeknefs of the lamb, the gentlenefs of the dove, the affection of a dog to his master. We cannot, without pleasure, cbserve the timid ewe, who never showed the least degre: of

courage in her own defence, become valiant and intrepid in defence of her lamb. and boldly assault those enemies, the very fight of whom was wont to put her to flight.

3. How pleasant is it to see the family economy of a pair of little birds, in rearing their tender offspring; the conjugal affection and fidelity of the parents ; their cheerful toil and industry in providing food for their family ; their fagacity in concealing their habitation ; the arts they use, often at the peril of their own lives, to decoy hawks and other enemies from their dwelling place ; and the affiction they feel when some unlucky boy has robbed them of the dear pledges of their affection, and frustrated all their hopes of their rising family ? 4.

If kind affection be amiable in brutes, it is not less fo in our cwn species. Even the external signs of it have

a powerful

a powerful charm. Every one knows that a person of accomplished good breeding, charnis. every one he converses with. And what is this good breeding? If we ana lize it, we shall find it to be made up of looks, geftares and fpecches, which are the natural signs of benevolence and. good affection.

5. He who has the habit of using these signs with propriety, and without mea

eanness, is well bred and polite.. What is that in the features of the face, which all men admire ? I believe it consiits chiefly in the features which indi.. Cate good affections.

6. Every indication of meckness, gentleness, and benig.. vity, is a beauty. On the contrary, every feature that indi. cates pride, parlion, envy, and malignity, is a deformity.. Kind affections, therefore, are amiable in brutes. Even the signs and hadows of theni are highly acts active in our: own fpecies.

7. Indeed they are the joy and the comfort of human life, not to good men only, but even to the vicious and distolute. Without fociety, and the intercourse of affection, man is a gloomy, melancholy, and joyless being.

8. His mind oppreffed with cares and fears, he cannot: enjoy the balm of found fleep In constant dread of impending danger, he starts, at che rating of a leaf. His: ears are continually upon the stretch, and every zephyr brings fome found that alarms him.

9. When he enters into fociety, and feels fecurity in the good affection of friends and neighbors, it is then only that his fear vanihes, and his mind is at case. His courage 15 raised, bis understanding is enlightened, and his heart dira lates with joy.

Hunan fociety may be compared to a heap of embers, which, when placed alunder, can retain neither their light nor hezi, amidit the surrounding elements ; but when brought together, they mutually give heat and light to each other; the frame breaks forth, and not only defends itself, but subdues every thing around it.

11. The security, the happiness, and the ftrength of human fociety, spring solely from the reciprocal benevolent affections of its members. The benevolent atfections, though they be all honorable and lovely, are not all equally so..

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