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applications to foreign powers, his imprisonment should be perpetual

At the same time they gave permission, that the Doge and his lady might visit their unfortunate son.

13. The Doge was, at this time, very old; he had been in poffeffion of the office above thirty years. Those wretched parents had an interview with their son in one of the apartments of the palace; they embraced him with all the tenderness which his misfortunes and his filial af. fection deserved.

14. The father exhorted him to bear his hard 'fate with firmness. The son protested, in the most moving terms, that this was not in his power; that however others could support the dismal loneliness of a prison, he could not ; that his heart was formed for friendship, and the reciprocal endearments of focial life ; without which, his foul supk into dejection worse than death, from which alone he should look for relief, if he should again be confined to the horrors of a prison ; and, melting into tears, he sunk at his 'father's feet, imploririg him to take compassion on a fon who had ever loved him with the most dutiful affection, and who was perfectly innocent of the crime of which he was accused,

15. He conjured him by every bond of nature and religion, by the bowels of a father and the mercy of a Redeemer, to ufe his influence with the Council to mitigate their fentence, that he might be saved from the most citel of all deaths, that of expiring under the flow tortures of a broken heart, in a horrible banishment from every creature he loved. My son,” replied the Doge, “ submit to the laws of your country, and do not ask of me what is not in my power to obtain."

16. Having made this effort, he retired to another apartment; and, unable to support any longer the acuteness of his feelings, funk into a state of insensibility, in which condition he remained till some time after his fon had failed on his return to Candia.

17. Nobody has presumed to describe the anguish of the wretched mother. Those who are endowed with the moft exquisite fenfibility, and who have experienced airtresses in fome degree similar, will have the juftest idea of

hat it was.




18. The accumulated misery of those unhappy parents, touched the hearts of some of the most powerful Senators, who applied with so much. energy for a complete pardon for young Foscari, that they were on the point of obtaining, it; when a vessel arrived from Candia, with tidings, that the miserable youth had expired in prison a short time after his return.

19. Some years after this, Nicholas Erizzo, a noble : Venetian, being on his death bed, confessed that, bearing a violent resentment against the Senator Donato, he had committed the affassination for which the unhappy family of Foscari had suffered so much.

At this time the forrows of tlio Doge were ai an end; he had existed only a few months after the death of his fon. His life had been prolonged, till he beheld his fon persecuted to death for an infanious crime ; but not till he should see this foul stain washed from his family, and the innocence of his beloved son made manifest to the world.

ways of Heaven never appeared more dark n in the incidents and catastrophe of this

To reconcile the permission of such events, to our ident fite power and goodness, however difficult, is

empt in the human mind, and has exeroiled the in of philosophers in all ages ; while, in the bye of Chr those seeming perplexities afford an addi

there will be a future state in which the to man will be fully justified."





Cicero's ORATION


I ASK now, Verres, what you have to advance against this charge? Will you pretend to deny it? Will you pretend that any thing falfe, that even any thing aggravated is alleged against you?

2. Had any prince, or any state, committed the same outrage against the privilege of Roman citizens, should we


not think we had sufficient reason for declaring immediate war againit them

3. What punishment, then, ought to be inflicted upon a tyrannical and wicked prætor, who dared, at no greater distance than Sicily, within fight of the Italian coast, to put to the infamous death of crucifixion that unfortunate and innocent citizen, Publius Gavius Cofanus, only for his hav. ing affected his privilege of citizenship, and declared his intention of appealing to the justice of his country against a . cruel oppreffor, who had unjustly confined him in prison at Syracuse, wherce he had just made his escape ?

4. The unhappy man, arrested as he was going to en. baik for his native country, is brought before the wicked prætor. With eyes darting fury, and a countenance plistorted with cruelty, he orders the helpless victim of his rage to be stripped, and rods to be brought ; accusing 'him, bat without the least shadow of evidence, or even of fuf. picion, of lraving come to Sicily as a spy.

5. It was in vain that the unhappy man cried out, " I am a Roman citizen ; I have served under Licus Pretius, who is now at Panormus, and will atteft my innocence The blood-thirsty prætor, deaf to all he could urge in his own defence, ordered the infamous punilhment to be inflicted.

6. Thus, fathers, was an innocerit Roman citizen pulsa lickly mangled with scourging ; whilst the only words he uttered amidst his cruel sufferings were, Inm a kanan citizen !" With these he hoped to defend himself from violence and infamy. But of fo little service was this privilege to him, that while he was asserting his citizenship, the order was given for his execution ; for his execution upon the cross

O Lilerty! O found, once delightful to every Ro. man ear!

cred privilege of Roman citizenship ! once Sacred ! now trampled upon ! But what then? Is it come to this? Shail an inferior magistrate, a governor, who holds 1215 power of the Roman people, in a Roman province, within tight of Italy, bind, scourge, torture with fire and red-hot plates of iron, and at last put to the infamous death of the ciofs, a Roman citizen ?

8. Shall


8. Shall neither the cries of innocence expiring in ag. ony, nor the tears of pitying spectators, nor the majesty of the Roman commonwealth, nor the fear of the justice of his country, restrain the licentious and wanton cruelty of a monster, who, in confidence of his own riches, strikes at. the root of liberty, and sets mankind, at defiance ?

9. I conclude with expressing my hopes, that your wis. dom and justice, fathers, will not, by suffering the atrocious and unexampled insolence of Caius Verres to escape the. due punishment, leave room to apprehend the danger of a total subversion of authority, and introduction of general an-archy and confusion..




Tutor Why that four look and those short fpeeches, which you gave your companion, my young friend ? Nothing gives me more uneasiness than to see perfons in ill humor, and disposed to tornent each other. In the flower of their age, and in the very season of pleasure especially, why will they waste the few days of funihine in disputišg and repining; and only feel their error, when it is too late to repair it ? Ill humor embitters every enjoyment, and turns a paradise into a place of misery.

Pupil. How.can we poffibly appear always happy, when we have fo few happy days? There is ever some thorn annexed to the sweetest rose. A bitter disappointment ; an unsatisfied desire ; an unexpected evil is ever present to irritate and ruffle the mind, and destroy, its peace..

Tutor. Let us preserve our minds in a disposition to en-jay the good things Heaven sends us, and we shall be able to support the evil, when it comes, with resignation and composure..

Pupil. But we cannot always command our tenpers; much depends on the constitution ; and when the body is in pain, the mind cannot be at ease..

Tutor. Allow it to be a natural disease of the mind, to be discomposed by untuward events ; but is there no · T2



remedy for it? May not much be done by prudence and resolution towards curing it ? Ill humor may be compared to soth,

leis natural to med to be indolent ; but if once they get the better of indolence, they exert themselves with alacrity, and action becomes a real pleasure.

Pupil. But we are not masters of ourselves; our feel. ings overpower our reason, and even make us neglect our interest. You may as well advise milk not to turn four by being exposed to the sun, or the sensitive plant not to shrink from the touch, as the mind of man to be unruffed by cross accidents, and his appearance to be calm and cheerful, when he fuffers insults, injuries or pain.

Tutor. Say not what our strength will effect till we' have tried it. Do not the tick consult physicians, submit to scrupulous regimen, and the most nauseous medicines, to recover their health? Why neglect the more pernicious disorders of the mind ? Why not use more diligence and care to cure them? What quality is more desirable than good humor? It adds charms to virtue, and even lessens the hatefulness of vice. It is essential to social happiness: ünd when we choose a companion, whether for an hour or a year, for the journey of a day, or the journey of life this is a principal requisite. Pupil

. I ackoowledge its excellency It is valuable in brute animals ; it pleases even in a domestie cat or dog : and good temper is one of the best qualities in a horse, which no beauty of shape, color, or eyes can supply. Hoe much more amiable is it in a fellow-being But what methods can you prescribe for obtaining and preserving it? Perhaps I may become a proficient if not an adept in this art.

Tutor. Cultivate benevolent dispositions. Accustom yourself to turn your mind from deformed and painful objects to scenes of moral and natural beauty. Think how unreasonable and cruel is ill humor. Is it not enough that we are without the power to make another happy, but muft we deprive him of the satisfaction, which, if left to himfelf, he is frequently capable of enjoying? It is often niean and contemptible. When a man is in ill humor, why does he not hide it, and bear the burden of it himself, without interrupting the pleasure of others ? Because he is con


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