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scious of wanting worth, is full of that envious difcontent which foolish vanity produces, and dislikes to see people happy unless their happiness is his own work.

Pupil. Despicable meanness indeed! What punishment does he not deserve, who, from such motives, uses his power over a human heart to rob it of that real pleasure, which it would naturally enjoy! Tutor, Often by such a cruel tyranny, the

peace fender and delicate mind is so deeply wounded, that every favor, and every poslible attention afterwards, cavnot heal it; domestic sweets are embittered ; and moral misconduct ensues.

Pupil. Henceforth then I will each day inquire what good I can render, and what evil avert from my friends ? If, when their minds are tormented by violent passion, or overwhelmed in deep distress, I cannot give them relief, I can at least endeavor not to interrupt them in their pleafures ; and if I cannot augment my own happiness, i may avoid diminishing theirs.

TO A nosle resolution ! worthy an ingenuous heart ! As every indulgence of passion makes a second indulgence more natural, for every victory over it makes a second conqueft more easy. By the habitual exercise of the gentle and tender affections, you will fecure to yourselves pure. and permanent pleasure ; you will spread joy and cheerful. ness all around you; and be fitted for the perfect enjoyments of that world, where meekness, humanity, and be. nevolence fhall have an unceasing reign.


To you, who are parents, nature itself hath given a tender concern for your children's welfare, as your own; and reminds you justly, that, as you have brought them into the dangers of life, your business is to provide that they get well through them.

2. Now, the only provision commonly attended to, of wealth and honors, can never produce happiness, unlels the mind, on which all depends, be taught to enjoy them pro la

erly. Fortune, without this, will but lead them to more abandoned sallies of extravagance, and expose them to more public cenfure,

3. Education then is the great care with which you: are entrusted ; scarcely more for their fakes than your own.. You may be negligent of your son's instruction, but it is on, you as well as himself, that his ignorance and contemptibleness will bring both reproach and inconvenience. You may be regardless of his morals ;: but you may be the pere son who will at last-most severely feel the want of them..

4. You may be indifferent about his religion ;. but re. member, dutifulness to you is one great principle of reli-. gion, and all the rest promote such habits as you may bitterly repent (when it is too late) your omislion to cultivate in him; and you may live and die miserable on his account,, whom timely care would have made your joy and comfort..

5. Therefore, in a case of such moment, let do false shame nor favorite passion prevail over you, but “ Give. your hearts wholly to the Lord who made you.” Lay the foundation of your lives here, on the firm ground of Chris. tian faith; and build upon it whatever is just and good worthy and noble, till the structure be complete in moral beauty.

6. The world, into which your children are entering, lies in wait for them with variety of temptations. Unfavorable sentiments of religion will foon be suggested to them, and all the soares of luxury, false honor and interest spread in their way,, which, with most of their rank, are. too fuccessful, and to many, fatal.

7. Happy the few, who in any part of life become sen- . fible of their errors, and with painful resolution tread back. the wrong steps which they have taken !

8. But happiest of men is he, who by an even course of right conduct, from the first, as far as human frailty per-mits, hath at once avoided the miseries of fin, the sorrows of repentance, and the difficulties of virtue ;: who not only can think of his present state with composure, but reflect on his past behavior with thankful approbation ; : and look forward with unmixed joy to that important future hour, when he shall appear before God, and humbly offer to. intem a whole life spent in his service.







AM truly sensible of the important trust reposed in me, and cannot but feel a solicitude to discharge it with propriety. I will ::ot say that the pecuniary emolument arising from it is by any means indifferent to nie. No man would sacrifice his case, and enter into an anxious employment, without a desire of those rewards which are al. lotted to industry.

And it is equitable that he, who is willing to step forward and render himself extensively ufeful to others, should derive such advantages from his exertions, as may render his old age easy and respected, or provide for the wants of a rising family. 3.

But I'must declare, on the other hand, that the fat. isfaction

arising from a consciousness of performing the duty incumbent on me, and rendering a service equivalent to. the recompense, weetens every labor, and gives additional value to the pecuniary compensation.

You are placed here for two purposes ; the improvement of the undertanding, and the formation of virtuous principles for the guidance of your moral conduct. Improvement of the understanding is apparently the first object in your entrance at school; but it cannot be doubted but that improvement of the heart is really esteemed by those to whom you are most dear, at a higher price than the finest accomplishment of the moft cultivated intellect.

5. It is your business to unite these estimable objects, and to suffer your hearts and understandings to vie with each other in the pursuit of excellence. The principal purpose of my frequent addresses is to promote the knowledge and the practice of the Christian religion ; and in the performance of this purpose, I fall of neceflity be led to recominend the purest system of morality. · Ethics, improved and exalted by the Christian religion, become the guides to real wisdom and solid happiness, to which they could nev. er attain when taught only in the schools of heathen philofophy,


6. In the religious part of your education, it is not ex pected that you should be engaged in the profound disquisi. tions of theology. The plain doctrines of the religion which you have been taught to profess must be explained to you;. but the principal business is to open your hearts for the reception of those sentiments and precepts, which conduce to: the direction of your actions in the employment and engagements of your subsequent life 7. In the first place, I must then remind


of the new cessity of reading the Scriptures; that is, of drinking the facred waters at the fountain. But to read the Scriptures to advantage, judgment is neceffary ; and as judgment at. your age is not mature, you must seek, and- follow the di. rections of

your instructors. 8. At your age, the plainest and most perspicuous par {ages will best dacrve and reward your attention. The historical parts of the Old Testament will entertain you, if you conder them only in a classical view, as valuable pafsages of ancient history ; but I chỉeily refer you to the books which more immediately conduce to moral instruc-tion.

9. If you read the Old Testament with a taste for its beauties, you will accomplish two importan: purposes at the fame time. You will acquire a knowledge of the Holy Bible, which is your duty; and you will improve your taste and judgment, which is your bufacfs as students in the course of a polite education.

10. The New Testament requires the peculiar att ption: of every one who profeffes himself a Chriftianut here also judgment is necessary to direct the studerit in the modeof his study. Tó one who has not the requisite share of introductory knowledge, the Gospel will appear to contain many difficulties.

As you cannot yet engage in theological studies, I! must recommend it to you to take up the Testament with that humility which becomes all human creatures, but more particularly persons so young as you are, and so def. titute of all that knowledge which can enable you to forma a decisive opinion in divinity.

You will do right to pay particular attention to the fermon on the mount, and to that admirable epitome of all



I 2.

moral philosophy, the rule of doing to others as we wish them to do to us. If you pay due obedience to this pre. cept, you will never hesitate in determining what part you Thall act whenever difficulties occur. 13. It will however be



should at an early age familiarize to your mind the language of the Scriptures, in all their parts, though you should not be able fully to comprehend them. You will thus treasure up many useful passages in your memory, which, on many occafions in the course of your lives, may be useful.

14. A very early acquaintance with the words of the Old and New Testament, even before any adequate ideas of their meaning have been obtained, has been found useful c'in subsequent life to the professed divine.

15. And here I cannot but animadvert on the prevalent neglect of the Holy Scriptures; a neglect which too plainly indicates a faint belief in the doctrines which they contain, and which ought to animate every parent and instructor in the businels of infusing religious sentiments and a rev. erence for cher Scriptures, while the mind is most susceptible of deep impresions

16. You, who constitute a part of the rising generation, will exert yourselves in removing an evil which menaces the ruin of the national morals and prosperity. They, indeed, who are capable of a fentiment fo enlarged as this, exhibit a manliness of mind, which is the more honorable to them as it is uncommon at their age.

17. In the religious part of your education, it would be a disgraceful omission to neglect the catechifm. I recommend it to you as a 'useful, though t.umble guide, and wish to warn you against that pride of heart which induc fome persons to fight it, and from that spirit of censorio ness, which causes in others a dislike of all that contradici their own particular persuasion.

Make it a rule, never to be violated, to pray ni and morning It is indeed truc that in this, and schools, it is usual to begin and end the exercises day with prayer ; but I am lorry to fay, that considered as a mere formality. Yo: 0 to this duty, and you will allurer ng down on your pillow, and



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