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sublimeft and the sweetest pleasure; and piety leads to that peace, which the world, and all it possesses, cannot bestow.
35. Let others enjoy the pride and pleasure of being called philosophers, deists, sceptics; be mine the real, unoftentatious qualities of the honest, humble, and charitable Chrif. tian. When the gaudy glories of fashion and vain philofophy shall have withered like a short-lived flower, fincere piety and moral honefty fall flourilh as the cedar of Lebanon
36. But I repress my triumphs. After all my improve. ments, and all my pantings for perfection, I shall dill be greatly defective. Therefore, to whatever degree of excellence I advance, let me never forget to show to others that indulgence which my infirmities, my errors, and my voluntary misconduct, will require both from them, and from mine and their Almighty and most merciful Father.
THE CHILD TRAINED UP FOR THE GAL
any father so unnatural as to wifh to have his son hanged, let him bring him up in idleness, and without putting him to any trade. Let him particularly inure him to spend the Lord's day in play and diversion, instead of attending on public worship; and instead of instructa ing him, on that day, in the principles of the Christian religion, let him rob a neighboring hen-rooft, while the proprietor of it is gone to divine service.
2. Astonishing it is to see so many of our young people growing up without being apprenticed to any business for procuring their future livelihood ! The Jews had a proverb, 66 That whoever was not bred to a trade, was bred for the gallows." Every mussulman is commanded by the Koran to learn some handicraft or other; and to this precept, even the family of the grand Signior fo far conform, as to learn as much about the mechanism of a watch, as to be able to take it in pieces, and to put it together again.
3. Are Christians the only people in the rld, who ace to live in idleness, when one of the injunctions of the
decalogue is, to labor fix days in the week ? and an inspired apostle has commanded us to work, under the express penalty of not eating in default of it? “ This we commanded you," says he, “ that if any would not work, neither Thould he eat." “ Train up a child," says king Solomon, “ in the way he should go ; and when he is old, he will not depart from it.”
4. But if you intend him for the gallows, train him up. in the
way he would go ; and before he is old he will probably be hanged. In the age of vanity, restrain him not from the follies and allurements of it. In the age proper for learning and instructions, give him neither. As to catechifing him, it is an old fashioned, puritanical, useless formality. Never heed it, left his mind be unhappily biassed by the influence of a religious education,
5. Mofes indeed, after saying to the children of Israel, - Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy foul, and with all thy might,” thought proper to fubjoin, “ and those words which I command thee this day, thou shalt teach them diligently unto thy children." But we know that Mofes did not intend those children to be trained up for the gallows. His advice therefore is not to the purpose.
6. Mine, which is immediately directed to the object in view, must consequently be very different. And paramount to affy other direction which I can poslibly give, I would particularly advise, as an essential part of the course of this education, by which a child, when he arrives to manhood, is intended to make so exalted a figure, that his parents should suffer him every fabbath day, during summer and autumn, to patrol about the neighborhood, and to steal as much fruit as he can carry off.
7. To eneourage him more in this branch of his educa. tion, in case the poor scrupulous lad should show any compunctions of conscience about it, I would have his mother partake of the stolen fruit ; and eat it with keener appetite than she does any of her own, or her husband's lawfully acquired earnings. For his further encouragement, both his parents should always take his part, whenever the proprietor of the stolen fruit prefers to them his complaint against him; and by all means refuse to chastise him for his thievery.
8. They should say, “Where is the barm of taking a little fruit ? The gentleman does not want it all for his ow: use. He doubtless raised part of it for poor people.” This will greatly snooth his way to more extensive, and more profitable robberies.
9. He will soon persuade himself, that many rich men bave more wealth than they really want; and as they owe part of their affluence to the poor, upon the principle of char. ity, why should not the poor take their share without the formality of asking consent? He will now become a thief in good earnest ; and finding it easier, at least as he imagines, to support himself by theft than by honeft industry, he will continue the practice until he is detected, apprehended, convicted, condemned, and gibbeted,
Then he will have exactly accomplished the destined end of his education, and proved himself to have been an apt fcholar. Under the gallows, and in his last dying speech, he will say, “ Had my father whipped me for breaking the fabbath ; and had not my mother encouraged me to rob orchards, and garders, and hen-roosts on that holy day, I should not have been brought to this ignominious punishment.
“ But they have been the cause, by encouraging me in my early youth in the ways of fin, of this
my awful catastrophe, and probably, of the eternal ruin of my immor. ual foul.” Parents, believe and tremble ! and resolve to educate your children in opposition to the gallows.
CHARACTER OF FIDELIA.
BEFORE I enter upon the particular parts of Fidelia's character, it is necessary to preface that the is the only child of a decrepit father, whose life is bound up in hers. This gentleman has used Fidelia from her infan. cy with all the tenderness imaginable; and has viewed lier growing perfections with the partiality of a parent, who soon thought her accomplished above the children of all other nien; but never thought she was come to the highest im. provement of which the herself was capable. с
pangs of a
This fondness has had very pleasing effects upon his own happiness ; for the reads, the dances, the fings, ufes her spinet and guitar to the utmost perfection. And the young lady's use of all these excellencies, is to divert the old man in his easy chair, when he is out of the chronical distemper.
3. Fidelia is now in the twenty-third year of her age ; but the application of many admirers, her quick sense of all that is truly elegant and noble in the enjoyment of a plentiful fortune, are not able to draw her from the side of her good old father. Certain it is, that there is no kind of affection so
pure and angelic, as that of a father to a daughter. 4. Fidelia, on her part, as I was going to say, as accomplished as she is, with all her beauty, wit, air and mien, enploys her whole time in care and attendance upon her father. How have I been charmed to see one of the most beauteous wonien the age has produced, kneeling to help on an old man's Slipper ! Her filial regard to him is what she inakes her diversion, her business, and her glory.
s. When ihe was asked by a friend of her deceased mo. ther, to admit of the courtship of her fon, she answered, that she had a great respect and gratitude to her for the overture in behalf of one so near to her, but that, during her father's life, the, would admit into her heart no value for any thing which should interfere with her endeavours to make his remains of life as happy and easy as could be expected in his circumstances.
6. The happy father has her declaration, that she will not marry during his life, and the pleasure of seeing that resolution not uneasy to her. Were one to paint filial affection in its utmost beauty, he could not have a more lively idea of it than in beholding Fidelia ferring her father at his hours of rising, meals, and ret.
7. When the general crowd of female youth are consulting their glasses, preparing for balls, assemblies, or plays ; for a young lady, who could be regarded among the foremost in those places, either for her perfor, wit, fortune, or conversation, and yet contemn all these entertainments, to sweeten the heavy hours of a decrepit parent, is a refignation truly heroic.
8. Fidelia performs the duty of a nurse with all the beau. ty of a bride ; nor does she neglect her *rson, because of her attendance upon him, when he is too ill to receive com. pany, to whom the may make an appearance.
9. Fidelia, who gives him up her youth, does not think it any great facrifice to add to it the spoiling of her dress. Her care and exactness in her habit convince her father of the alacrity of her mind ; and she has of all wonen the belt foundation for affecting the praise of a feeming negligence.
Those who think themselves the pattern of good breeding, and refinement, would be astonished to hear, that, in those intervals, when the old gentleman is at eafe, and can bear company, there are at his house in the most regular order, affeinblies of people of the highest merit ; where there is conversation without mention of the absent, and the highest subjects of morality treated of as natural and accidental discourfe.
11. All of which is owing to the genius of Fidelia, who at once makes her father's way to another world easy, and herself capable of being an honor to his name in this.
HISTORY OF JERUSALEM.
ACCORDING to Manetbo, an Egyptian historian, Jerusalem was founded by the slepherds who invaded Egypt in an unknown period of antiquity. 'According to Jofephus, it was the capital of Melchifedeck's kingdom, and built in honor of that prince, by twelve neighboring kings.
We know nothing of it with certainty, however, till the time of king David, who took it from the Jebustes, and made it the capital of his kingdom. It was first raken in the days of Jehoath, by Hazael, king of Allyria, who flew all the nobility, but did not destroy their city.
3. It was afterwards taken by. Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon, who destroyed it and carried away the inhabitants.' Serenty years after, permiffion was granted by Cyrus king of Persia to the Jews to rebuild their city, which was done ; and it continued the capital of Judea till the