« PreviousContinue »
time of Vespasian, emperor of Rome, by whose fon Titus it was totally destroyed.
4. It was, however, rebuilt by Adrian, and seemed likely to recover its former grandeur ; but it flourished for a short time only. When the empress Helena, mother of Constantine the great, came to visit it, she found it in a moft forlorn and ruinous situation.
5. Having formed a design of restoring it to its ancient luftre, she cauled, with a great deal of cost and labor, all the rubbish which had been thrown upon those places where our Saviour had fuffered, been buriedy, &c. to be removed.
6. In doing this, they found the cross on which he died, as well as thofe of the two malefactors who suffered with him. She then caufed a ipagoificent church to be built, which inclosed as many scenes of our Saviour's sufferings as could conveniently be done.
7 This church, which stands on mount Calvary, is ftill in good repair, being supported by the donations of pilgrims who are constantly reforting to it. Here is to be feen cur Saviour's sepulchre, hewn out of a solid rock; and the very hcle in the rock in which it is said the foot of the cross was fixed, with many other curiosities.
8. On mount Moriah stood the celebrated temple of Solomon, which was seven years in building, and employed no less than 163,500 men. The height of this building on one lide was at least 960 feet; and the fones employed about the ramparts were, according to Jofephus, 40 cu. hits long, 12 thick, and 8 high, all of polished marble, and fo well joined as to appear like one solid rock.
O. After the destruction of this temple, it is said that the emperor Julian attempted to rebuild it, in order to give the lie to our Saviour's prophecy, ħamely, that it should be . totally destroyed without one stone's being left upon another. In this, however, he was defeated by earthquakes, fery eruptions, &c. which destroyed his materials, and kil. led many
of his workmen. 10. At present, Jerusalem is but a poor, thinly inhabited town, about three miles in circumference, surrounded with mountains on all lides except the north, with steep af. cents and deep vallies.
THE FAITHFUL AMERICAN DOG.
An officer in the late American army, on his ftation at the westward, went out in the morning with his dog and gun, in quest of game. Venturing too far from the garrison, he was fired upon by an Indian, who was lurka ing in the bushes, and instantly fell to the ground:
The Indian running to him, struck him on the head with his tomahawk in order to dispatch him ; but the button of his hat fortunately warding off the edge, he was only stunned by the blow. With favage brutality he applied the scalping knife, and hastened away with this trophy of his horrid cruelty, leaving the officer for dead, and none to relieve or confole him, but his faithful dog.
3.- The afflicted creature gave every expresion of his attachment, fidelity and affection. He licked the wounds with inexpressible tenderness, and mourned the fate of his beloved master. Having performed every office which sympathy dictated, or fagacity could invent, without being able to remove his master from the fatal spot, or procure from him any signs of life, or his wonted expressions of affection, to him, he ran off in quest of help.
4. Bending his course towards the river, where two men were fishing, he urged them by all the powers of native rhetoric to accompany him to the woods. The men were fufpicious of a decoy to an ambuscade, and dared not venture to follow the dog ; who, finding all his caresses fail, returned to the care of his master, and licking his wounds a fecond time, renewed all his tendernesses; but with no better fuccess than before.
5. Again be returned to the men ; once more to try his fisill in alluring them to his asistance. In this attempt he was more successful than in the other. The men, seeing his folicitude, began to think the dog might have discovered some valuable game, and determined to hazard the consequences of following him.
6. Transported with his fuccess, the affectionate creature hurried them aloog by every expression of ardor. Prefcatly they arrive at the spot, where behold-an officer
wounded, scalped, weltering in his own gore, and faint with the loss of blood.
7. Suffice it to fay, he was yet alive. They carried him to the fort, where the firft dreflings were performed. A suppuration immediately took place, and he was soon conveyed to the hospital at Albany, where in a few weeks, he entirely recovered, and was able to return to his duty.
8. This worthy officer owed his life, probably, to the fidelity of this sagacious dog. His tongue, which the gentleman afterwards declared gave him the most exquisite pleasure, clarified the wound in the most effectual manner, and his perseverance brought that affistance, without which he mult soon have perished. 9
“My dog, the trustiest of his kind,
FILIAL DUTY AND AFFECTION.
THE Stork is generally esteemed an blem of filial love ; insomuch that it has ever acquired the name of pious, from the just regard it is said to pay to acts of filial piety and duty.
2. Storks live to a very advanced age; the consequence of which is, that their limbs grow feeble, their feathers fall off, and they are no ways capable of providing for their own food or fafety. Being birds of passage, they are under another inconvenience also, which is, that they are not able to remove themselves from one country to another at the usual season,
3. In all these circumstances, it is reported, that their young ones aflilt them, covering them with their wings, and nourishing them with the warmth of their bodies ; even bringing them provisions in their beaks, and carrying them from place to place on their backs, or supporting them with their wings.
4. In this manner they return, as much as lies in their power, the care which was bestowed on them when they
were young ones in the nest. A striking example of filial piety inspired by instinct ; from which reafon itself needs not be alhamed to take example. 5.
“ Honor thy father and thy mother, that thy days may be long in the land which the Lord thy God giveth thee,” was an express commandment, and the only one to which a promise was annexed. Among the Israelites, the slightest offence against a parent was punished in the most exemplary manner.
6. Certainly nothing can be more juft or reafonable, than that we should love, honor, and succor those who are the very authors of our being, and to whose tender care (under Heaven) we owe the continuance of it, during the helpless ftate of our infarcy.
7. Love, charity, and an intercourse of good offices, are what we undoubtedly owe to all mankind ; and he who omits them is guilty of such a crime as generally carries its punishment with it.
8. But to our parents, more, much more than all this, is due ; and, when we are serving them, we ought to reflect, that whatever difficulties we go through for their fakes, we cannot do more for them than they have done for us; and that there is no danger of our over-payiog the vast debt of gratitude they have laid us under.
9. Io fine, we should consider that it is a duty most peculiarly insisted on by Heaven itself; and, if we obey the command, there is no doubt but we shall also receive the reward annexed to it.
THE Bee is a noble pattern of industry and prudence. She settles upon every plant and flower, and makes the most infignificant, nay, even the most hurtful of them, useful to her purpose. Thus she toils all the fummer, while the days are fair, in order to get a stock, which she lays by to serve for winter, when the herbs and flowers are dead, the trees deprived of their leaves, and the weather unfavorable.
2. Then the Bees retire to their hive, which is formed like a little state, and governed by a queen, who dispevses justice to her subjects. It is said they bury their dead, punish criminals, and drive the drones from their hive. They keep a regular order, whether in war or peace; and, as soon as their queen dies, appoint another to succeed her, and rule their little state, which may serve as a pattern for a well ordered community,
3. The Bee is one of the aptest eniblems of industry, and the art of extracting good out of evil, that can be found in nature. It is endued with an instin&i, which justly excites our admiration ; and its perseverance is an admirable example for the wisest of us to follow.
4. As the Bee, in the summer, provides for itself that which may ferve for its support in winter,
so should we, in the summer of our days, take care to lay in a store of prof., itable virtues and good qualities, which may render us juftly admired in age, and enable us to set a good example to posterity.
5. Like that industrious infect, likewise, we should learn to make every occurrence of life serviceable to us; for nothing is so small or minute but it may be made of use; nothing fo bad in nature, but we may draw from it some profit or instruction. And thrus, by choosing the good, and avoiding the evil, we may purchase to ourselves peace here, and the hopes of a brighter reward hereafter. "
ON THE STARRY HEAVENS.
WHEN we farvey the whole earth at once, and the several planets which lie within its neighborhood, we are filled with a pleasing aftonishments to see so many worlds hanging one above another, and sliding round their axles in fuck an amazing pomp and folemnity.
If, after this, we contemplate thofe wild fields of ether, that reach in height as for as from Saturn to the fixed stars, and run abroad almost to an infinitude, our ima. gination finds its capacity filled with fo immense a profpe&t, and puts itself upon the stretch to comprehend it.