Page images
PDF
EPUB

he swan him over to the ship ; encouraged fome of the crew to lay hold of the end of a rope, which he threw out to them for that purpose, and others to falten themselves to the horse's tail ; i'en turped about, and carried them fafe on hore.

4. This animal's natural aptness for swimming, the great size of his body, the firmnes and strength of his limbs, presented him from being eafily overpowered by the swell of the sea. But, unfortuaiely, this generous and active veteran himself became a victim to death.

5. Fourteen young persons he had actually saved; and while endeavoring to preserve more than it was poffible for him to do in fo short a time, he and his horie were both drowned. The occasion of this was as follows.

6. After the seventh turn, having staid a little longer than ufual to reft himself, the poor wretches on toard were afraid that he did not intend to return; for this reason, being impatient, they redoubled their prayers and cries for alitance; upon which, his tendereft feelings being wrought upon, he again hastened to their relief ere his horse was fufficiently rested.

7. The poor animal, almost spent, dow funk the sooner under his burden, inasmuch as too many sought to be fived at one time ; and one of them, as it was thought, happened unluckily to catch hold of the horse's bridke, and by that mean drew his head under water.

This bold and enterprising philanthropist commands our esteem and admiration the nore, as he had

put

himself inro this danger for the relief of others, without himself being able to swim. The Dutch East-India company caused a monument to be erected to the memory of this unfortunate philanthropist.

ST. PAUL'S SPEECH BEFORE KING

AGRIPPA.

I THINK myself happy,

" king Agrippa, because I shall answer for myself this day before thee, touching all the things whereof I am accufed of the Jews.;

especially,

especially, as I know thee to be expert in all customs and questions which are among the Jews. Wherefore I befeech thee to hear me patiently.

2. My manner of life from my youth, which was at the first among my owr, cation at Jerufalem, know all the jews; who knew me fom the beginning, if they would testify, that, after the straitelt fect of our religion, I lived a Pianfee.

3. And now I land and am judged for the hope of the promise made of God unto our fathers. Unto which prom. ite, our twelve tribes, instantly serving God day and night, hope to come ; for which hope's fake, king Agrippa, I am accused of the Jews.

4. Why should it be thought a thing incredible with you, that God should raise the dead? I verily thought with myself, that I ought to do many things contrary to the name of Jesus of Nazareth.

5. Which thing I also did in Jerufalem ; and many of the faints did I shut up in prison, having received authority from the chief priests. And when they were put to death, I gave rr; voice against them. And I punished them oft in every fynagogue, and compelled them to blafpheme. And being exceedingly mad against them, I persecuted them even unto Strange cities.

6. Whereupon, as I went to Damascus with authority and commission fre: the chief priests, at mid day, O king, I saw in the way a light from heaven, above the brightness of the fun, shining round about me, and them who journey. ed with me.

And when we were all fallen to the earth, I heard a roice speaking unto me, and saying in the Hebrew tongue, Saul; Saul, why perfecutest thou me? It is hard for thee to kick againīt the pricks. And I faid, Who art thou, Lord? And he faid, I am Jesus whom thou perfecuteft.

8. But rise, and stand upon thy feet; for I have appeared unto thee for this purpose, to make thee a minister, and a witnefs, both of those things which thou hast seen, and of those things in the which I will appear unto thee; delivering thee from the people, and from the Gentiles, unto whom I now find thee, to open

their
eyes,

and to turn them from darkness to light, and from the power of Satan

unto

anto God; that they may receive forgiveness of ans, and inheritance among them who are fanctified by faith which is in me.

9. Whereupon, Oking Agrippa, I was not disobedient unto the heavenly vision ; but lowed first unto them of Damascus, and at Jerufalem, and throughout all the coasts of Judea, and then to the Gentiles, that they should repent and turn to God, and do works meet for

repentance. For these causes, the Jews caught me in the temple, and went about to kill me.

10. Having therefore obtained help from God, I continue unto this day, witnessing both to small and great ; fuying no other things than those which Moses and the prophets did say should come ; that Christ should suffer, and that he should be the first who should rise from the dead, and should fhow lig!it unto the people, and to the Gentiles.

CRUELTY TO ANIMALS.

2.

MONTAIGNE thinks it fome reflection арор human nature itself, that few people take delight in feeing bcasts caress or play together; but almost every one is pleased to fee them lacerate and worry one another.

I am forry this temper is become almost a distioguishing character of our own nation, from the observation: which is made by foreigners of our beloved pastimes, bear. baiting; cock-fighting, and the like.

3. We should find it hard to vindicate the destroying: of any thing that has life, merely ou: of wantonness; yet in this principle our children are bred up; and one of the first pleasures we allow them is the license of inflicting pain upon poor animals,

4. Almost as soon as we are sensible what life is our.. felves, we make it our sport to take it from other creatures. I cannot but believe a very good use might be made of the fancy which children have for birds and infects.

5. Mr. Locke takes notice of a mother who often proci-red these animals for her children, but rewarded or punishedi E 2

them

them as they treated them well or ill. This was no other than entering them betimes into a daily exercise of human ity, and improving their very diversion to a virtue.

6. The laws of self-defence undoubtedly justify us in destroying those animals which would destroy us, which in. jure our properties, or annoy our perfons ; but not even these, whenever their situation incapacitatės them from hurting us.

7. I know of no right which we have to shoot a bear on an inacceflible island of ice ; or an eagle on the moun. tain's top; whose lives cannot injure, nor deaths procure, us any benefit. We are unable to give life, and therefore ought not wantonly to take it away from the meapest infect, without sufficient reason, They all receive it from the fame benevolent hand as ourselves, and have therefore an equal right to enjoy it.

8. God has been pleased to create numberless animals. intended for our sultenance; and that they are so intended, the agreeable flavor of their fiesh to our palates, and the wholesome nutriment which it administers to our ftomachs, are fufficient proofs.

9. These, as they are formed for our use, propagated by our culture, and fed by our care, we have certainly a right to deprive of life, because it is given and preserved to them on that condition,

10. But this should always be performed with all the tenderness and compassion which so disagreeable an office will permit ; and no circumstances ought to be omitted, which can render their exécutions as quick and easy as poffible.

SPEECH OF NICOLAUS.

THE Athenians, having made war upon the Syracusians, the army of the former, under the command of Nicias and Demosthenes, was totally defeated ; and the generals obliged to furrender at discretion. The victors, having entered their capital in triumph, the next day a council was held to deliberate what was to be done the prisoners.

2. Diocles,

2. Diocles, one of the leaders of the greatest authority among the people, proposed that all the Athenians who vere born of free parents, and all such Sicilians as had joined with thein, should be imprisoned, and be maintained on bread and water only; that the slaves, and all the Atticks, hould be put lickly fold ; and'that the two Athenian generals should be first fcourged with rods, and then put to death.

3. This last article exceedingly disgusted all wise and compassionate Syracufians Hermocrates, who was very famous for his probity and justice, attempted to make fome remonstrances to the people ; but they would not hear hinı ; and the shouts which echoed from all sides prevented him from continuing his speech.

4. At that instant, Nicolaus, a man venerable for his great age and gravity, who in this war had lost two sons, the only heirs to his name and estate, made his servants carry him to the tribunal for harangues ; and the instant he appeared, a profound silence ensued, when he addressed them in the following manner. 5.

“ You here behold an unfortunate father, who has felt more than any other Syracusian the fatal effects of this war, by the death of two sons, who formed all the consom lation, and were the only fupports of my old age.

6. “I cannot, indeed, forbear admiring their patriotism in facrificing to their country's welfare a life which they would one day have been deprived of by the common course of nature ; but then, I cannot but be fenfibly affected with the cruel wound which their death hath made in my heart ; nor forbear detesting the Athenians, the authors of this unhappy war, as the murderers of my children.

7. “ But, however, there is one circumstance which I cannot conceal, that I am less sensible for my private affictions, than for the honin of my country, which I see exposed to eternal infamy, by the barbarous advice which is now given you. The Athenians, I own, for declaring war so unjustly against us, merit the feverest treatment which could be inflicted on them; but have not the gods, the juft aven.. gers of wrongs, fufficiently punished them, and avenged us?

8. “When their gezerais laid down their arms and sursendered, did they not do this in hopes of having their lives

fpared.

« PreviousContinue »