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8. But if he sees you at a billiard table, or hears your Poice at a tavern, when you should be at work, he sends for his money the next day; demands it before he can receive it in a lump.

9. It shows, besides, that you are mindful of what you owe; it makes you appear a careful, as well as an honest Aman, and that still increases


credit. 10. Beware of thinking all your own that you poffefs, and of living accordingly. It is a mistake that many people who have credit fall into. To prevent this, keep an exact account, for some time, both of your expenses and your income.

1. If you take the pains at first to mention particulars, it will have this good effect ; you will discover how wonderfully, small, trifling expenses mount up to large sums, and will discern what might have been, and may for the fiAure be saved, without occafioning any great inconvenience. In short, the way to wealth, if you

desire it, is as plain as the way to market. It depends chiefly on two words, industry and frugality ; that is, waste neither time nor money, but make the best use of both. Without in. dustry and frugality, nothing will do, and with them, every thing will do.

13. He, who gets all he can honestly, and saves all he gets (necessary expenses excepted) will certainly become rich ; if that Being, who governs the world, to whom all Thould look for a blessing on their honeft endeavors, doth not, in his wise providence, otherwise determine.





THE white bear of Greenland and SpitfBergen is considerably larger than the brown bear of Europe, or the black bear of America. This bear is often seen on joats of ice, several leagues at sea. The follow. ing is copied from the journal of a voyage, for making discoveries towards the North Pole. G

2. Early

2. Early in the morning, the man at the mast head, gave notice that three bears were making their way very fast over the ice, and directing their course towards the Ship. They had probably been invited by the blubber of a sea-horse, which the men had set on fire, and which was burning on the ice at the time of their approach.

3. They proved to be a the bear and her two cubs but the cubs were nearly as large as the dam. They ran eagerly to the fire, and drew out from the flames part of the Aeth of the sea-horse, which remained unconsumed, and ate it voraciously.

The crew from the ship threw great pieces of the Hesh, which they had still left, upon the ice, which the old bear carried away fingly, laid every piece before her cubs ; and, dividing them, gave each a share, reserving but a small portion to herself. As she was carrying away the Jaft piece, they levelled their muskets at the cubs, and shot them both dead; and in her retreat, they wounded the dam, but not mortally.

5. It would have drawn tears of pity from any but unfeeling minds, to have marked the affectionate concern manifested by this poor beast, in the moments of her expiring young. Though she was forely wounded, and could but just crawl to the place where they lay, the caried the lump of Aesh she had fetched away, as she had done the others tefore, tore it in pieces, and laid it down before them; and when she saw they refused to eat, she laid her paws first upon one, and then upon the other, and endeavored to raise them up.

6. All this while it was piteous to hear her moas. When she found she could not stir them, she went off ; and when at some distance, locked back and moaned ; and that not availing to entice them away, she returned, and smelling around them, began to lick their wounds.

7. She went off a second time, as before ; and havirg crawled a few paces, looked again behind her, and for fome time stood moaning. But still her cubs not rifing to follow her, the returned to them again, and with figns of inexpresiile fondness, went round one and round the other, pawing them, and moaning.

8. Finding at last that they were cold and lifeless, the raised her head toward the Mhip, and growled her refent


ment at the murderers ; which they returned with a volley of musket balls. She fell between her cubs, and died licking their wounds.

9. What child can read this interesting story, and not feel in his heart the warmest emotions of gratitude, for the ftronger and more permanent tenderness he has experienced from his parents ; while, at the same time, he feels his displeasure arising towards those who treat with wanton barbarity any of the brute creation ?




THE tragical death of an Indian of the ColRupifjú nation, (fays a gentleman) who facrificed himself for his country and son, I have always adınired, as displaying the greatest heroism, and placing human nature in the ne. blest point of view.

A Chattaw Indian, having one day expressed himfelf in the most reproachful terms of the French, and called the Collapisas their dogs and their slaves, one of this nation, exasperated at his injurious expressions, laid him dead upon the spot.

3. The Chažaws, the most numerous and the most war. like tribe on the continent, immediately flew to arms. They fent deputies to New-Orleans to demand from the Frencii governor the head of the favage, who had led to him for protection.

4. The governor offered presents as an atonement, bat. they were rejected with disdain ; and they threatened to: exterminate the whole tribe of the Collapi/fus. To pacify this fierce nation, and prevent the effusion of blood, it was at length found necessary to deliver up the unhappy Indian.

5. The Sieur Ferrand, commander of the German ports, on the right of the Mislilippi, was charged with this melancholy commission. A rendezvous was, in confequence, appointed between the settlement of the Collapilus and the. German posts, where the mournfui ceremony was conduct. ed in the following manner..


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6. The lodian vidim, whose name was Mingo, was "produced. He rose up, and, agreeably to the custom of the people, harangued the assembly to the following purpose.

7. “ I am a true man; that is to say, I fear not death; but I lament the fate of my wife and four infant children, whom I leave behind in tender


I lament too my father and my mother, whom I have long maintained by hunting. Them, however, I recommend to the French, fince, on their account, I now fali a facrifice."

8. Scarcely had he finished this short and pathetic harangue, when the old father, Itruck with the filial affection of bis fon, arose, and thus addressed himself to his audience.

O. My son is doomed to death: but he is young and vigorous, and more capable than I, to support his mother, his wife, and four infant children. It is necessary, then, that he remain upon the earth to protect and provide for them. As for me who draw towards the end of my career, I have lived long enough. May my for attain to my age, that he may bring uy my tender infants. I am no longer good for any thing; a few years more or lefs are to me of small importance. I have lived as a man. I will die as a man. I therefore take the place of my son,"

At these words, which expreffed his paternal love and greatnefs of foul in the most touching manner, his wife, his fun, his, and the little infants, melted into tears around this brave, this generous old inao.

He embraced them for the last time, exhorted them to be ever faithful to the French, and to die rather than betray them by any mean treachery unworthy of his blood. My death," concluded he, “ I consider neceffary for the fafety of the nation, and I glory in the facrifice."

11. Having thus delivered himfelf, he presented his hcad 10 the kinsman of the deceased Chaetow; and they accepted it. He then extended himself over the trunk of A tree, wher, with a hatchet, they fevered his head from his body.

12. The Fiench, who afifted at this tragedy, could not contain their tears, whilst they admired the heroic constancy of this venerable old man; whose resolution bore a iesemblance to that of the celebrated Roman orator, who, ind the time of the triumvirate, was concealed by his fon.


13. The

13. The young man was most cruelly tortured in order to force him to discover his father, who, not being able to endure the idea, that a son so virtuous and so generous, should thus suffer on his account, went and presented himfelf to the murderers, and begged them to kill him and save his son. 14:

The son conjured them to take his life, and spare the

age of his father ; but the soldiers, more barbarous than, the favagęs, butchered them both on the spot.


I HAVE often lamented, that they, who. have taken the most pains to recommend an attention to the art of pleasing, have urged it only on the mean mo. tives of self-interest

2. In order to attain the power of pleasing, they have recommended flattery and deceit ; and though they have required in their pupils the appearances of many good qualities, they have not in sted on any substantial or consistent virtue..

3. It is my with to exalf this amiable talent of pleasing to the rank of a virtue founded on principle, and on the beft difpofitions of human nature. I would separate it from those varnished qualities, which, like whited fepulchres, are but a disguise.for internal deformity.

4. A student of the art of pleasing, as it is taught in the fchool of fashion, is all softnefs and plausibility, all benevolence and generosity, all attention and assiduity, all gracefulness and gentility. Such is the external appearance ; but compare it with his private life, with those actions which pass unseen, and you will find it by no means co

correspon. dent..

Si You will usually find a hard heart; meanness, selfishness, avarice, and a total want of those principles from which alone true benevolence, fincere friendship, and

gentleness of disposition can originate. You will, indeed, find even the appearances of friendship and benevolence proportioned to the supposed riches and rank of him whole favor and patronage are cultivated.

G. 2:

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