Underachieving to Protect Self-worth: Theory, Research and Interventions
This text examines the concept of self-worth protection in achievement behaviour. This term embraces a range of familiar phenomena such as procrastination, last minute study and low goal setting - all strategies aimed to protect the individual against the conclusion that he or she lacks ability, thereby preserving a sense of self-worth.
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Nature of selfworth protection
Alternative explanations of failure
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Underachieving to Protect Self-worth: Advice for Teachers, Teacher-educators ...
No preview available - 2020
academic achievement achievement outcomes anxiety approach assessed associated attributional retraining attributions avoidance avoidance behaviours bases basis behaviours beliefs cause Chapter Clance cognitive concerning conclusions consequence consistent Covington defensive pessimists differences difficult discussion Educational effects effort emotional encourage enhanced evaluative feedback evaluative threat evidence examining expectations experience factors failing failure failure-avoidant females Ferrari findings following failure further future given goals grades greater hand handicapping identified implications important impostor fears indicated individuals intelligence involves Journal learning less low ability low effort low self-esteem males motivation negative noncontingent noted occurs Omelich outcomes participants perceived perceptions poor performance positive potential practice praise problems procrastination reducing regard relation relative reported researchers Rhodewalt role self-handicapping self-worth protective students setting situations skills Snyder strategies success suggest task teachers theory Thompson trait uncertain uncertainty variables withdrawal