Australia's Prime Ministers: From Barton to Howard
Since Australias first Federal election, in 1901, the contest for the Prime Ministership has come to resemble the presidential-style elections of the United States. It is a personality battle between two contenders, not one over ideas, principles, or even parties. Voters see advertisements that show the face not of the partys candidate for their electorate but of its contender as Prime Minister. They recognise John Howard and Mark Latham, but only a few would know their local member if they passed each other in the street. Of Australias 25 Prime Ministers, some have towered over their party, Parliament and the national political scene in just the same way as some American presidents have. Yet no American President has ever been in office as long as Bob Menzies. No American President would be allowed to stay in office as long as Bob Hawke. But other Prime Ministers have been pushed about by events or their own colleagues, even sometimes by Parliament. This book tells the story of every one of them. It tells of long-time survivors Bob Menzies, Billy Hughes, Joe Lyons, Malcolm Fraser, and Bob Hawke; of three timers Alfred Deakin and Andrew Fisher; of short-timers Earle Page, Frank Forde, and John McEwen. It tells of the dismissal of Gough Whitlam, and of the man who did do much to bring about that dismissal, Malcolm Fraser, only to find himself dismissed in the more usual way, by the voters. It tells of Labours resurgence under Bob Hawke and of how he and his successor Paul Keating remade the Australian economy, led Australia towards a republic, and expanded its engagement with Asia. It tells too of John Howard, the man to whom the electors turned when reform fatigue set in, the man who continued to win their hearts and minds when they began to worry about terrorism and border protection.
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Aboriginal appointed April Australian Labor Party Australian Prime Ministers Bank Barton became Prime Minister began Bill Hayden Bob Hawke Britain British Bruce Cabinet campaign Canberra Caucus Chifley coalition colonies Commonwealth Conference conscription Costello Country Party Deakin December defence died double dissolution economic election electors Fadden Federal Parliament Fisher Gorton Gough Whitlam Governor-General Harold Holt Hopetoun House of Representatives Hughes industrial January John Curtin John Howard Labor government Labor members Labor won later Latham leadership legislation Liberal London lost Lyne Lyons majority Malcolm Fraser McEwen McMahon Melbourne University Press Michelle Grattan ministry moved National Library Nationalists November numbers October Opposition Leader Oxford University Press parliamentary Paul Keating political portfolio Premier President proposed Protectionists Queensland referendum Reid resigned Robert Menzies role Scullin seat Senate September soon South Wales Sydney took Trade Treasurer union United Australia Party Victoria vote Watson