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is very skilful in pharmacy, and, in other respects, a very curious person. There are more than a hundred several drugs that enter this composition, which are all ranged in pyramids, on a long table. The Doctor hath many antiquities, and other rarities, among which he highly values a nephretie stone, which is as big as one's head, and cost him sixteen hundred crowns.
There are in this place a great number of Jews, but they are as beggarly as those of Amsterdam are rich. They wear their beards picked, like Charles I., and have black cloaks with puffed ruffs. They go from tavern to tavern to sell things to strangers: but, being reputed thieves, one must take heed of them. They are obliged to run and fetch water, when any fire happens in the city.
WORMS.—As we took coach at Francfort to proceed on our journey, we observed the coachman to put a little salt on each of his horses, with certain little ceremonies, which made part of the mystery. And this, as he told us, was to bring us good luck, and to preserve us from charms and witchcraft, during our voyage.
I took notice of a picture upon the altar of one of the chapels of the church of St. Paul, in which the Virgin is represented, receiving Christ as he descends from the cross, while several angels carry the instruments of the crucifixion to heaven. But, either the painter was mistaken, or else the angels have since * brought back all these instruments that are now preserved as relics.
There is another very curious picture at the entrance of the church of St. Martin, over a moveable altar. This picture is about five feet square. God the Father is at the top in one of the corners, whence he seems to speak to the Virgin Mary, who is on her knees in the middle. She holds the little infant Jesus, hanging by the feet, and puts his head into the hopper of a mill. The twelve apostles turn the mill with their hands, and they are assisted by the four beasts of Ezekiel, who work on the other side. Not far off, the Pope kneels to receive the hosts, which fall from the mill ready made into a cup of gold; he presents one to a Cardinal, the Cardinal gives it to a Bishop, the Bishop to a Priest, and the Priest to the people.
There are in this city two houses that belong to the public; one of which is called the Burgar-house, in which the Senate assembles twice every week about affairs of State. The other is for the magistracy, and is the place where common causes are pleaded. It was in the first that Luther had the courage to appear on an occasion, which is known to all the world, in the year 1521. They tell us that this Doctor, having spoken with a great deal of vehemency, and being, besides, heated by the warmth of the stove which was before him, somebody brought him a glass of wine, which he received; but he was so intent upon his discourse, that he forgot to
The Romanists' churches, chapels, &c., are full of multiplied lances, nails, thorns of the crown, sponges, &c.--EDITOR.
drink, and, without thinking of it, set the glass upon a bench which was by his side. Immediately after the glass broke of itself, and they are firmly persuaded that the wine was poisoned. I will not make
any refļections upon this story, but I must not forget to tell you, that the bench on which he set the glass is at present full of holes that were made by cutting off little pieces, which some zealous Lutherans preserve in memory of their master. Luther speaks pretty large of what happened to him at Worms, in his “ Colloquia Mensalia," chap. 1, 28, and 52.
We went also to see another house, which they call the Mint; in which, among other things, I observed a *skin of parchment in a square frame, upon which there are twelve sorts of hands, written by one Thomas Schuveiker, who was born without arms, and performed this with his feet.
They also shew another little round piece of vellum, about the bigness of a guinea, upon which the Lord's prayer is written, without abbreviations, but this is no extraordinary thing. I know a man who wrote the same prayer six times in as small a compass, more distinctly; and even, without the help of a magnifying glass. This house hath a long portịco, between the arches of which hang great bones and horns. They say the former are the bones of giants, f and the latter the horns of the oxen, that drew stones with which the cathedral is built. And are not these very curious and yenerable pieces? The outside of the house is full of several paintings, among which there are many figures of armed giants, which, in the inscription below, are called Vangiones.' It is well known that the people, who formerly inhabited this part of the Rhine, were called Vangiones,” as we find in Tacitus and others; but I cannot tell the reason why they would have these giones” to be giants. Nevertheless, these tall and big men make a great noise at Worms, where they tell many fine stories of them.
I have a mind to add here, a singularity which I take from Monconys, and of whịch also I have some remembrance myself.
“Over against the Bishop's house,” says that traveller, is a little place, in which they pronounce sentence of death against criminals. And they shew, at about ten paces distance from the door of the said house, a short stone pillar set in the ground, like a boundary, round which they make the criminal take three turns ; that if, during that time, he can touch this stone; or else, if a young woman can come at him, and kiss him three times, he be delivered; but there are appointed persons,” says the author, % always ready to hinder both. Let every one judge as he pleases of the origin and use of this ridiculous and cruel custom.”
* These two verses are written on the top of the leaf :
“ Mira fides, pedibus juvenis facit omniarecta ;
Cui patiens mater brachia nulla dedit.”—Editor. + Camerarius writes, that in his time some of the bones of those giants were kept in the arscnal.- Eniron.
To be continued.)
The whole of our Domestic Intelligence is extracted from the Journals of the Island
with trifling alterations.
Most of our readers will recollect, that tent of about 300 miles was seen. The about eighteen months since, Captain range of mountains, E.N.E. Briscoe, of the brig Tula, brought his In consequence of the bad state of vessel to this port for repairs. It will the health of the crew, Captain Briscoe also be fresh in the memory of many, was compelled to return into warmer that some of our public writers, pre: latitudes. He wintered at. Van Dietended to doubt the authenticity of Cap- men's Land, and was re-joined by the tain Briscoe's statement, viz, that he was cutter, from which he was separated duthen on an exploring expedition, at the ring the stormy weather, in the high cost of a London mercantile house ; in- south latitudes. deed in the Tasmanian, the epithet In October 1831, he proceeded to
piratical” was more than once re- New Zealand, In the beginning of peated, when referring to the Tula and February 1832, he was in the immediate Lively. At the time Captain Briscoe neighbourhood of an immense iceberg, was with us, it became pretty generally when it fell to pieces, accompanied by understood, that a discovery of land of a tremendous noise. some importance had been made, but as On the 14th of the same month, land great pains was taken to keep the situa- was seen to the S.E. longitude 69 deg. tion a secret, the various reports circu- 29 min. latitude 67 deg. 15 min, it was lated, were of course only surmises of found to be an island, near to the head those, who only pretended to be more land, of what may be hereafter called knowing than their neighbours, The the Southern Continent. On the island following extract, however, will disclose about four miles from the shore, was a the secret, which was so well kept by high peak, (and some smaller ones), the enterprising crews of the two little about one third of its height was covered vessels :
with a thin scattering of snow, and two “ The discovery of land towards the thirds completely with snow and ice. South Pole, made by Captain Briscoe, The appearance of the peaks was pecu. in the brig Tula, accompanied by the liar, the shape was conical, but with a cutter Lively, both vessels belonging to broad base. Messrs. Enderby, extensive owners of This island has been named Adelaide ships in the whale fishing, has been Island, in honor of her Majesty. Mouncommunicated to the Royal Geographical tains were seen to the south at a great Society.
distance inland, supposed about 90 “ It is supposed that this land forms miles. On 21st February, 1832, Cappart of a vast continent, extending from tain Briscoe landed in a spacious bay on about longitude 47 deg. 31 min. East to the main land, and took possession, in longitude 69 deg; 29 min. West, or from the name of His Majesty William IV. the longitude of Madagascar, round the The appearance was one of utter desolawhole of the Southern of South Pacific tion, there being no vestige whatever of Ocean, as far as the longitude of Cape animal, or vegetable life. In future, Horn. On the 28th Feb. 1831, Capt, Bris- this part of the continent, if such it coe discovered land, and during the folprove, will be known as Graham's land.” lowing month in which he remained in We regret extremely to state, that in the vicinity, he clearly discovered the consequence of repeated insults on the black peaks of mountains above the part of some silly and indiscreet young snow, but he was from the state of the
men, who have recently intruded themweather, and the ice, unable to approach selves into Mr. Deane's
“ Soirées," nearer than about 30 miles. The Stormy these entertainments are for the present Petrel was the only bird seen, and no suspended. We are perfectly at a loss fish. It has been named Enderby's to conceive, why such a quiet and such Jand, longitude 47 deg. 31 min. East, an intellectual amusement, should be Latitude 66 deg. 30 min. South, an ex- made the butt of irreverent ridicule; or