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to drink in Germany is to drink eternally. Pardon my digression, and judge of our troublesome entertainments in the cellar. You must do penance there for some time, and at last hide yourself behind the casks, steal away, and make your escape.
You must further know, that the glasses are as much respected in this country, as the wine is beloved. They place them all en parade. The greatest part of the chainbers are wainscoted to twothirds of the walls, and the glasses are ranged all about upon the cornices of the wainscot, like pipes of organs; they begin with the little and end with the great ones; and these great ones are always used, and must be emptied at a draught, when there is any healih of importance. At going out of the cellar, we went to a concert, where we hoped we should find nothing but music; but the bread, pepper, salt and wine followed us in such abundance, that an air was no sooner finished, but the whole company rose up to drink.
We saw yesterday, in the evening, some part of the celebration of a wedding. The future husband, accompanied with a long train of his relations, came first to the church. He walked from a house, which was not two hundred paces distant, whither he came in a coach. His bride, who was in the same place, followed a while after, being also attended by a great number of her friends. When both were come to the church, the bridegroom sat down with his company on one side, and the bride on the other, directly opposite to him; over each of their heads there was a figure of death upon the wall, whether designedly done I know not. They both approach the minister, who expected them in the midst of the choir: and after he had performed his office, four or five trumpets, which were on the top of the steeple, sounded a great many levets, and the new married couple returned in the manner as they came.
The husband was in a black suit, with a cloak overlaid with lace, a great ruíf, and a little crown of gold plate lace above his peruke. But the bride's dress will be a little more difficult to describe. The best account I can give you of it, is to tell in framing to yourself an idea of her head tire, you must fancy a mixture of gilt wire, like a bob peruke, half a foot high upon the forehead, and very much curled and swelled out on the sides. This was ordered after such a manner that in all the thickness of this bushy dress, there was no more space or distance between the wires, than was sufficient to fasten to them an infinite number of little plates of gold, round, polished, and shining, which hung both within and without, and waved with the least motion. Her habit was black with long skirts, resembling the Hongrelincs, which were, not very long since, used in France. The body of this little cassock, which was cut very short, had a gold lace over all the
The skirts were full of little close knots of black satin ribbon, and the straight cuffs fell just on the fist. Over this she had a neck band of fine antique lace, cut before like a man's band, and ending in a point behind, which reached down to the middle of the back. She had besides a great gold chain on her shoulders,
just like a collar of some order, and such another chain for her girdle. Her petticoat was short enough, and adorned below with gold fringe, and black bone lace. We had the pleasure to see this fair one dance with a senator in a great ruff: and, I believe, at Japan, there could not be found customs more different from ours, than those which we observed at this feast. I should never make an end, if I should undertake to describe all the other habit. But, as fantastical as all the dresses, might seem at first view, one might be easily accustomed to them; and every habit appears handsome and becoming, when the persons that wear them are of themselves beautiful and agreeable.
There are not more industrious people in the world, than the artificers of Nuremberg : some think they were the inventors of fire arms and gunpowder; others affirm, that powder was invented at Chioggia, in the state of Venice, and there are some who pretend that it came from Denmark. The diversity of opinions concerning the first invention of artillery, is no less remarkable and surprising than the controversy about the invention of printing. *John Men doza Gonzalez, whom I had occasion to mention in one of my former letters, who wrote a history of China, whither he was † sent by Philip II., says, that if we may give credit to the common tradition and annals of that country, fire arms, and consequently gunpowder, were invented by their first King, Vitey, from whom to the Emperor Bouog, who possessed the throne in the time of Gonzalez, about the end of the last age, they reckoned 243 princes who succeeded one another in a direct line from father to son. This author was too judicious to depend upon their imaginary chronology; but without entering upon so intricate a controversy, he seems to be convinced, that these people were very early acquainted with the use of artillery. Tavernier writes that fire arms were invented in the kingdom of Asem. It is thought, says he, that gunpowder and cannon were found out in the kingdom of Asem, from whence the invention was communicated to Pegu, and from thense to China, which is the reason why the invention is usually ascribed to the Chinese. Leonard Ramools,' a physician of Augsburg, who travelled in the eastern countries, and seems to incline to Gonzalez's opinion, endeavours to prove, that gunpowder was known and used in the time of Pliny, grounding his conjecture, but I think, without any probability, on a passage in that ancient author concerning Saltpetre. And Girolamo della Corte, ş another chimerical conjecturer in this point, thinks he has reason to believe that Scipio found great guns and carabins in Carthage, when he lt made himself master of that city, Count Galeazo Gualdo Priorato,
* Bishop of Lipari.-Ed.
+ Anno 1580.--Ed.
# About the year of Rome, 608. 9 In his account of the imperial and Hans Town.-Ev. VOL. II. NO. IX
says, that these machines were invented, anno 1012, Naucher in 1213. Anthony Comazani, * in 1330. Cornelius Kemp, ť in 1354. James Gautier or Gaulterus, # in 1365, 1380, and 1425, according to the several authors whom he cites. The most common opinion, which is followed by Polydor, Virgil, Sabellicus, Forcatel, Collemiccio, Camerarius, and some of the abovementioned authors, is that one Berthold Schwartz, a Franciscan friar, who was a lover of chemistry, was the author of this invention at Nuremberg, anno 1378. Others are of the same opinion, as to the time and place, but ascribe the invention to one Constantia Aukelitzen, a professed chemist; and Anthony Camozani, believes the place was Cologn. Cornelius Kemp, upon the authority of Sibast, Murster, and some others, pretends that Cimossus, King of Friezland, was the inventor of these machines. Some call the author of them, Bertrand, the black, and say that he invented gunpowder at Chioggia, in the state of Venice. But this seems to be only a mistake, occasioned only by the resemblance of the names Berthold and Bertrand, and the signification of the surname Schwartz, which in the German tongue, signifies black. I leave you to judge, whether it is possible to reconcile so many opposite opinions; but if the controversy was to be decided betwixt the eastern and western parts of the world, the pretensions of both might perhaps be easily justified; and though it should be allowed, that the oriental nations got the start of us in the invention of printing and gunpowder, we might still claim the honour of the same invention in Europe. For I see no reason why it may be supposed, that the same thought may enter into the mind of several persons, who had' never the least communication with one another.
Great guns were first put into ships by the Venetian Admiral Barbadigo, and the famous Bartholomew Coghone was the first who brought artillery into the field. For, before his time, the only use they made of these machines was to batter the walls of the towns. M. de Fabert, who lately published the history of the Dukes of Burgundy, assures us, that the first essay
that was made of them was against the fortress of Preux.
All Europe is full of the little curiosities of Nuremberg. There are some of wood, of ivory, of alabaster, and even of paper
and starch. Their houses are large and neat, and I believe there is not a ceiling in all the city, which is not accompanied with a very fine platfond of joiner's work. I cannot express the particular kindness they have for horns, for all their houses are full of them. They are every where hung up amongst pictures and other curious things. You often see in the finest chamber, a stag's or bull's head, with a magnificent pair of horns hanging from the ceiling, intended merely for ornament:
* In the life of Bartholomew Coghone.—ED.
In his Chronology.--Ed.
The whole of our Domestic Intelligence is extracted from the Journals of the Island
with trifling alterations.
Mr. Peck's Concert, on the 30th dreaded by the English Apollo-as he instant, was the best ever got up in Van has been termed by some of the admirers Diemen's Land—every thing went off - Braham, and, as might naturally be remarkable well, and very general satis- expected, a daughter of such a musician faction was given to a highly respectable Mrs. Taylor is perfect in all the mysteand numerous assemblage of auditors. ries of harmonic science. Her voice, 'The overtures of “Der Frieschutz" and however, is much more adapted for the “Preciosa,” performed with the assist- showy difficult performances, than it is ance of the band of the 63rd regiment, for plaintive melody-Rossini should be were splendid; and we cannot help re- her favorite composer. Jackson, Arne, gretting, that the public are about nay Bishop, and such like gentry are suffering a loss, which, we are fearful, not worthy of her consideration : her tocannot be replaced—we mean that of nation is distinct, and in the rapid the departure of the band of the 63rd movements of a cadenza, every note regiment; the loss will be more severely strikes on the ear as distinctly as though felt, on account of the public having it had been produced by a keyed instrubecome, as it were from the frequent ment: she has great range, and her appearance of the band at the Concerts, upper notes partake not of that shrill acquainted with them individually—we harshness which is so common with most trust, however, we shall have, at least, female vocalists. We have not heard one other Concert before these accom- Mrs. Taylor in a private room, but plished and obliging musicians leave us. judging from her performance on WedBlewitt's glee of “Welcome merry nesday, we should consider her voice month of May," was well supported, in much more adapted for a concert than all parts, by Mrs. Henson, Miss for amateur singing--but we may be Deane, Messrs. Hulks, Marshall and judging wrongly. She was, of course, Peck, and pleased remarkably. We encored in both songs ; but the first was have so frequently heard Miss Deane much more adapted to her voice, than on the piano-forte, that, unless there was “O merry row.” Mrs. Henson, was indeed peculiar and rare talent whose plaintive voice we have so often evinced in her performance, we should admired, sung much better than we ever have become tired of always seeing her before heard her. She appeared to brought forward-as it is, on every oc.
feel more confident than hitherto-per'casion, she makes us listen to her with haps, she had been taking a lesson from attention, and compels us to be first and Mrs. Davis. • Away to the mountain's foremost among those who wish an brow” was deservedly encored—in our encore. The style (called Hertz's new opinion. “Tell me my Heart” was her style) of fingering, has an extraordinary best performance. The “Scotch Air in effect, which, of course, would not be Harmonics” was most unquest onably understood but by a musician. Mrs. the attraction of the evening : it was anTaylor appeared, for the first time, be- nounced to be performed by an amateur. fore a Van Diemen's Land public. This talented musical gentleman was Mr. She sang two songs-Lee's "Come Adam Smith. On his coming forward, where the Aspens quiver,” and “O we really looked to the ceiling, thinking merry row the bonnie bark.” The for- the applause would be sure to awaken mer, a very difficult performance—the from their sleep the beams which suplatter, somewhat more of a ballad. ported the roof. We have never before With respect to this lady’s singing, it had occasion to speak of this gentleman's will, of course, be expected that we performance, but, from what we ourshould offer a few remarks. Mrs. Tay- selves heard on Wednesday, we must lor, if we mistake not, is the daughter acknowledge it to be superior. Mr. of Mr. Hill, who some twenty-five Smith, as is usually the case with ama. years or more since, was the only rival teurs, was a little confused on his first
appearance; but he coon recovered him- their visit, and with the several presents self, and commenced the performance in which were given to them : they are to a most masteriy style. We do not know proceed forthwith to join their fellowwhich most to admire—his bowing, his countrymen at Flinder's Island. fingering, of his execution—they were Orders were received on Tuesday, for each superlative, and we must not omit the embarkation for India, of the Head. mentioning, that an amateur who can quarters, and 5 companies of the 63rd stand up and perform an air in Harmo- regiment. We believe our little comnics, must be extraordinarily gifted. munity, will experience a loss in the The piece was, as a matter of course, departure of the gentlemen, attached as encored. Mr. Peck attempted a solo on officers to this regiment, as their conduct the violin ; but, although we considered has been universally divested of all frithat gentleman's performance quite volity, foppery and pride. equal to any we ever heard by Spagno- The Gazette has renewed the notice of letti, still, after Mr. Smith's brilliant a reward of 200 sovereigns and a free harmonics, it would not go down-he pardon, for the apprehension of the was rapturously applauded, but not en- bushranger Britton. This fellow, with cored. Mr. Reichenberg's variations his two confederates, Brown and Jeff
“Oh! no, we never mention her” kins, attacked the house of Mr. Vaughan, were excellent, as was, also, the melange River Mersey, and plundered it of much of " Lindsay,” performed by Messrs. valuable property. Britton wanted to Deane and Marshall. The glees, too, make a “clear sweep,” but his compa. of " The Red Cross Knight," "O by nions would agree to take such things Rivers, by whose Falls.” and “ To wel. only as they could conveniently carry. come Mirth and harmless Glee,” were They appeared much exhausted on their deservedly appreciated by the audience, first arrival, and might, we should have who appeared, on the termination of the thought, have been easily captured, Concert, highly delighted with the en, There is something to us very strange in tertainment,
the hitherto successful career of these Before leaving music and the pro- ruffians : either the settlers and their fession, we might observe, that our servants must be very indifferent, or the corps de musique is now strong--that we bushrangers very powerful. have real talent, and that if the pro- The slovenly and inaccurate manner fession will abstain from private quarrel- in which the names of prisoners are in. ling among themselves, the better will it serted in the informations, presented to be for the public, and very much better the Criminal Court of this Colony, is for the parties concerned. It was asked, extremely reprehensible, In arraigning why was not Mrs. Davis one of the per- the prisoners on Tuesday, a man named formers—we believe that lady was the “ Friend" was called Field,” and an. only one public singer who was absent. Other named “ Burnell,” “ Burnett. We beg to ask the same question, be We know not with whom the blame of cause, we know, she was invited to take this carelessness rests, but, we presume, her place in the orchestry. The public with the clerks of the Committing Ma. will not be trifled with. Mrs. Davis gistrates : let it rest, however, with whom must either cordially assist at the public it may, it is a fault that ought to be im. Concerts, or else consider herself as a mediately remedied and reformed. retired performer. The additton of such have, also, to reprehend the inaudible a real splendid singer as Mrs. Taylor to manner in which some of the Jury reour musical corps will render the retire- peat their oath, after the crier of the ment of Mrs, Davis less felt; but we Court. We will take upon ourselves to cannot help remarking, that more unison affirm, that no person ten yards from is required among the musical professors Major Fairweather could hear distinctly of Hobart Town, than is usually the any two words he uttered: it is curious,
also, for the foreman to deliver the verThe aborigines, captured by Mr. Ro- dict standing. We would advise the binson, and at present lodged at his re- clerk, Mr. Stephen, to read the inform, sidence, on the New Town Road, paid ations more correctly and emphatically a vis
to Government-house on Monday. -it would be as well, herhaps, if he They appeared extremely pleased with previously looked them over,