« PreviousContinue »
Dexterous, however, as the Tonquinese prove themselves in fishing, they are miserably deficient in seamanship. Although their coast is so extensive, and many hundred thousand of them derive their subsistence from a sea-life, their method of navigation still bespeaks the infancy of the art. In the exercise of rowing, however, they are persevering; and they beguile the tediousness of labour, like the Greeks, with a boat-song, in cadence with the stroke of the oar. Resembling other natives of warm climates, they are excellent swimmers; and they venture out into the open sea for several leagues on a raft, which, when they happen to be driven off, they find little difficulty in regaining. It is said, that some centuries ago, the navigation of this empire, as well as of other eastern regions, was more extensive than it is at present, but gradually decreased after the establishment of Europeans in the East, and their indiscriminate capture of all Asiatic vessels. Even in its best days, however, it must have been extremely imperfect, the Cochin-Chinese being incapable of taking a degree of latitude, unacquainted with the use of the compass, and afraid of going out of sight of land.
Arts, Manufactures, and Trade-In regard to progress in the arts, the Tonquinese are still less advanced than several of their Asiatic neighbours. They are ignorant of the method of applying the elements to purposes which appear the most simple to Europeans, being unapprized of the effects of windmills, ovens, fire-engines, &c. They are not, however, unsuccessful in imitations, and they work to good purpose on a model. Their tools are extremely deficient; and those among our readers, who are aware how greatly the progress of society is quickened by the division of labour, will consider it as an additional proof of the backwardness of the Tonquinese, that every thing connected with the food and maintenance of a family is done at home, to the exclusion even of baking as a seperate profession. To maké sails, they have recourse to tree-leaves, which, though extremely different from leaves in our northern latitudes, are yet altogether unfit to resist tempestuous weather. Paper is made of the bark of trees; and instead of pens, they use pencils of the finest hair. Fire-arms they import from Europe, the smelting and manufacture of metals being in a very imperfect state among them.
In building, they think it is necessary to mix molasses with their lime; in tanning, they are equally inexpert: but it happens singularly enough that they have little to do in that way, the skins of animals being generally boiled and eaten with the carcase. The labours in which they are most successful are carpenter 's-work on the part of the men, and the mauufacture of cotton-cloth by the women. Spinning machines, indeed, are wholly unknown; and a spindle with a roller is their only instrument for making the thread. The slowness of the operation does not, however, prevent excellence of quality in the manufactured article, and some sorts of Cotton in Tonquin are accounted superior in fineness and in beauty to silk. Yet, with all this attention to quality in the cloth, they are wholly ignorant of the art of printing it. Their silks, also, are noted for beauty and durability: but they are all smooth, and contain no flowers of a different colour from that of the stuff. They are strangers to the use of stockings; and the manufacture of linen, of sail-cloth, of clocks, and watches, and the use of soap, are all unknown to them. The progress of manufacture is greatly checked by the tyrannical interference of government, who are accustomed to put good workmen in requisition on very inadequate wages.-Whatever has been said of the progress of the arts must be understood as having no reference to Tsiampa, the inhabitants of which are savage, and strangers to all kinds of industry.'
The state of the fine arts, in a country like Tonquin, deserves attention only as indicative of the progress of society. In their music, loudness of sound appears to be the great object; and their instruments are so defective that their violin has only a single string: It is not likely that they should be farther advanced in the eloquence either of the bar or the pulpit, since they have no professional pleading at the former, and in their temples the duty of the priest consists more in praying than in preaching. In painting they are very patient, and, as far as the delineation of one particular object, are exact; but their ignorance of shade and perspective is fatal to success in all combinations.
The setting Sun! the setting Sun! how gorgeous in the west,
It speaks of cheerful daylight past, of darkness hastening on!
It tells of mirth to sadness changed, of pleasure turned to pain,
It tells of love, triumphant love, that makes the heart his throne
'I he whole of our Domestic Intelligence is extracted from the Journals of the Island
with trifling alterations,
A very excellent regulation is now en- of a Church at New Town. His Excel. forced by the Police of this town, and if lency was attended by a guard of honor it is adhered to with honesty and impar- with the fine band of the Scots Fuzileers, tiality by the constables, much good must and by almost all the chief civil officers, result from it. All Crown prisoners found forming of themselves a large cortége. in the street after sunset, are stopped and The ceremony being ended, Mr. Hone examined. If they are assigned servants, had the honor to entertain His Excellency out on their master's business, they require and the Civil and Military officers at his a pass, the possession of which enables beautiful residence on the banks of the them to proceed. If they have it not, they Derwent. His Excellency returned to are taken to the watch-house, and in the Town by six o'clock. morning they will have to account for The state of the Town Ditch is at this themselves. Better still than this, is the moment so abominable, that we have regulation as to female servants. Their little doubt that much of the illness with master or mistress's presence can alone which the town is at present afflicted, protect them. This is, we repeat, excel- proceeds from the pernicious miasma there Ient. It stops the incessant applications continually exhaled. It is offensive to of female servants for “ leave to go out look at, how much more must be the to see a shipmate,” which in nine cases miserable commixture which the inhabiout of ten ends in continued absence and tants of the northern portion of the town the Factory. We hope these regulations are compelled to drink! If Lieutenant will be strictly adhered to.
Governor Arthur could possibly know Captain England has broke out in a the real expression of the public voice, new quarter. He has been amusing him- which his incessant application to pen self in the way of correspondence with a and ink business within the walls of Gohigh puplic officer, and as might be ex- vernment House effectually prevents, pected, has not shewn quite so much His Excellency would have forborne the talant with his pen, as we readily admit Church-building exhibitions while the he did on the coach box, when he per- people are calling out, “ Give us water!” formed the notable exploit of driving the So also the Aquæduct. It will soon be stage coach through the Government- lost in real uselessness from the continued house avenue. We hope to be permitted tappings to which it is subjected, and to furnish further particulars.
when the people see the example set by We extremely regret to state, that the high officers of breaking into it sans amongst the unfortunate sufferers by the façon, of course knowing that they have Lady Monro, was Lieutenant Clarke, of equal right, they use it with equal prothe 62d Regiment, son of that respected digality. The deleterious effects of that Colonist and Magistrate, Captain Clarke, detestable mass of filth, which was forof Cluny. The public will sincerely merly the town rivulet, but which what sympathise with this gentleman, when with the abstraction of the aquæduct for we state, that this is the third son he has the supply of that portion of the town, lost in His Majesty's service. One in chiefly the abode of the public officers, India—another at the battle of Navarino through the line of whose residences it -and thus has a third unhappily perish- especially passes, and the continued waste ed by shipwreck. Captain Clarke is an by the mills and other means, is now the old officer, having served with high re- worst of half animated puddles--perniputation in that respectable regiment the cious effects to the people—the children 6th, in almost all parts of the world. especially, of being compelled to drink This accession of calamity will be deeply this poisonous filth, has now caused so felt.
much and such serious feeling, that we On Monday, January 6th, it was the are induced to thus bring this important pleasure of His Excellency Lieutenant subject under the notice of His ExcelGovernor Arthur, to lay the first stone lency, fully confident that thereby the inhabitants will have immediate attention example of (without reference to his popaid to a matter so closely connected litics) certainly the most moral and reli· with their very existence.
gious King England ever knew. We understand the Theatre is about to The Insolvent Act has passed, and has be removed to the large and commodious given satisfaction to none, one individual premises in Argyle-street, now called alone excepted. We have already given “The Theatre Royal, Argyle Rooms the outline of an Act, to which we appreWe have seen a plan of the arrangements hend the principle of such Acts admitted, and they certainly do Mr. Deane infinite there would have been no objection. We credit. There are boxes, pit, and gallery, shall shortly show the impolicy of the and the accommodations are equal to present, both as respects Debtors and 500 persons, arranged in the English Creditors. There can be no doubt that manner; without which, it is needless to partial measures such as this now in say, that so long as the present usages of operation, are little calculated to effect society exist, to say nothing of the differ- beneficial purposes. All measures should ence of pecuniary means, no Theatre can be comprehensive to be just. The true maintain itself. It is believed that so soon plan would have been to have passed a as the New Theatre is in full operation, so general and unlimited Act, and in order that there can be that accommodation to meet all possible objection, to have afforded appropriate to his high station, given a preparatory period to its coming His Excellency the Lieutenant Governor into effect, in order that the mercantile will honor the Theatre with his presence and tradinginterests might have an oppor'By Command,' as is the usual expression. tunity of conducting their business in such At Sydney, the enterprising Manager, manner as might be considered best Mr. Levey, (owing to the English ar- calculated to meet the change in the law rangement of his Theatre, such as will to take place. The present Act, as it is, be constructed at the Theatre Royal has given general dissatisfaction. here), was enabled to receive Governor The man who so bravely captured the Bourke, and his Suite, with considerable four bushrangers is John Dixon, prisoner magnificence. We have no doubt Mr. for life, per Red Rover. The whole of Cameron will do his utmost to shew the the Field Constables, all prisoners, have high sense he will entertain of the value exerted themselves to the utmost, and of such a visit.
received essential assistance from the The beautiful Band of The Scots Fu- Mounted Police, who, from the time they zileers, may be heard every Sunday left Hobart Town, have been incessant in evening in the Barracks, where, by the their exertions, to render every service in kind permission of Colonel Leahy, it their power, wherever their co-operation plays every Sunday evening so long as could be in the slightest manner useful. the inhabitants by their continued pre- We are happy to state that the late sence seem to wish. The last three Bri- Sir W. B. Rush, who died in July last, tish Sovereigns made “ the Terrace” at bequeathed to Mr. Justice Montagu, Windsor, the weekly recourse of multi- legacies to the amount of several thousand tudes of the highest orders, as well as the pounds, and a very large annual income, great body of the people, by the establish- This event, and other family affairs, will ment of the Sunday promenades, the occasion Mr. ontagu to solicit leave of splendour of which, in George the 3rd's absence, his presence in England having time was proverbial, and at which always become necessary. The Attorney General two, and frequently three bands of music will most probably be then called to the performed until late in the evening. We Bench, the last charter of justice enabling perceive by the journals, that William His Excellency to provide for such emer4th has re-established these Sunday pro- gency. menades with increased magnificence, It affords us much pleasure to hear that always attending with the Queen and an importation of gold, to the amount of Royal Family, and as was the excellent Ten Thousand Pounds, has been made custom of his father and mother, mixing recently, by a respectable mercantile with the throng. Colonel Leahy will house, and is deposited in the two Banks render himself highly popular with the --the Derwent and Old Banks in equal inhabitants here, by affording them simi- proportions. This is the real way to make lar recreation to that for which he has the the Island prosper-much better than
bill drawing. No returned 25 per cent way to take the Launceston bushrangers. work upon this.
Ten Crown prisoners have volunteered We understand that a poor man has in search of them, and they will assurecently arrived here, who was formerly redly bring them in dead or alive, and a domestic in some Catholic family in of course will receive free pardons and a England, and who sets himself up for a passage where they please. gentleman. This waiting-man has picked
The town, at such a season of the up the old word “respectability,” and year as this, has never, by the oldest presumes to talk loftily thereupon, and of hands, known to have been so tranquil. persons who he could only have known What was formerly one organized scene in England by waiting upon them at of dissipation, has been now a quiet and table, or riding behind the carriage. Poor orderly holiday-every person seemingly creature.
enjoying himself socially, but without We take the liberty of hinting to our
There have not been above friends of the Ten Pound Licenses, that twenty drunkards at the Police-office, “hawks are abroad.” Wednesday week Hobart Town, during all the holidays, was the day for taking out their licenses, and very few other cases, as is common and all who sell without having done so, at such a time. Probably, the New are subjected to the operations of any Police Act which will be now enforced, informer. We have heard that there are which sentences a drunkard to the stocks more than one about to take the field in for any period not exceeding six hours, this vocation. We trust this little notice
on non-payment of five shillings within will be the means of controverting their one hour after conviction, will tend conpatriotic intentions.
siderably to lessen that horrible vice of According to insrructions received drunkenness. from Home, seventeen of the men by The ANNUAL.--This very interesting the last prison-ship, sentenced to tran- publication is now in the press, and is in sportation for life, are ordered to be the course of delivery. It contains fifworked seven years in irons-fifteen others teen very pretty lithographic views of the are to be disposed of in the like severe best known gentlemen's residences, &c.
At the end of the seven years, in the island, and a mass of information can men rendered so callous, be made generally useful to all. It is unquesserviceable members of society ? tionably the best publication of the sort Captain Forster has adopted the true which has ever yet appeared in the Colony.
Gardening, &c. JANUARY. AGRICULTURE. - About wheat stubbles should be broken up, the middle of the month, the wheat har- immediately that they are clear of their vest commences in most parts of the Co- crop. lony, but in general the grain is suffered HORTICULTURE.—The most important to become too ripe before it is reaped, business for the gardener will now be and hence a very great waste takes place. budding, for performing which, a small In stacking wlieat, always be careful instrument is used made of bone, with that it be on a frame, or other support, wrappers of worsted, which being elastic, placed at least two feet above the sur- is better than bark or any other substiface of the ground, as otherwise the damp tute. All stone fruits do better budded penetrates upwards, and many injurious than grafted, but some attention is necesconsequences are the result. No time sary as to the stocks selected for the vashould be lost either in stacking, or in rious kinds. Thus, apricots, peaches, well covering the stacks with thatch ; nectarines, and plums, should be budded for, in the first place, when wheat is upon plum stocks; although they each wetted, after it is fit for carrying, the do well upon the stock of the other. straw becomes too brittle to be handled, Pears must be either budded or grafted and the corn shells considerably; and in upon pear stocks, although some find the second, the ears become grown, and quince stocks equally good. Cherries are very apt to imbibe mildew.
must be upon cherries. Such cherries, Turnips should now be sown for ge- peaches, &c., as were grafted in the neral crop, and although it is feared it spring and miscarried, may now be adwill be useless to offer the remark, the vantageously budded.