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A few peas may be sown this month, keep the ground clear of weeds and other to come in late. Sow carrots and pars- rubbish. It is astonishing what temptnips for a winter crop; also brocoli

, ing harbours some who call themselves cauliflower, and Savoy cabbage, to be gardeners provide for caterpillars, grubs, planted out in March, and to come in and the whole race of noxious insects, by for the winter. Use the hoe well, and the little attention they pay to this subject.

ARRIVALS.

sugar and

rum.

DEPARTURES.

Shipping Intelligence.

London, with merchandize and passen Jan. 2.—The ship Enchantress, from

gers. the Mauritius, with a cargo

of

Jan. 17.-The brig Daphne, from the

Mauritius. Jan. 2.--The barque Merope, Capt. Jan. 17.-The cutter Shamrock, from Pollock, from the Mauritius, with 150 Flinder's Island. tons of sugar and a quantity of India Jan. 17.—The brig Tamar, from Port merchandize.

Arthur. Jan. 4.-Arrived the ship Princess Jan. 21.–His Majesty's ship Aligator, Victoria, from Liverpool, with a general from Swan River. cargo.

Jan. 26.—The brig Brilliant, from Jan. 4.-The brig Tamar, from Pitt- Swan River. water.

Jan. 5.--The schooner Fame, from Jan. 5.-The ship Aurora, for Mathe Cape of Good Hope, with wine and dras, with troops. fruits.

Jan. 10.-The brig Tamar, for Port Jan. 8.—The schooner Eagle, from Arthur. Sydney, with Colonial produce.

Jan. 17.-The schooner Gem, for Jan. 9.—The cutter Jolly Rambler, Swan River. from Sydney, with a general cargo. Jan. 17.-The schooner Fame, for

Jan. 10.-The schooner Currency Sydney. Lass, from Sydney, with Colonial pro- Jan. 18.—The schooner Currency duce.

Lass, for Sydney. Jan. 13.—The schooner Friendship, Jan. 21.—The ship Princess Victoria, from Sydney, with a general cargo. for Sydney.

Jan. 13.–The schooner Prince Re- Jan. 22.- The schooner Prince of gent, from Launceston.

Denmark, for Launceston. Jan. 14.—The ship Southworth, from Jan. 23.—The schooner Friendship, England, with male prisoners.

for the Bay of Islands. Jan. 15.- The barque Atwick, from Jan. 23.—The b. Daphne, for Sydney.

MARRIAGES.

Marriages, Births, &c.

On the 21st inst. by special license, On Saturday, 4th inst. by special li- at the New Church, Brisbane and cense, at New Town, by the Rev. P. Campbell-streets, Trinity parish, by the Palmer, Rural Dean, William Thomp- Rev. P. Palmer, Rural Dean, Mr. D. son Macmichael, esq. of Hobart Town, M'Arthur, to Miss Jesse Macdougall, of to Dinah, eldest daughter of Clement Hobart Town. Gatehouse, esq. of Pitt-water, and niece to George Gatehouse, esq. of New-town.

On the 9th inst. at the New Church, On Friday, the 10th inst. the lady of Brisbane and Campbell-streets, Trinity Capt. J. Smith, of Barrack-street, Hoparish, by the Rural Dean, Mr. Thomas bart Town, of a daughter. Ralph Dale, and Elizabeth Clark Mears On the 20th inst. the lady of Dr. J. of Hobart Town.

Murdoch, of a son.

BIRTHS.

H, MELVILLE, PRINTER, HOBART TOWN.

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In a recent number of the Courier, there appeared a slight notice of a communication from a medical correspondent, recommending the institution of a Local Board of Examiners, for the purpose examining the certificates and testimonials of such professional gentlemen, as, on their arrival in the Colony, intended to settle as practitioners in this Island. The proposition was a good one; and, constituted as the profession now is, calculated, we think, to work a great benefit; but, we very much doubt, of its being quickly carried into effect.

Every body seems to admit, that the state of the medical profession in this Colony is bad and imperfect; but ew seem to know why or wherefore: it is our duty, therefore, to endeavour to explain this phenomenon; and, having done so, to propose the best and readiest means of reformation. And, really, this is a subject of considerable importance, as regards the welfare and comfort of the community. It has been often said, and, indeed, is said, that a man is a fool for employing a surgeon, in whom he has no faith. Very well! But, suppose the patient has no choice ?-Suppose he is so circumstanced, as to have no choice at all? What is then, to be done? Why, to make the best of a bad business, and take his chance. Take his chance, forsooth!- What will the English reader think of this? We do not know; but this we do know, that in nine cases out of ten, such is the lot of the secluded Settler in Van Diemen's Land.

Before we propose our remedy for an evil of so great a magnitude, we shall briefly sketch the actual and existing state of the profession in this Colony.

Our medical professors, then, are divided into two principal classes—those connected with the Government, and those who are

2 o

VOL. 11. NO. XII.

not.—The Government surgeons are, principally, young men, who are under the surveillance of the Colonial surgeon, and are entirely under the control of the Government; they are liable to be sent to any specified district, or even to a penal settlement, and, as a general rule, it is customary to give every noviciate a drilling at such a settlement, before he becomes qualified for a more comfortable appointment. The only penal settlement now in use, is Port Arthur, and the surgeon-superintendent there is, we believe, invariably a Magistrate, and imbued with the same authority as a surgeon-superintendent of a prison-ship. At all events, he is responsible for the degree of punishment inflicted upon the prisoners; and the impolicy, therefore, of appointing young men to such a situation is at once obvious, and needs no comment. We are not aware that any official or formal qualification is actually necessary for any of these appointments; but the Colonial surgeon-for the time being—is answerable for the conduct and capabilities of his assistants. For his own sake, therefore, he will be cautious, as to whom he appoints to the several districts; and as far as the present system works, we see no great reason to find fault with it, except that there is rather too much of favoritism exhibited, † as well as too great a paucity of district-assistant surgeons. This latter fault, however, if fault it be, is about to be remedied, so soon as the Lieutenant Governor shall receive a sanction for the same from the Home Government. And, really, the sooner this sanction arrives the better. It is a grievous thing for the Settler, who contributes his share of the requisite payments-namely, ten shillings a-year for every assigned servant he has, ill or well—to be obliged to send fifteen or twenty miles for the district surgeon, even in the most urgent and perilous cases. We know of a case, not long ago, which occurred in the vicinity of Oatlands, where an assigned servant was nearly killed by the fall of a log of wood upon his body; and his master-an extensive and most respectable farmer-had to send nearly twenty miles for a surgeon. Fortunately the surgeon was at home, and returned with his messenger, but not till nearly seven hours had elapsed: the man's life, by a miracle, was saved.

There are, however, many districts, and extensive districts, too, where there are no surgeons at all. Perth, for instance, and the Green Ponds, with several others equally populous; and we think it actually incumbent upon the government to supply the deficiency, and that as soon as possible. It is the duty, we conceive, of every government to effect such arrangements as shall conduce, even in

There are, of course, exceptions to this; and many of the district surgeons are any thing but young men : still the majority were appointed, when mere lads, and have grown older in the service.

+ We do not wish to be invidious, but we could, if we pleased, point out more than one of the government surgeons who now enjoy lucrative posts, without ever baving experienced the labour of, and banishment at a penal settlement : but, doubt Jess they merit the indulgence.

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