Gentile Impurities and Jewish Identities: Intermarriage and Conversion from the Bible to the Talmud
In ancient Jewish culture the ideas of purity and impurity defined the socio-cultural boundaries between Jews and Gentiles. Hayes argues that different views of the possibility of conversion, based on varying ideas about Gentile impurity, were the key factor in the formation of Jewish sects in the second temple period, and in the separation of the early Christian Church from what later became rabbinic Judaism.
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4QMMT according amoraic amoraim analogy argues asherah Babylonian ban on intermarriage Bavli beraita Bet Hillel Bet Shammai binic Canaanite century C.E. chapter cited convert corpse impurity discussion distinction Ezra female foreign fornication gemara genealogical impurity genealogical purity genitally blemished Gentile impurity Gentile lands Gentile ritual impurity Gentile woman Gentile's gerim halakhah Hillel idolatry immersion immoral impu impurity of Gentiles impurity of idols interethnic unions intermarriage intrinsic Jewish identity Jews Josephus Jubilees Klawans lay Israelites mamzer marriage marry menstrual blood menstruant Mishnah moral impurity moral-religious nations Palestinian passage Passover persons priestly priests principle of Gentile profane prohibition of intermarriage pure purification Qumran rabbinic decree rabbinic sources refers resident alien ritual defilement ritual purity sacrifice sanctity sanctuary scale disease Second Temple Second Temple sources sexual unions Shab Shammai Shimeon status sugya tannaitic term terumah tion Torah Tosefta tradition unbeliever unclean women Yehudah Yohai zenut zonah