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VOL. 4.]

Winter-Birds, Forest Trees.

321

The inclemency of the season now tame and fearless, he was destroyed by compels the numerous tribes of birds to a cat.' quit their retreats in search of food. The

From snowy plains, and icy sprays, redbreast ( sylvia rubecula), the only From moonless nights, and synless days, bird that confidez in man, begins to

Welcome, poor bird ! I'll cherish thee;

I love thee, for thou trustest me, sing. Of the docility of the robia we

Thrice welcome, helpless, panting guest ! have a pleasing instance given by Miss

Fondly I'll warm thee in my breast :Charlotte Smith. Two years ago,' How quick thy little heart is beating ! says she, "towards the close of the Asifits brother flutterer greeting.

Thou need'st not dread a captive's doom; month of August, a robin frequented

No! freely flutter round my room; the drawing-room at B., and became

Perch on my lute's remaining string, in the course of the winter so tame, that And sweetly of sweet summer sing. as soon as the windows were open in

That note, that summer note, I know;

It wakes, at once, and soothes my woe, the morning he used to come in, and

I see those woods, I see that stream, seemed to consider it as his domicile,

I see,-ah, still prolong the dream! though he always roosted among the Still, with thy song, those scenes renew, shrubs near the window. On being Though through my tears they reach my view.

Grchame. called, he readily made his appearance, and used to sit and sing at the back of a chair, or on the piano forte. He was DESCRIPTION OF FOREST TREES. a constant attendant at the breakfast table, and expected table and exported t

to be fed like a ",
he ford lil It must be gratifying to our readers to give a descrip-

tion of the most remarkable Forest Trees, a subject domestic animal; for when we went which cannot fail to be acceptable, considering out for a few days, he resorted to the the limited knowledge usually possessed by young offices, and followed the servants into persons, and, indeed, by most people, of some of

the noblest ornaments of rural scenery. the larder. My pretty robin, however, was a very Turk in disposition, and

From Time's Telescope. would suffer no brother near the throne;

Below me trees unnumbered rise, for he drove away, with every mark of Beautiful in various dyes ; resentinent, any of his compatriots, who

The gloony pine; the poplar, blue ;

The yellow beech; the sable yew; during the bard weather showed any

The slender for that taper grows; inclination to share the advantages be The sturdy oak, with broad-spread boughs. had appropriated to himself ; of which

Dyere indeed he seemed to feel all the value, Alder (betula alnus.)— The common for, as winter advanced, he became so alder appears generally as a shrub: it familiar as to sit and sing on my daugh- will, however, grow to a considerable ter's shoulder, and appeared to have tree forty feet in height. The leaves totally lost all the apprehensions of a are of a dark green colour, and a roundwild bird. If he chose to go out, in- ish figure, resembling those of the bazel. stead of beating himself against the The bark is blackish ; in old trees, full window, he sat on the edge of the frame of clefts; the wood red and britue. The till it was opened for bim; or taking an wood of the alder is valuable for piles, opportunity when the door was open, pipes, pumps, sluices, and in general, for he flew through the greep-house or all works intended to be constantly unthrough the passages, till he found bis der water. It is said to have been used way out. He was a great favourite as under the Riullo at Venice; and we well in the kitchen, as in the parlour : are told that the morasses about Vienna and it was with general regret, that were piled with it, in order to lay the early in the spring he was missed, and foundations for building upon; in Lever returned. Had he retired to Flanders and Holland it is raised in build, as robins are said to do, in woods abuodance for this purpose. and copses, he would not have gone The alder-wood serves, also, many far from the house, around which there domestic and rural purposes, as for were so many thickets and shrubs, and cart-wheels, spinning-wheels, milkwhere it is probable he was bred. It is vesse's, bowls, Spoons, trenchers, &c.&c. therefore most likely, that, being so The roots and kuuts Turnish a beautiful

PR ATACX&UX. Vol. 4.

veined wood for cabinets. T'he Scotch frequently found in a thriving state near Highlanders often make chairs of it, brooks and rivulets. The leaves of the which are very bandsome, and the colour ash appear late, and fall early ; it is of mahogany. The wood which has therefore unfit to be planted for proteclain in bogs is black, like ebony. It is tion or ornament. Its timber raoks very generally planted for coppice-wood, next in value to the oak. The wood to be cut down every ninth or tenth possesses the uncommon property of year for poles ; and the branches make being almost uniformly good, wbether good charcoal, particularly used in the of young or old trees. It is hard, tough, manufacture of gunpowder. The and much used in making the different bark is used by dyers, tanners, and implements of busbandry, but particoleather-dre-sers; also, by fishermen larly for bop-poles. Its ashes afford for their nets. The Laplanders chew very good potash; and the bark is the bark. The alder makes good employed in tanning calf-sking. bedges by the sides of streams and The light, graceful foliage of the ash ditches.

adds much to the beauty of landscape. This common aquatic is seldom It is found most in the woods, and very mentioned by the poets. Virgil tells often among the ruips of some castle or us (Georg. ii. 110,) that in “ boggy abbey-(in the nave of the chapel, marshes alders spring." He gives it the perhaps,) and on loose slaty rocks. epithet of procera, 'tall;' and in Ecl. Within the sheltered centre of the aisie, x. 74, takes notice of its quick growth, Beneath the Ash whose growth romantic spreads in an uncommon comparison :

Its foliage, trembling o'er the funeral pile,

And all around a deeper darknen sbeds. Gallus, for whom my friendship hourly spreads

In the church of Ross, constantly Swift as green alders shoot when spring its influence sheds.

used for public worship, is an ash which

er has insinuated itself into a corner of The same poet represents the alder as the material of which the first boats, the building: it still grows and four

ishes. or rather canoes, were made.

The seeds of the ash, borne along Ash (fraxinus excelsior. )-The ash by the wind, are variously scattered, tree delights in a rich light soil, and and thus account for our finding this attains its greatest height at the age of tree in such peculiar situations. A fifty years. Although it also grows in plantation of these trees, when properly wet and loose grounds, yet, when reared managed, seldom fails to prove of great in these, its wood becomes less firm and advantage to the owner, on account of durable. It prospers remarkably well the underwood, which is fit to be cut on a wbite calcareous soil, and is also every eight or ten years.

THE DRAMA.

From the European Magazine, October, 1818.
SURREY TAEATRE, Sept. 5.

shall waoder until it is again recovered, 4 PANTOMIME intended for the ex- changes her to Columbine, and restores her A hibition of some American scenery, en- lover in the forın ot Harlequin. The usual titled " The Sea Serpent ! or, Harlequin Yan- pantomimic adventures ihen commence, kee,” was perforined for the first time to wherein much mirth, beautiful scenery, and night. Its story consists in the enchantment good mechanism are displayed; till at length of a young female, who is betrothed to a na. the magic tomahawk is regained, and the entive chief, and who is guarded by an immense chapters who were disguised as the Lover, eas snake; to the fury of which, after ber lover's Pantaloon, and Clueen, become the prey of imprudent loss of the talisman,intended for her the Sea Snake. This partomime,'excited deliverance, and her own retusal of a lover mucb well-merited applause, provided for her by her enchanter, they are

COVENT GARDEN, Oct. 20. hoth devoted. Onondago has aiready been Proof PRESUMPTIVE, or the Abbey of Sax devour'd, and Squinacoosla is expecting the Marco.--- We consider it as proof presumsame fate, when'tue kind fairy of the talis. tive of bad taste to produce dramas of this man appears, and after declaring that they movgrel sort, though the presett is likely

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enough to serve its turn for a nine-days gap- accompanies her, and she witnesses the act, ing-stock, and then descend into that vault and has the affliction to know her brother where the stock pieces are not kept. The Alberto is the accomplice of the assassin, fable had already been borrowed from the Romani, tbe murderer, finding she is in posFrench by Mr. Dibdin, who christened it the session of his secret, demands her hand in “ Invisible Witness, or Chapel in the marriage, hoping thus to bind her to eternal Wood." In Paris it was considered as an silence. Her father consents, but she anniattempt to elevate the Affair of Fualdes a lit- hilates the hopes of Romani by avowing ber tle upon tragic stilts ; wbat it is in London marriage. He then threatens to put her child our readers may judge from the plot, which to death if she betrays him, Her nusband is we conscientiously copy from the daily pa. suspected of the murder, and, during his expers:

amination, Romani, seeming to fondie ber It commences with an out of atrocity, child, continually threatens by bis gestares which a variety of circutances seem to to destroy it if she discloses what she knows. prove has been committed t o who are In the end, the child is snatched from himn--inDocent. An der 18 perpetrated otar the the truth is discovered--- Alberto dies of an

z OT ST. Marco. Just at this time, Ernes. guish and remorse, and Romani is reserved for tine seeks the ruips, to meet Vinancio, to public justice. whom sbe is secretly married. Her child

A

VARIETIES.

From the London Monthly Lagazince, November, 1818.

M R. West, the respectable Presi. object by observing the features, and

dent of the Royal Acadeiny, is others by exainioing the protuberances engaged in completing some unfinished of the cranium. But among these pictures in the Queen's Library at the systematizers, there is one deserving of palace in St. James's Park

particular notice. He declares that he THE HOLY CITY.

can discover the temper and habits of A traveller recently returned from any individual by a mere sight of his Syria, relates that the city of Jerusalem band-writing: relying on the authority is now in the most deplorable stale. Ils of some accidental success, he requires population scarcely amounts to 12,000 only to see a note to be enabled to inhabitants, who mostly profess the pronounce an opinion on the character Mahometao religion. The Turkish of the writer. soldiers of the garrison are in possession The father of our young Philosopher of the keys of the Holy Sepulchre, and left him a considerable fortune; but, allow no one to enter who does not that he might devote himself entirely to pay beforehand for his admission, his favourite study undisturbed by Every stranger is obliged to give 18 domestic cares, be determined to marry, francs for every visit he pays to the sa- and to consigo the management of his cred tomb. The sight of Jerusalem in property to a man of business. He our days recals to mind the most terri- could find no difficulty in fixing his ble prophecies of Jeremiah. It is even choice in either of these two delicate deserted by the traveller, either through cases : for he possessed an infallible diminution of faith, or dread of the security against being deceived. He persecutions of the Mussulmen. might have inarried inost advantageously,

in point of fortune; but, contrary to all New method of ascertaining Charac- expectation, he made choice of a young lers by the Hand Writing: -Nosce te lady with whom he was entirely unacipsum-Know yourself, says an ancient quainted; but he had seen a letter Poilosopher; but our modern Philoso- addressed by her to one of his friends, phers have abandoned this task for the He admired the beauty of the band. , , sake of knowing other people. This, writing. The regularity and delicate without contradiction, is the most turning of the letters bespoke gentleness difficult of all studies, and one which and equality of temper. She was has from time inmemorial formed a exactly the woman to whom he wished su hject for the meditation of Physiolo- to be united. He had never seen her, gists. Some have hoped to gain their but he askod her in marriage, and ob

tained her hand. With regard to the amongst other good things, once reSteward, his choice was determined by plied thus to the question of what he observing that his hand-writing was had been doing that morning? “ I first regular and well proportioned; this went to swear in prostitutes for the man, said he, must possess order and militia, then took a ride as far as the method. He iminediately resigned to obstacle (the Obelisk,) and came home him the entire control of bis affairs, and in a decanter." thus freed from all earthly troubles be A person, below the middle stature, gave himself wholly up to study. observed, he could boast of two nega

But, alas! his happiness was not of tive qualificati ns, viz. that he never long duration. At the conclusion of a wore a great coat. nor even lay long year, harrassed by the peltish teinper of in bed. his better half, he was obliged to ob- A woman, probably decayed in her tain a separation from her. It was intellect, stopped a divine in the streets necessary to provide a suitable settle- of the metropolis, with this salutation : ment for his wife, but he gave himself « There is no truth in the land, Sir! no concern on that point, leaving it to there is no truth in the land!” • Then the probity of his methodical Steward. you do not speak truth, good woman,' What was his astonishment on finding replied the clergymail. “Oh! yes, I that his confidence had been abused, do," returned she, hastily. Then and that the honest Steward had there is truth in the land,' rejoined he, borrowed money on his security, as quickly. mortgaged the rents of his farms, and The Princes of Brunswick were, left him on the brink of ruin. One of from their very early years, boys of his friends, whose hand-writing bad what the French call, très grande esper. never inspired him with any favourable ance. It was from about the age of opinion, on learning this two-fold mis- eight tilliwelve they were in England fortune, came to offer him all the service for their education. One day, the in his power. You see, said the friend, younger, Prince William, had been that your system is not quite infallible, mimicking several persons remarkable and that you have been deceived on for their eccentricity of speech, when two important points. Yes, replied the elder, Prince Charles, boy-like, our Philosopher,' very coolly,--but the began to copy his brother, but in a very exceptions prove the rule.

awkward manner. His tutor checked Bulls, &c.-It was stated last week him, observing, the talent was natural in the journals, that a person was, by an in his brother, but absurd in himself, accident, killed on the spot, which had when the Prince pettishly replied, “I so much affected his wife, who was a know it is natural in William ; he was, witness to the fatal catastrophe, that it as you say, born an ape !" was doubtful whether she would sur. vive her husband !!! A Gentleman SCIENTIFIC MISCELLANIES. to whom this blunder was shewn, obser- Captain F. I. Thomas, R. N. has inved that all the absurdly penned notices vented a life-boat (to pull and sail at the of deaths in the newspapers arose from average rate) with three keels; the two people writing their own obituaries ! outer support the bilge, and will prevent

The following was pointed out in the vessel from upsetting of sinking.the Times of Monday as an example Captain Thomas intends making experiof these ridiculous compositions : ments with his boat during his stay at

“ Died. On the 21st, at Rich. Portsmouth. mond, Mr. Wm. Henry Wall, aged 21, A new method of shoeing hores has a rare example of youth: to eulogise been introduced. It consists of two his virtues would but emanate from his pieces joined by a binge, which is degoodness ; the memory of so worthy a fended by a strong steel-headed rivet, young man will be long lamented by all and by adapting itself to the expansion who knew him.".

of the foot, is intended to prevent code A Mayor of Oxford (who had not traction. been a Member of the University,)

VO, VOL. 4]

Original Poetry..

325

POETRY.

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From the Gentleman's Magazine. No fears his peace of mind annoy,

Lest printed lies his fame destroy,
SOMNIUM JUCUNDISSIMUM.

Which labogr'd years have won ;
BY MR. THOMAS PARK.

Nor pack'd committees break his rest,

Nor avarice sends bim forth in quest
Oh! too transcendent vision,

Of climes beneath the sun.
To sorrow's phantom-peopled slumber giren.

LORD BYRON.

Sbort is our span; then why engage

In schemes for which man's transient age SWEET was the dream that cheer'd me Was ne'er by fate design'd ? yesternight:

Why slight the gifts of Nature's band !
I thought an arm of strength was plac'd near Wbat wanderer from his native land
mine,

E’er left himself behind ?
Form'd with a symmetry that seem'd divine,
Yet lifeless, and as pallid to the sight

The restless thought and wayward will,
As clay-cold corse. The hand was open And discontent attend him still,
quite :

Nor quit him while he lives :
And I perceived within its hollow palm At sea, Care follows in the wind;
A wound, that testified some deadly barm At land, it mounts the pad bebiod,
Hlad hapt its Owner. Soon, to my delight, Or with the post-boy drives.
The ficgers, moving, grasp'd my arm around,
And gently drew me upward from the He who would happy live to-day
ground;

Must laugh the present ills away,
And, as I rose, how heavenly was the joy

how heavenly was the joy Nor think of woes to come : That did my visionary thought einploy,

For come they will, or soon or late, For I soon found (and blessed be the sign !) Since mix'd at best is man's estate, It was a SAVIOUR's band that grappled mine. By Heaven's eternal doom.

To ripen'd age Clive liv'd renowu'd

With lacks enrich'd, with honours crown'd, ... The following beautiful lines were written by

His valour's well-earn'd meed. the late Mr. Hastings, on his passage from India

Too long, alas! he liv'd to hate

His envied lot, and died too late,
to England, in 1785.

From life's oppression freed.
Imitation of the Otium Divos of

An earlier death was Elliott's doom ;
HORACE.

I saw his opening virtues bloom,

And manly sense unfold,
NOR ease the harassed seamen prays, Too soon to fade. I bade the stone
T When equipoctial tempests raise Record his name, 'midst bordes unknown,
The Cape's surrounding wave;

Unknowing what it told.
When hanging o'er the reef he hears
The cracking mast, and sees or fears

To thee, perhaps, the Fates may give
Beneath his watery grave.

I wish they may, in health to live,

Herds, tíocks, and fruitful fields;
For ease the slow Mahratta spoils,

Thy vacant hours in mirth to shine ;
And hardier Seik erratic toils,

with these the Muse, already thine,
While both their ease forego;

Her present bounty yields.
For ease, which neither gold can buy,
Nor robes, nor gems, which oft belie

For me, O SHORE, I only claim,
The cover'd heart, bestow.

To merit, not to seek for, fame.

The good and just to please ;
For neither gold nor gems combin'd

A state above the fear of want,
Can heal the soul or suffering miod.

Domestic love, Heaven's choicest grant,
Lo! wbere their owner lies :

Health, leisure, peace, and ease.
Pereli'd on his couch Distemper breathes,
Ang Care, like smoke, in turbid wreaths

Round the gay ceiling flies.
He who enjoys, nor covets more,

THE SHEPHERD'S INVOCATION TO
The lands his father held before,

SPRING.
is of true bliss possess'd : .

By the Author of the Novice of St. Ciare.'
Let but his mind uufetter'd tread
Far as the paths of knowledge lead,

TOVELY Nymph, with laughing eye,
And wise, as well as blest.

I Why delay thy coming, why?

Haste, oh! haste, and let thy feet • Warren Hastings, Esq. died August 22d,

Wander by my shaded seat :

Lightly trip beside my cot, 1818, aged 86 years.

Dance along each well known spot ;

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