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merely a fancy of the Prince, who When be entered the Mansion-house, kept a great number of these caps in his the weather was fine; but being detainapartment, one of which he always put ed some time, it rained heavy when he upon the head of the person who had came out; and leaving the house by a been with him. Lord Ligonier then different door to which he entered, he inquired, whether it were likely such a quite forgot his carriage, and immedifavour would be conferred on him; began to call for a hackney coach, “because," added he, “the King, my but finding none on the neighbouring master, whom I represent, would be far stands, he sallied forth to brave the storm, from pleased, were I to submit to and actually reached Leicester Fields such an indignity !" Upon this, the without bestowing a thought on the Spanish minister promised that he comforts of having a vehicle of his owo, would endeavour to obviate this part of uniil Mrs. Hogarth, surprised to see the ceremony of introduction; and him so wet and splashed, asked him accordingly went in to consult the where he had left ii.-Ibid. Prince on the subject, but returned with the answer that Lord Ligonier

From the Literary Gazette, must submit to be crowned, like the other visitors of his Royal Highness. Singular Descriptio

da Singular Description of the Hospital “ Then,” said Lord L. “I present my



for the Insane at Aversa, in the respects to H.R. H. and wish him a good Kingdom of Naples : morning.” Nay, nay,' replied the Extracted from the unpublished Journal of a Tout Spaniard, glay a little, and I will step

made in the year 1817. in again to the Prince.' He did so, and Aversa was built by the valiant Noragain returning, assured Lord L. that mans, and cannot boast any bon. he might now venture into the presence ours derived from antiquity. It may eh amber, without any apprehension of be considered as new on this classic the compliment being paid him. Lord ground, where you find at every step L. went in accordingly, and was re. Phenician, Greek, 'or Roman monuceived most graciously by the Prince, ments; and where every corner of who conversed with him, for a long ground, every stone, attests to the fortime, with the greatest affability. It did eign visitor the ancient glories of Italy. not escape Lord Li's observation, how. Formerly the curious traveller could ever, that the Prince stood with his see every thing worth secing by casting back to the fire-place, having one hand a look on the country rouvd Aversa, behind him; and he therefore conceive which gature has loaded with her gifts; ed that it was not impossible a trick but now, this place induces him to turn might be played bim at last. He con- aside from the road wbich leads him sequently kept a sharp look-out, and towards the majestic ruins of Capua, watched every motion of H. R. High- to contemplate the progress of philosoness. The suspicion was not without phy and humanity, in a place where he foundation. Approaching to take his would not suspect the smallest trace of leave, he made a very low bow, keep- them to exist: I allude to the Royal ing bis eye still upon the Prince's hand; Hospital for the Insane. and at the very moment when he was I had heard this establishment spoken again raising bis bead, saw bis H.R.H. of with praise ; but being accustomed produce the fool's cap, and lift it up to meet with exaggeration in the good for the purpose of covering him. Be- as well as in the evil, which travellers ing, however, prepared for such a relate of the countries they have visited, manœuvre, he struck the paper com. I resolved to see the place myself. At pliment out of the Prince's hand to the eight o'clock in the morning I went to other end of the room, made another Aversa. After having traversed a short low bow, and retired. -- Lit. Gaz. June, path, we discovered this modest edifice HOGARTH.

in the midst of the most smiling country. Soon after the celebrated Hogarth The bell called the people of the neighset up a carriage, he had occasion to bourhood to mass, which is daily atvisit the Lord Mayor (Mr. Beckford.) tended by the unhappy patients in the

Vol. 4.]

Hospital of the Insine at Aversa.

Hospital. The holy ceremonies were the dreams, the follies of each, and rejust beginning as we entered. A part plied to all by words of peace and conof the church was filled with people solation. His words were like a talisfrom the town and neighbourhood. In man, which calmed their agitation, the choir and the side seats were men dispelled melancholy chagrin, and spread of all ages and conditions, almost all serenity and smiles on the most thoughtdressed in a uniform manner; in the ful and perturbed countenances. This middle were some young grenadiers ; kind of review being terminated, most and in the front a numerous military or- of them went into the garden contiguchestra made the sacred roof re-echo ous to the court. There several games with the most melodious sounds. Every were arranged, judiciously contrived to thing inspired meditation and devotion. afford them a gentle and agreeable My guide said to me, “ Those whom Gymnastic exercise, and to dissipate the you see silent and devout at the foot of gloomy thoughts in which they are habthe altar, those who are in military uni- itually plunged. form, and who pay homage with their While contemplating this kind of arms to the God of armies, those who contest, I perceived that the presence make the temple resound with their of the spectators, and the natural desire harmonious concert, are so many vic- of receiving the prize given to the victor, tins to that dreadful malady which de- excited in their hearts a noble emulation. prives man of the use of his reason : While many of the patients thus ineven he whom you see penetrated with dulged in the pleasure of this wholesome respect and fear, assisting the priest in recreation, others walked about in the expiatory sacrifice, is himself one of silence and avoided company; others chose unfortunate beings.” It is not declaimed aloud : here several of them easy to express the surprise I felt, and were cultivating flowers; there, others the emotion excited in my mind by this stood immoveable, and so plunged in terrible and delicious contrast of the deep reflection, that it seemed as if the wretchedness and the grandeur of the fall of the edifice would not have roused haman mind. Divine service was over, them from it. but the agitation of my mind still con I had spent an hour in this manner, tinued. My guide perceived it, took and was absorbed in the ideas which me by the hand, and conducted me into the sight inspired, when my guide ioa passage which leads from the church vited my companion and myself to go to the interior of the house. It is here, to a high story. We ascended a magsaid be, that the inhabitants of the place nificent staircase; at the top of which, repair to their usual occupations. an elegant vase, filled with fine perfume,

At a certain signal they all assemble diffused an agreeable odourthrough the at a place destined for the master of the whole building. On the right, two of morning. My surprise was increased our grenadiers stood sentinel before an on beholding, that as they arrived in arsenal of simulated arms. From curithe middle of a spacious court, they all osity, I put several questions to them, ranged themselves in a line in the peris- but could not obtain any answer, befile which runs round it. A profound cause they would bave imagined they Elence prevailed when the Director of committed a great breach of discipline this establishment appeared. On seeing if they had broken silence. bim, I observed the most melancholy

We were then led into a large saloon rejoice, and yield to the sweetest emo- neatly decorated, where we found sevCons of the heart. I fancied myself in eral of the insane, who, like people in the bosom of a numerous family, as- full possession of their reason, were sembled in the morning round a tender passing their time agreeably in converaber who loves his children. The sation, or in playing on the harpsicord Director, passing through the ranks which and other instruments, singing pleasing Bey formed, listened to the recital of songs, and hymns of gratitude in honWir sufferings, the wants, the grievances, our of the king, whose bust is set up X ATREXEUM. Vol. 4.

between the statues of Piety, and Wis- nesses to these experiments, we had dom, who place on his brow a crown an opportunity, says the author, of oboffered bim by the love of his subjects. serving the effect which the Galvanic In the adjoining apartments, some young electricity produced on several individ. men of distinguished birth, quietly uals, a statement of which will throw amuged themselves in playing billiards, the greatest light on the obscure art of

Astonished at the urbanity, the deco- treating the infinite variety of mental rum, the tranquillity and the politeness, aberrations.] of this unfortunate family, a stranger It struck iwelve, and the experiments could not help saying to my guide, ceased, it being the hour of dinner. As “ Where then are the insane?" "Wher- we proceeded to the Refectory, the ever you turn your eyes,' answered he. Chevalier Linguiti, the other physician, The peace, the regularity, the good pointed out the dark chamber, the foor temper, which you witness here, are and walls of which are covered with the fruit of vigilance, of order, of a mattresses to confine the maniacs when skilful combination of the different the fit of phrenzy is on them; and the methods of promoting health, and of beds, on which the patients are placed happy application of the means pointed in such a manner, that (the circulation out by medicine, moral philosophy, not being impeded) it is impossible for and a profound knowledge of the hu- them to injure themselves or others. man mind.

He likewise shewed us the strait waistIn more than one kind of mental de- coats, which permit the insane to walk rangement, the difficult art of adminis- about at their ease, without being able tering medicines, and, above all, that to coinmit any excess; the apartmeot of prescribing the use of them, must destined for the surprise bath; the occupy the first rank. Hospitals for theatre, where these unfortunate persons the insane governed like places of con- recreate themselves in representing finement, or, like prisons, destined to musical pieces ; and lastly, that of the secure dangerous patients who must be puppets, where their minds are frequentsequestered from society, are calculated ly diverted in a very beneficial manner. but to multiply the kinds of victims I saw this whole family again assemwhom they contain,

bled at table. Unhappily it was still Io this Hospital the ancient rigorous too dumerous, notwithstanding the treatment of the patients has been bap- frequent and daily cures which annually pily replaced by tender and affectionate restore a great number of its members cares, by the admirable art of gaining to the state, to their relations, to the the mind, and by a mild and pliant arts, the sciences, and humanity. The firmness. Experience has soon de- bread, the wine, the meat, the soup, all monstrated the advantages of this system, the aliments, were wholesome, of good and every body acknowledges that it quality, well prepared, and well served was inspired, not by the blind empiric up: tranquillity, order, silence, were ism of ill judged pity, but by profound every where observed ; but it was then knowledge and enlightened reflections that I first became sensible in what kind on the cause of madness and the means of a place I was. The continual agitaof curing it.

tion of the insane, the motion of their [The writer here gives an account of muscles, which is not interrupted in two eminent physicians, who came to their moments of rage, the animal heat begin a series of Galvanic experiments, which in many of them is much increas. applied to certain species of madness ed, the extraordinary energy of their very frequent in hospitals for the insane, strength, sometimes excite in them an After having chosen the patients, M. extraordinary voracity; and it was Ronchi, one of them, explained in an such, in some of these unfortunate pereloquent and concise manner the reasons sons, that they devoured their food like which convinced him that the remedy ferocious beasts, appearing insatiable. seemed efficacious, and the bopes which whatever quaptity the kind Director set might be conceived of it. Beiog wit- before them. Their physiognom F.

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their gestures, their secret murmurs, a moment without exciting the most
which would cause them to be taken sorrowful reflections on the dreadful
less for men than for brutes, evidently evils which assail humanity.
proved that in these moments they were Full of these gloomy reflections, I
deprived of reason, and governed by left Aversa to be in the evening at Na-
instinct alone. A melancholy and ples, intending to visit the next day the
painful sight, which cannot be beheld Royal Establishment for the Poor.

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From the Literary Gazette, Jane, 1819.

Concluded from p. 75.
NAPOLEON, on his side, appear- quently to land on the coast of Provence,

ed closely to adhere to all that his and proceed to Paris, without any mo-
brother recommended; but, true to his lestation. The plot was, in fact, civil
natural character, be commenced by and military ; as persons who had for-
completely deceiving the senator ; en- merly, filled the situation of ministers,
deavouring to persuade the latter, that a old counsellors of state, commissaries,
sense of her own interests would induce clerks, and women of abandoned char-
Austria to second the enterprise ; and acter, composed the pivot on which the
that, moreover, he had already received infernal machine was known to move,
an assurance, that both his wife and and constituted its principal support. *
cbild would be sent to Paris in the event ***** It was not vill the end of
of its success. In threatening that pow. December that the generals, who had
er with a general rising of the Italians, been initiated into the approaching ca.
headed by Murat, said Napoleon, Aus- tastrophe, began to hold their first meet-
tria, rather than run the risk of losing ings at Paris.
her possessions there, would consent to The plot was divided into tiro parts,
withdraw from the coalition, if ever so that of Buonaparte's debarkation, and
well inclined to oppose his re-establish- the insurrection of several garrisons in
ment. As the execution of this calam- the northern departments, which were
itous plan seemed practicable in Lucien's to march on the capital, and possess'
eyes, he let the success of it to the for- themselves of the royal family : this
tunes of bis brother : so that, apparent- was to be effected by the aid of perfidy
ly, be had merely a secondary part to and treason, prepared with a degree of
play in the grand political drama, which infamy altogether unworthy of the .
was about to throw the cause of Euro- French character. The public is fully
pean liberty back for so many years, aware how amazingly the develope-
It was Joseph who assumed the mostment of this scheme was favoured by
active agency in maturing the plot. This the blind confidence of the court, crim-
crowned adventurer, tho'destitule alike inal neglect of an infatuated ministry,
ostalents or vigour of character, contri- and above all, by the public opinion of
vei, in the rage of disappointed vanity, nearly all France.
and stimulated by his love of gold, io In the course now pursued by Buon-
lay the first part of the train which pro- aparte, of which there appears to be
duced the final explosion in France. some new and important parts here de-
Having previously fixed bis residence veloped, Lucien took an earnest concern,
at the castle of Prangrin, in Switzer- "Lucien had scarcely heard of the
land, that place became the head quar- landiog, when he suddenly threw off
ters for those conspirators who were the mask, which bad bitherto made his
employed to conduct the correspondence sentiments appear somewhat doubtful,
thro' the south of France, particularly and even indifferent with regard to Na-
Lyons, Grenoble, Dijon, and even on poleon.
to the capital. Agents from Elba, des- “On perceiving the Pope's alarm at the
patched by Napoleon bimself, used fre- idea of that man's return, who had op-

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pressed him for so many years, the prince was no longer any chance of dissolving of Canino persuaded bis soverign, that the coalition, it was high time to think he could always control the policy of of opening the campaign." Buonaparte, and preserve bis holiness Of the performances of Lucien durfrom any future aggression. The ponuiff ing this short revolutionay struggle, we had already availed himself of Lucien's think the following character bears the mediation, when Murat was marching evident marks of truth; and were we to a body of troops towards Rome, and adopt the affected phraseology of the thought he should now confide the in- times, we would say, it belongs to histerest of his states, as well as those of tory.' religion, to the saine hands. It was by Installed in his new habitation, Luthis artifice that the senator obtained cien sought for celebrity in three distinct passports to traverse Italy. On procur- capacities, that of prince, minister of ing these, he entered France through state, and poet: all the public authori. Switzerland, and arrived at Paris late ties hastened to coinpliment his highness, in April : here he continued in the ut- who studied to receive them with dignimost secrecy, having also preserved the fied politeness. In this respect the senstrictest incognito on his Journey from ator had a manifest advantage over his Rome. Although not one of his most brother: no one could have a greater intimate friends knew of Lucien's being talent for blending ease and affability in in the capital for some time, he was his official communications than Lucien; nevertheless frequently at the Tuileries, so that he soon became the object of and had many long conferences with general applause in all the circles of the Napoleon, by whom he was charged to resuscitated court, as well as amongst conduct a negotiation of great moment the public functionaries : nor was aduwith the British goverment: this failed lation spared on this occasion; and a even before the necessary passports were hireling newspaper, the Journal de Parsigned. The senator went down to the is, which had but a few months before coast to wait for them, but not being al- most severely criticised the poem of lowed to cross the channel, he returned to Charlemagne, now sang a tulsome paliParis with the same secresy he had left it," node, containing an unbounded panegy

“ The journey into Switzerland was ric on the same composition !" concerted with Napoleon; for although “The fact is, that the senator's credit the reconciliation was complete and siue was no less real than his influence was cere, it became necessary for Lucien to active. He was present at all the privy conceal it for the present, lest some ob- councils and other conferences held by stacle should be thrown in the way of the members of the goverinent, also his family's leaving Rome. On the other whenever the leaders of the two chamhand, it was of the utmost consequence bers met. To bim Napoleon left the that his return to power should be so difficult task of preparing the public managed, as not to give umbrage to those mind, and surmounting difficulties : in persons who had seized the reins of ad- a word, Lucien had undertaken the veministration for the time being, and un- ry troublesome and thankiess office of a der whoin Napoleop himself had been conciliator, between the parties of every obliged to serve a species of tutelage, cast, which, having at first united to suphaving found it impossible to regain all port Napoleon, seemed now desirous of bis power at once. From Lucien's po- contending the prize of power with bim, sition in Switzerland, the emperor hop- and at all events of obliging the new ed the senator would be able to open the government to compromise with them. secret negociations with Austria, and selves. The Prince of Canino fully have greater facilities in stimulating the succeeded in gaining over Carnot, who, exertions of Murat.

of all the ministers, seemed to shew the “Butas events soon began to accumul- senator most deference: these grand late, and become daily more pressing, props of the restored dyoasty were freparticularly when every hope of contin- quently together, and used to have very ving at peace bad vanished, and there long interviews."

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