The Established and the Outsiders
In "The Established and the Outsiders", Elias and Scotson explain differences in power and rank between two very similar groups - both working class - in a local community studied in the early 1960s. They show how one group monopolised sources of power and used them to exclude and stigmatise members of the other, pinpointing the role of gossip in the process. In a later theoretical introduction, Elias advanced a general theory of power relations, applying the established-outsiders model to changing power balances between classes, ethnic groups, colonised and colonisers, men and women, parents and children, gays and straights. A further theoretical development in the last year of his life is an essay inspired by Harper Lee's "To Kill a Mocking Bird", published here in English for the first time.
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THE ESTABLISHED AND THE OUTSIDERS
Neighbourhood relations in the making
Overall picture of Zone i and Zone 2
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activities appeared aspects associations behaviour beliefs belonged better called changes characteristics church closely club Collected configuration connected Elias enquiry established established group established-outsider Estate example excluded fact factory families feeling figuration formed function gossip greater hand higher houses human indicated individual inferior interviews kind later less lived lower majority means minority neighbourhood neighbours newcomers observe old families older one's organisation outsider group outsiders parents particularly perhaps person played position present problems ranking reference regarded relations relationship relatively remained residents respectable rule seemed sense showed situation social society sociological specific standards standing status streets structure superiority theory tradition usually Village whole Winston Parva women workers working-class young youngsters youth Zone