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Nugæ Literariæ.-No. 1.

[Sept. 1, Superstition of the Spaniards. at once, as well as the right eye, which In the Bibliotheque Royale,” at had been for so many years in the habit Paris, there are two folio volumes, the of it!-Custom, says somebody, is a Academy of History, which treat of great thing, I say it is every thing. nothing but the origin of the Spanish

The friendship of Apollo dangerous. and Portuguese name for the glowworm ; dedicated to God the Father, he treats poets with the same kindness

The friendship of Apollo is dangerous; God the Son, and God the Holy Ghost;

as he did his favourite companion to each of whom there is a separate dedi

Hyacinthus. From this thought the cution !!!

device of Tasso was a hyacinth, with the Poets and Painters dangerous to dis- motto “ Sic me Phoebus amat!" oblige.

Dlilton and Tusso. It is dangerous to disoblige either a

The masterpieces of these great poets great poet, or painter. Virgil in his

are Paradise Lost and Jerusalem Delisecond book of the Georgics, had be- vered; and it is somewhat remarka. stowed very high eulogiums on the fer- ble that their subsequent productious tile territory of Nole in Campania; but should cxhibit an equal deficiency of the inhabitants of that city, not choosing genius ; as the Jerusalem Conquered of to allow their waters to run through the Italian, is no more to be compared his lands, he erased Nole, and put Ora

to the Jerusalem Delivered, than the in its place. Dante also placed his Paradise Regained of the British Bard master Brunetto who had offended him is to his Paradise Lost. Lord Orford in his “Inferno"-such is the vengeance has somewhere observed that men of of poets! Michael Angelo constituted genius, at certain periods of their lives, the Pope's master of the ceremonies

seem to be in flower: surely then, the Biggio, an imperative personage in Hell, two poems above mentioned may not in his picture “the last Judgment!" unaptly be compared to the blossoins of Such is the vengeance of painters !

the American Aloe, which it is supposed Illustration of a passage in Milton's to put forth but once in a century! Lycidas.

Etymology of the word Cocoa. Warton, in his criticism on Lycidas,

Coco is the Portuguese word for a bugobserves, that, by “the gray fly winds bear ; it was applied to the fruit, from her sultry horn," the poet describes the the resemblance of an ugly face, which sunset, and the buzzing of the chafer. may be traced at the stalk end. This opinion appears to be erroneous ;

Coincidence between Lord Byron und sultry agrees much better with noon,

Waller. than with sunset. The horn of the gray fly is probably the peculiarly distinct allusion to the death of H. Kirke White,

Lord Byron in his English Bards, in tone of the gnat. epithet applied to the insect by Milton; by too intense application to study, Shakespear designates the waggoner of says: Queen Mab, small

So the struck eagle, stretched upon the plain,

No more thro' rolling clouds to soar again, gnat." Habit.

Viewed his own feather on the fatal dart, Habit is the strongest governing prin

And winged the shaft that quivered in his

heart. ciple of our actions : no theory is equal to practice. An actor who has

Waller has a similar thought in some been accustomed to perform the part of verses to a lady on singing a song he

had written. dying heroes on the stage, will expire himself with more dignity than the “ That eagle's fate and mine are one, bravest man in common life. The famous Which on the shaft that made him die, actress, Mrs. Oldfield, in her last mo- Espied a feather of his own,

Wherewith he wont to fly so high." ments, ordered her maid to paint her face that she might not shock the Origin of the term Gazette. spectators.

Renaudt, a playsician, first published, Mr. Southey in his Omniana has the at Paris, a Gazette; so called from following whimsical anecdote on the gazetto, a small coin paid in Italy for the force of habit. An Emir had bought a reading of manuscript news. The term left eye of a glass eye maker, supposing that he would be able to see with it. The * See the story of Hyacinthus, Ovid, book man begged him to give it a little time; 26, who was killed by a quoit from the hand he could not expect that it would see all of Apollo.

a

grey coated

OBSERVATIONS ON THE POETICAL

STYLE OF LORD BYRON.

1818.]

Observations on the Poetical Style of Lord Byron. 111 news is ingeniously accounted for in an sheep-cotes; the word frequently occurs old epigram :

in Apuleius, particularly in the succeedThe word explains itself without the Muse; ing passage, * Sed habitus alieni fallacia And the four letters tell from whence come

tectus villas seu castella solus aggrediens, News;

viaticulum mihi corrasi.” Lib. vii. From North, East, West, South-the solu

W. tion's made Each quarter gives accounts of war and

trade. Difference between self love, and love of

THAT Lord Byron is a planet in the sell

great hemisphere of literature; round There is a vast difference between which other living poets revolve but as self love, and love of self. The first is satellites, is an atfirmation that may vanity or selfishness, so called in a mean appear to savour of extravagance, but sense of the expression—the latter, that which is nevertheless true. Indeed, natural instinct implanted in all crea there is no writer since the days of tures, named self-preservation; a person, Shakspeare who has surpassed, or even though under the strongest sense of this equalled his Lordship in the force and latter, may yet be capable of setting it fidelity with which he has delineated at naught, for the sake of love, or those deep and mysterious emotions, friendship, virtue, or honour; but those which alternately transport and agonize who are under the dominion of the for- the souls open to the inroads of the mer, are rendered absolutely incapable wilder and stormier passions. “Thoughts of any one manly, generous, or disin- that breathe, and words that burn,” say terested idea or action.

the Edinburgh Reviewers, “are not Goodness of heart; venerally an attend- merely the ornaments, but the staple ant upon genius.

commodity of his poetry; and he is not

inspired, or impressive only in some pasScaliger says, that the love of poetry sages, but through the whole body and is never joined to a feeble and disin- tissue of his composition.” Exalted as genuous mind, but indicates goodness of this eulogium is, it cannot be pronounced heart as well as talents. A similar sen- undeserved: Lord Byron's works have timent occurs in Strabo, lib. i.

formed a new and splendid era in the αγαθόν γενεσθαι ποιητής, μη προτερον γενηθεντα history of English poetry. aroga ayaBox. Which probably gave rise to “Those faultless monsters which the world the following observation in Ben Jon

ne'er saw," son's dedication to Volpore; will impartially, and not asquint, look but which have for so many years toward the offices and functions of a occupied the pages of most of our poet, they will easy conclude to them- Novellists and Bards, are with him ex. selves the impossibility of any man's changed for characters approximating

somewhat nearer to nature : in fact, being a great poet, without first being a

the fashionable complaint against him, good man." Remarks on a passage in Wurton's Essay appears to be, that he regards too fre

(for there is fashion even in criticism ;) on Pope.

quently the darker shades of human In volume 1. p. 176, of Warton's nature, and that he depicts man, rather Essay on the genius and writings of as he is, than as he ought to be. Now Pope, he passes the following comment this charge has become so completely on Petronius.

6 I shall observe by the the “current cant," that many persons, way that the copy of this author, found who have not so much as perused his some years ago, bears many signatures productions, will have no hesitation in of its spuriousness, and particularly of reiterating the opinions of the Bun before its being forged by a Frenchman. For whom they bow ; in other words, of we have this expression, ad CASTELLA the revieno, good, bad, or indifferent, to sese receperunt; that is, to their which they may happen to subscribe. chateaux, instead of ad villas. This It is pot the intention of the author of argument as founded on the word castella these remarks to enter into an elaborate is by no means conclusive : since, not to defence of Lord Byron's style of writmention the Norica Castella of Virgiling; for, with persons of intelligence (Georg. 3, v. 474) which probably was and candour, nothing could be moro intended to signify, nothing more than superfluous; but a few observations on

OUX OLOV

If men

112
On Architecture -No. 26

(Sept. 1, those prejudices which appear to prevail them infinitely more sympathy, than against him as a poet, may not be deemed they ought with propriety to create. irrelevant.

But this is an error in which he is by no That Lord Byron has chosen to means singular; from the age of Homer delineate that description of character to the present; from Achilles to Marwhich was best calculated to display the mion ; our favourable feelings have been extent of his genius, and his intimate excited for persons whose deportment knowledge of the passions of the human has been by no means exemplary ; and mind, is no more to be wondered at, who have exhibited as little morality as than, that Salvator Rosa, throughoat the Giaour, the Corsair, or Childe all his pictures, should have adhered to Harold.--Who can fail to sympathize with that style of the “horribly sublime," for the dreadfully revengeful Zanga; noble, the representation of which he was so even in the deadliness of his crimes ? exclusively and eminently qualified. Let -Who will deny having felt a strange, it be asked, would the connoisseurs of the and almost unaccountable interest in the present day, (adinitting the possibility of fate, even of the “ ruined Archangel," that exalted genius being still in exist- as characterized by our immortal Milton. ence,) recominend him to turn his atten- Still there are few critics, (even modern tion from the objects so well adapted to his critics,) who would have the audacity to pencil, in order to pourtray the infantine assert, that either Milton or Young, simplicity of a Wiikic, or a Gainsbo- intentionally introduced any thing atrough ! Certainly not: why then should tractive or fascinating into the characters we seek to prescribe bounds for the of their heroes : but certain it is, that imaginative faculties of a Bard, who, men of exalted genius cannot always aiming at originality has courage to confine themselves to the limits which deviate from the beaten track, and who, prudence may dictate ; nor is it fair to defying the dull and frigid canons of imagine, because circumstances may lead criticisin, has genius to conceive, and the poet to invest his hero with some one powers to execute plans upon a far more feeling which he himself possesses, that elevated scale, than precedent is able to he should be made answerable for the afford him.

vices which are requisite in order to " Lord Byron," says the reviewer of bring about the catastrophe of his story. the third canto of Childe Harold for the No writer has ever been so frequently “ Quarterly," “ usually paints his sub- identified with his hero, as Lord Byron ; jects on the shaded aspect that their tints and for this reason: he is not content may harmonize with the sombre colours with representing him, merely as an of his landscape." Now this opinion I agent in bringing about a revolution in look upon as peculiarly unfortunate;shade · his drama, but occasionally makes him a does not harmonize to shade. It would vehicle for his own thoughts, and sentibe equally correct to affirm that a band ments; and that too in such a manner, of instrumental music would produce a that it requires no little judginent to better effect by playing the same notes, separate his Lordship from the “ beings than by that judiciously different dis- of his mind."-He cannot avoid enduing tribution of sounds, the artful fusion of them with those deep feelings and lofty which is known to constitute the very aspirations which are so peculiar to himsoul of harmony. Rather may he be self; and he may be compared to a man said to have thrown a sombre cast into who masquerades, for a frolic, in the one part of his picture, to contrast, and character of an assassin, without a sufconsequently to harmonize with the ficient attention to “dramatic keeping" to lighter and more agreeable tints which sustain it, and who frequently betrays pervade it elsewhere; probably upon himself by expressions inconsistent the principle, that,

with the disguise he has assumed. « The hues of bliss more brightly glow, .

Z Chastised by sabler tints of woe, And blended, form with artful strife, ON ARCHITECTURE.- No II. The strength and harmony of life."* • To huild, to plant, whatever you intend,

It has also been observed, and not To rear the columr, or the arch to bend, without some justice, that Lord Byron To spell the terrace, or to sink the grot; has infused such noble traits, and such In all let nature never be forgot.”--POPE. a loftiness of demeanour into the dark MR. EDITOR, souls of his heroes, as to procure for In a former paper* I have endeaGray.

New Monthly Magazine, vol. IX, p. 99.

it cer

1818.)
On Architecture ---No. 2.

113
voured to trace "a slight sketch of the 'affinity to the sublime grandeur of the
origin of architecture, for the purpose of aisles of a Cathedral.
showing the connection that ought to It is the air of mystery that langs
subsist between the primitive hut and around every thing relating to the
the regular architectural building, of Druids, aided by the awe and veneration
which it is the prototype ; and as this which antiquity almost universally in-
connection may be considered the very spires, that leads us to compare their
basis of each kind of architecture, groves and temples with the most sub-
tainly ought to be one of the first objects lime specimens of more modern art. But
of the artist's attention. A mixture of though the priests who erected the go-
styles must always lessen the beauty of thic cathedrals might be actuated by mo-
a composition; and though harmony of tives similar to those which produced the
proportion, beauty of form, and tasteful sacred groves and rude temples of the
disposition may reuder the incongruity Druids; yet there appears to be too dis-
less obvious, yet it will always be appa- tant a resemblance between them, to
rent to the well-informed.

justify us in supposing the grove to have The origin of architectural forms may given the idea of a cathedral. On the be referred to three causes: one species other hand, a person engaged in designof forms being derived from copying na- ing a roof would naturally assist his imatural objects, another suggested by the gination by referring to the one over his nature of the materials, and a third by own head; and by giving order and the object to be attained. The latter symmetry to the wicker ribs, produce two determined the form of the primi- that strong and beautiful species of vaulttive hut, and the first graced it with or- ing which characterizes the gothic style naments; and to these causes either sing- of architecture. ly or jointly, every kind of architectu It is natural to reflect on the means ral form may be traced.

that have been used to effect the same But when the form and manner of purpose by those that have gone before building huts had made some progress, us, and hence it is that there is so little the structure of these huts themselves novelty in the productions of modern would furnish the builders with new

art, particularly where the artist has ideas, as men are much more inclined to deeply studied ancient models. Filled study from works of art than from na with the ideas of their predecessors, motural objects. Accordingly Sir James dern artists content themselves in geneHall conceives the form and the ribs of a

ral with making trifling variations in gothic ceiling to have been suggested by those forms they have collected from the internal boughs or ribs of a hut, and existing works. not by an avenue of trees; which your The Greek architects having no mocorrespondent, Mr. Baumeister, will rea dels before them, followed the dictates dily perceive to be a completely different of real genius, consulted nature and the theory of the origin of vaulting from object they had proposed to accomplish, that noticed by Dr. Anderson; to whom and arrived at the first degree of excelon this occasion the palm of originality is lence. In decoration they selected from not due, as the same idea had occurred to nature, whence the elements of all their Bishop Warburton in his notes on Pope. ornaments, were obtained. The same I give the preference to Sir James Hall's principles have been the guide of the theory, because it appears more probable gothic masters, like Shakespeare in anothat the roofs of the huts, or temporary ther branch of the fine arts, their works buildings, erected for the use of the are inimitable; and, like Shakespeare, builders during the progress of the build- they have transgressed every rule of me. ing, would suggest the idea, than that it chanical criticism. was borrowed from an avenue of trees; Among the Romans the arch was in as it was not very likely that planted use at an early period. The celebrated avenues of trees were common at that cloaca, which were built more than period, nor that the natural growth of a 2000 years ago, are arched; the cloaca forest would be sufficiently regular to maxima having a triple ring of arch attract the attention of the builder.- stones. But the arch is quite incomraMany suppose that the aisles of the go- tible with the Greek style of building, thic cathedral had its prototype in the and if it were not wholly unknown to groves of the Druids; but in reality the gublimity of the druidicial grove is a mere * Eustace's Classical Tour in Italy. vol. creature of the imagination, and has little ü. p. 170. NEW MONTHLY MAU.-.No. 56.

VOL. X,

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114

Advantages of Prince Edward's Island, (Sept. 1, them, at least it was not introduced into semicircle ; it is what sailors term “ land their regular architecture, till it was de- locked," and may be approached either based by the introduction of foreign by the river St. Lawrence or through the principles.

Gut of Canso, a small strait, which sepaA greater distinction could not exist rates the isle of Cape Breton from Nora than that between the straight lintel of Scotia. Breton, a considerable town on the Greeks and the arch of the Romans; the main land, is only twenty-eight miles yet the Romans were so void of good from Prince Edward's, to which place taste as to join them ; that is, on their the packet goes weekly in summer and own archiform buildings to place the winter. The soil of the island is of Greek orders as ornaments ---thus com a light chalky nature, every where bining two principles of building so dis- mingled with marle, and is by no means tinct and dissimilar, that the inartificial gravelly, or sandy, as it generally is junction is evident in almost all cases. throughout America. The air is keen in

It is truly surprising that a compound winter, but in summer cooled by reand corrupted style, like that of the Ro. freshing showers, and the sea breeze; so mans, should have had so many imitators, that it differs little from the climate of and particularly among British artists, England. There are no mountaius upon where so many examples of a superior the island, which is one continued level; style exist.

Just criticism, however, is save what may be termed gradual slopes awed to silence by an appeal to what is on the banks of the rivers. Innumerable called classical authority; and because springs are found in every place; and not Cicero, Virgil, &c. &c. were Romans, only trout streams, but majestic navigaevery thing that was done by that people ble rivers, capable of bearing vessels of must be a model of perfection,

the heaviest burthen, are found piercing It is, however, oftener from a want of the country from every bay. taste in the employer, than from any Wherever the settler resides, he will want of real taste or talent in a nation find a stream at no great distance, which which gives a meretricious character to will convey his timber to the seat of its architecture, - as extravagant and Government, or one of the most frefanciful decoration, crowded till the cye quented ports ; an incalulable benefit in finds no resting place, is the delight of a new settlement, where cattle are scarce, ordinary people, who have no pleasure and roads through the woods impassain chaste simplicity, because they do not ble during one half of the year. look for the beautiful but for the fine.

On approaching the island it looks A poet or a painter may produce a like an immense forest rising from the specimen of his art in a garret, but an Not much of the land has been architect, even when he gets the direc- cleared, compared with the numerous tion of an edifice, is often obliged to com settlers upon it, who in general purchase ply with the capricious whims of his em two hundred acres, and clear no more ployers, and therefore his works being than twenty, which suffices to keep them scarcely his own, are not fair subjects in afluence beyond their hopes or expecof criticism.

tativns. The soil is so rich, that it proFor this reason I have confined myself duces seven-fold. A track of country, to general remarks, and must leave the covered with lofty timber for more than application to the reader.

three square miles, will be this year burnt D--T. down, and the next without ploughing will

produce the finest crops of wheat, barley,

and potatoes. Industry is not required ; SOME ACCOUNT OP PRINCE EDWARD's

amusement is the sole duty of the fariner, ISLAND, AND ITS ADVANTAGES AS A

and in following his pleasures he ensures SETTLEMENT FOR EMIGRANTS.

his profits. The produce of his farm is THIS interesting island, situated at shipped off to Halifax or St. John's, the entrance of the gulph of Saint Law- Newfoundland ; (the latter place being rence, is about 90 miles in length and entirely supplied with grain, vegetables, 30 in breadth; it is entirely covered with and live stock from Prince Edward's) wood, and is bounded on the east by the and the returns are always made in island of Cape Breton, which forms a specie, rum, sugar, tea and tobacco.. If barrier to protect it from the fury of the the winters are cold, the summers are Atlantic, on the west by the province of warm; wild strawberries and raspberries New Brunswick, on the north by the grow down to the very edge of the shores of Newfoundland and Nova Sco- rivers, superior in size and flavour to any tia, which sweep it also to the south in a cultivated in England. The woods are

sea.

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