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America and her Resources, by John Bristed. [Nov. 1, ensure ultimate salvation, cannot be too The most atrocious violators of the severely deprecated. They are in them- law have lulled their consciences with some selves directly anti-christian, and sub- fancied experiences of faith ; and they who versive of that great hope which all have broken every commandment 'npon true believers should entertain of future earth, have yet looked for their reward in

heaven. llence the composedness with happiness through a Saviour's mediation. which even murderers have gone from For if, as we are told by the rigid Cal

scenes of horror to the house of God: vinists, the ALMIGHTY bąd, in the ex hence the facility with which such persons. ercise of his omniscient will, pre-01 dain- have turned from shedding blood to prayed a certain proportion of his creatures ing. To the same cause, also, must we at-, to eternal punisbment or happiness, how tribute that growing hardihood in crime, can gospel belief avail in averting the through which convicted assassins so often dreadful sentence from those who can deny their guilt, though almost in the prehave no hope in participating in the

sence of their MAKER: and thus only can joys of the blessed-We all know that which creatures covered with guilt have, in

we account for that presuming audacity with it is quite common for the most ahan- their last moments, dared confiden Uy to doned offenders, in their last moments, boast that they are ascending from the scale!! to deny crimes of which there was no

fold itself to the right hand of God !! doubt of their being guilty, and impious “ May these fantastical delusions prove at ly declare their confidence in sharing the warning voice to my country, before it be 100,1 joys of that after-state of bliss which late. May they convince us of the alarma. God has prepared for those who keep ing effects and evil tendency of enthusiasmade, I liis commandments !" Need we refer 10 May they keep us in the sober, steady papa the recent case of the Ashcrofts, for the of that rational religion, under which this murder at Manchester. One of them, nation has attained its present proud pre-mi. it appears, had been a member of what thers tired and died. Spiritual assurárice Beu! he pleased to term a "religious society;" cometh no one of the sons of men." All are and yet this man, with the rery evidence sinners. The best of created beings should of positive proof, and death staring him entertain an awful looking for of judgmont in the face, persisted in asserting his in to come; he must close his accounts with nocence, and declaring bis confidence in hope, indeed, through Christ, but with a the election of grace! A commentary, hope still trembling." p. 32, however, on this pernicions doetrine is This is the genuine doctrine of the not necessary, liere; and any observa- Scriptures- this is truly the doctrine tions we might feel inclined to make calculated to “speak peace here and upon it, are amply and ably anticipated hereafter." in the discourse before is.

A seconil edition of this admirable There is nothing forid in the lan sermon was announced for publication guage-- there is none of that unneces- in less than a fortnight after the appearsary verbinge in this truly orthodox ser ance of the first; the profits of the sale of mon, which too often characterizes simi- which have been given by the Bishop Jar productions : but the style is never to the Chester Infirmary. It is deditheless nervous and striking-Jignified cated to Lord Ellenborough. and persuasive. It breathes throughout III. America and her Rescurces; or a a spirit of pure and unaffected piety. In Tiew of the agricultural, Commercial, alliision to the doctrine of faith, the es Manufacturing, Financial, Political, timable author observes:

Literary, Norul, and Religious Cu“ It is incumbent upon every friend to

pacity und Character of the American religion and virtue, upon every well-wisher Feople, By Joux BRISTED, Coun- , to social order and the happiness of man, as

scilor-at-Law. Srq. pp. 504.. ai all times, so particularly now, to point out This is one of the most important stathe utter hopelessness of obtaining salvation tistical works that has ever come under without the observance of the laws of God. our observation, and it possesses a quiWhatever is substituted in the place of lity which is rarely to be found'in books Christian morality, must in the end prove of this description, for it is written in * treacherous and fatal. Nor are the evil the strictest spirit of candour. The anieffects, alas! of such a system of religion to be deduced from theory; they have been too

thor brings to his subject a very ardent

, wel attested by facts. Future remunera

mind, and he has evidently laboured tions have been holden ovi, independent of upon it with uncommou industry; but moral obedience; vice has been rendered notwithstanding his strong and natural coutident of salvation, and the great nar- predilection for the U

United States, this rier has been thrown down between bim partiality by no means .warps, his, inglese who serreth God and him who serveth him ment or blinds his understanding

Liria TVwe

345,

- This navy,

1818.1 America and her Resources, by John Bristed. picture of the new empire which has much also might be said, is adduced risen, with such rapidity of growth, on under the head of commerce, and that is the opposite shores of the Atlantic, ex a decrease in the tonnage of shipping hibits a broad outline, all the parts of employed in foreign trade ; so much has which are sketched and filled up with a peace all over the world lessened the ex-, scrupulous regard to accuracy of re ternal commerce of the United States. presentation. Here and there, indeed, It is said, however, that the rapidly ina vein of declamation bursts forth, bet- creasing coasting trade, as well as the ter suited to popular oratory than serious fisheries, will not only augment the investigation ; but this will be the more wealtii and comfort of the American readily excused, when it is found that people, but always ensure a large body the author, in his love of rhetoric, only of excellent seamen for the supply of endeavours to give force to what he is the wavy when wanted. persuaded is the truth; and which he which is a favourite theme with every supports by striking facts and acute ar American writer, consists at present of gumentation. Mr. Bristed is not an au near one hundred ships, brigs, and thor unknown to the world ; for when schooners, besides small sloops and gunthe Americans in general anticipated the boats -- of which nine are rated at destruction of Britain, by the all-power- seventy-four, but carry ninety guns ; ful arms of Napoleon, after the battle ten forty-four guns; one thirty-eight of Wagram, he ventured to oppose the guns; two thirty-six guns; two thirtyheadlong current of popular opinion in two guns; and thirty from twenty-eight a well-reasoned work, which soon came to sixteen guns. Congress has made to a second cdition, with the title of ample appropriations for the annual in“ Resources of the British Empire." crease of the navy : so that the United In that performance the author under- States, in all probability, will soon be took to demonstrate the downfall of the able to send fleets sufficiently numerous overgrown power of France; but in- to cope with any European power, for stead of producing conviction, he was the mastery of that element whose dotreated as a risionary fanatic, and mere minion invariably confers a paramount closet recluse, unacquainted with men influence among all the sovereignties of and things, and wanting common sense.

the earth." The result shewed on which side the The Americans are persuaded, that truth lay: but this perspicacious observer the emancipation of the Spanish colonies manifested his moderation in forbearing will be beneficial to their trade; but to appear again in public as a writer, till this opinion Mr. Bristed controverts by he had accumulated materials sufficient saying, that those immense regions profor a performance calculated equally to duce all the staples of the United States, enlighten Europeans and Americans, and many more; while in regard to marelative to the internal strength of this nufactures, Britain would inevitably supformidable and increasing power.

ply them with hetter articles, more in The present volume is the result of quantity, and at a lower rate, than any eight years patient research and indus- other country. As a proof of this, it is trious application. In the introductory a fact, that the influx of British goods remarks, the author takes a general view into the United States, since the peace of preceding writers and travellers on of 1815, has destroyed or suspended a subject of the United States, most of great portion of manufacturing establishwhom are treated with great contempt, ments in that country. This is a pretty and one or two' with moderate praise. encouragement to ingenious artisans,

The four first chapters are occupied who think they have nothing to do but with views of the agriculture, commerce,

to make fortunes in the western Camanufactures, and finances of the United States. The advance made, and still The chapter on the finances of the making in population, forins a curious ar United states is excellent, and contains ticle, upon which we were almost tempt- much valuable matter of general ined to make some remarks; but the sub- terest. The author reprobates the weak ject being more proper for a separate policy of the American government in disquisition, we shall dismiss it with say- neglecting that only sure source of reing, that the overflow being adventi- venue, internal taxation; and he centious, and not natural, cannot be con sures, with no less severity, though ansidered as adding much to the real poli- parently with less justice, the reduction tical strength of the American republic. of the regular arıny. One very striking fact, upon which The fifth chapter, under the general NEW MONTHLY MAO.-No: 58.

Vol. X

2 Y

naan.

346 Memoirs of John Duke of Marlborough, by W. Coxe. [Nov. 1, head of

os

Governinent, Policy, and South Carolina, after lashing his negro slave Laws," embraces a great variety of most unmercifully, compelled another of topics, some of which are treated in a his negroes (the intimate companion and very desultory manner, but others at friend of the person punished) to sever his considerable length, and with much

head from his body with an axe, while he

perspicuity. The following sketch of the

was held down on a block by his fellow-slaves. Representative Assembly is exceedingly the master was punished by the imposition

For this atrocious and deliberate murder, curious:

of a small fine, prescribed by statute. If he “ The members of Congress go up from had stolen a horse in South Carolina, and all quarters of the Union to Washington, had been found guilty of the offence, the and generally carrying with them only mo- laws of that state would have hanged him; derate natural capacities, and no very pro- but the deliberate murder of his fellow-creafound acquaintance with the great political ture was commuted for a few dollars !!” relations subsisting between the United States Such is the law as regards masters ; and the other sovereignties of the world, but what is it in respect to slaves ? they assemble together in the Senate and “ In the same state they are burned alive House of Representatives, and hurry through for the crimes of arson, burglary, and matinto statutes all sorts of bills, the meaning der. So lately as the year 18978, two neand import of which they do not always groes were actually burned alive, over a know, and concerning the probable results slow fire, in the midst of the market-place, of which they cannot sometimes even guess; in the city of Charlestown. What must be but they obey the directions of their civil the code of municipal law-what must be the commanders, the leaders of the Virginian state of public feeling, in respect to the dynasty. And having performed these feats wretched African race, that could suffer two of legislation, the Congress-men retire to human beings to be gradually consumed by their respective domiciles; and congratulate fire, as a public spectacle, in the inidst of a each other upon their deliberative sagacity city containing nearly twenty thousand" noand wisdom, without any dread of encoun- minal Christians, and the best of all postering the ridicule or reproach of an intelli- sible republicans, who profess to look with gent human being, amidst the gross popu. scorn upon the tyrants, and with compassion lation, so thinly scattered over the naked upon the slaves of Europe ?" metropolis of America. The embargo of We must defer our notice of the re1807-9, that suicidal act, which at one death mainder of this valuable publication till stroke cut asunder all the sinews of national

our next number. industry, wealth, and reputation, was absoJutely carried through the Senate of the IV. Memoirs of John Duke of Dark United States in the little compáss of four

borough, with his original Corresponhours ; the three readings of the bill being

dence, collected from the family reforced onward one after another, with all the cords at Blenheim, and other authenrapidity of guilt: and when the two or three

tic sources.

By William COXE, Teally wise and practical statesmen, who at M.A. F.R.S. &c. Archdeacon of Wilts. that period happened to be in the Senate, 2 vols. 4to. and who foresaw the ruinous consequences The want of a copious and correct life of of that miserable measure, requested the go- the illustrious Marlborough, has long been vernment party to pause, until they could an opprobrium to British biography. It is obtain some correct information as to its well, however, that Glover and Mallet negprobable effects upon the mercantile and lected the office which they were desired to agricultural interests of the country, they undertake by the celebrated Duchess, for we were answered, that the American Senate doubt whether the talents of the former were wanted no political information; that its col- equal to the task, and the latter gave such a lective wisdom was fully adequate to pro- specimen of his genius in the Life of Bacon, vide laws for promoting the welfare of the as lest no room for regret at his failing to Union: and accordingly the American Se

execute what he pledged himself to perform. nate, in its collective wisdom, did, in the Happily, the work was reserved for better space of four hours, take up, consider, and times, and an abler hand, when historical pass into a law, an act, laying a perpetual composition has assumed its proper dignity embargo on all the commerce of the United in this country, and that, in a great degree, States."

through the labours of the venerable author On the subject of Slavery our author of the present memoirs. Some writers, and is very animated; and as the govern- those, too, of no ordinary name, would, with ment of the United States of America is the same materials, have drawn but a lengthfrequently held up by way of contrast, ened narrative in their own language, tein order to shew the superior blessings ferring to their authorities in marginal notes, of republicanism to monarchy, we shall

or throwing the whole into an appendix. select two paragraphs, exlubiting the The learned archdeacon has,, with equal actual state of law and justice in that chamber, and wherever. it was practicable

judgment and modesty, kept in the anticountry.

left the noble Duke to tell his own story. “ In the year 1811, an inhabitant of Thus we see more of Marlborough than we

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BIBLIOGRAPHY.

BIOGRAPHY.

1818.) New Publications, with Critical Remarks.

347 should have done in the most luminous repeated injuries, which, by the evidence here lation of his public conduct, or impartial de accumulated, were enough to have prolineation of his character; even though the woked the severest retaliation. Old Sarahi same had been sketched by the hand of cuts a curious figure in these volumes, and Robertson, and wrought up with the colour we are very much mistaken if the character ing of Gibbon.

of her mistress will not from henceforth rise The Blenheim papers have thrown new in general estimation, and be placed in a light upon the history of this great man, more favourable light, than it has hitherto who now appears to have been as sound a stood in the English history. The strict politician and as disinterested a patriot in his fidelity of the archdeacon in this part of his day, as he was confessedly the first warrior work does him infinite honour; and the inof his age. Of his early life not much is estimable addition which he has made to added to former accounts; but the biogra- our national biography, will atone, in a pher has satisfactorily cleared away some great measure, for the strange confusion false representations which have hitherto and obscurity in which, with few exceptions, attached to the name of his hero, who is that most important branch of literature has proved to have had a classical education at hitherto been suffered to lie neglected. St. Paul's school. While his gallantries in the dissipated reign of Cbarles the Second are tacity admitted, the lying tales told Reddell's Catalogue of Scarce and Valuby Mrs. Manley are more gravely refuted able Books. Part 4. 6d. than we think they deserved.

Our author is more in his place and far Memoirs of the late Lieutenant-General more successful in vindicating the man who Sir James Leith, G.C. B. By a British Ofheld the destinies of Europe in his hands, ficer. 8vo. 8s. from the foul charge of endeavouring to Macleay's Historical Memoirs of Rob prevent the, succession of the house of Roy, and the Clan Macgregor, including Brunswick, on the demise of Queen Anne. notices of Lady Grange, &c. 12mo. 8s. It is very evident, that Marlborough's Memoirs of Count de Las Casas, the correspondence with the partisans of the companion of Napoleon, communicated by exiled monarch was merely of the defensive himself. 2d edit. 8vo. 85. 6d. kind, originating in the principle of securing An octavo Edition of the Life of Sir his own safety in the event of another revo Joshua Reynolds.' By James Northcote, lution. There was nothing peculiar in this esq. Ř. A, 2 vols. with portraits and other case, nor did he stand alone at that time in plates. 21s. thus holding a communication with the court of St. Germains, since almost all the leading Coloured Figures and Descriptions of the Whigs, when in and out of power, did the Plants referred by Botanists, &c. to the same, as well as the Tories. How far such Genus Fucus. By Dawson Turner, esq. a counexion can be justified on abstract No. 45. 4to. 7s. 6d. grounds, we shall not stop to enquire; but

COMMERCE. perhaps the statesmen who so acted had not A Letter addressed to the Proprietors of forgotten what was practised during the Bank Stock, on the division of the surplus vsarpation, when a temporizing policy, com- profits of that Corporation. By C. Arnot. plying with the terms exacted by Cromwell, 8vo. was considered not only as lawful but as beneficial, in fact, to the King's interests. It Considerations on the Sea. By the Rev. would be no difficalt matter certainly, to de- : James Rudge, M. A. F. R. S. 12mo. 2s. lend this conduct by many plausible argu The analogy between the natural and ments and cogent examples; though inflex- moral world properly considered and imible moralizts, on the other hand, would proved, expands the mind, stores it with the briug up a formidable train of artillery noblest ideas, and secures it alike from inagainst it, drawn from philosophy and Re- dolence and deception. Numerous books velation. We should bave been glad to have have been written in a strain of pious mediseen the Duke of Marlborough and his tur tation upon the wonders of the universe, and bulent Duchess freed as well from the accu the present tract is a very pleasing addition sation of distressing the amiable but unfortu- to the stock of edifying manuals calculated Date Anne by their political intrigues and en to lead the thonghts of men " through Na1. croachments. It is true the Duke was less ture up to Nature's God." The comparioffensive and insulting than his wife, with son between the ebbing and flowing of the whom he frequently remonstrated in gentle tide, and the ever changing current of huterms on her imprudence; but, it is no less man affairs is sketched with pecuhar neat: true that this man, who was the terror of Dess, and the reflections arising from it are France, suffered his peace of mind to be tor such as 'meet with a responsive echo in

tured by an arrogant and ambitious woman. every bosom without affectation or enthuPhe affection of the Queen towards both, siasrn.

was, beyond ał doubt, most sincere, till her. The End of Religious Controversy, in a a pariance was completely worn out by re- : friendly correspondence between a Society

ja 0f w multi og info lo 393 63

to Moni.

BOTANY.

DIVINITY.

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348

New Publications, with Critical Remarks. [Nov. 1, of Protestants, and a Roman Catholic Di- 'ever, have wished his examples to have beert vine. 3 vols. Royal 8vo. 27s.

more numerous than they are ; since a better The Connection of Natural and Revealed understanding is produced in the mind of Theology. By the Rev. E. W. Grinfield. the student hy a liberal citation of cases in 8vo. 12s.

point, than can possibly be effected by geCuningham on the Apostacy of the neral rules. Church of Rome. 8vo. 4s. 6d.

The First French Guide, containing an Knight's Sermons on various occasions. easy Spelling Book, Reading Exercises, a 8vo. 7s.

recapitulation of the various sounds of the A Charge delivered to the Clergy of the French language, a vocabulary of names in Diocese of London, at the visitation in July general use, with their articles, and an easy and August, 1818. By William Lord Bishop introduction to the French Grammar. By of London. 8vo. Is. 6d.

J. Cherpilloud. 12mo. pp. 149. Sermons selected from the MSS. of the This book is intended to form part of a late Rev. Charles Moore. Published by series of publications calculated to facilitate his son Captain C. Moore. 2 vols. 8vo. 21s. the attainment of the French language, and

Sermons selected from the MSS. of the from the simplification of the system as exlate Rev. E. Robson, Vicar of Orston. 2 vols. hibited in the introduction, there is every 8vo. 21s.

reason to suppose that the elementary colThe Church Catechism and Rite of Con- lection will meet with general approbation. firmation Explained and Ilustrated. By T. The Barrister, or Strictures on the EduH. Heverfield, B. D. Svo. 13s.

cation proper for the Bar. 12mo. 63.1

MEDICINE. The Appeal, a Tragedy in three Acts. Orfifa's Directions for the Treatment of Svo. )s.

Persons who have taken Poison, translated EDUCATION.

from the French. By R. H. Black... 12 mo. Les Jeunes Vendéens, ou Le Frere et La Sæur: Relation des Faits Véritables pour Dickinson on Burns and Scalds. 8vo. 53. la Jeunesse. Par Feu Madame Bernard. Monro on Small Pox after Vaccination.

This interesting little narrative has double Svo. 10s.6d. claim upon our attention, for had not the Manstord's Enquiry into the Infiuence of aim of its publication been as commendable Situation on Pulmonary Consumptions, and as it is, that of providing for the orphan on the Duration of Life, illustrated by Stachild of its amiable authoress, we should tistical Reports. Svo. 58. still have felt ourselves called upon to hear Murdock's Observations on the extractestimony to its merits as a literary compo tion of the Placenta. 8vo. Is. 6d. sition. The style is elegant, and the senti Observations on the Symptoms and Spements uniformly moral; in fact we know of cific Distinctions of Venereal Diseases, inno work better adapted to the purposes of terspersed with Hints for the more effectual youthful instruction and amusement, than prosecution of the present enquiry into the « Les Jeunes Vendéens."

uses and abuses of Mercury in their treatWe trust the exertions of the intelligent ment. By R. Carmichael. 8vo. 9s. Editor, Mr. Jamieson, will not fail mate Reports of the practice in the Clinical rially to benefit the cause he has so hu- Wards of the Royal Infirmary of Edinmanely advocated ; and that he will expe- burgh. By A. Duncan, M. D. 8vo. 48. rience the recompence, most grateful to the A Memoir on the Congenital Club Feet feelings of a good man, of seeing his efforts of Children, and on the mode of correcting ultimately effect the praiseworthy object that deformity. By A. Scarpa. '4to. 10s. 6d. which they have been directed.

An Account of some experiments made A Treatise on the Pronunciation of the with the vapour of boiling tar in the cure of French Language. By P. J. Bekaert, Pulmonary Consumptions. By A. Chrighmember of the University of Paris, pp. 80. ton, M. D. 2s. 6d. We had lately occasion to direct the at.

MISCELLANEOUS. tention of our readers to an admirable ele Submission exemplified, or the Amiable mentary work by Mr. Anaya, (Discours sur Stranger, pp. 251. la maniere d'apprendre les langues vivantes. While we allow the author of this volume See p. 253.) on the best method of learning due credit for his good intentions, we cannot the living languages, and we feel it equally forbear expressing our opinion of the abour duty to recomiend the pamphlet before surdity of endeavouring to combine in one us as the'best treatise on the French pro- composition both a sermon and romance; nunciation we ever recollect to have met neither are we assured of the propriety of with. The plan adopted by Mr. Bekaert is constantly mingling texts of scripture with eminently perspicuous, without being dif- fictitious narrative; as it appears too much fuse, and is entirely divested of that confu- like an attempt to reduce the sublimities of - sion of arrangement so peculiar to his coun- holy writ to the mere level of ordinary contrymen, in attempts of a similar nature; versation. Indeed, we think upon the witness the grammars, ipf. Wanostrocht, whole, that the religious diecussion which Levizac, Chambaud, &c. We could, how- forms so prominent a feature in these

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