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in the Egyptian inarkets, and in India tisans in Britain and abroad. Of course and China its leaves form the principal the contents excited much interest at food of the common people. The Ca- Rome, and the Papal Government took ribbee - cabbage thrives best in damp alarm in regard to the exposure of its places. It grows up in tufts between own projects and policy. Dr. W. was four and five feet high; its leaves are in consequence sent for by the Papal setwo feet long, and about eighteen inches cretary of state, who, from overtures to wide.

repurchase, adopted threats ; and finally The Louvre has been enriched with took forcible possession of the whole, statues, vases, bas-reliefs, and inscrip and put the owner under arrest. He tions, to the amount of about 60,000 appealed in vain to the British resident francs, from the collection of the late M. and ministers, who appeared covertly to de Choiseuil Gouffier.

take part with the Papal Government ;

and it appears, that after the Pope's miITALY.

nisters had duly examined the whole, Lord BYRON still continued at Ve- they caused a tender to be made of them nice late in September last, pursuing his to the Prince Regent: and a British fripoetical labours with indefatigable ar gate was actually sent to convey them dour. He devotes his mornings ell- to England. Accordingly they are now tirely to study, and spends his evenings in Carlton-house, and Dr. W. who, on chiefly at the Theatre, receiving the being enlarged at Rome, set off for visits of his friends in his private box. England to reclaim them, has obtained

THE STUART PAPERS.-A very ex- some temporary recoinpence. A comtraordinary discorery of curiosities, li- mission has been appointed to investiterary, political, and historical, was gate his further claims, and it is to be lately made at Rome, by Dr. R. Wat- supposed that, however they were overson, author of the lives of Fletcher and ruled by arbitrary power in Rome, they Gordon. This gentleman went to Italy will be duly respected in England. to search for any manuscripts or reliques A subscription has been opened at of the House of Stuart, which might Florence, for a monument to be erected have been left in the hands of strangers in honour of Dante. It is well known by the last survivors of that family.-- that the prince of Italian poets, when in After much trouble, he discovered that banishment, like Gibelin, was reduced to the executor of the executor of the Car- bey for shelter and a morsel of bread in dinal York, or Henry IX. as he is often foreign countries. The monument will called, was in possession of a vast collec- be erected in the church of Santa-Croce, tion of papers, on which he placed so the Pantheon of Tuscany. little value, that he suffered them to re- At Franconi, Circus Paris, Macbeth main in a garret without windows, ex- and Othello are converted into Pantoposed to erery shower of rain. He inimes! therefore readily sold the whole to Dr. “ To what base uses may we come at last." W. who took possession of them, and At an exhibition of the Fine Arts at removed them in carts to his owu apart. Florence, July 15, were di plaveil the ments, where they were seen by many casts of the Marbles which Lord Elgin distinguished English visitors in Roine. brought from the Temple of Minerva at Dr. W.employed some time in assorting Athens, called the Parthenon. These and arranging them, and he found that casts are a present from the Prince Rey they consisted of nearly 400,000 separate gont of England. In return for which articles, of which about 250,000 possessed several of the finesi statues of that cevarious degrees of interest. Among Tebrated gallery are to be modelled and these were several original letters of forwarded to England; among them is Fenelon, many of Bolingbroke, Pope, the group of Niobe and her children. Swift, Atterbury, and other English

RUSSIA. writers, and a series of letters, con- The Imperial Economical Society of tinued through a period of nearly 100 St. Petersburgh has proposed the folyears, of every potentate and statesman lowing questions and prizes for the in Europe, and of most of the English years 1818 and 1819:- The Gold Medal nobility. The contents of many of these of 50 ducats raluc, for the discovery in documents were of the most extraordi- Finland, of the substance called “ Kuonary character, developing the plans lin," fit for the fabrication of porcelain which were adopted at different times or “ China.”—For a method of refining for the restoration of the Stuarts, and sugar without bullocks blood, a Gold the names of the promoters and par. Medal of 20 ducats.

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1918.)

( 355 )

MEMOIR OF WALTER SCOTT, Esq.

(With a Portrait.)

IF biography is difficult when em- subject, without considering that living ployed upon subjects that have long excellence seldom furnishes the means of since been removed to a sphere where minute detail. popularity has no charm, and envy can Walter Scott is the eldest surviving not sting, the task is far more delicate son of a gentleman of both the same and embarrassing to delineate characters names, who was an eminent advocate, still moving on the theatre of public or writer to the signet at Edinburgh, observation, and whose labours continue where the subject of this sketch was to be the object of general inquiry. born, August 15, 1771. His mother,

While it is extremely natural to in- Mrs. Elizabeth Scott, was the daughter dulge a spirit of curiosity with respect of David Rutherford, esq. writer to the to the private history of eminent persons signet, from whom she obtained a who are coetaneous to ourselves, the handsome fortune. She was a woman gratification of it requires peculiar of great virtue and accomplishments, caution, lest the narrative, instead of with a good taste for poetry, as appeared contributing to the ends of truth, prove in some of her productions which were the means of propagating error. deemed worthy of being printed after

Contemporary biography has beyond her death in 1789. Walter, from the all doubt, many important advantages, tenderness of his constitution and the because it lays in a supply of materials circumstance of his lameness, was in a for the future historian of the progress great measure brought up at home, of literature; and through the want of under the immediate care and instruction which, in regard to the ages that are of this excellent parent, to whom lie was past, the researches of the most perspi- much attached through life, and whose cacious and industrious inquirer are so loss he sincerely lamented. Of his early often spent in vain. Had proper at- pursuits little is known, except that he tention been paid to the several leading erinced a genius for drawing landscapes incidents in the life of Shakspeare, by after nature. At a proper age he was those who were most intimately ac- sent to the High School of Edinburgh, quainted with his personal history, and then under the direction of Dr. Alex that of his family, much useless conjecture auder Adam, a man of more compass of on his religion and his learning, would learning than correctness of judgment, have been spared, and the labours of who endeavoured to introduce a new his numerous commentators have been grammar into his seminary in the room considerably abridged.

of Ruddiman's, but had the mortification But however valuable a living record to find it rejected by the heads of the may be, it can only be so by a scrupulous University. In this school young Scots regard to the verity of facts and the passed through the different forms, withaccuracy of dates.

Criticism must be cut cxhibiting any of those extraordinary left to the test of time, and the sober powers of genius which are seldom rejudgment of posterity. Such is the membered till the person to whom they principle by which we profess to be are ascribed has become by the maturity guided in sketching the memoirs of of his talents an object of distinction. existing characters, for the gratification We have heard it said, that he was conof our present readers, and the benefit sidered in his boyhood as rather heary of future inquirers. It will, therefore, than otherwise, and that the late Dr. be our care to study precision, rather Hugh Blair had discernment enough to than diffuseness, and to relate a plain predict his future eminence when the story with the simplicity of honest master of the school lamented bis dullchroniclers," that they who shall here- ness; but if this be correct, it only after seek information on matters of fact affords another instance of the fallacy of may not be ashamed to cite the authority buman opinion in pronouncing judgment of our volumes for what they relate. upon the real capacity of the youthful

Thus much we have thought proper understanding. 'BARROW, the greatest to observe by way of apology for a scholar of his age, was discarded as a memoir, the length of which may appear blockhead hy successive teachers; and in the estimation of many very dis- liis pupil, the illustrious NEWTON, was proportionate to the importauce of the declared to be fit for nothing but to

356
Memoir of Walter Scott, Esq.

[Nov. 1, drive the team, till some friend suc These little pieces, however, were ceeded in getting him transplanted to not originally intended for the press, College.

being nothing more than exercises in Having completed his classical studies the way of amusement, till a friend to at the High School, with as much re- whom they were shewn prevailed for putation we suppose as others of his their publication, and at the same time standing, Walter Scott removed to the contributed the preface. Three years University of Edinburgh, where also elapsed before Mr. Scott ventured to he passed the classes in a similar manner. appear again in print, when he pro

His continuance here, however, could duced another translation from the not have been long, for after serving German, in " Goetz of Berlinchingen, the prescribed terms in the office of a a tragedy by Goethe. Two years afterwriter to the signet, he was admitted wards the late Matthew Gregory (coman advocate of the Scotch bar when he monly called Monk) Lewis, enriched had not quite attained the age of twenty- his tales of wonder, with two ballads one. From this time to the year 1798, communicated to him by our author, one his life appears to have passed in a entitled, “The Eve of St. John," and devoted attention to his professional the other “Glenfinlas." duties, mindful of the advice “ not In 1802, came out his first great work, to pen stanzas when he should engross." “The Minstrelsy of the Scottish Border,"

At the last mentioned date he entered beautifully printed at Kelso, by Ballaninto the matrimonial state with Miss tyne. This collection immediately arCarpenter, by whom he has four chil- rested general attention, and though the dren. At the close of the year following, pieces of which it is composed are very be received the appointment of Sheriff unequal, the master-mind and soaring Depute of the county of Selkirk; and genius of the poet shone conspicuously in March, 1806, he was named one throughout. of the principal clerks of Session in His next publication was “Sir TrisScotland. With regard to this last tram, a metrical romance of the thirpiece of preferment, it should be ob- teenth century; by Thomas of Ercilserved that his warrant, though drawn, down;" printed in 1804. Still, however, had not passed the seals, when the death Mr. Scott may be said as yet to have of Mr. Pitt produced an entire change been only rising in fame; but he soon in the ministry. The appointment of gained enough to have intoxicated an Mr. Scott had been effected through the ordinary mind in the applause bestowed friendship of Lord Melville, 'who was upon his “Lay of the Last Minstrel,” 'then actually under impeachment. This which appeared in quarto, in 1805. The circumstance appeared very ominous following year he published a collection against the confirmation of the grant; of "Ballads and Lyrical Pieces.” Shortly but so it was, that no objection arose, after this, public expectation was raised and,' thus as a witty friend remarked, by the promise of a poem, on the perthis appointment was the “last Lay of fection of which the bard was said to the old ministry."

labour as for immortality. Accordingly Released now from the drudgery of in 1808, appeared " Marmion, a tale of professional labour by the acquisition Flodden-field;" which the author has of two lucrative situations, and the pos- himself characterized as “ containing the session of a handsome estate through best and the worst poetry he has ever the death of his father, and that of an written." uncle, Mr. Scott was enabled to court The same year Mr. Scott favoured the muses at his pleasure, and to indulge the world with a complete edition of the in a variety of literary pursuits withouť works of Dryden, in which he gave a interruption. His first publications were new life of that great writer, and nutranslations from the German language, merous notes. But this was not the at a time when the wildest productions only instance of the fecundity of his of that country were much inquired after genius and the rapidity of his pen; for in England, owing to the recent ap- while these volumes were proceeding pearance of that horrible story the through the press, he found time also Lenora of Burger. The very year for a quarto of Descriptions and when different versions, and some of Illustrations of the Lay of the Last them highly ornamented, of that tale Minstrel.” came out, Mr. Scott produced two Ger Within a few months after this, he anan ballads in an English dress, entitled undertook, at the request of the book• The Chace' aud "William and Helen." sellers, the superintendence of a new

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