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The Arctic Expedition.

[Dec, I, they are coarse, and fit only for placing ceive the first shock. The concussion on the rigging of ships to prevent chasing. was tremendous. The sea was running When brought on board, their bodies awfully high, and at the instant of comemitted a most intolerable stench; to ing in contact with the ice, it threatened get rid of which, as soon as they were every moment to swallow us up. Our skinned the carcass was thrown over- ship continued to receive most dreadful board. The reindeer of Spitzbergen, of shocks; but in the course of half an which we procured a plentiful supply, do hour had forced herself in, probably not, I think, differ essentially from the about two or three times her own length.

of England, except that, as the The immense masses of ice which now autumn advances, they begin to cast surrounded us in every direction, served, their summer coat, and during the winter in a great measure, to shield us from months become perfectly white; even the violence of the sea, and we were in the end of June their winter coat so firmly wedged, that the ship was but beginning to fall off, and many comparatively had little motion. of those we killed were still nearly white. “Fortunately the gale soon moderated, We also saw many white bears, but only but we found ourselves in a sinking succeeded in killing one.

state; all the pumps going, and unable “We continued at anchor in Fair Haven to keep the ship free. We now exabout seven or eight days, during which pected every moment to go to the bottime we (the two ships) succeeded in tom. The following morning was, prokilling about 45 or 50 deer, the weight videntially, fine, and the ice had someof which averaged at least 120 pounds. what separated; with the utmost exWe again put to sea, hoping that as the ertion of every soul on board, we Beason was now more advanced, we succeeded in getting the ship out of the should be able to penetrate towards the ice, and were able, on the following north. Having discovered some partial morning, to reach Smeerenberg Harbour, openings in the ice, we forced our way Spitzbergen. Our ship being now in in; and on this occasion we gained the such a shattered condition, every idea highest northern latitude we were des- of wintering was at an end; and it became tined to reach, viz. 80. 32. Here we a question whether the ship (the larwere again completely surrounded and board side, in several places, being blocked up, in which state we remained literally stove in,) was sea-worthy; or during a period of three weeks. At if, every thing considered, and under all length, on the 29th of July, after im- the circumstances, it would be prudent mense labour and fatigue, we succeeded to risk our lives in crossing the Atlantic, once more in getting into open water, Having got into Smeerenberg Harbour, little aware of the catastrophe which it was found that we possessed the means was to befal us on the approaching morn. of materially strengthening our vessel; We had gained an ofing of eighit or ten after the completion of which, it was miles from the packed ice, when about determined that we should proceed to four o'clock, A. M. on the 30th July, a England." dreadful gale of wind came on, blowing Since the above, advices have been directly on the ice. In a few hours we received that the Isabella and the Alexfound ourselves in an awful situation, ander, discovery ships, are safely arrived, unable to weather the ice on either tack, in Brassa Sound, Lerwick, all well; and drifting fast upon the main body of neither ship having lost a man, nor harit, which the wind and swell had now ing a man on the sick list. Captain Ross rendered to every appearance a solid has completely succeeded in exploring

We knew not what to do; there every part of Baffin's Bay, and, with was no time for deliberation, and to the exception of errors in the latitudes prevent the ship from driving broadside and longitudes, of verifying the stateon, the only alternative we had was to ments of that old and able navigator put the helm up, and, if possible, to force whose name it bears, and of ascertaining her head into the ice. A little after that no passage exists between the nine o'clock the word was given to put Atlantic and Pacific Oceans through the helm up, an awful pause succeeded; Davis's Straits and Baffin's Bay, the the most solemn dread pervaded every whole being found to be surrounded by countenance; to all human probability highland, extending to the north as far there were but a few moments betwixt as lat. 77:55, and long. 76, W.; and in us and eternity, and every individual, the 74th degree of latitude, stretching with the most dreadful anxiety, watched westward as far as 84. W. longitude. the moment when the ship should re. They traced the same the whole way


Covent Garden.

483 down to the Cape Walsingham of Davis, no idea of a Supreme Being, who never which they ascertained to lie in lat. 68. had an enemy, and whose chiefs had and long. 60.; from thence they steered hitherto supposed themselves monarchs for Resolution Island, and then stood of the universe. There now only rehomeward. They have made many mains to be discovered the termination, curious observations and discoveries, of if it has one, of Middleton's Repulse Bay, which, perhaps, will not be considered as and a few degrees to the northward of the least interesting, that of a nation it, to determine whether Greenland be being found to inhabit the Arctic regions, an island or joins America; and this between the latitudes of 76. and 78. who might with the greatest ease be done thought that the world to the south from the northernmost station of the was all ice; that generation had suc- Hudson's-bay Company in any one seaceeded a generation of people who had son." never tasted the fruits of the earth, had

DRAMATIC REGISTER. THE two last months have produced all the points with great discrimination a more than usual number of dramatic and masterly skill. Two of Mr. Sheripieces, and an unprecedented number of dan's pieces were performed on the same debuts, all of which, unavoidable circum- night, the comedy of the Rivals, and stances have hitherto prevented us from the farce of the Critic. The Rivals was noticing. We shall not affect to lament cast as usual, with only one exceptionthis much, as those which merited no- Miss Foote undertook the part of Julia, tice will have lost nothing by the delay, which she sustained with a degree of and those which have been passed by al- spirit and feeling of which we confess we together may safely be pronounced not had no presentiment. The novelty in to have deserved it.

the Critic was Mr. Farren's Sir Fretful COVENT GARDEN.

Plagiary, which was a masterly delineaIn the performance of The Point of tion. The struggles of his envy against Honour, Miss O'Neil made a most touch- his pride, and the frequent exposure of ing appeal to the heart, as Bertha; and his indignation in the midst of his proby somewhat repressing her energies at fessions of coolness, were exhibited with the early part of the play, her exertions surprising truth and energy. Indeed, towards its close shone forth with even the part, though limited to a single scene, more than their wonted splendour. is one of those sketches which prove how Young's Sir Frank was a fine manly per- much may be done in a small compass, formance, replete with sensibility and and Mr. Farren certainly brought to the vigour. The Durimel of C. Kemble was undertaking all the talents which it renothing behind it in excellence; and the quired. Valcour of Abbott was worthy the rank The representation of the tragedy of it holds in the meritorious group which Jane Shure excited no small share of pubthe play, as at present cast, presents, lic curiosity, to witness the talents of and makes the whole one of the most Miss O'Neil and Miss Somerville in one perfect exhibitions on the stage. piece. In addition to this, Young,

After the play, the farce of the Spoiled Macready, and Booth, were each exChild was performeil. Mrs. T. Hill pected to be included in the cast of chaplayed Little Pickle. There was much racter. Since the tragedy was written, archness in her manner, and we could have it is probable it was never so well acted desired nothing more agreeably playful as on this occasion. Miss O'Neil, as had she appeared as a female; but taking Jane Shore, presented a natural and the character of a boy, especially a sailor, affecting picture of “ a broken and a her very pleasing performance would contrite heart.” The sincerity of her have been still more effective, had she repentance, and the appropriate humility retained less of her own delicacy. We of her deportment, prepared the audience have been accustomed to a bolder display, in the first scenes to sympathize in all and this made us feel that something was her griefs which were to follow. Her wanting to complete the picture we ex- first scene was beyond description touchpected to witness. Mr. Farren in Don ing, and she appears to have accomplishManuel: “She would and she would not" ed all the author could have desired to has added largely to the stock of his pre- be accomplished when he drew the charious reputation. He possessed himself racter. On the whole, we never wit. fully of the spirit of the part and delivered nessed a more able, interesting, or effegtNEW MONTHLY MAG.-No, 59. Vol. X,




The Recluse of the Pyrenees : a Poem. (Dec. 1, ive performance. Miss Somerville, on Egerton, Chapman, and Simmons, were her first entrance as Alicia, appeared to all happy in their respective parts, and have a heavy solemnity of manner that the comedy was upon the whole com made us fear she would not be sufficient. pletely successful. ly animated in the most impassioned

DRURY LANE. scenes. We were agreeably deceived. A general meeting of the Proprietors The bitter irony with which she taunted of Drury Lane theatre took place in the Hastings, and the lofty tone of indignant saloon on the 30th ult. for the purpose jealousy in which she loaded him with of taking into consideration the appointreproaches, soon dispelled every alarm. ment of the Sub-Committee, as agreed In the fifth act her frenzy and despair to by the General Committee. The evinced a powerful imagination, and the meeting, after entering into the matter frantic


with which she assailed the at considerable length, confirmed the apunhappy Jane, was terrible enough to pointment. It is hoped that a more complete the distress of the scene, while amicable feeling exists among the holders her own misery was kept sufficiently in of property of various tenures than did view to give her claim on our pity.-- heretofore, and that something satisfacYoung's Hastings was a finer display of tory to all parties may be effected. acting than the part deserved. His re A new dramatic romance, entitled jection of Alicia was in the spirit of the Barmecide, or The Fatal Offspring, was most courtly scorn, and his declaration of produced for the first time. The scene loyalty, in the presence of the protector, is laid in Bagdad, the Caliph of which was eminently manly and impressive. (H. Johnson) exercises his tyranny upon Macready's Dumont was an inferior part his sister Zaida, (Mrs. Orger;) her huswell played. Booth, who has so long band, Barmecide, (H. Kemble,) his fordisappeared from the London stage, was mer friend, and their innocent offspring, the Duke of Gloucester. He spoke as if by condemning them to death. Barmehe had a severe cold, and was scarcely cide succeeds in gaining over the troops; audible.

but he orders them to obey their lawThe Soldier's Daughter was again ful sovereign at the risk of every thing. brought forward after a long repose. The Caliph is reconciled by such a proof This comedy has little sterling humour of loyalty, and a general pardon is proto recommend it, but a witless vivacity claimed.-As a dramatic composition, it pervaded its scenes, which gave it a run possesses but little merit, either of point on its first coming out, when the military or splendour, The music, which was spirit which animated the whole country composed by Mr. T. Cooke, has conwas at its height. The improbabilities siderable claims to originality and excelwith which it abounds, stand before the lence. public in naked deformity, but still the Mrs. West made her appearance for bustling variety which it keeps up gives the first time in the character of Imogene, it some claim to approbation, and this in Bertram. She did not acquit herself so claim, backed as it was by the talents well as we have been accustomed to witcomprehended in the cast, was fully ad- ness. Her action was frequently remitted by the audience. Farren, as the dundant, and an elongation of sound, apwarm-hearted old Governor, displayed proaching nearly to a drawl, repeatedly all the humour and energy that could be offerded by its sameness, as well as by exhibited in a character so perfectly com-, its overstepping the modesty of nature, mon-place. Miss O'Neil played tlie and proved that she had not sufficiently Widow Cheerly with great spirit and studied the part to make the effort equal effect, and

warmly applauded to some that had preceded it. a throughout. Jones, Liston, Connor,



pp. 61.

The Recluse of the Pyrenecs : a Pocm. cover, and typographical arrangements,

the comparison must altogether cease. This work is professedly an imitation The popularity of a great poet may, we of Lord Byron; but after we have men- think, be lessened for a time by the tioned the resemblance it bears to the botching crew of imitators, which his Corsair, Lara, &c. in forin, colour of its genius may draw after him- a set of

p. 17.

P. 27.

p. 49.

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1818.) Inflúence of Civic Life, &c. on Human Health & Happiness. 435 stardy rhymesters, mere valets-de-cham- 'Twas sweet lo watch those maddened waters breto Apollo, who trick themselves out in

whirling, the attire of their betters, in order to

And in fantastic forms the white spray burlconciliate the respect of the public, but

ing who are, in fact, grossly deficient in all 'Twas sweet of yore to see it play the qualifications necessary to sustain the As springing high the silver dew

And chase the sultriness of day, characters they assume.

In whirls fantastically flew.

Giaour. The story of the poem

before us is that He spoke! and it was done-his will their of a wounded British officer, left bleed law. ing on the field after the battle of the Steer to that shore !--they sail.-Do this ! Pyrenees, who is saved from being de 'tis done.

Corsair. voured by wild beasts by the timely in

the sparkling foam terference of an aged recluso, entitled Phosphoric seemed with liquid fire to burn. Count Alba. This count has, of course, a beautiful daughter, to whom the hero, Around the waves phosphoric brightness

broke. Mansel, naturally makes love; and thus

Corsair. ends the book without any farther de and many others “ quæ nunc præscribere nouement. The author promises, how

longum est." ever, in a note, to gratify our curiosity extremely slovenly and incorrect; and

The versification is, upon the whole, at some future opportunity. .There is scarcely a page without some

among the unorthodox rhymes we notice palpable plagiarism from Lord Byron; foam - storm, scorn - form, charm

the following :-- Noon, bloom- alone, but we will instance a few. In his de

within, dim- sublime, divine-lord, hard scription of the wolves feasting on the dead, the author says:

---pain, nane-name, slain-care, severc With foaming jaws the mangled corse they formed, adorned — air, near

time, twine - scorned, alarmed

screen, тір, And from the white firm bone the soft flesh gleam-leaves, wreathes. Now as all strip.

these blemishes, besides a number of So Lord Byron, in a

halting lines, are to be met with in the forcible very pas

course of 53 pages, it will be readily besage in the “ Siege of Corinth."

lieved, that the “ Recluse of the Py** From a Tartar's skull they had stripped the renees" bears no resemblance whatever flesh,

in spirit and execution, to the lofty and As ye peel the fig when the fruit is fresh, And their white tusks crunched o'er the animated strains of the Bard of Harold. whiter scull, &c.

1. 414. The Influence of Civic Life, Sedentary Again :

Habits, and 'Intellectual Refinement, There o'er a youthful form that mocks at on Human Ilealth and Human Harlife,

piness; including an Estimate of the Gorging and growling urge they wrangling Bulance of Enjoyment and Suffering strife.

in the different gradations of Society. So Lord B.



P. 8.

By James JOHNSON, M. D. Author of Gorging and growling o'er carcase and limb.

The Influence of Tropicul Climates Siege of Cor. I. 411.

on European Constitutions," and EdiNow filled and glutted, slow they mumbling

lor of The Medico-Chirurgical Jourfeast.

wal," 8vo. pp. 98. As they lately mumbled the bones of the dead.

Siege of Cor.

Dr. Johnson is already well known, And yet they pause-but not in mercy there. both in the medical world and to the

public at large, by his work on Tropical The leech was sent-but not in mercy there. Climates, and also on the Climate of

Corsair. Great Britain. The present little Essay That all the wisdom which we learn below is extremely ingenious, and it compreIs but the vanity of all to know.

hends a variety of subjects which are inWell didst thou speak Athena's wisest són; teresting to every class of society, espeAll that we know is, nothing can be known. cially in cities and large towns. The

Childe Ilarold.

work is divided into three chapters.And the wild eyes dilate with glassy stare,

The first is entitled “ The Influence of The feeble pulse's wasted powers declare.

Civic Life, Sedentary Habits, and Intel

lectual Refinement on the functions of But round those orbs of deepest blue The circling white dilated grew;

the Heart, Liver, Stomach, and Digestof And there with glassy gaze she stood, &c. ive Organs." This influence is illus15 in W*,

Parisina. trated by numerous examples, which

P. 9.

p. 9.

p. 15,

P. 16.


436 Journey from India to England, through Persia, Georgia, &c. (Dec. 1, carry conviction to the mind that Dr. the over-excited parts. The whole of the Johnson's observations are founded on phenomena attending the Protean host of nature and truth. Speaking of the effects nerrous diseases, and all the most successful of civic, and especially of luxurious life, methods of treatment, attest that their imon the digestive organs, our author ob- tribution of the blood and of the sensibility.

mediate seat or source is an unequal dis" When inordinately excited by the ble, from over-excitement hy the passions,

The brain and nerves becoming more irritaquality or quantity of the food and drink, their vessels swell with blood, and this local the secretions are irregular and morbid, and turgidity causes a constant pressure on, and therefore a constant source of irritation is keeps up a perpetual irritation in, the whole generated in this important class of organs.

nervous system. This is a doctrine which, But with these organs almost every part of the human system sympathizes ; and the dis- though deduced from actual observation and cerning physician can plainly detect their experience, is far wide of the popular belief,

and but little diffused in the medical world derangement in the state of the mind, the itself. It is of such importance, howeter, nerves, the muscles, and the skin. Let it and opens out so much better a practice than be remembered, that when any one part of is generally used, that I shall go somewhat the system is inordinately excited, some

into detail, in order to elucidate it.” p. 84. other part or parts are deprived of their due share of vital energy.

The whole work is written in a pleas

Now when so large a portion of this vital energy is kept ing, energetic style, and is perfectly adaptconstanty concentrated round the digestive ed to general, as well as professional, apparatus, it is easy to see that the muscular perusal. The parallels which our author and intellectual systems must severely feel has drawn between the upper and lower the loss. The shattered state of the nerves,

ranks of life, in respect to physical and the irritability of the temper, and the wantof moral enjoyments, are extremely cutone in the muscles, which hourly present rious, interesting, and original. We themselves in luxurious and civic society, recommend a perusal of the work to afford the most incontestible evidence of the


class of our readers. truth of these positions." p. 14. The following extract, taken at ran

A Journey from India to England, dom, will enable the reader to judge pro

through Persia, Georgia, Russia, Poperly of Dr. Johnson's manner and

lnnd, and Prussia, in the year, 1817. matter :

By Licut. Col. John JOHNSON, C.B. « Civic life, by rendering the senses more

Illustrated with Engravings. 1 vol. acute, makes the passions more ungovern

4to. pp. 376. able than in rural retirement. In congre

This is a very amusing volume, and though gated masses of society, every kind of food

the author made the best of his way from for the passions is not only superabundant Bombay to Muscat, and thence to England, in quantity, but of the most stimulating he surveyed every thing as he passed with quality. Hence, among a very considerable

a scrutinizing eye. His descriptions are class in the upper walks of life, we find an minute, his anecdotes lively, and his obserunnatural and insalutary degree of excite- vations extremely pertinent. The following ment kept up in the brain and nervous sys- is his account of the Illyauts:tem from this prolific source. The extent of “Respecting these wandering tribes, who injury which our health sustains in this way

are undoubtedly of Tartar origin, it may be is beyond all calculation. Plato believed necessary here to state, that they inhabit the that “all diseases of the body arose from the mountains on the west and south-west conmind," and certainly a great many of them

fines of Persia. Their peculiar habits of do! Here we cannot fail to perceive the life do not seem to have varied from those great analogy which obtains hetween the recorded of their ancestors at the period of state of the digestive organs and that of the the march of Alexander through Persia. nervous system, in civic and luxurious life. On the first appearance of spring, early in The one is over-excited by too much and March, they very slowly move forth with too stimulating food ; the other by excess in their flocks, and under tents, from the moun the passions. The derangements resulting tains to the plains in their vicinity, takieg from each set of causes act and re-act, directs that direction in which they know, from exly or indirectly, on both systems; and thus perience, that grass is best found. Their it is that we never see a morbid condition of mode of migration I find to be simply this: the nerrous system unconnected with a simi- A spot within a few miles having been fixed lar condition of the digestive organs, and upon by their chief, they load their camels, vice versa. The orer-action of the princi- horses, bullocks, and other beasts of burden pal passions on the brain and nerves closely with the clothing, tents, carpets,shearing and resembles the over-action of food and drink spinning implements, and, in short, every on the stomach and other digestive organs, thing required by the party, either for use in many minute particulars, and especially or for future sale; and after sun rise they by attracting an 'undue portion of blood to

move oft in a body towards the appointed

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