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1818.]

Account of Sir Samuel Romilly. with a book in his hand, in order to catch Accordingly, on the 27th March, 1807, he those moments for improvement, which obtained leave to bring in a bill « for makothers too often waste in indolence.

ing the freehold estates of persons liable to It was there too, that he first saw his late the bankrupt laws, who might die indebted, wife: she was then Miss Garbett, the daugh- assets for the payment of their simple conter of a gentleman who had acted, many tract debts." This proposition was seconded years ago, as secretary to the Marquis, by Mr. Attorney-General (Sir Arthur Pigwhen Earl Shelburne, and a minister of state. gott), and supported by an eloquent and

Meanwhile, the declining health of Mr. learned speech from Sir Samuel, which was Romilly, in addition to a longing desire to heard with a marked attention. visit foreign countries, made him resolve to On this occasion, a lawyer (Mr. W. make a tour on the continent. He accord. Wynne,) hoped the learned gentleman ingly passed through France, which then would not stop here, “but apply his mind only began to display revolutionary symp- to a similar consideration in respect to the coms, and spent a considerable time there. estate of the living as well as of the dead; Thence he proceeded to Switzerland, which yet, on the third reading of the bill it met at that period enjoyed a state of uninter- with a powerful opposition, especially on rupted happiness and tranquillity, with an the part of the Master of the Rolls. On exception of some trifling disturbances in the question of the third reading, there apthe Pays de Vaud, a country governed by peared Against it, 69_For it, 47-Mathe Bernese, with a degree of rigour that jority, 22. afterwards proved fatal, not only to their Notwithstanding the bill was thus lost, own liberties, but to those of all the Hel- Sir Samuel again brought the subject before vetic body.

the legislature, and it received its sanction, At length, after refreshing his mind by under the form of an act " for the more foreign travel, and acquiring a knowledge effectually securing the payment of the of the world, our young lawyer returned to debts of traders.” On this occasion he England, married the woman of his choice, made a few judicious alterations, and gave by whom he had a numerous family, set a preference to specialty creditors. himself down steadily to his legal labours, On the impeachment of Viscount Meland was soon looked up to as a shining or- ville in 1806, Sir Samuel Romilly was apnament of his profession. There is no pointed one of the managers, and not only instance, perhaps, of such a rapid career, assisted in preparing and arranging the or such a sudden acquisition of practice. accusatory matter, but, during the fifteen But the times proved favourable to him, days the trial lasted, paid the most sedulous for Sir John Scott was promoted to the attention to all the proceedings. After the woolsack, and the chancery bench, while evidence was produced, Sir Samuel summed Mr. Mitford became, first, Speaker of the up in a speech which occupied the whole of House of Commons of England, and then one day, and was listened to with the greatChancellor of Ireland.

est respect. Having always exhibited a marked attach

On another occasion, the humane and ment to constitutional liberty, Mr. Romilly, laudable efforts of the subject of this mewho had hy this time obtained a silk gown, moir, in conjunction with those of his assowith a patent of precedency, was at length ciates, were eminently conspicuous.

We selected as a fit person to fill the office of allude to the “ Slave Trade Abolition Bill,” solicitor-general. Accordingly, when Mr. at which period his speech was received Fox and Lord Grenville came into power with such distinguished applause, that the together, was nominated that office in delivery of one animated passage was folthe beginning of 1806; and having accord- lowed by three distinct plaudits an event ingly succeeded Sir Vicary Gibbs, was im- which, perhaps, never occurred before in mediately knighted. has been asserted, the House of Commons. Towards the that he was at one time intended, per sal- conclusion, he introduced a most brilliant tum, to have been nominated chancellor. apostrophe, in which he drew a comparative

It now became necessary that he should estimate of the labours and the enjoyments have a seat in the House of Commons, and of the original propounder of that bill, and he was accordingly brought in for Queen- the late despot of France. borough. Notwithstanding the laborious But in the midst of the career which he and almost incessant attention required by had now entered upon, an event occurred his profession, both at Westminster Hall, which tended not a little to cramp his efforts and the chambers of Lincoln's Inn, Sir for the public wel, hy diminishing the Samuel determined to discharge his duties extent of his legal and political influence. as a member of Parliament, with that dis- That administration, of which he had crimination and energy peculiar to himself. formed a part, was soon after dissolved, and Perceiving, in the course of his practice, he himself was of course prepared to retire that a number of creditors were, in certain from the office which he had exercised with cases, deprived of their just demands, by so much moderation ; for we have some the intervention of the law relative to landed reason to believe, that during the year in propeity, he resolved to attempt a remedy. which he acted as King's solicitor-general,

470
Account of Sir Samuel Romilly.

(Dec. 1, not one prosecution for libel, not a single educated, with those high principles of hosolitary attempt to narrow or infringe upon nour, and that susceptibility of amiable and the liberty of the press, took place.

generous sentiment which distinguished his Sir Samuel, however, did not appear to life, but without paternal fortune, and, still submit to the exercise of the royal prero- more, with both his parents dependent upon gative. On the contrary, he rose in his his professional success. In this situation place in the House of Commons, and made he became acquainted with a young lady, the a most able defence of the conduct of the charms of whose mind and person won his ex-ministers.

affections. His conduct was worthy of his In 1807, Sir Samuel, who had long me head and his heart. He declared his sentiditated a grand reform in the criminal code, ments to the object of his affections ; but adfirst disclosed his purpose. - In order to ded, that he must “ acquire two fortunes" bottom his proposed alterations on facts, he before they could be married ; the first for moved for certain returns, with a view of those to whom he owed his first duty-his ascertaining the effects of the old system. parents ; the second for her. The lady From these it appeared, that, in the course knew how to appreciate his merit and his of three years only, 19,178 prisoners had motives, and their vows were mutually heen tried for their lives in the United King- pledged to each other. He entered upon his dom, of whom no less than 9,510 were con career of profit and honour with that assiduvicted, and 327 executed; while, wonderful ous energy which forms a chief feature of to relate, a greater number by five suffered genuine talent. In a comparatively short death in Dublin than in London.

period he realized a considerable sum, and On this occasion, with a humanity worthy with it purchased an annuity for his parents. of himself, he proposed to alter one of our Having put them in possession of this statutes respecting petty thefts. He also provision for their lives, he formally declarwished to introduce a new practice in favour ed to them, that his obligations to them of the innocent. It is well known, that at were now fulfilled, and he was about to enter this moment any one may be imprisoned, into other relations, which must exclusively tried, and perhaps ruined, both in respect govern him in their turn. He began a seto character and property, on the oath of cond time with fresh spirit-acquired “ a another, grounded solely on plausible, but second fortune,"—all within a few years, ill-founded suspicion.

settled it upon her on whom he had bestowAfter some compliments and observations ed his heart, and married her. Anxiously from Mr. Wilberforce in favour of the attentive to every measure which might tend principle, and a few remarks from Sir F. to prolong a life so essentially blended with Burdett respecting the power of certifying, his own, Sir Samuel accompanied his lady proposed to be ceded to the judges, the new about the middle of the month of August to solicitor-general opposed the bill. Not- the Isle of Wight, where a lingering disease withstanding this, on the 15th of June, it continued to raise his hopes and fears, until was moved, “ that the House do resolve they were finally terminated by her death itself into a committee of the whole House, on the 29th of October. To lose Lady Roon the Privately Stealing Bill.” This hav- milly, after an attachment so formed, and ing been granted, Sir Samuel made a very after years flown away in the tranquillity of able reply. A clause was then added by domestic joy, disturbed only by the splenthe solicitor-general, and the whole was af- did pursuits of an ambition, synonymous terwards agreed to stand over to the next with virtue, was one of those shocks which session of Parliament.

must be left, undefined, to the imagination Sir Samuel Romilly, in person, was tall, of such as know what it is to feel. The thin, and about sixty years of age. His day following Sir Samuel quitted the Island complexion was dark, and his aspect some in a state of the most distressing agitation, what saturnine, until it brightened up with and returned to his house in London, where a smile. He stooped a little, like all stu- he arrived on Sunday, Nov. 1. A fever,

which appeared likely to affect the brain, The following anecdote of this most re gave considerable alarm to his friends and vered and lamented ma.n, has come to us medical attendants; but their anxiety was from a very respectable quarter. We give found wholly unavailing, for on Monday it publicity with the more pleasure, that it afternoon his most distressing death was not only tends to illustrate the mournful cir- ascertained, occasioned by a wound which cumstances of his deata, but casts an affect his disordered hand had given the throat by ing and ennobling light on the moral excel a razor, and thus prematurely closing his lencies of his character. It will perhaps be career. His remains were the following asked, what anecdote of his life would not week consigned to the silent tomb, together tend to make his memory more esteemed, with those of his lamented lady, in the family and his loss more regretted ? Ile commenced vault at Knill, in Herefordshire. his career at the bar a young man, liberally

dious persons.

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PROVINCIAL OCCURRENCES
IN THE COUNTIES OF ENGLAND, ARRANGED ALPHABETICALLY,

BEDFORDSHIRE.

prietor of the estate formerly occupied by The subscriptions, &c. to the Bedford In- the Poet Milton. firmary having become unequal to the ex- Mrs. Willson, wife of T. W. esq. of Maidpenditure, a request was made to the clergy enhead. of the 121 parishes in this county to preach At Great Marlow, Capt. T. Love, R. N. sermons, and make collections in aid of the At Reading, in her 24th year, Arabella, same. This request was (with a few excep- wife of the Rev. J. Hornbuckle. tions) readily complied with, as also by some In Windsor Castle, 82, Gen. Bude. He Dissenting ministers; and nearly 6001. es. was a native of the Pays de Vaud, in Switclusive of 1201. collected at the Anniversary zerland, and very early in life entered the serSermon in St. Paul's, Bedford, was thus vice of the Prince of Orange, uncle to Geo. III. raised for the benefit of the Institution.

BUCKINGHAMSHIRE. The sum allowed for the maintenance of Married.] At Heyenden, T. Hall esq., pauper lunatics within the county of Bed- eldest son of T. Hall, esq. of Ilarpsden Court, ford, at the Asylum, is 10s. per week; and Oxon, to the third daughter of B. Blackden, for those from other counties, 12s.

esq. of Heyenden Green. Died.] Louisa Elizabeth, daughter of the At Great Marlow, F. T. Young, esq. of late C. Barnett, esq. of Stratton park. Montague-street, Russell-square, to Eliza

At Wrestlingworth, the Rev Wm. Curtis. beth Ellen, third daughter of T. Wether

At Risely, Mrs. Sarah Lawman, 80, mo- head, esq. of Great Marlow. ther to Mr. W. L. of Bromham school. Died.j C. Clowes, esq. of Delaford, 71. BERKSHIRE.

At Stowe, the seat of the Marquis of The clergy of Reading have publicly cen- Buckingham the Rev. W. Barnard, Rector sured the attempt to form a Church Mission of March Gibbon and Walton Stratford. ary Society in that town, and recommend

CAMBRIDGESHIRE. support to be given in preference to the The Hon. and Rev. Geo. Neville, M A. older Society for propagating the Gospel. Master of Magdalen College, was elected

A neat marble tablet has been placed in Vice-chancellor of this university, for the the Rutand Chapel in St. George's Chapel, year ensuing. Windsor, by the officers of the Royal Horse On the 20th of last March 21 Heligoland, Guards (blue) to the memory of Major and the same number of the common tick Packe of that regiment, who fell at the battle beans, were planted in the garden of Mr.J. of Waterloo.

Youngman, of Waterbeach; their crops Births.) At Trunkwell, the lady of H. were gathered on the 1st of August, and proRich, esq. of a son.

duced as follows: At Whitley Cottage, the lady of Captain

Number. Weight. Measure. Purvis, of a daughter.

Heligoland Beans . 1311 llb.3 oz. 14 pint At the Rectory, Letcomb Bassett, the lady Ticks .

712

1502. pint of the Rev. H. Randolph, of a daughter. Married.] Mr. Henry Lawrance, mer

Married.] At Tilehurst, Mr. Smith, of chant, to Miss Flanders, both of Ely, Maidenhead, to Sophia, eldest daughter of Mr. Fitzhew to Miss Redhead; and Mr. Mr. Draper, of Theale,

Hitch to Miss Head, all of March. J. G. Sparke, esq. of Stoke Damarel, De- Mr. Coote, merchant, of St. Ives. to Miss von, to Sophia, fifth daughter of Jonathan S. Eden, third daughter of Mr. W. E. of Tanner, esq. of Reading.

Cambridge. At Reading, the Rev. J.T. Moore, M. A. The Rev. Geo. Mingay, M. A. Rector of eldest son of A. M. esq. one of the Judges of Kennet, to the second daughter of R. II. the Court of Common Pleas in Ireland, to Giraud, esq. of Sunbury. Charlotte, fourth daughter of J. Bockett, Died.] Mr. J. Maylin, 70, a most reesq. of Southcote Lodge.

spectable farmer at Sutton, Isle of Ely. Died.] At Aldermaston House, sincerely Mr. W. R. Ventris, master of an academy lamented, Thomas Hanmer, esq. eldest son in Hobson street, Cambridge. of Sir T. H. bart. of Hanmer and Bettisfield, Wm. Frost, esq. of Brinkley Hall. in Flintshire. He had received a severe wound in the arm by the accidental dis- The Cornwall Gazette states, that the incharge of a fowling-piece, on the 12th of habitants of Penzance are raising an addiOctober from the effects of which he was tional subscription for the relief of the Scilly rapidly recovering when he was attacked by Islanders. A considerable sum is also exa nervous fever, which terminated his valu- pected from London. able life. He has left a widow and 7 children. A meeting has been held at Launceston,

At Sonning, in her 28th year, Mrs. Mick- Earl Stanhope in the chair, to raise sul lem, the wife of R. M. esq. of Stratford, near scriptions for completing that important unSalisbury, and daughter of Mrs. Cruttwell, dertaking, the Bude Canal. of Bath.

The Scilly Isles.-A report of the danAt Chalfont St Giles's, Mr. Jackson, pro- gers resulting to the shipping, and conse

CORNWALL.

472
Cheshire-Cumberland.

[Dec. 1, quently to human Kves on the Cornwall At the Knutsford Michaelmas quarter ser coast, has been drawn up by the Surveyor- sions on the 20th ult., when the names of General of the Duchy of Cornwall, to which the grand jury were called over, one of is appended a list of 34 vessels that have them put in an antiquated plea of exemption, been lost, with most of their crews : and, as founded upon the circumstance of the land a remedy in future, it is proposed to build a which he occupied having formerly be lighthouse upon the westernmost rock (cal- longed to the Knights of the Order of St. led the Bishop) similar to that on the Ed- John of Jerusalem, and from the occupiers dystone. The subject is under the conside- having always claimed an exemption from ration of government, and the plan recom- serving upon juries. The claim on this ocmended is expected to be put in hand very casion was deemed valid, and the gentleman speedily, as an offer to build it has been who had been called was allowed his exempmade by Mr. Rennie, the engineer.

tion. There are lands of the same descripIn the town of Stratton, Cornwall, the tion in Lincolnshire, particularly at Aslacby, clergyman, the church warden, the clerk, and near Falkingham, where a beautiful and the sexton, have now each nine living chil- well preserved temple of the knights still dren, and no more.

remains. Births.) At St. Breocke Rectory, the lady of Births.] At Betley Court, the lady of F. the Rev. W. Molesworth, of a son.

Twemlow, esq. of a son. At Callington, the wife of the Rev. Mr. At Eyarth House, the lady of R. M. Tucker, of a son.

Wynne, esq. of a daughter. Married.] At Madron, Capt. F. Cornish, Married.] At Runcorn, Mr.J. H. Wagto Miss Roberts, both of Penzance.—Mr.J. staff, of London, to Miss Wagstaff, of War. Luke, jun. to Miss Morris.--Mr. Ham to rington.—R. Y. Clarke, esq. late of MontMiss Tonkin, of Penzance.

gomery castle, Jamaica, to Miss Turner, of At Morval, Mr. John Morshead, jun. to

the former place. Miss Ann Richards, of Liskeard.

At Shotwick, W. Colley, esq. of ChurtonDied.] At Falmouth, Mrs. Trounce, 68. heath, to Mary, second daughter of J. N.

At Marazion, Mr. Leedham, in conse- Bennett, esq. of Great Saughall. quence of the dreadful injury which he sus- At Prestbury, Mr. J. Leech, of Old Wortained by falling over a cliff near the road thington, to Miss M. Jepson, youngest from Mousehole to Penzance.

daughter of Mr. J., of Withington Hall. At Penzance, Mr. Philip Noal, 82.-Ga- Died.] 28th ult., at Nantwich, Miss briel Casley, 84.

Mainwaring, youngest sister of Sir H. M.

M. bart. J. Tunnicliffe, Esq. has been elected At Chester, suddenly, Mrs. Berks.-Geo. mayor of Macclesfield for the ensuing year. Bushell, esq.-Mrs. Bell.-Mr. Edwards.

Davies Davenport, esq. M. P. for this Mr. W. B. Stevenson, master in the navy.county, has given 1001. towards defraying John Edwards, esq. of Chorlton-house. the expense of repairing Chester Cathedral.

Earl Grovesnor, had this season, in his A turnip weighing three stone, and meapinery, at Eaton Hall, a second crop of one suring four feet in circumference, grown by hundred and forty pines, most of them lar. John Machel, esq. of Low Plain, Cumberger than those of the first produce.

land, is now in the possession of Mr. S. A new sessions house and prison is just Rusby, of Ferrybridge. finished at Knutsford. This beautiful The editor of that well conducted paper structure, which has been erected from a the Carlisle Patriot, mentions, with concern, design by, and under the superintending eye in one of his late numbers, the following reof G. Moneypendy, esq. of London, is markable fact; that a great many persons built of Runcorn stone, which was brought in that city and neighbourhood, have, within from the quarry by water to Wincham, and ten days, ruptured blood-vessels, and several from thence on wheel carriages to Knuts- of the cases have proved fatal: what is most ford. The front, which is nearly opposite singular is, tha, it did not appear that any the west, end of Knutsford church, is a clas- of the accidents were caused by violent exsical imitation of the Temple of Concord, ertions. at Rome, combining the lonic and the Doric A turnip was lately shewn in Penrith, orders. The truly chaste base, the pillars, which weighed 434lbs., and measured 44 the portico, and the pilasters, being one of inches in circumference. the former; and a tablet which crowns the Mathew Bowerbank, slater, of Penrith, attic, with its appendant parts, of the latter. his wife and four children, have returned The doors of entrance (for the magistrates to that town, having visited America—that on one side, and the counsel, juries, &c. on land of milk and honey."—He gives a the other,) in the flanks of the building, are melancholy description of the country, &c., adorned with Roman cinctures, and are ex- and is thankful that he has got safe home to tremely impressive, and of uncommon gran- his native town, where, he says, he will rest, deur. They are an improved imitation of and think no more of emigration. a design of the Earl of Burlington, which Married.] At Carlisle, Mr. J. Rutherwas executed in the corticle of Burlington ford, to Miss G. Faulder.-Mr. HetheringHouse upon a larger scale.

ton, to Miss H. Diskinson.—Mr. J. Thomp

CHESHIRE.

CUMBERLAND.

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