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New Churches.

[Aug. 1, hopes of success. Captain Gray, of the 190 feet in length, and its mouth and royal African corps, is entrusted with head were of an enormous size. After the immediate charge of the expedition. returning to the ship, we bore off, fearing He is represented as every way qualified the consequences that might result from for solving this geographical enigma; he its coming in contact with the vessel. has been seven years in Africa, and is The inhabitants of St. Lucia have well acquainted with the Jaloff lan- discovered a most singular plant. In a guage. The route is to be that of the cavern of that isle, near the sea, is a Gambia river, which he had already en- large basin, from 12 to 15 feet deep, the tered. By letters which have been re water of which is very brackish, and ceived from this officer, it appears that the bottom composed of rocks. From his arrangements were nearly completed, these at all times proceed certain suband, what was of much consequence, his stances, which present at first sight people all well, and in high spirits, not- beautiful flowers, of a bright shining withstanding the failure of former at- colour, and pretty nearly resembling our tempts. A transport had been dispatch- marigolds, only that their tint is more ed to the Cape de Verd Islands, to pro- lively. These seeming fowers, on the cure horses and mules, the return of approach of a hand or instrument, retire, which was soon expected, when Captain like a snail, out of sight. On examining Gray would directly commence his jour- their substance closely, there appear in ney into the interior. The rainy season the middle of the disk four brown filahad terminated, and the weather was ments, resembling spider's legs, which considered as favourable.

move round a kind of petals, with a

pretty brisk and spontaneous motion. AMERICA.

These legs have pincers to seize their The enormous sea serpent seems to prey; and upon seizing it the yellow have re-appeared. The Commercial petals immediately close, so that it canAdvertiser of June 9, contains a letter not escape. Under this exterior of a from the Captain of the brig Wilson, of flower is a brown stalk, of the bigness of Salem, bound to Norfolk, wherein he a raven's quill, and which appears to be states that during his passage, off Cape the body of some animal. It is probable Henry, he fell in with, as he supposed, that this strange creature lives on the the wreck of a vessel, when he ordered spawn of fish and the marine insects his boat to be lowered, but to his great thrown by the sea into the basin. astonishment he found it to be the Sea There are however similar appearSerpent: he says he then examined it, ances in St.Lucy's parish of Barbadoes of and such an object he never before which a minute account may be seen in witnessed: he believed it to be about Hughes's history of that Island.



participation in the decoration of eccleThe recommendation of His Royal siastical edifices, and Mr. Haydon (deHighness the Prince Regent to build cidedly one of the most promising of the additional churches, embodied in his of- present race) has manfully taken up the ficial speech from the throne, was a cudgels in maintenance of the right of source of high gratification to all those his peculiar art, to a proportionate share who wish well to the cause of art in in the embellishment of churches. Britain, and created considerable inte The same remonstrance was formerly rest amongst the professors of these made by Reynolds, who even attributes arts, which are likely to be put in requi- to this restriction the national paucity sition when the proposed scheme is car- of historical composition; his words are ried into execution: architects and sculp- these:-“ Why religion should not aptors hailed with rapture the opportunity pear pleasing and amiable in its appenwhich would hence be derived of ex- dages, why the house of God should not hibiting under the highest patronage appear as well ornamented and as costly the capabilities of their respective arts, as any private house made for man, no and the unusual field which was thus good reason can, I believe, be assigned. opened for individual distinction. Since The truth is acknowledged in regard the Reformation, painters however have to the external building, in Protestant þeen debarred from any considerable as well as Roman Catholic countries,

New Churches.

71 Churches are always the most magnifi- church have no ohjections to the precent edifices in every city; and why the sence of paintings; and all that is here inside should not correspond with the sought is, that the new buildings should exterior, in this and every other Pro- be so constructed as to be adapted to the testant country, it would be difficult for rcception of good pictures, and that Protestants to state any reasonable painting should, as on the Continent, cause. Many other reasons have been be allowed to go hand in hand with her. assigned why history painting has never sister-arts in the embellishment of our flourished in this country, but with such temples. This partial acquiescence of w reason at hand we need look no farther.” the church authorities completely ad

It will be readily perceived that the mits not only the innocence but the fit. discussion of this question involves some ness of pictorial decoration; and we very delicate considerations ; but we even consider that, under proper regụhesitate not to say, that Mr. Haydon lations, such a measure might be made has conducted it with equal intelligence conducive to the interests of our national and judgment; and we have rarely in so religion. Sectarians of all classes study small a space met with so much sound to render their places of worship attracargument and eloquent illustration. tive and inviting, whilst ours are dull His address is written with all the ar- gloomy and uninteresting except to the dour of a painter, but also with the ar- antiquary or the architect. Speaking of gumentative discretion of a practised works of art, Mr. Haydon says; writer. The pamphlet commences by “ It is evident that the public halls, regretting that reformers on all occa churches and cathedrals, are

the only sions do too much, that in their zeal to places fit for such works, and that the exabolish what is objectionable, they com- pulsion of painting from our churches, and monly obliterate in their indiscriminate the admission of sculpture, is partial and sweep that also which is meritorious, unjust; that no reason can be given why and ought to be retained, simply be- sculpture should be admitted to illustrate cause it is found in association with the the actions of heroes in war, and why subject of their reform. Mr. Haydon painting should be excluded, when it can so then asserts , and with perfect truth, founder of christianity, and develope the

ably exemplify the miracles of the divine that historical painting has never yet in moral obligations of his sublime religion, this country met with due encourage Two objections are anticipated, but ment, nör even with the same share of are completely refuted ; the one with patronage which has been bestowed on

reference to the humidity of our climate sculpture and architecture, and elo- which is more destructive to paintings quently claims for it the support and en- than to marble, but this objection as is couragement of the higher powers. It justly observed may easily be obviated is certainly extremely absurd, that when by precautionary measures, such as painted windows and altar-pieces are wainscotting the walls and applying admitted, paintings of the highest order stoves, and the other with regard to are excluded. A notion seems preva• the distressed state of the country, lent, which is only the result of preju- which is thus modestly and completely dice and habit, that painting is more me answered. retricious and gaudy than sculpture,

• If the distresses of the country were and therefore that it is inadmissible in churches. But we would ask, is there such, that nothing could be set aside for the any thing gaudy in the divine cartoons ing would without remonstrance acquiesce

encouragement of genius, of course paintof Raphael? To place in a sacred edifice in the general neglect; but as thousands one of the glowing pictures of Rubens have been and are yearly devoted by parliawould be indecorous and injudicious, ment for the protection of sculpture and but not more so than the introduction architecture, it is only asked, if painting of a statue of a dancing faun, or a bac. has not as strong a claim on the support of chanalian procession in a basso relievo. Parliament and the nation, both from the The fact is, that an imbecile or ignorant great power of the art, as well as from the artist may commit incongruities, and vio- insignificance of the sum required to assist late good taste, but the fault in such it; that for this half century every assistance cases is divided between him and the that whole" period, there is no instance of

has been given to sculpture, while during persons who suffer such absurdities, and any public money having been voted to the no part of it is attached to the art itself aid of painting, and such protection is now which has been prostituted. It is evi- only asked for this art, as has ever been dent from the occasional admission of afforded to the other arts, viz. to admit it altar-pieces, that the dignitaries of the into churches, cathedrals, and public build

New Churches.

(Aug. 1, ings, where sculpture has been ever admit- Haydon. We mean the advantage that ted, and to honour the country, where the sculpture and architecture will gain by country by painting has never yet been the co-operation of painting. The sister honoured, so that gigantic individual efforts arts are never so effective as when they may not be yearly made thich are of no

advance together to the same object; effect, and are forgotten as soon as the season is over, for want of a place of public ver be forgotten, and if the suggestions

the proverb vis unitu fortior should nereception ; for all the works already pro- in this admirable little pamphlet be produced, by which the country has been rescued from the stigma of incapacity and perly estimated and acted upon, we are unjust doubts of its genius, have ever been quite confident that an impulse will be the result of the enthusiasm of individuals given to the cause of art, which will in who have devoted themselves with the spirit

the spirit vigorate and inspire its professors, and of the Decii; and though the historical essentially conduce to the glory and repainters are and ever will be ready so sti}l

nown of Britain. We cannot avoid to devote themselves, no blame ought surely reciting the following impassioned and to be attached to them for seizing every op- eloquent appeal in favour of his art, portunity of a public nature to interest the

with which Mr. Haydon closes his pernation in favour of that art, whose excel

formance : lence all parties are forced to own is essential to its greatness, thus endeavouring to

There are some men too with icy remove the needless obstructions from the hearts, who ask what is the use of path of the younger men who are rising, poetry and painting ? If the Great which all those who are established in the Being had deprived the world of all art have but too fatally experienced.” that was not absolutely useful or barely

The greatest advantage may also be requisite to animal life, how few would anticipated in another way from the have been the pleasures of creation? adoption of this measure, we quote the

mere existence seems all which the lowest words of Mr. Haydon.

animal is capable of enjoying ; but the “ As a matter of art, it would correct the the more refined and the more numerous

higher nature rises, till she ends in man, great fundamental and pernicious effects of exhibitions. Where a picture is bought or

appear our sources of gratification; and sold, as it happens, and then hurried into if the scale of existence go gradually on, obscurity, no opportunity is ever given for

sensations of which we are now incapacandid, examination, nothing is left to time, ble, and objects of delight which now we its errors or its beauties are pressed on the can never know, are perhaps provided by people, according to the interests or enmi- the great and beneficent Creator. It ties of those who conduct, or of those who appears, as far as we can dare enter into oppose the society where it is exhibited ;

the thoughts of God, to be the intention parties puff or censure, ridicule or praise, of his goodness to clothe utility and things just as it suits, the whole town is in a whirl necessary with associations of delight and of feeling, and before any one has time to estimate with perspicuity, the exhibition

beauty, that is, to instruct by attraction. closes, and the picture and the painter are

Are not poetry and painting imitations of remembered or forgotten, till a new season

this divine principle? Do they not che and a new subject obliterate the recollection circle morality and virtue, illustrious arts of both: while the public vote of parlia

and illustrious actors, in all the variety ment for a picture, as for a statue, would of verse and language, form and colour, be sound, fair, public encouragement, and magnificence and splendour? Do they not collect by degrees the accumulated talent of instruct by pleasing ? Certainly; all our the country, the work would be for ever efforts seem useless and insignificant, before the eye of the world, time would when in moments of painful musing, establish its reputation if it deserved it, or destroy it if it deserved it not; every man

onc reflects on the inherent decay of could always judge for himself, by a walk

nature, and the silent vastness of eters to the building where it might be hung, and

nity! but because the works of creation England would have something to shew the

are more sublime, we are not to consi, foreigner, when he asks with a sneer,

der our own efforts as insignificant. It “ where are your historical productions ?" is our duty to better the condition of As this plan of art would be connected and our species by a sound and sensible exergrow out of a measure of ahsolute public cise of our faculties, however in ignifiutility, it could not have the effect of being cant such efforts may seem to creatures pressed on the nation at an improper time, of vaster being. If the little ant, who or of demanding money for itself alone.

lahours to drag his ear of corn to his There is, however, one point of view winter heard, felt his insignificance as in which the question may be considered, much as we do, he would laugh at his which seems nearly to have escaped Mr. own weakness, muse on our superior

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New Musical Publications.

73 power, relapse into indolence, and be mended, not to yield to the vulgar prestarved before the winter is over. Such judice of considering painting as a mere objections proceed from morbidity and decoration, but to be aware that it is a dullness, which have no feeling beyond high and a deep effort of intellect, the touch, no notion of good beyond per result of a combination of various powers centage, and no apprehension of any the gift of the Deity, and in its exercise refinement beyond the durability of as capable of exciting pious sympathies matter. We must be great in painting as the roar of the organ, the inelodious or we shall be ever an inferior nation. harmony of human voices, or the solemn All that can be done has been done by intonation of prayer. To consider if the individuals, both patrons and painters; thing be practicable and feasible, and if the impulse is now to be given by it be found so, not to relax from a just Government. If once it could be indu- ardor till it be accomplished. I anxiously ced to expand its faculties, to be aware of beg the Government to remember that the moral value of this glorious art; if the present Regency has been the most once it could be induced to take it up as glorious for great deeds in the annals of it took up the Elgin marbles, and form a England, and that they will not suffer it committee for the consideration of its to pass off without adding the public enwants, a shock would be given, and its couragement of painting to the number. example followed throughout the coun- This has never yet been done by any try, as it has already been followed re- Government, and it may be depended on garding sculpture.

that the first British ininistry who have Most earnestly and sincerely and taste enough to begin it, will be ever reeagerly do I entreat the committee, who membered in the history of the country have the arrangement of the building of among its greatest benefactors. Let us churches, not to be indifferent to the do all we can do, and leave future ages religious value of the thing recom- only the honour of completion.

NEW MUSIC. A Refutation of the Fallacies and Mis- ers, and violin-players. All these moulded

into a London Committee look exceedingly representations contained in a Pamph- formidabl let entitled, An Erposition of the the light in its proper place, and the size of

at a distance; but I will place New System of Musical Educution"

the gentlemen will immediately appear."'published by a Committee of Professors We cannot with any propriety go into the in London. By J. B. Logier, Inventor harsh and sarcastic description of the qualiof the System

fication of the various members which comAudi alteram partem is a maxim by pose the Committee; there are home thrusts which every candid mind should be govern

at certain individuals. After having well ed. As we have entered so largely into the bespattered these Committee-men, Mr. Lo Committee's Pamphlet the last month, it is gier exults, that men of such eminence in but just we should notice what Mr.

Logier the different departments of their art as has to urge in his defence. He complains that Messrs.J. B. Cramer, Bishop, Viotti, Weichevery little foible which his adversaries have sel,Spagnoletti, and Dizi,have not added their been able to lay hold of, either in himself or respectable names to the list of those who his friends, has been first distorted, and then decry his system. A very pointed reply is placed in the most conspicuous point of given to the remark at p. 36 of the Commitview-that the very buttons of his coat have tee's Pamphlet, where they exclaim,“ What been found matter of sufficient importance individual lessons must

be worth, when 20 for the grave deliberation of the Commit

are taught in two hours, we will not waste tee—that every advantage which expe

our time in calculating.” rience has demonstrated to be produced by “ Have a little patience,” says Mr. Logier, his mode of tuition, has been studiously de- “and I will shew you that these lessons are teriorated, or entirely suppressed and that worth full as much as those you are in the every hypothetical objection, which practice habit of giving at your schools, and perhaps has absolutely disproved, has been magni- a little more. First, then, it is said, that fied into pretended reality. He adds, half this class receive an hour's instruction * though in London, it is sufficiently known in harmony, whilst the others receive indivithat the Committee is very far from being dual lessons. Now, gentlemen, I hope you composed of Haydns or Mozarts, Clementis will do me the favour to grant, that the half or Cramers; yet, unless the matter be duly of twenty is ten. If, therefore, whilst Mr. explained, those who live at distance from Webbe, Mr.Kalkbrenner, or myself is giving the metropolis will hardly believe, that this the lecture on harmony, the other two, with imposing body is mostly made up of piano- an able assistant, are giving individual lesforte teahcers, singing-masters, flute-play- sons, it will be sound by the commonest NEW MONTHLY MAG.No. 55.


New Musical Publications.

[Aug. 1, rules of arithmetic, that nearly twenty mi- music, the Committee strongly reprobate the nutes are given to each ; which, I am in- introduction of Corelli's concertos, and Hanformed, is more than you gentlemen are in del's and Mozart's overtures, as being pieces the habit of giving at your schools. Besides by no means calculated to shew the genius this, it is well known, that once a week dur. of the instrument; yet, in the Appendix to ing one hour's simultaneous practice, solos the fifth edition of Clementi's Art of Playcontinually occur, in which the pupil actu- ing the Piano-forte, there are no less than ally receives individual instruction, as well ten pieces by Corelli, seven from Handel, as the great advantage of playing in con- all arranged for the piano-forte, and many cert."--The Committee appear to have been other from Paradies, Scarlatti, Mozart, &c. rather unfortunate in their detail of profits, And this is the work of a man justly styled since it has laid them open to the following “ the father of the piano-forte!" whose comremarks :-". And now, gentlemen, since positions must keep an exalted station as you have indulged yourselves in money cal- long as music for that instrument is played ; culations, allow me to follow your example, whose wonderful powers as a performer are by which it will be seen which of us are

the admiration of almost every country in in the habit of receiving most for our la- Europe; whose skill as a teacher is manibours. My charge you have already stated fested by his having produced the greatest to be twenty guineas a year, for which I piano-forte players of our time; and yet this profess to give four hours instruction in the work is now, by implication, utterly conweek. Now, you are in the habit of receiv- demned by Messrs. Ayrton, Hawes, Buring from eight to twelve guineas per annum rowes, Beale, Sherrington, Scheener, Potfor your school instruction, which I will ave- ter, &c. Jf the main fault lies in not havrage at ten. Thus, then, you receive for ing introduced the works of the Pamphlet two quarters, or one half hour in the week, Committee into the academy, these gentleten guineas per annum for each scholar; men are requested to furnish a catalogue of which, being only one fourth part of the time their compositions. which we give, must therefore, according to At the examination of the pupils at the Cocker, be multiplied by four-and this Argyle Rooms, on the 6th of November, makes forty guineas; just double the sum there appears to have been an awkward we receive. And further, it will be found squabble between Dr. Crotch and Mr. Biupon examination, that for every honr’s les- shop, about the fundamental bass of a chord, son, we receive but two shillings per scho- when Sir George Smart very aptly remarklar. Thus four hours per week, and thir- ed, that instead of examining the pupils, teen weeks to the quarter, make fifty-two they were examining one another ! lessons for five guineas."-In answer to the Mr. Logier ends his defence in the fol charge, that “after two years and a half's lowing manner :-“ Having thus, step by tuition, his pupils were declared incapable step, surmounted every obstacle thrown in of playing at sight,” this sensible apology my way, my adversaries have placed their is made :-“ The general notion of playing last hope in their " Exposition,” which I at sight is, that a young lady should sit trust is now sufficiently exposed and refutdown to a piece of music, never having seen ed. “ Would that my enemy had written a it before, and play it straight onward, from book,” said Job, in his indignation against beginning to end, without pause or breach his persecutors. My enemies have not left of time. To every musician of taste and me to express so bitter a wiso : they have judgment, this idea is preposterous and re- written a book, and how much to their own volting; and indeed what can be more so, credit, let the public read and judge." whether we consider the injustice done to All this angry recrimination, however, has the author, who is thus abused and misun- nothing to do with the merits of the system : derstood or to the performer, whose blun- it only shews that the regular practitioners, ders and misconceptions are thus mortify- such of them at least as have not made their ingly exposed to every ear of the least dis- fortunes, are jealous of it. It gains ground crimination. Mr. Cramer, who is perhaps in boarding-schools; and several ladies gifted with a greater readiness of reading have put themselves under Mr. Logier's tuimusic than any other man, says, there is tion, to be enabled to teach music in this no such thing as playing at sight. At all wholesale way, either at boarding-schools or events, it can only rationally advert to an ex- in the families of noblemen and gentemen traordinary aptitude, such as can be pos- where they may be received as governesses. sessed only by a consummate master of his Mr. Logier takes a premium of a hundred art, in perceiving, at a single glance, the guineas for qualifying a lady or gentleman drist and design of an author, and in con- to teach after his method. As to the merit veying that design to the minds of others by of the new system itself, we have already exexecuting, at the instant, whatever the eye pressed our opinion of it, which we see na perceives."-In adverting to the choice of reason to change.

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