Change Forces: Probing the Depths of Educational Reform
Debunking popular reform efforts, this book argues that education reformers are fighting a fruitless uphill battle. Neither top-down regulation nor locally based reforms will transform schooling. The insurmountable problem is juxtaposing a continuous change theme with a continuous, conservative system that defies change. In partnership with all community agencies, educators must initiate the creation of learning societies as part of a larger social agenda. Following an introductory chapter, chapter 2 discusses the essential partnership of moral purpose with change agentry. Chapter 3 treats the complexity of the change process, identifying eight basic lessons of a new change paradigm: (1) you can't mandate or force change; (2) change is a journey, not a blueprint; (3) problems are our friends; (4) vision and strategic planning come later; (5) individualism and collectivism must have equal power; (6) neither centralization nor decentralization works by itself; (7) connections with the wider environment is critical for success; and (8) every person is a change agent. Chapters 4 and 5 discuss the school as a learning organization and the two-way relationship between a learning organization and its environment. Chapter 6 argues that continuous teacher education is essential to produce moral change agents. The final chapter treats the productive individual's role in shaping and checking schooling and other social institutions. Contains 168 references and a subject index. (MLH)
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achieve action activities agents attempts become beginning beliefs better building capacity central change agentry chapter classroom collaborative commitment complex concept concludes connections continuous create critical culture curriculum difference difficulties dynamic complexity effective efforts environment essential establishing example expect experience external faculty focus forces Fullan future goals greater ideas implementation important improvement individual initiative innovations inquiry institutions internal involved issues knowledge leaders leadership learning organizations Lesson lives major matter means moral purpose partnerships planning practice preparation principals problems productive professional programs question reason reform relationships responsibility restructuring result role sense shared skills social society solutions staff strategies structures successful teacher education teaching things tion understanding universities vision whole