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Authoritarian Rule and Democracy in Africa
Empowerment or Repression?
Interest Group Politics and the Implementation of
Structural Adjustment and Pressures toward
Stick and Carrot
Structural Adjustment and Multiple Modes of
Notes on Contributors
Other editions - View all
activities agenda agricultural alliance argues authoritarian autonomy Bangura Beckman bourgeoisie Business Concord capacity capital capitalist cent changes civil society coalitions colonial context countries democracy democratic democratisation dirigisme dominant donors dynamic economic crisis economic reform emerged expenditure export farmers farming favour forces foreign forms of accumulation Frelimo Ghana growth Hermele household ideological IFIs implementation important income increased industrial informal sector informalisation institutions interest groups justment Kenya labour Lagos legitimacy liberal liberalisation linked maize major Malawi ment military Mozambican Mozambique multipartyism multiple modes Mustapha neo-liberal Nigeria opposition organisations party patronage peasant petty commodity popular post-colonial pressures problems production professional regimes relations rent-seeking repression resistance role ruling class rural social contract social groups struggles Sub-Saharan Africa subsidies survival strategies sustain Tanzania tion Toye trade unions urban wage workers World Bank Zambia