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* Whereof I know you are fraught, and put away These dispositions, / which of late " transform you From what you rightly are.

Fool. May not an ass know when the cart draws the horse! Whoop, jug, I love thee.

Lear. Does any here know me? i Why this is not Lear. Does Lear walk thus? speak thus ? where are his eyes? Either his notion k weakens, 'or his discernings Are a lethargy'd Ha! waking? 'Tis not so. Who is it that can tell me who I am ? Lear's shadow? I would learn P that; for by the marks 4 Of fubftantiality, knowledge, and reason, I mould be faft persuaded I kad daughters.


Perhaps this is a mistake of the printer, for wherewith. To be fraught ef, is hardly English.

8 The qu's read that for which.
h So the qu's; the rest transport.
i All but the qu's omit why,
k The ist q. reads weaknes; the 2d q. weakness.
I All but the qu's omit or,
m The qu's read lethergy.
1 The qu’s read sleeping or waking; ba! sure 'tis not fo.
• The fo's, R. and 7. read

who I am.
Fool. Lear's feadow,

Lear. Your name, fair gentlewoman, &c. All but the qu’s omit that. 9 The qu's read (bating that they have not the two of's between the crotchets which are put in by P. and read by T. H. and W.)

of pverciguly, [f] knowledge, and of reason,

I should be false persuaded I had daughters. Now it is plain that knowledge and reason are not the marks of sovereignty, for then every man would be a king: therefore Shakespear could never write Sovereignty, as it Itands in the qu's. Again if we admit of P.'s of's (but it i unlikely that two omissions of the same word should happen to near toge


: Fool. Which s of thee will make an obedient father.
Lear. Your name, fair gentlewoman?

Gon. Come, fir;
This admiration is much of the favour
Of other your new pranks. I do beseech you
To understand my purposes aright.
• As you are old and reverend, you should be wise.
Here do you keep * a hundred knights and squires,
Men so disorder'd, so y debolh'd and bold,
That this our court infected with their manners,
Shews like a riotous inn; epicurism and lust
z Make a it more like a tavern or a brothel,
Than a grac'd palace. The shame itself doth speak

ther) then by W.'s explanation of it, the forereignty of knowledge is the upderstanding. So we shall have this sense, For by the marks of understanding end of reason I fiould be false persuaded I had daughters. Who sees not how bald this is? The plain case is this; Lear says he would learn whether he is a fi adow or no : for by knowledge and reason, the consciousness of which prove him to be a substance, he should be fully persuaded he had daughters; though the behaviour of this is enough to make him doubt it. So that the fenfe seems naturally to lead us to alter fovereignty to fubji antiality, and falle to faft, full, or firm.

? This speech is omitted in all but the qu’s.

5 The qu’s read which they will make, br. So that of thee is set down coajetturally.

i So the qu’s; the rest omit come, and read fir after admiraticn.
u R. and all after read, you, as you're old, 6c.
* All but the qu's omit you.
$ The ift q. reads a hundred; the ad one hundred.

The qu’s read deboyf; the fo's and R.'s oft, debosh'd; all the rest de taucb'd.

z The fo's read makes.
2 The qu's omit it.
b The qu's read great for grac’d.
• P. omits thes followed by all but J.


For instant remedy. Bed then defir'd
By her, that else will take the thing she begs,
• Of fifty to disquantity your train;
And the f remainder that shall still depend,
To be such men as may


your age, & And know themselves and you.

Lear. Darkness and devils !
Saddle my horses, call my train together.-
Degenerate bastard! I'll not trouble thee;
Yet have I left a daughter.

Gon. You ftrike my people, and your disorder'd rabble Make servants of their betters.

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Lear. Fool! that too late repent'stio, sir, are you come? Is it your will? speak, sir. [To Alb.] — * Prepare

[To his servants.


my horses.

The qu's read thou for ther. e All before P. read a little for of fifty.

A little is the common reading; but it appears from what Lear fays in the next scene, that this number fifty was required to be eut off, (which as the edition stood) is no where specified by Gonerill. P.

f So the qu’s; all the relt remainders.
& So the ad q. the ist reads that for and; the fo's and R. which.

h The ift q. reads we thai too late repent's; the 2d we that too late reo pent's us : the rest woe! that too late repents. But what sense can be made of any of these readings? The above is not an unlikely conjectare.

i The fo's, R. and P. omit 0, sir, are you come?

k R. and all after direct this whole verfe to be fpoken to Albany; but the Latier part of it is certainly spoke to his servants. He was going to ask whe


Ingratitude, thou marble-hearted fiend,
More hideous, when thou few'st thee in a child,
Than the fea-monster.

Alb. m Pray, fir, be patient.
Lear. Detered kite! thou lielt.

[To Gonerill.
My traino are men of choice and rarest parts,
That all particulars of duty know,
And in the most exact regard support
The worships of their P name. O most Imall fault!
How ugly didst thou in Cordelia mew!

Which, like an engine, wrencht my frame of nature
From the fixt place, drew from my heart all love,
And added to the gall. : 0 Lear, Lear!
Beat at this gate that let thy folly in, [Striking his head.
And thy dear judgment out. -Go, go, my people.

blb. My lord, I am guiltless, as I am ignorant,
Of what hath moved you *.

Lear. It may be so, my lord
'Hear, nature, hear; dear goddess, ' hear ! "
Suspend thy purpose, if thou didit intend

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ther it was Albany's will that he should be used thus; but his rage and impa-
tience make him start from the point, and order his horses a second time.
The qu's read is it your will that we prepare any horses?

i Upton (on Shakespear p. 203) conjectures, than i'th' sea monster.
" H. reads pray you, fir, be patient. The qu's omit this speech.
• The ift q. reads lift for liejt ; the ad lefen,
• The qu's read and for are.
P So the qu's and fo's; all the rest read names.
4 The qu's read that for which.
* So the qu's and H. the rest read O Lear, Lear, Lear!
• The qu's omit of what bath moved you.
* The qu's read harke for bear.

This hear is omitted in the qu's.
* After bear, P. and all after him but 7. read a father'.



To make this creature fruitful ;
Into her womb convey sterility,
Dry up in her the organs of increase,
And from her derogate boly never spring
A babe to honour her! If the inust teem,
Create her chiid of spleen, that it may live,
And be w thwart disnatur'd torment to her ;
Let it stamp wrinkles in her brow of youth,
With * cadent tears fret channels in her cheeks ;
Turn all her mother's pains and benefits
To laughter and contempt; that Me may feel
How sharper than a serpent's tooth it is,
To have a thankless child.-Y Away, away.

[Exit. Alb. Now, gods, that we adore, % whereof comes this?

Gon. Never afflict yourself to know a the cause, But let his disposition have that scope, b That dotage gives it.

Re-enter Lear.

Lear. What, fifty of my followers at a clap? Within a fortnight?-

Alb. What's the matter, sir?

w The qu’s read tbou’rt difuctur'd for thwart difratur'd.
* The qu's read accent tours; W. and T. read candent tears.

y The qu’s read go, go, my people. But away, away, scems better than a repetition of the words he had used at the end of the speech before. At the same time (for the fo's and R. direct Exit, which is omitted by P. and all after) he flings out in a rage; but returns presently to vent more reproaches and curfes, which his rage suggested.

2 J. reads wherefore.

a So the qu’s; the ift f. reads for the cause, more of it; the rest of it, omitting more. b The fo's, P. P. and H. read as for that.


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